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Earls Colne, Essex One Place Study

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Earls colnemap
Surname/tag: Earls_Colne
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This Study has been included in the One Place Studies Project.

See Also
Projects : Earls Colne Project
One Place Studies :Earls Colne OPS
Parish Records: Colne Engaine Parish Records+ Earls Colne Parish Records+ Wakes Colne Parish Records
Wills: Colne Valley Wills


In Brief

Earls Colne is a village near Colchester in Essex, England named after the River Colne, on which it stands, and the Earls of Oxford who held the manor of Earls Colne from before 1086 and founded a priory there. There was ongoing close association with the earls of Oxford whose seat was at nearby Castle Hedingham.
More reading
Wikipedia: Earls Colne
British History on Line :Earls Colne Introduction.

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the main road from Colchester to Cambridge passed through the village. The cloth-producing market town of Halstead was en route. Between Halstead and Chappel are Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Colne Engaine and White Colne. Since families were often spread between these villages and might own land in across the area, they are also included in the study where it makes sense.

Whilst Earls Colne certainly had weavers during the seventeenth century, it was a predominantly an agricultural settlement with a commercialised mixed farming regime which included dairying, hop-growing and commercial hay-making as well as grain production.

Wikitree links


Colne Valley Wills

Earls Colne

Earls Colne Parish Records
Earls Colne Project
Earls Colne Heritage Museum

Colne Engaine

Colne Engaine Parish Records
Engaine Lineage Notes

Wakes Colne

Wakes Colne Parish Records

White Colne

Notable residents.

Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden KG, PC, KS
Thomas Fowell Buxton Bart, MP Politician, philanthropist and abolitionist.
Sir John Jacob 1st Baronet of Bromley
Ralph Josselin Vicar of Earls Colne and diarist.
Thomas Shepard Puritan minister in England and New England. First Chaplain of Harvard University.

Old Family Names.

Christmas Variations: Chrismas, Cristmas, Crystmas, Christmasse, Cristemas
Earliest Arrival : Thomas Christmas Miller 1596-1650
Harlakenden Variations: Harlakendene, Harlakinden
Earliest Arrival : Roger Harlakenden JP 1541-1602
Additional  : Harlakenden Family In Earls Colne
Josselin Variations: Joscelin, Josceline, Joscelyn, Joscelyne, Joselin, Joseline, Joselyn, Joselyne, Josline, Joslin, Josling, Joslyn, Josscelyne, Josseline, Josselyn, Josselyne, Josslin
Earliest arrival Ralph Josselin Vicar of Earls Colne and diarist.
Additional : Diary of Ralph Josselin
Leffingwell Variations: Leffingewell, Leffyngwell, Leffyingwell, Lefyngwell, Lepingwell, Leppingwell, Leffingewell
Earliest Arrival : John Leffingwell 1505-1550
Markham Variations: Marchant, Markam, Markeham, Markhan
Earliest Arrival : James Markham Weaver 1607-1679
Additional : Markham and associated families.
Nevell Variations: Nevill, Nevel, Nevil, Nevile , Neville
Earliest Arrival : Nicholas Nevell 1570 - 1632 (Chappel)

Trades and Professions

Alehouses : Thomas Leffingwell
Apothecary: Henry Clench
Bakers: John Pennock
Blacksmiths: John Abbot
Butchers: Henry Hatch, Henry Hatch, John Hatch, Henry Hatch, Plampin Wenden
Chandlers: Edward Day
Cordwainers: Samuel Christmas, Francis Newton, William Newton
Glovers : John Bond
Legal: John Eldred JP,William Harlakenden JP,William Nevell,
Millers: Thomas Christmas, John Christmas
Military : John Pennock
Ministry: Ralph Josselin, Nicholas Nevell, John Sarjant, Thomas Shepard
Sawyers: Richard Appleton
Shoemakers: William Newton , Thomas Edwards, John Edwards
Weavers: Thomas Fuller, Robert Lock, James Markham


1628 Thomas Prentice to New England
1635 Roger Harlakenden, his wife Elizabeth and his sister Mabel, Thomas Shepard all to New England on the Defence.[1]
1620-40 Edmund Frost and his wife Thomasine to Massachusetts Bay Colony, New England.

General Sources


  1. The autobiography of Thomas Shepard, the celebrated minister of Cambridge, N. E. With additional notices of his life and character. Shepard, Thomas, 1605-1649; Adams, Nehemiah, 1806-1878 p31

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