Dumfriesshire, Scotland

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Scotland Project Page > Geographical Team > Southern and Borders Region > Dumfries-shire Team > Dumfriesshire, Scotland

Dumfriesshire, Scotland
Caerlaverock Castle, Glencaple, Dumfriesshire, Scotland circa 2016



Dumfriesshire is a Historic County and Lieutenancy Area of Scotland. In 1975 it was combined with Wigtownshire and Kirkcudbrightshire to form Dumfries and Galloway, one of the 32 Council Areas, which are unitary areas of local government.

Dumfries and Galloway also names a County constituency in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The county contituency includes only part of the Council Area.

"Dumfriesshire, maritime co. on S. border of Scotland ; adjoins the cos. of Lanark, Peebles, and Selkirk on the N., and on the S. is washed by the Solway Firth ; extends about 53 miles NW. and SE. between Ayrshire and Cumberland, and about 32 miles NE. and SW. between Roxburghshire and Kirkcudbrightshire; coast-line, about 2om.; area, 10,723 sq. m. , or 686,302 ac.; pop., civ. co. , 72,571, or 68 persons to each sq. m. ; pop., admin, co., 52,744. The surface in general is bare and hilly. The dales of the Nith, Annan, and Esk, however, are rich in beauty, and contain fine holms for pasture and some good arable land. The rivers are numerous, and yield splendid salmon and trout fishing. The coast and S. region is low and sandy ; much of it is covered with morass, and lochs are numerous around Lockerbie ; but there is also much excellent corn-growing land. The Lowther or Lead Hills along the N. boundary are upwards of 2000 feet in height, and abound in lead ore. These and the other hills round the borders arc mostly smooth in out- line, and afford excellent pasturage. (For agricultural statistics, see APPENDIX.) Red sandstone is abundant, and limestone, coal, and lead are worked. The co. comprises 41 pars, with two parts, the parl. burghs of Annan, Dumfries (greater part), Lochmaben and Sanquhar (part of the Dumfries Burghs 1 member), and the police burghs of Annan, Dumfries, Lochmaben, Lockerbie, and Moffat. It returns 1 member to Parl." - Quoted from: Bartholomew, J. G. (John George), and Robarts - University of Toronto. 1904.The Survey Gazetteer of the British Isles, Topographical, Statistical and Commercial; Compiled from the 1901 Census and the Latest Official Returns; with Appendices and Special Maps. Internet Archive. London G. Newnes. page 249.

Wikitree Resources For Dumfriesshire

External Resources for Dumfriesshire

Local archives and Family History Associations


Online Books

  • Sloan, John MacGavin. 1908. Galloway. Google Books. A. and C. Black. e.
  • Carmont, James, King's College London, and Foyle Special Collections Library King’s College London. 1896. The Crichton Royal Institution, Dumfries. Internet Archive. Leicester : Raithby, Lawrence & Co.

Online Image Collections

  • Wikimedia Commons - Note: this link searches for Dumfriesshire. You will likely have better results if you search for a specific parish Penpont, for example, a specific place (Queensferry), a specific landmark (Caerlaverock Castle), or a person ("General Thomas Maxwell" putting the full name in quotes is recommended, to force an exact match on the entire string). Nearly all images on Wikimedia Commons are free to copy, but you must provide evidence when you upload a copy to WikiTree. The file downlod link on each image's "More Details" page has handy "File URL" and "Attribution" windows you can opy too use in WikiTree's Upload Page.

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