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Earl Cornwallis, Convict Voyage to New South Wales 1800-01

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The Earl Cornwallis was a three-decker East Indiaman launched in 1783 on the Thames. She made seven voyages for the British East India Company (EIC). Then in 1800 transported convicts from England to New South Wales. By 1809 she was no longer listed.[1]

In 1800 her owners sold Earl Cornwallis to Wilson & Co., who hired her out to carry convicts to Australia.

Under the command of James Tennent, Earl Cornwallis sailed from Portsmouth on 18 November 1800, and arrived at Port Jackson on 12 June 1801. She transported 193 male and 95 female convicts, of whom 27 male and eight female convicts died. All had died of dysentery, and many of the survivors were weak and feeble. One officer and 20 men of the New South Wales Corps provided guards.

Earl Cornwallis left Port Jackson on 4 October bound for India. She carried on board 150 tons of coal from Newcastle, New South Wales. This is believed to have been the first export of coal from Newcastle.


  1. Wikipedia: Earl Cornwallis (1783 ship)

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