Early Settlers and History of Hempstead (Heemstede), Long Island.

Privacy Level: Public (Green)
Date: About 1630 [unknown]
Location: Hempstead, Long Islandmap
Surnames/tags: Hempstead Heemstede
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This is a page to organize information about the early settlers and history of the Township of Hempstead, Long Island.

This is a work in progress (information & formatting...)


History of Hempstead Settlers Before Arriving on Long Island

A Detail of the Map: The New England Colonies. From The Redway School History published in 1905.

Brief Timeline

Watertown, Massachusetts Bay Colony

  • 1634: John Oldham leads nine other adventurers to what would eventually become the Weathersfield settlement. This was prior to official sanction by the authorities in Massachusetts Bay Colony.[1]
  • 1635 Ma[rch 29]: A "dismission" was granted by the church of Watertown, Massachusetts Bay Colony to the following settlers:[2][3] Note: this event is recorded in the first court record for the Colony of Connecticut, on April 26, 1636.
  1. Andrewe Warde
  2. Rev. Jo[hn] Sherman
  3. Jo[hn] Stickland
  4. Rob'te Coo [Robert Coe]
  5. Rob'te [Robert] Reynold
  6. Jonas Weede
  • 1635 May 29: The six abovenamed settlers along with Richard Denton leave Waterton, Mass. to start the first settlement in what would become Connecticut.[1]

Wethersfield, Colony of Connecticut (originally Watertown, Connecticut River Colony

  • 1640 Oct 30: Two Wethersfield settlers are deputied to negotiate with New Haven officials on terms for purchasing the land, for what will become Stamford. Their names are:[4]

Stamford, New Haven Colony (originally Rippowame, a.k.a. Toquams)

  • 1641: From the Stamford Town Records "First, these men, whose names underwritten, have bound themselves under paine of forfiture of 5L [pounds] a man to goe or sende to Rippowame to begin and p[er]secute the designe of a plantation, there nowe in a month. Mr Richard Denton to remove his family theth[e]r by the 16th of May next, the rest, theire familyes thither, by the last of Novemb[e]r, 12, 12 months, viz:"[5]
  • 1641 In the Stamford Town Records the list of "bound" men above was immediately followed by a list of those settlers who contributed towards the payment (100 bushels of corn) for the purchase of the Rippawame land. To quote the town records "Ordered at the same time, that 100 bushells of corne at 3 s[hillings] a bushell be paid in towards it, w[hi]ch raised and sent them as followeth, Mr Richard Denton & Matthew Mitchell."[6] I'll just list the additional names that aren't on the list above:[7]

Hempstead, Long Island

1651 map, by Jan Jansson, showing Lange Eylandt [Long Island] and Heemstee [Hempstead].

Purchase (1643), First Settlement (1644) & Early Proprietors (1644 - 1647, 1673 & 1698) of Hempstead

The First Real Estate Transaction in Hempstead, December 13, 1643 (Mural in Hempstead Village Hall)

Note: The three Europeans on the left are: Rev. Robert Fordham (tall adult), John Carman (short adult) and John Carman Jr (child)

1) 1643: Two representatives, on behalf of the dissatisfied settlers at Stamford, New Haven Colony, negotiate a deed with the local Native Americans to purchase Hempstead:[8][9]

2) 1644: Between 30 – 40 families (of which, about 23 were from Stamford) settled at Hempstead. These 23 families, names below, are mentioned in the sources:[10][11][12]

3a) ca. 1644 TO BE INSERTED: a list based on NCHJ v 18 [3] pp 1-16 of the 50 original proprietors

3) Between 1644 & 1647 A list of 47 (originally 50 , but three names "were eaten out by mice, and thus lost.") of the original proprietors of the Hempstead purchase.[13] Note: There is an article in the Nassau County Historical Journal (vol. 18[3] (Summer 1957), pp. 1-16) which discusses this list (though I have not not personally seen the article).

4) 1647: List of 66 Proprietors of Hempstead.[14] The following quote regarding the list of 66 proprietors, is from Moore's The Early History of Hempstead:

In this allotment of 1647, sixty-six proprietors were named; a large proportion of whom, if they ever settled there, did not long remain on the land. They were of the pioneer class; chiefly from New England, but some from Southampton; not one from Southold. We cannot tell clearly which of them were soldiers with Underhill in 1643. Arranged alphabetically, we give such details respecting each as are convenient.[15]

5) 1673 Names of Inhabitants of the Town of Hempstead: 1673 (a.k.a. the 1673 Dutch census of Hempstead ). Note: In 1673 the Dutch had retaken the colony of New York back from the English (and rechristened the city of New York as New Orange). In that same year the Dutch had conducted a census of the inhabitants of Hempstead. But, the Dutch victory was short-lived, as the Treaty of Westminster returned the colony of New Netherland back to the English in 1674. A translation of the "Names of Inhabitants of the Town of Hempstead: 1673" was published in in 1849, by E. B. O'Callaghan in his The Documentary History of the State of New York, Vol. 1, p. 658.[16] Below is a link to the list of just over 100 names in O'Callaghan's work:

6) 1698 The Hempstead Census of 1698. This list, of roughly 1300 inhabitants of the town of Hempstead, was certified by A. J. F. van Laer, the sub-librarian in the NY State Library, in 1899, as a correct copy of the original document. That original census document was subsequently destroyed in the 1911 Albany fire. Here is a link to the NYG&BR issue (v. 45 [1] (Jan, 1914), pp. 54-68.) that published the certified copy of the census:

