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Valdemar II (9 May 1170 or 28 June 1170 – 28 March 1241), called Valdemar the Victorious or Valdemar the Conqueror (Valdemar Sejr), was the King of Denmark from 1202 until his death in 1241. The nickname Sejr is a later invention and was not used during the King's own lifetime. Sejr means victory in Danish. Waldemar II, 1170–1241, king of Denmark (1202–41), second son of Waldemar I. In the reign of his brother, Canute VI, he defended Denmark from German aggression and then extended Danish control over Schwerin. After his accession, the king of Norway paid him homage (1204). When his German conquests had been confirmed (1214) by Frederick II, the German king, he undertook a crusade against the Estonians and became master of much of the Baltic region. In 1223 he was treacherously seized by his vassal the count of Schwerin and held prisoner for three years. He was released only after he had been forced to relinquish much of his territory. He then attempted a reconquest, but was defeated (1227) at Bornhöved and spent the remainder of his life in codifying Danish law and in forwarding internal reform. He was succeeded by his son, Eric IV. KING OF DENMARK FROM 1202 TO 1241 AKA VALDEMAR THE GREAT:
Valdemar II 'the Victorious' Valdemarsson, King of Denmark1 M, #105463, b. 9 May 1170, d. 28 March 1241 Last Edited=5 May 2007 Valdemar II 'the Victorious' Valdemarsson, King of Denmark was born on 9 May 1170. He was the son of Valdemar I 'the Great' Knutsson, King of Denmark and Sophie of Polotzk.1 He married Ingibiorg von Sachsen, daughter of Heinrich V Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Matilda of England, in 1202. He married Margaret of Bohemia, daughter of Premysl Ottokar I, King of Bohemia and Adelheid von Meißen, in 1205. He married Berengaria de Portugal, daughter of Sancho I de Bourgogne, Rei de Portugal and Dulcia de Provence, in 1213. He died on 28 March 1241 at age 70 at Vordingborg. He succeeded to the title of King Valdemar II of Denmark in 1202.2 Child of Valdemar II 'the Victorious' Valdemarsson, King of Denmark and Ingibiorg von Sachsen Niels Valdemarsson, Duke of Halland Child of Valdemar II 'the Victorious' Valdemarsson, King of Denmark and Margaret of Bohemia Valdemar 'the Younger' Valdemarsson, King of Denmark+1 b. 1209, d. 28 Nov 1231 Children of Valdemar II 'the Victorious' Valdemarsson, King of Denmark and Berengaria de Portugal Knut Valdemarsson b. 1211 Erik IV 'Ploughpenny' Valdemarsson, King of Denmark+1 b. 1216, d. 10 Aug 1250 Sophia Valdemarsdottir+ b. 1217, d. 1247 Abel Valdemarsson, King of Denmark+1 b. 1218, d. 29 Jun 1252 Christopher I Valdemarsson, King of Denmark+1 b. c 1219, d. 29 May 1259 Citations [S38] John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 149. Hereinafter cited as Dynasties of the World. [S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 16. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession. http://www.thepeerage.com/p10547.htm#i105463 --- King Valdemar Sejr 1170-1241 King 1202-41 In 1187 king Knud’s younger brother Valdemar became duke in South Jutland, where the governing until now had been entrusted bishop Valdemar of Slesvig, a mistress-son of Knud Magnussøn. Bitter by having to step behind the intelligent duke, the power-loving bishop formed a treacheraus union with king Sverre of Norway, the king of Sweden, the German emperor, and several North-German princes, who did not like Denmark’s raising power, among those count Adolf of Holsten.
The treachery was discovered, and bishop Valdemar flet, but came back with a foreign army. Fast, however, duke Valdemar won, whereafter the bishop was imprisoned at Søborg. Then duke Valdemar first conquered Rensborg, Hamburg (1201), later all of Holsten (1202).
Valdemar was acclaimed king and was crowned by archbishop Anders Sunesen in Lund, Christmas day 1202. Emperor Otto 4th issued 1214 a letter, by which he abstained his right to all lands north of Elben and its side-river Elde, which runs south of Mecklenburg.
In 1219 Valdemar went to Estonia together with Denmarks army. The raid was regarded as a crusade. At once the Estonians submitted and accepted christening, but three days later (15th June) they attacked the Danish camp, and brought it into great danger, until the king had his warriors gathered together, and after that he won a bloody victory. This raid has given king Valdemar the by-name “Sejr” (Victory).
To this battle the legend about the flag falling down from the heaven is tied (Dannebrog).
Estonia belonged to Denmark from 1229 - 1346.
By the capture of Estonia Valdemar Sejr’s power reached its peak. The connection between the extensive lands, however, was weak, and depended only on the kings personality. Therefore the great kingdom could be dissolved only by removing the king from the country.
A dissatisfied vasal, Henrik of Schwerin, who together with the king and his son, had attended a hunt at Lyø, surprised the night thereafter the king and his son in their tent, abducted them to his vessels, and brought them to an un-sizeable castle south of Elben (1223).
In Denmark the shrewd assault aroused indignation, but no single man had authority enough to gather the people. King Valdemar Sejr had to compromise to be freed. He had to pay a large amount in ransom, and hand over all lands south of Ejderen and promise not to seek revenge (1225).
Valdemar Sejr did not keep his promise and was by the Pope untied from his oath. He crossed together with his army Ejderen, conquered Ditmarsken and forced his way far down into Holsten.
Then all the threatened princes united, and gave Valdemar a decisive defeat at Bornhøved (1227). Valdemar from now on had to abandon all conquering plans. He only kept Denmark and Rygen. Estonia he got by clever negotiations back to Denmark.
- Husband: Valdemar II Valdemarsson
- Wife: Richenza (Maud) UNKNOWN
- Marriage: 1157
- Husband: Valdemar I Knudsen
- Wife: Sofiya Vladimorovna]]::: Sofiya Vladimirovna of Novgorod ca 1141-1198
- Child: Sophie UNKNOWN]]
- Child: Knud VI UNKNOWN]]
- Child: Valdemar II Valdemarsson]]
- Child: Ingeborg UNKNOWN]]
- Child: Helene UNKNOWN]]
- Child: Richiza (Richza) Valdemarsdatter Queen Sweden]]
- Marriage: 1202
other children (some dates doubtful)
- Puoliso vuonna 1213 Berengaria of Portugal ca 1194-1221,
- Erik IV Plovpenning of Denmark 1216-1250
- Christoffer I of Denmark 1219-1259
- Royal Danish Ancestry
- http://www.hull.ac.uk/php/cssbct/cgi-bin/gedidex.php/n=royal?denmark Dead link
- WikiTree profile UNKNOWN-125430 created through the import of Helene.ged on Oct 31, 2011 by Helene Ring Teppan.
- Thanks to Lars Vad for starting this profile.
- WikiTree profile UNKNOWN-82991 created through the import of heinakuu2011-6.ged on Jul 5, 2011 by Johanna Amnelin.
- WikiTree profile King of Denmark-8 created through the import of 3ye218_5976683n2a1j4e2q7epdbc.ged on Sep 25, 2011 by Timo Westerlund.
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- This person was created through the import of McQuery Family Tree.ged on 20 May 2011.
- WikiTree profile Valdemarsson-6 created through the import of FAMILY 6162011.GED on Jun 20, 2011 by Michael Stephenson.
- WikiTree profile Valdemar-4 created through the import of O'Bryan Family tree.ged on Sep 6, 2011 by Tim Tropeck.
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