Location: Upper Canada
The goal of this project is to identify resources and methods that can assist in tracing the origins of the early settlers that settled in Upper Canada prior to 1800. These were primarily loyalists and "late-loyalists" (early emmigrants from the new United States)
- Primarily due to a lack of records until the Land Grant system was in place
- Many of the early district or parish records were lost or did not survive.
- Other events like the [New York State Library fire of 1911] make it very hard to trace families of early Upper Canada settlers.
- To educate others facing this challenge
History of Upper Canada pre-1800s
- By the end of the American Revolution in 1783, over 10,000 loyalist refugees had entered Quebec
- Many settled along the northern shores of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.
- In 1788 four districts were created: Lunenburgh, Mecklenburg, Nassau, and Hesse.
- From 1789 to 1794, each of those districts had an administrative board that oversaw land matters. These were abolished in 1794.
- A number of "Late-Loyalists" arrived in the late 1790s
- Land Petitions started in 1790s
- Upper Canada was established in December of 1791. It was created in order to separate the French from the English, and allow the English speaking settlers to continue the same British way of life they had experience in the thirteen colonies.
- The borders that define Upper Canada were drawn in 1795
Here are some of the tasks that I think need to be done. I'll be working on them, and could use your help.
- Identify sources and methods of finding information on the early settlers of Upper Canada:
- Before they arrived in Upper Canada
- After they arrived in Upper Canada (e.g. Heir & Devisee Records and Land Petitions)
- Tracking their movements