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Eno Mill Plantation, Orange County, North Carolina

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Orange, North Carolina, United Statesmap [uncertain]
Surnames/tags: Bennehan-Cameron Slavery Black_Heritage
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Plantations Index

The Bennehan-Cameron Plantations



The Eno Plantation and Mill started with Richard Bennehan. It was located on the Eno River in Orange Co, NC, now Durham Co, NC. The Bennehan and Cameron families ran the mill and plantation, which was handed down through the family.[1]

The Cameron Family Papers[2] suggest a long history at the Eno property. In the family papers are found slave lists, journal entries, purchases and sales from 1822 to beyond 1865.[3]

The Eno Mill is a different property but same location as the Eno Plantation. The Eno Mill is placed on this page as it has very few enslaved persons working on it, and it is listed with all the other plantations in the history of the Bennehan-Cameron Plantations.


Richard Bennehan 1743-1825 was a merchant and planter. He was born in Virginia and lived his adult life in Orange Co, NC.

Thomas D. Bennehan 1782-1847 was born in Orange Co, NC and there he spent his life. Thomas never married and when he died he gave the bulk of his properties to his nephew, Paul C. Cameron.

Duncan Cameron 1777-1853 was a planter. He spent his adult life in North Carolina where he raised his family. He was the son-in-law of Richard Bennehan, and shared plantations and expenses with the Bennehan family until brother-in-law, Thomas D. Bennehan, died. After that Duncan's plantation partner was his son, Paul C. Cameron.

Paul C. Cameron 1808-1891, raised on Fairntosh plantation, received Stagville and other plantations from his uncle Thomas D. Bennehan when he died in 1847. Paul continued expanding the plantations in North Carolina, and planted new ones in Alabama and Mississippi.


The Bennehan-Cameron plantations had hundreds of slaves. The following lists are only a small sample of the enslaved population at this plantation.

  • Please note, the last name of the enslaved are fluid. All slaves had last names but they were seldom recorded. For recording purposes the last name of the slave holder has been noted here when no last name was seen in the lists.

1830 Eno Slave Census[3]


1834 December Enoe Plantation Slave Census[4]

Women & Children

Children of Darcus

Children of Annsy

Children of Jinney

Children of Grace

Children of Mariah

Children of Molly

Children of Judah

1839 Eno Slave Census[5]



In 1844 the Cameron's selected 144 enslaved persons to move to their new Alabama plantation. Some of those slaves came from the Eno plantation. By 1845 there were a lot of new names on the Eno plantation census.

1845 Eno slave census[3]

1845 Eno Mill slave census

1865 Eno slave census[3]





Please see the Bennehan-Cameron Plantations Page for more information.


  1. A Community of Men and Mills https://www.enoriver.org/store/journals/volume-7-special-issue/community/
  2. Cameron Family Papers https://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/00133/ Southern Historical Collection, Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Cameron Family Papers https://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/00133/#folder_2207#1 Southern Historical Collection, Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
    • Ledgers 1822, Folder 3649, Volume 111: 1822
    • 1830 slave list, Folder 3653 Volume 115: 1830
    • 1845 slave list, Folder 3658 Volume 120: October 1844-March 1845
    • 1865 slave list, Folder 3668 Volume 130: circa 1865
  4. Cameron Family Papers https://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/00133/#d1e9979 Subseries 6.7.1. Other Antebellum and Civil War Era Account Books, 1768-1865
    • Folder 3654, Volume 116: 1834
  5. Cameron Family Papers https://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/00133
    • Folder 3657, Volume 119: 1839 Southern Historical Collection, Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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Category created and added -Gina
posted by Gina (Pocock) Jarvi