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Earls Colne, Essex One Place Study

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Surname/tag: Earls_Colne
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This Study has been included in the One Place Studies Project.


In Brief

Earls Colne is a village near Colchester in Essex, England named after the River Colne, on which it stands, and the Earls of Oxford who held the manor of Earls Colne from before 1086 and founded a priory there. There was ongoing close association with the earls of Oxford whose seat was at nearby Castle Hedingham.
More reading
Wikipedia: Earls Colne
British History on Line :Earls Colne Introduction.

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the main road from Colchester to Cambridge passed through the village. The cloth-producing market town of Halstead was en route. Whilst Earls Colne certainly had weavers during the seventeenth century, it was a predominantly an agricultural settlement with a commercialised mixed farming regime which included dairying, hop-growing and commercial hay-making as well as grain production[1]

Notable residents.

Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden KG, PC, KS
Ralph Josselin Vicar of Earls Colne and diarist.
Thomas Fowell Buxton Bart, MP Politician, philanthropist and abolitionist.

Old Family Names.

Christmas Variations: Chrismas, Cristmas, Crystmas, Christmasse, Cristemas
Earliest Arrival : Thomas Christmas Miller 1596-1650
Harlakenden Variations: Harlakendene, Harlakinden
Earliest Arrival : Roger Harlakenden JP 1541-1602
Additional  : Harlakenden Family In Earls Colne
Josselin Variations: Joscelin, Josceline, Joscelyn, Joscelyne, Joselin, Joseline, Joselyn, Joselyne, Josline, Joslin, Josling, Joslyn, Josscelyne, Josseline, Josselyn, Josselyne, Josslin
Earliest arrival Ralph Josselin Vicar of Earls Colne and diarist.
Additional : Diary of Ralph Josselin
Leffingwell Variations: Leffingewell, Leffyngwell, Leffyingwell, Lefyngwell, Lepingwell, Leppingwell, Leffingewell
Earliest Arrival : John Leffingwell 1505-1550


1628 Thomas Prentice To New England
1635 Roger Harlakenden and his sister Mabel to New England


Earls Colne Project
Earls Colne Heritage Museum
Markham and associated families.
Excavation of Colne Priory in 2011


  1. The character of English rural society: Earls Colne, 1550–1750 HR French, RW Hoyle - 2013