Colonial Patents for Hempstead (1644, 1666, 1667 & 1685)

1) 1644 Nov. 16 (new style): Six patentees are named in the Kieft Patent for Hempstead. This patent was granted by William Kieft ,the fifth director of New Netherland. The English patentees are:[17][18]

2) 1666 March 6: Seven patentees are named in the Nicolls Patent (1666) for Hempstead. This patent was granted by Richard Nicolls, the fist English governor of the colony of New York. The seven patentees are:[19]

3) 1667 March 6: Eight patentees are named in the Nicolls Patent (1667) for Hempstead. This patent was granted by Richard Nicolls, the fist English governor of the Colony of New York. The eight patentees are:[20]

4) 1685 April 17: Six patentees are named in the Dongan patent for Hempstead. This patent was granted by Thomas Dongan, the first English governor of the "Province of New York" (Note: On Feb. 6, 1685, upon the death of King Charles II, the legal status of the “Colony of New York” changes to the royal “Province of New York” as Charles II’s brother, James, Duke of York (the patent holder of the colony), became King James II.)[21] The six patentees are:[22]

Research Notes

  • 3 different people
1. Jonas Wood-2784 of Oram [1614-1689], son of Edmund
2. Jonas Jr Wood-2801 [1650-1712] son of Jonas Wood of Oram
3. Jonas Wood-4536 of Halifax [1614-1660], son of Henry
  • There are two (possibly three) definitely different men. Both claim to be the above person
Samuel Clark [Clarke-2048] died 1708/9 m. Hannah
Samuel Clark died 1678/9 m. Susannah
A 3rd Clark-4820
  • John Ellison is shown as a Jury member in Newtown [Hartford, CT] in Sept 1644. His WikiTree bio doesn't mention anything about Hempstead nor Long Island...
  • William Raynor this profile is a good candidate, it has:
Born 1632 in prob Elmsett, Suffolk, England,
Son of [father unknown] and Elizabeth (Unknown) Raynor
Brother of Thurston Raynor [half], Joseph Raynor [half], Elizabeth Raynor [half], Sarah Raynor [half], Deborah Raynor [half], Lydia (Raynor) Lupton [half] and Hannah (Raynor) Howell [half]
Died 18 Jan 1686 in prob Hempstead, Queens, Province of New York


  1. 1.0 1.1 Adams, Sherman W., The history of ancient Wethersfield Connecticut, vol. 1, pt. 1, ed. Stiles, Henry R. (New York, NY: The Grafton Press, 1904), pp 19-29.
  2. J. Hammond Trumbell, The public records of the Colony of Connecticut, prior to union with New Haven Colony, May, 1665 (Hartford: Brown & Parsons, 1850), 2.
  3. George K. Ward, Andrew Warde and his descendants 1597-1910 (New York: A. T. Delamare Printing and Publishing Co., 1910), 14.
  4. Charles J. Hoadly, Records of the colony and plantation of New Haven, from 1638-1649 (Hartford: Case, Tiffany and Co., 1857), 45.
  5. Paul R. Finch, Stamford Town Records, Volume 1, 1641-1723 (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011), 3-4.
  6. Finch, Stamford Town Records, 4.
  7. Finch, Stamford Town Records, 4.
  8. Records of the towns of North and South Hempstead, Long Island, N. Y., (Jamaica, NY: Long Island Farmer Print, 1896), 1: 7.
  9. Frederick J Zwierlein, Religion in New Netherland: A history of the development of the religious conditions in the province of New Netherland 1623-1664 (Rochester, NY: John P. Smith Printing Co., 1910), 154-155.
  10. Benjamin F. Thompson, The history of Long Island: From its discovery and settlement, to the present time, 2nd ed. [vol. 2] (New York: Gould, Banks & Co., 1843), 2: 3-4.
  11. Records of the towns of North and South Hempstead, 1: 7.
  12. Jeanne Majdalany & Edith M Weeks, The early settlement of Stamford, Connecticut 1641-1700 (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, Ins., 2008), 15.
  13. Records of the towns of North and South Hempstead, Long Island, N. Y., vol. 8 (Jamaica, NY: Long Island Farmer Print, 1904), p 571. https://archive.org/details/cu31924092207830/page/571/mode/1up
  14. Charles B Moore, 'The Early History of Hempstead' (Long Island) (New York: Trow's Printing and Bookbinding Co., 1879), 7-12. https://archive.org/details/earlyhistoryofhe00moor/page/6/mode/2up
  15. Moore, 'The Early History of Hempstead' (Long Island), 7. https://archive.org/details/earlyhistoryofhe00moor/page/6/mode/2up
  16. The Documentary History of the State of New York, Vol. 1, (Albany: Weed, Parsons & Co., Public Printers, 1849) p. 658.
  17. Thompson, The history of Long Island, 2nd ed. [vol. 2], 4-6.
  18. Frederick van Wyck, ed., Long Island colonial patents (Boston: A. A. Beauchamp, 1935), 145-150. Note: Names of the English patentees are on p. 145.
  19. Van Wyck, ed., Long Island colonial patents, 154-157
  20. Van Wyck, ed., Long Island colonial patents, 150-153
  21. “Colonial New York Under British Rule: The Colony Become a Province”, Historical Society of the New York Courts, accessed October 4, 2021, https://history.nycourts.gov/legal-history-by-era/colonial-new-york-under-british-rule/
  22. Van Wyck, ed., Long Island colonial patents, 157-161


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