Surname/tag: US Southern Colonies Spanish Nueva España
Mary Richardson, Michael Stills, Allan Thomas are the leaders of this sub-project along with Jason Crews and Judy Wardlow on a more limited basis at this time. If you have any questions, or would like to see something specific addressed on this colony please consult with them.
By the time Durango was created, the Spanish had an efficient and relatively successful system for expanding Spanish culture and politics to new lands. This system was embodied in the Laws of the Indies and included the construction of missions and presidios and the formation of civil settlements. The Spanish had a penchant for organization, bureaucracy, and documentation. Santander was divided into several departments. Departments were subdivided into municipalities, which were governed by alcaldes, similar to a modern-day mayor. Each municipality also had an elected ayuntamiento, similar to a city council.
Evolution of Government Structure
1512 The Laws of Burgos, signed by King Ferdinand II of Aragon, focused upon the welfare of the conquered native peoples
1542 Leyes Nuevas, issued November 20, 1542 by King Charles I of Spain regarding the Spanish colonization of the Americas, are also known as the "New Laws of the Indies for the Good Treatment and Preservation of the Indians", and were created to prevent the exploitation of the Indigenous peoples of the Americas by the Encomenderos (large enterprise landowners) by strictly limiting their power and dominion.
1548 Royal Audiencia of Guadalajarawas the highest tribunal of the Spanish crown in what is today northern Mexico and the southwestern United States in the Viceroyalty of New Spain. It was created by royal decree on February 13, 1548, and was originally located in Compostela and permanently seated in Guadalajara in 1560. Its president was the chief political and executive officer of the district, subordinated only to the viceroy of Mexico
1573 The Laws of the Indies were an attempt to guide and regularize the establishment of presidios (military towns), missions, and pueblos (civilian towns), King Phillip II developed the first version of the Laws of the Indies.
1776 Provincias Internasor Commandancy General of the Internal Provinces of the North was a colonial, administrative district of the Spanish Empire, created to provide more autonomy for the frontier provinces in the Viceroyalty of New Spain, present day northern Mexico and southwestern United States. The goal of its creation was to establish a unified government in political, military and fiscal affairs.
1821-1823 The Mexican Empire (Imperio Mexicano) was the official name of independent Mexico under a monarchical regime, Agustín de Iturbide, was proclaimed emperor of Mexico.
1824 Constitution of Mexico The Federal Constitution of the United Mexican States of 1824 (Spanish: Constitución Federal de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos de 1824) was enacted on October 4 of 1824, after the overthrow of the Mexican Empire of Agustin de Iturbide. In the new constitution, the republic took the name of United Mexican States, and was defined as a representative federal republic, with Catholicism as the official and unique religion
1835 President Santa Anna revoked the Constitution of 1824. In October 1835, Santa Anna abolished all state governments.
Migrating From the Northern Colonies
Economic Resources and Information
NOTE: Relevant to the individual colony
Conflicts Within The Colony
NOTE: From the establishment of the colony until the inclusion in the USA.
Nueva Espana Some of Provinces of Nueva Espana and later Mexico
- Resources Page Provincia of Durango
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On 8 Dec 2014 at 21:08 GMT Paula J wrote: