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Earls Colne, Essex One Place Study

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Location: Earls colnemap
Surname/tag: Earls_Colne
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This Study has been included in the One Place Studies Project.

See Also
Projects : Earls Colne Project
One Place Studies :Earls Colne OPS
Parish Records: Colne Engaine Parish Records+ Earls Colne Parish Records+ Wakes Colne Parish Records
Wills: Colne Valley Wills
Essex petition 1642 Signatories
Association Roll 1696. Signatories

Contents

In Brief

Earls Colne is a village near Colchester in Essex, England named after the River Colne, on which it stands, and the Earls of Oxford who held the manor of Earls Colne from before 1086 and founded a priory there. There was ongoing close association with the earls of Oxford whose seat was at nearby Castle Hedingham.
More reading

Wikipedia: Earls Colne
British History on Line :Earls Colne Introduction.
British History on Line :Houses of Benedictine monks: Priory of Earl's Colne

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the main road from Colchester to Cambridge passed through the village. The cloth-producing market town of Halstead was en route. Between Halstead and Chappel are Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Colne Engaine and White Colne. Since families were often spread between these villages and might own land in across the area, they are also included in the study where it makes sense.

Whilst Earls Colne certainly had weavers during the seventeenth century, it was a predominantly an agricultural settlement with a commercialised mixed farming regime which included dairying, hop-growing and commercial hay-making as well as grain production.

People who were born, lived or died in Earls Colne

Wikitree links

General

Colne Valley Wills

Earls Colne

Earls Colne Parish Records
Earls Colne Project
Earls Colne Heritage Museum

Colne Engaine

Colne Engaine Parish Records
Engaine Lineage Notes

Wakes Colne

Wakes Colne Parish Records

White Colne

Notable residents.

Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden KG, PC, KS
Thomas Fowell Buxton Bart, MP Politician, philanthropist and abolitionist.
Sir John Jacob 1st Baronet of Bromley
Ralph Josselin Vicar of Earls Colne and diarist.
Margery de Vere, Countess of Oxford was buried in St Andrew’s Earls Colne.
Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford was buried in St Andrew’s Earls Colne.
Thomas Shepard Puritan minister in England and New England. First Chaplain of Harvard University.
Olive Mary (Harrisson) Edmundson Horticulturalist.
John Garrad Leader of the early Quaker movement in Earls Colne.

Old Family Names.

Abbott Variations: Abbot, Abbote, Abbotte, Abott, Abbott, Abbatt, Abbotts, Abbutt, Abot, Abote
Earliest Profile : William Abbott c1510 - 1563
Adams Variations: Addams, Adames, Adam, Adham.
Earliest Profile :William Adams (abt.1550-bef.1627)
Ashfield Variations: Ashefeild, Ashefeilde, Ashefelde, Ashefield, Ashefielde, Ashefild, Ashefilde, Ashfeild
Earliest Profile : Nicholas Ashfield c1560 - 1617
Brand Variations: Brande
Earliest Profile : Richard Brand (abt.1540-1585)
Bridge Variations: Bridges, Bridgis,Bredge, Bridg, Brydg, Brydge, Bred, Breg, Bregge, Breggs, Briggs
Earliest Profile : John Bridge (abt.1480-bef.1530)
Brownson Variations: Browneson, Brownesonne
Earliest Profile : Cornelius Brownson 1525 - aft1560
Bullock Variations: Bullocke, Bulock
Earliest Profile : John Bullock c1595 - 1648
Burton Variations : Burten, Burtton.
Earliest Profile :Samuel Burton (abt.1584-bef.1637)
Caunt Variations : Cant, Cannt, Cante, Caunte, Cawnte, Caute.
Earliest Profile : Robert Caunt (abt.1555-bef.1608)
Christmas Variations: Chrismas, Cristmas, Crystmas, Christmasse, Cristemas
Earliest Profile : Thomas Christmas Miller 1535-1610
Church Variations: Chirch, Churche, Chyrch, Chyrche
Earliest Profile : Bartholomew Church (abt.1520-bef.1585)
Clarke Variations: Clarks, Clarck, Clark, Clerck, Clerke
Earliest Profile : Richard Clarke Rascal c1555-1614
Copping Variations: Coppin, Coppyn, Copyn, Choppin, Coppyng
Earliest Profile : John Copping c 1470 - 1541
Creake Variations: Creeke, Creeke, Creke, Creak, Crick, Cricke,
Earliest Profile : John Creake . c1560-1632
Cressener Variations: Cresenor, Cressenor,Cresiner, Cresner, Cresnor, Cressenar, Cressnor, Crisner
Earliest Profile : George Cressener Gentleman. 1596-1650
Additional  : Cressener Family in Earls Colne
Eldred Variations: Eldrid
Earliest Profile : John Eldred JP. c1629 -1717
Additional  : John Eldred Diary
Ennews Variations: Enows, Eneowes, Enewes, Enews, Ennewe, Ennewes, Ennews, Ennoes, Ennow, Ennowe, Ennowes, Ennows, Ennowys, Ennues, Enos, Enowe, Enowes, Enows, Enowse, Enowses, Inewe, Inewes, Innowes
Earliest Profile : Richard Ennews c1510-abt.1589
Fossett Variations: Faucet, Faucett, Fawcet, Fawcett, Fawcette, Focet, Focett, Fossetts
Earliest Profile : William Fossett c1570 - c1623)
Game Variations: Games, Gamme
Earliest Profile : John Game (abt.1510-1554)
Garrad Variations: Garrett, Garrade, Garrard, Garrarde, Garret, Garwood, Garad, Garrade
Earliest Profile : Gregory Garrad c1510 - 1593
Green Variations: Greene, Grene
Earliest Profile : John Green c1510 - 1559
Harlakenden Variations: Harlakendene, Harlakinden
Earliest Profile : Roger Harlakenden JP 1541-1602
Additional  : Harlakenden Family In Earls Colne
Hatch Variations: Hatche, Hache
Earliest Profile : John Hatch (abt.1560-bef.1614)
Hutton Variations: Huton
Earliest Profile : Thomas Hutton abt.1560
Jolly Variations: Jolley, Jollie, Jollye, Jolye
Earliest Profile : Robert Jolly Sailmaker 1540-1587
Josselin Variations: Joscelin, Josceline, Joscelyn, Joscelyne, Joselin, Joseline, Joselyn, Joselyne, Josline, Joslin, Josling, Joslyn, Josscelyne, Josseline, Josselyn, Josselyne, Josslin Earliest Profile Ralph Josselin Vicar of Earls Colne and diarist.
Additional : Diary of Ralph Josselin
Kettle Variations: Kettell, Kettil, Kettel, Ketel, Ketle, Ketyl, Kettyl, Kettyll.
Earliest Profile : George Kettle 1501-1560
King Variations: Kinge, Kyng, Kynge.
Earliest Profile : William King (abt.1545-bef.1609)
Leffingwell Variations: Leffingewell, Leffyngwell, Leffyingwell, Lefyngwell, Lepingwell, Leppingwell, Leffingewell
Earliest Profile : John Leffingwell 1505-1550
Markham Variations: Marchant, Markam, Markeham, Markhan
Earliest Profile : James Markham Weaver 1607-1679
Additional : Markham and associated families.
Nevell Variations: Nevill, Nevel, Nevil, Nevile , Neville
Earliest Profile : Nicholas Nevell 1570 - 1632 (Chappel)
Paine Variations: Pain, Payn, Payne, Pane
Earliest Profile : Edward Paine (abt.1520-bef.1589)
Peartree Variations: Paretree, Pearetree, Partre, Partry, Partrey, Pairtree
Earliest Profile : Esdras Peartree alias Evans c1585 - 1646
Playford Variations: Playfoot, Playfoote, Playfot, Playfote, Playfurth, Playforth
Earliest Profile : John Playford (abt.1530-bef.1582)
Prentice Variations: Prentice, Prentis, Prentise, Prentyce, Prentys, Prentyse, Pretice
Earliest Profile : Henry Prentice c1490 - 1570
Pullen Variations: Poley, Pollegghe, Polleigh, Polleighe, Pollen, Polley, Polleye, Polly, Pollye, Poly, Polye
Earliest Profile : Adam Pullen (abt.1510-1582)
Read Variations: Reade, Rede, Reed
Earliest Profile : Robert Read (abt.1540-bef.1610)
Smith Variations: Smithe, Smyth, Smythe
Earliest Profile : Henry Smith c1510-15
Additional  : Smith Family in Earls Colne
Strutt Variations: Strut
Earliest Profile : Robert Strutt c1590 - 1659

Trades and Professions

Alehouses : Thomas Leffingwell, Richard Hayward, Edward Paine, Samuel Game
Ale-Tasters (Ale conders): Henry Smith , Henry Hutton, John Hutton, William Adams, Edward Catt, William Catt , Toby Cressener
Apothecaries: [[Category:Apothecaries]] Henry Clench
Bailiffs: Edward Clarke, Bartholomew Church
Bakers: John Pennock, William Harrington, Willi Harrington, Edward John Harrington, Francis Smith, Thomas Ruggles, William Bullock, Richard Hayward, Robert Carter
Blacksmiths: John Abbot
Bricklayers: James Prior
Butchers: [[Category:English Butchers]] John Hatch, Henry Hatch, Henry Hatch, John Hatch, Henry Hatch, Plampin Wenden, George Fairhead, Esdras Peartree, Esdras Peartree,William Peartree, William Peartree, John Game
Carpenters: James Adams
Chandlers: Edward Day Samuel Burton
Clergy: Ralph Josselin, Nicholas Nevell, John Sarjant, Thomas Shepard, Thomas Carwardine
Constables: John Green
Coopers: William Smith
Cordwainers: [[Category:English Cordwainers]] Samuel Christmas, Francis Newton, William Newton
Curriers : Thomas Smith
Drapers: William Adams
Fishermongers : Thomas Allen
Glovers : John Bond
Grocers : Samuel Burton
Joiners: Henry Smith , Richard Smith, Richard Clitter
Legal: John Eldred JP, John Eldred JP,William Harlakenden JP,William Nevell, Richard Ennews , Robert Read, Bartholomew Church
Maltsters : Edward Johnson, Edmund Potter
Manor Stewards : Solomon Grimston
Masons: William Fossett
Millers: [[Category: England, Millers]] Thomas Christmas, John Christmas, George Clitter
Military : John Pennock
Oatmeal Makers : Edmund Potter
Sailmakers : Robert Jolly
Sawyers: Richard Appleton , John Cofield
Sextons: William Adams
Shoemakers: William Newton , Thomas Edwards, John Edwards, Robert Strutt
Spirit merchants Cornelius Josiah Thorne, John Pullen
Tanners : Thomas Smith, Jonathan Woodthorpe
Tailors Francis Smith, Robert Peartree, John Clarke, William King, Henry Bridge
Victuallers : Thomas Smith, Thomas Smith, John Kettle, Edward Paine, Edward Warren
Weavers: Thomas Fuller, Robert Lock, James Markham

Vicars of Earls Colne

The parish church of St. Andrews in Earls Colne was originally a Rectory and there remained a rector throughout. But in 1355 the prior of Colne made an agreement whereby a vicar was established. The Priory continued as patron of the living until the suppression in 1534 when the patronage passed into the hands of the Earls of Oxford. There was later a dispute over the right of presentation, but it then passed into the hands of the Harlakenden family and their heirs.[1]

Thomas Goule
John Baxter 3 March 1372 by resignation of Thomas Goule.
William Payoke 7 January 1383 by resignation of Baxter.
William Robate 1419.
William Noble 2 January 1435 by resignation of Robate.
William Chappett 20 April 1487 by resignation of Noble.
Thomas Garnett 2 October 1528 by resignation of Chappett.
Thomas Kendall 7 May 1533 by resignation of Garnett.
John Drew 4 December 1535 by resignation of Kendall.
John Lee 25 January 1554 by resignation of Drew.
John Petfield 1558 (Lee was living in 1560 so presumed resigned)
William Adams 23 June 1575 by death of Petfield.
Thomas Greenfield 4 February 1610 on removal of Adams.
John Hauksbee 1615.
Ralph Josselin 11 March 1641 by death of Hawkesby.
Nicholas Ashwell 27 October 1683 by death of Josselin.
John Ludgater 24 September 1690 by death of Ashwell.
Thomas Bernard 2 March 1711 by death of Ludgater.
Henry Chalmers November 1755 by death of Bernard.


Emigrants

1628 Thomas Prentice to New England
1635 Roger Harlakenden, his wife Elizabeth and his sister Mabel, Thomas Shepard all to New England on the Defence.[2]
1620-40 Edmund Frost and his wife Thomasine to Massachusetts Bay Colony, New England.


Sources

  1. Records of an English Village 1375-1854 Church Records
  2. The autobiography of Thomas Shepard, the celebrated minister of Cambridge, N. E. With additional notices of his life and character. Shepard, Thomas, 1605-1649; Adams, Nehemiah, 1806-1878 p31

See also

University of Exeter





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