El Paso County, Texas

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  • {{Blue|El Paso County created 1849, organized 1850 from the Bexar District. It is named for historic pass (Paso del Norte).[1]


El Paso skyline.
  • Geologists refer to Franklin Mountains as tilted-block fault mountains and in them can be found billion-year-old Precambrian rocks, the oldest in Texas.
  • Humans that farmed maize settled in the El Paso region thousands of years ago, and continued settlements as seen in the Keystone Wetlands and Hueco Tanks. (Hueco is a hollow area to hold water or maize). Thousands of images of pictorials were discovered which resemble abstracts of a Rain god, people, animals.
When the Spanish began exploring, the Manso, Suma, and Jumano Indians were present, they became integrated into the settler population. Others may migrated and become Mescalero Apache bands.
  • April 20, 1598, Spaniard Juan de Oñate an explorer celebrated his successful trip up the Rio Grande near El Paso (San Elizario, which is about 30 miles away). He celebrated Mass.
  • 1659 - Fray García de San Francisco. built an irrigation system and dam , thus the beginning crops flourished.
  • After 1680, and the Pueblo Revolt El Paso became the base for Spanish governing of New Mexico territory of New Mexico. Largest civilian group was Real de San Lorenzo.
  • El Paso county area was mosty undeveloped while under Spanish government. The Spanish settlement occurred inn El Paso del Norte, (present day Ciudad Juarez)
The years of Apache Wars, then Comanche Wars kept Northern Mexico, present day New Mexico, Texas and Coahuila very unstable'. Juárez was the northern-most villa.
El Paso area communicated with Santa Fe and Mexico City by the Royal Road. ( It seemed to forget there was anything geographically to the East.
  • 1830, 35, 36, TEXAS REVOLUTION were missed by anyone in this El Paso region. They did not know anything happened. i.e. any settlers here were still being governed as the rest of Mexico was governed. There was no one affected by Santa Anna
  • May 1846 - Col. Alexander Doniphan and a force of American volunteers defeated the Mexicans at the battle of Brazito, entered El Paso del Norte, and invaded Chihuahua in December.
  • Feb 2, 1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo officially ended the Mexican War
  • 1848 - El Paso County was established by the State of Texas.
  • 1849 and after settlers arrived, after the Mexican–American War
  • 1850 - Texas and New Mexico borders were still in question present Texas-New Mexico boundary placing El Paso on the Texas side was drawn in the Compromise of 1850.
  • Stephenson-Azcárate family acquired a 900-acre tract from the Ponce de León grant
  • 1861-65 -Civil War -Confederate forces occupied Fort Bliss in 1861 until the city's capture
  • 1862 - Union California Column in captured the city, occupying it until 1864.
  • End of Civil war- After the war was concluded, the town and county began to grow.
El Paso county is a triangular shaped county which borders with New Mexico and Ciudad, Mexico. This is Texas’ westernmost county. Its El Paso county is a triangular shaped county which borders with NM and Ciudad, Mexico. This is Texas’ westernmost county.
County seat El Paso which is spanish for”the Pass of the North” It is named for the pass which was created by the Rio Grande River as it passes through the low mountains on each side.

Government Offices

El Paso city has a law banning the use of cell phones while driving.[2]

The county is governed by a commissioners court, consisting of County Judge, and 4 county commissioners.

The county is a triangular shaped which borders on the Mexico, the area 1,015 mi2 and it lies next to New Mexico as well as bordering on the Mexico border. Thus might be inferred as the gateway westward into New Mexico.

North Franklin Peak, 7,192 feet. is within the Franklin Mountains State Park. These mountains are described as very old, and are precambrian (a tilted-block-fault are the oldest in Texas. This range runs north-south into New Mexico. The range when viewed from Fort Bliss looks different to that as seen on the SW side. Local people call the road which crosses them as the "Transmountain Highway" and refer to the "east side" and the "west side". These mountains seem to contribute to the weather for El Paso County, varying from the arid heat, to a sand storm, to snow in winter, and there is a season of rains (July-Sept).

Considered as Trans-Pecos region of West TX

El Paso county's is located 106°10' west longitude and 31°40' north latitude. Bounded on the southwest by the Rio Grande and Mexico, on the north and west by the state of New Mexico, and on the east by Hudspeth County, Texas, El Paso County is approximately 650 miles west of Dallas and 575 miles northwest of San Antonio.

Adjacent counties

Doña Ana County, New Mexico – northwest
E P collage
Otero County, New Mexico – northeast
Hudspeth County, Texas – east
Guadalupe, Chihuahua, Mexico – south
Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico – southwest
Práxedis G. Guerrero, Chihuahua, Mexico – SE
Protected areas


El Paso - strong military presence:

  • William Beaumont Army Medical Center
  • Biggs Army Airfield,
  • Fort Bliss
  • DEA domestic field division 7,
  • El Paso Intelligence Center, Joint Task Force North
  • U.S. Border Patrol El Paso Sector, and U.S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group (SOG).

Protected areas:


Time zone is Mountain Standard Time

Rainfall averages 9.7 inhes/year during July-September, (called North American Monsoon) (Colorado also has these Monsoons starting in July).

This county comprises 1,057 square miles of desert and irrigated land that rises from an elevation of 3,500 feet at the Rio Grande to 7,000 feet at the summits of the Franklin Mountains. The Rio Grande valley in this area has been irrigated since prehistoric times and produces bountiful harvests of cotton, pecans, and alfalfa. Weather her is arid, but mild. El Paso County and neighboring Hudspeth County are the only Texas counties on Mountain Time.

Desert flora and fauna are found away from the river.

  • Climate - Arid. Due to the arid climate and low water sources, the city of El Paso has requested inhabitants to refrain from planting both front and back yards in grass. Instead the rock gardens similar to Santa Fe, New Mexico are used in El Paso.


University of El Paso (UTEP)
El Paso Community College
Texas Tech University Health Science Ceneter...
  • Politics: The county voted 66% for Barack Obama. El Paso has been historically Democratic.

  • Statistics: Of the 800,647 people living in El Paso county, 78% are Latino. 45% of the households have children under age of 18.

Things to see

  • Amigo Airshow Franklin's Flying Circus,
  • Biggs Army Airfield,
  • Great River Raft Race annually on the Rio Grande in El Paso's upper valley.
  • The KLAQ Great River Raft Race is an annual event celebrated -ride the river and float the Rio Grande --Canutillo bridge.
  • Southwestern International PRCA Rodeo is the 17th oldest rodeo
  • Fiesta de las Flores is oldest Hispanic Festival in the Southwest. 3-day Fiesta, Labor Day weekend (80 booths, Hispanic ambience and culture.
  • The annual Neon Desert Music Festival
  • Sun City Music Festival, held in Escalate Park.
  • Cleveland Square in downtown El Paso is where many of the festivals are held annually.
  • The Plaza Classic Film Festival is the world's largest festival dedicated to classic cinema.
  • El Paso Plaza Theater during the first week of August.
  • El Paso Balloonfest
  • El Paso Downtown Street Festival
  • Music Under the Stars- outdoor- Classical, Country, Tejano, rock in Chemical National Memorial
  • Cool Canyon Nights- free summer concert- McKelligon Canyon Amphitheater
  • Alfresco Fridays- free concert- downtown Convention Center Plaza featuring Jazz, Latin, Reggae, Classic Rock, Salsa, Funk, and Mariachis
  • Viva! El Paso - McKelligon Canyon Amphitheatre.
  • El Paso Symphony established in 1930's 1930s,
  • Broadway in El Paso at the Plaza Theater- Wicked, Jersey Boys, Rock of Ages, Mamma Mia!
  • UTEP Dinner Theater include Annie, Evita, Jesus Christ Superstar, Chicago, Rocky Horror Show
  • Texas Western Civic Ballet and eventually as Ballet El Paso.
  • El Paso City Ballet
  • McKelligon Canyon - 90 Acre park in Franklin mins.
  • McKelligon Canyon Amphitheatre
  • UTEP Dinner Theatre is a theatre within the UTEP campus.
  • El Paso Museum of Archaeology, diorama shows Cueva de la Olla (cave of the pot – Paquimé, Sierra Madre of Chihuahua
  • El Paso Museum of Art
  • El Paso Museum of Archaeology -on TransMountain Rd- dioramas for school children American Southwest, i.e.: Hueco Tanks in El Paso County, Cueva de la Olla, , Sierra Madre of Chihuahua, Paquimé culture.
  • The El Paso Museum of Art
El Paso County Seat
Horizon City
San Elizario
Fort Bliss
Homestead Meadows North
Homestead Meadows South
Morning Glory
Prado Verde
Montana Vista

Formed From

Mexico and New Mexico


  • Castner Range Archeological District


1860 -- 4,051
1870 -- 3,671
1880 -- 3,845
1890 -- 15,678
1900 -- 24,886
1910 -- 52,599
1920 -- 101,877
1930 -- 131,597
1940 -- 131,067
1950 -- 194,968
1960 -- 314,070
1970 -- 359,291
1980 -- 479,899
1990 -- 591,610
2000 -- 679,622
2010 -- 800,647
Est. 2014 -- 833,487
El Paso, 1880.
  • Patrick G. Forrester, astronaut
  • Shoshana Johnson, POW
  • Staff Sgt. Ambrosio Guille -
  • Lieutenant William Deane Hawkins
  • Thomas Calloway Lea, Jr., attorney, judge, Mayor of El Paso (1915–1917)
  • Barbara Lee, member of the United States House of Representatives
  • Fred Meyer, hairman of the Republican Party of Texas, 1988 to 1994; former El Paso resident
  • Sandra Day O’Connor Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • John "Danny" Olivas, astronaut
  • John "Black Jack" Pershing, General of the Armies
  • Joseph C. Rodriguez, Medal of Honor recipient
  • Paul Ray Smith, Medal of Honor recipient
  • Anthony Quinn, Academy Award-winning actor
  • Debbie Reynolds Academy Award-nominated actress and singer
  • Pancho Villa, Revolutionary general of the Mexican Revolution,
  • Sam Donaldson, television journalist
Land Grants
  • Stephenson-Azcárate family acquired a 900-acre tract from the Ponce de León grant


Fort Bliss Nat. Cemetery.


  1. https://texasalmanac.com/topics/government/el-paso-county
  2. Personal knowledge shared by son of Mary Richardson to Mary R

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