upload image

Dogue Run Farm, Fairfax County, Virginia

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Fairfax, Virginia, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: Washington Slavery Black_Heritage
Profile manager: Gina Jarvi private message [send private message]
This page has been accessed 467 times.

Index of Plantations

Virginia Plantations

Mount Vernon Estate

Owners: George Washington and Brushrod Washington, who inherited Dogue Run from GW in his will.



Dogue Run Farm There are references in George Washington's diaries as early as 1762 to "Doeg Run Quarter," which was likely composed of the western portion of a 500-acre tract purchased from Sampson Darrell in 1757. However, a WikiTree profile suggests that this plot of land was sold to Washington by Verlinda Wade Harvey.

Valinda Wade sells to George Washington “one Moiety of a certain Tract or parcel of Land purchased by her Father Zephaniah Wade of William Spencer and Elizabeth his Wife by Deeds of Lease & Release bearing date the 3d & 4th days of April 1739 for Five hundred Acres (it being part of a larger Tract granted in the year of our Lord 1674 to Colo. Nicholas Spencer & Lieutt Colo. John Washington for 5000 Acres [1]

This holding was enlarged by several smaller parcels acquired in the early 1760s. Early references to "Doeg Run" describe it as a "Quarter," a term generally used in the region to designate a remote section of a large farm or plantation. The phrase usually denoted a portion of the farm that functioned separately with an overseer and a basic complement of enslaved workers, buildings, and stock, and probably developed because of the fragmented pattern of larger landholdings common in the colonial Chesapeake. It was one of the farms at Mount Vernon. The others were:

Mansion House
Muddy Hole Farm
River Farm
Union Farm

1761 Runaways

There is an advertisement for runaway slaves Fairfax County (Virginia) August 11, 1761 in his papers which dates Dogue Run before this date.[2] The following slaves are described:

Peros - age 35 or 40 years, a slave from dower plantation, Claiborne.

Note from Rotunda website - "GW seems not to have brought Peros up to Mount Vernon before 1760; he is listed as being at Claiborne’s in 1760–61 and does not appear on GW’s list of tithables in Fairfax County in 1760."[3]

Jack - about age 30 - on Dogue Run
Neptune - age 25 or 30 at Mount Vernon's River Farm
Cupid - age 23 or 25 years on Dogue Run

In the advertisement George Washington notes the following: The two last of these Negroes were bought from an African Ship in August 1759, and talk very broken and unintelligible English; the second one, Jack, is Countryman to those, and speaks pretty good English, having been several Years in the Country. The other, Peros, speaks much better than either, indeed has little of his Country Dialect left, and is esteemed a sensible judicious Negro.

Note The names of three of the four slaves whom GW lists here as runaways—Jack and Cupid on Dogue Run and Neptune on Williamson’s farm, also at Mount Vernon—appear in GW’s list of tithables in 1760. The names of all four appear in his list in 1761 two or three months before their attempted escape: Parros, Jack, and Cupid at Dogue Run and Neptune at Mount Vernon’s River farm. Finally, three of the four are named in the list of slaves at Mount Vernon made in 1762 nearly a year after their running away: Jack at Home House farm, Parros at Dogue Run, and Cupid at Creek farm. See Memorandum: List of Tithables, c.May 1760, c.4 June 1761, and c.9 June 1762 deletion, and notes 2, 3, 4, and 5.

List of Slaves from Tithables bet. 1760-1769

1768 Purchase

It is unclear where they were situated, but there are 2 Jacks and an Adam here.

1786 Slaves at Washington's Grist Mill (at Dogue Run)

Ben - miller
Davy - cowper, aka cooper, one who makes or repairs casks or barrels
Jack - cowper
Tom - cowper [6]

1786 Slaves at Dogue Run Farm

From George Washington's Diaries, 18 February 1786. [7][8]

Adam - laboring man
Ben - laboring man
Dick - laboring man
Robin - laboring man
Jack - laboring man
Jack-long - laboring man
Charity - laboring woman, 4 children
Sarah - child of Charity, age 6
Billy - child of Charity, age 5
Hannah - child of Charity, age 3
Elly - child of Charity, age 6 months
Silla - laboring woman, 2 children:
Sophia - child of Silla, age 3
Sabra - child of Silla, age 6 months
Jones (deceased) - 3 children
Aggy - child of Jones, age 9
Simon - child of Jones, age 4
Bett - child of Jones, age 3
Moll - laboring woman
Jenny - laboring woman
Andrew - child of Betty, age 1

Dower Slaves at Dogue Run

These enslaved belonged to Martha Washington from her dowry taken from two different sources. The following are taken from The Papers of George Washington[9]

Upon her marriage to George Washington, all of Martha’s property came under his control during her lifetime, including her share of the slaves from the Custis estate. One of her “dower slaves” that was transferred to Mount Vernon by GW was Morris (born c.1730), who worked as a carpenter 1760–63, a tradesman 1764–65, and overseer of GW’s Dogue Run plantation 1766–94. Morris’s wife was Hannah, who, with a child, had been purchased by GW from William Clopton 16 June 1759 for £80 (General Ledger A, folio 56). Morris and Hannah were married c.1765 when both were transferred to the Dogue Run plantation. Like most large planters, GW referred to his plantation workers collectively either as his “people” or his “family."[9]

Morris - overseer,
wife Hannah (Cloptan) Washington (abt.1730-), and a child.
Betty- laboring woman, 1 child
Andrew, age 1
Sall - laboring woman, 3 children
Jesse, child of Sall age 6
Kitty, child of Sall age 4
Lawrence, child of Sall age 1
Peg - laboring woman
Crager - child of Peg, age 6 months
Lucy - laboring woman, 3 children
Jenny - child of Lucy, age 9
Daniel - child of Lucy, age 3
Ned - child of Lucy, age 6 months
Grace - laboring woman
Sue - laboring woman, old
Matt - laboring man
Morris - laboring man
Brunswick - ruptured

The following enslaved are taken from Washington's Slave List, June 1799, but combined with the list from GW's papers.[10]

Lucy (50)- laborer, husband Nat Smith (GW slave); 2 children: Ned (14), Teney (10)
Sall Twine (38) - laboring woman, husband George Washington Gardener (GW slave); children: Barbary (11), Abbey (10), Hannah (4), George (1)
Grace (35) - laboring woman, husband Jack Carter (GW slave); children: Roger (10), Molly (6), Jenny (3)
Peg (30) - laboring woman, husband Ben (GW slave), children: Billy (6), son Fendal (2), Peg (8 mos)
Sue (70) - old, No husband

1799 Dogue Run Farm Slaves

From George Washington's Will, 1799. Owned by George Washington in his own right and by marriage (dower of wife Martha Washington)[11]

Agnes - age 25; husband Will (dower) lived at Mansion House Farm at Mount Vernon
Guy - child of Will and Agnes, age 2
Ben - age 57
Peg (dower) - wife of Ben, age 30
Billy (dower) - son of Ben and Peg, age 6
Fendall (dower) - son of Ben and Peg, age 2
Peg (dower) - daughter of Ben and Peg, age 8 months
Betty - age 16, no husband
Dick - age 46
Charity - wife of Dick, age 42
Fomison - daughter of Dick and Charity, age 11
Dick - son of Dick and Charity, age 3
Hannah - passed labor, age 60, partly an idiot
Carter Jack - age 40
Grace - wife of Jack, age 35
Roger - child of Jack and Grace, age 10
Molly - daughter of Jack and Grace, age 6
Jenny - daughter of Jack and Grace, age 3
Long Jack - age 60
Molly - wife of Jack, age 45, cook
Judy - blind, age 50; husband Gabriel lived at Muddy Hole Farm at Mount Vernon
Kate (dower) - age 18, wife of "a negro of Moreton's"; Note: Moreton was probably Archibald Moreton who lived near Belvoir on the road from Washington's mill to Boggess's house
Linney - age 27, no husband
Bartley - daughter of Linney, age 6
Matilda - daughter of Linney, age 1
Lawrence - age 14, son of Matilda
Lucy - age 50; husband Natt lived at Mansion House Farm at Mount Vernon
Ned (dower) - son of Natt and Lucy, age 14
Teney (dower) - daughter of Natt and Lucy, age 10
Priscilla (Silla/ Siller?) - age 36; husband Slammin Joe lived at Mansion House Farm at Mount Vernon
Sophia - daughter of Slamin Joe and Priscilla, age 14, no husband
Savary - daughter of Slamin Joe and Priscilla, age 13
Penny - daughter of Slamin Joe and Priscilla, age 11
Israel - son of Slamin Joe and Priscilla, age 10
Isrias - son of Slamin Joe and Priscilla, age 3
Christopher - son of Slamin Joe and Priscilla, age 1
Sall Twine (dower) - age 38; husband Gardener George lived at Mansion House Farm at Mount Vernon
Barbary (dower) - daughter of George and Sall, age 11
Abbay (dower) - daughter of George and Sall, age 10
Hannah (dower) - daughter of George and Sall, age 4
George (dower) - son of George and Sall, age 1
Sarah - age 20, no husband
Lucy - daughter of Sarah, age 2
Simon - age 20, no wife
Sue - age 70; passed labor, no husband


  1. Deed from Valinda Wade, 18 December 1770 Founders Online, National Archives 18 December 1770 Maryland, USA Valinda Wade sells to George Washington. https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/collection/1030/tree/56514646/person/262101178387/media/bf61115c-1d43-4639-8764-877ea64ec3ef?_phsrc=RaB1&usePUBJs=true
  2. https://rotunda.upress.virginia.edu/founders/default.xqy?keys=GEWN-search-1-1&expandNote=on#match1
  3. The Papers of George Washington Digital Edition. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, Rotunda, 2008
  4. Entry for Mary Smith Ball Lee. The Washington Papers, Center for Digital Editing, University of Virginia. (accessed 2 Feb 2022). Live Link and Archived Link
  5. The Washington Papers, Center for Digital Editing, University of Virginia. General Ledger A, 1750 - 1772 p261, image 2 [Washington]. Image 2
  6. http://sankofagen.pbworks.com/w/page/14230471/Dogue%20Run%20Farm
  7. https://rotunda.upress.virginia.edu/founders/default.xqy?keys=GEWN-print-01-04-02-0003-0002-0018
  8. http://sankofagen.pbworks.com/w/page/14230471/Dogue%20Run%20Farm
  9. 9.0 9.1 The Papers of George Washington Digital Edition. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, Rotunda, 2008
  10. “Washington’s Slave List, June 1799,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/06-04-02-0405. [Original source: The Papers of George Washington, Retirement Series, vol. 4, 20 April 1799 – 13 December 1799, ed. W. W. Abbot. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1999, pp. 527–542.]
  11. Sankofagen

  • Login to edit this profile and add images.
  • Private Messages: Send a private message to the Profile Manager. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
  • Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.