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Eureka 40th Regiment of Foot

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Regimental history

Soldiers posted to Ballarat to quell the Eureka Rebellion 1854

In the first instance this list compiled from http://www.eurekapedia.org/Military#40th_Regiment

Muster roll covering December 1854 at mfm PRO 416-6580-Records of the War Office (as filmed by the AJCP)/Fonds WO/Series WO 12/Subseries (Pieces 2118-9899)/Subseries (Pieces 5336-39, 5363-5386)/File 5366. AJCP Reel No: 3777/40th Regiment: 2nd Somersetshire retrieved through https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-1593342586/view

Sortable table
regimental number rank first name last name references notes
Arthur Atkinson
SergeantThomas Bass Thomas Bass (abt.1831-1912)
3066 Private Josiah Bigsby Name: Private Josiah Bigsby Enlistment Age: 23 Discharge Age: 32 Birth Date: abt 1829 Birth Place: St. Gregory, Suffolk Enlistment Year: 1852 Discharge Year: 1861 Regiment: 40th REGT. OF Foot Regimental Number: 3066[1]
Thomas Bodely
George Bowdler
Thomas Breadley
Denis Brien
John Broadhurst John Edward Brodhurst (1830-1899)
James Brown
Thomas Bruce-Gardyne
Private John Bryan severely wounded[2]
Patrick Burke
Patrick Butler
3156 Private George Byford Name: Private George Byford Enlistment Age: 18 Discharge Age: 30 Birth Date: 1830 Birth Place: Foxearth, Essex, England Enlistment Year: 1848 Discharge Year: 1860 Regiment: 40th REGT. OF Foot Regimental Number: 3156. gave evidence identifying a rebel[3]
John Byrne
John Cameron
John Campbell
Samuel Clampet
William Cliff
Edwin Coles
Henry Collis
William Cork
Private Henry Cottes slightly wounded[2]
John J. Crow
Martin Cusack Martin Cusack (1827-1912) died Ballarat 1912
Private John Donnelly High treason trial witness
George Davis
Patrick Dwyer
Henry Fisher
Thomas Fitzgerald
William French
Thomas Frost
William Gardener
Thomas Gardyne
Michael Gay
James Glancy Glancy
James Gore
Sergeant Daniel Hagerty High treason trial witness
3091 Private Israel Hales Private Hales served in New Zealand during the Maori Wars of the early 1860s. He had left the army by 1869, receiving his discharge in New Zealand. [4] Name: Israel Hales

Birth Year: abt 1830 Birth Place: Suffolk Age at Attestation: 22 Attestation Date: 5 Jun 1852 Attestation Place: Sudbury, Suffolk Regimental Number: 3091[5] Possible NZ death index 1913/3199 Hales Isreal [sic] 83Y. Israel Hales (40th) mentioned in the laying of a foundation stone for a Veterans' Home in Auckland NZ May 1903[6]

Charles Hall
Edward Harris
Sergeant James Harris High treason trial witness
John Harvey
Daniel Hegarty
James Hill
George Howdler
Alfred Hurlestone
R.C. Hutchings Robert Charles Hutchings (abt.1829-1912)
Joseph Jubb
Private William Juniper severely wounded[2]
John Keeble
James Kelly
Lawrence Kelly
Hugh King
John Knowles
Charles Ladbrook
Francis Langham
Frederick Langham
John Langham
James Louge
Patrick Lynot
William MacCarron
John Mallagh
William Manella
Private John Manning
Michael McAdam
Peter McCabe McCabe
Justin MacCarthy
John McEvoy
Henry McDermott
Thomas McDermott
John McGurk
Samuel McKee Samuel McKee (abt.1821-1897)
John Macoboy
Charles Meacham
Charles Miner
William Mole
Arthur Mollers
Michael Moran
Lot Mullen
Michael Murphy
William Murrell
Charles Must
John Neill
Thomas Nelson
Mark Noble
Michael O'Connel
Edward O'Dell
Private Bernard O'Donnell severely wounded
Private Patrick O'Keefe High treason trial witness
Henry Patchett
William Pearce
William Prayle
Joseph Rayner
Thomas Reed
Patrick Reilly
William Revel
Bailey Richards
Thomas Richards
William Richardson
Edward Riley
Private Michael Roney/Rooney killed[2]
John Ryan
John Sharland
Private Patrick Sinnott High treason trial witness
William Smith
Cornelius Sorrell
James Stowe
Private Patrick Sullivan slightly wounded[2]
William Swan
Captain John Thomas High treason trial witness
James Turner
Thomas Valiant
Private Joseph Wall motally wounded, since dead[2]
Patrick Walsh
William Webb
Cornelius Whelan
Captain Henry C Wise dangerously wounded[2]; subsequently died
Hans White
John White

List of casualties incurred by the force under the command of Captain J. W. Thomas, 40th Regiment, in the attack on the rebel, camp at Eureka, on the 3rd December, 1854

-40th Regiment.
  • Private Michael Rooney, killed.
  • Captain H. C. Wise, dangerously wounded.
  • Private John Bryan, severely ditto
  • Private Henry Cottes, slightly wounded.
  • Private William Juniper, severely ditto.
  • Private Bernard O'Donnell, severely ditto,
  • Private Joseph Wall, mortally, since dead.
  • Private Patrick Sullivan, slightly wounded.

By command, (Signed) E. MACARTHUR, D.A.G.[2]

Ex-Sergeant Bass

"A EUREKA VETERAN. HIS DEATH REPORTED: MELBOURNE, Saturday. The death, is reported of Ex-Sergeant Bass at the age of 82, who was a member of the Fortieth Regiment and was present at the Eureka riots"[7].

Martin Cusack Martin Cusack (1827-1912)

MARTIN CUSACK. EUKEKA STOCKADE VETERAN'S DEATH. Martin Cusack, who was the last of the 40th Regiment that was engaged in 1854 in the fight with the early diggers at the Eureka Stockade, died in the Ballarat Benevolent Asylum recently. In the attack on the stockade in the early morning the 40th Regiment was assisted by two companies of the 12th Regiment, which was on service in Australia, while both bodies received the support of a number of naval men belonging to a British cruiser then lying in Hobson's Bay. Cusack, who was 85 years of age, was of opinion that the revolt was a great mistake, and was not justified. Cusack, in conversation with a re-presentative of the "Age", said:— "We of the 40th Regiment marched to Ballarat from Melbourne much against our will. The Ballarat diggers, we knew, were our own kith and kin, and we felt it would be a poor hour of day if we were ordered to fire at them. Many of us prayed during our march through the bush that the men of the Eureka would see that there could possibly be no hope for them in a battle with well-trained Imperial soldiers, such as the 12th and 40th Regiments. Their brush with us was a forlorn hope, and we all wished to avoid meeting them. We quietly agreed among ourselves that if we had to shoot we would fire high in order to frighten the diggers, who, as I have said, were our own kith and kin from England, Ireland, Scotland, and America. Just as we were marching on Ballarat, however, a thing occurred that greatly exasperated the soldiers. We were marching in fours near the Red Hill, when a digger (a colored man) stepped out of his tent, and picking up a quartz boulder, he threw it at our flank, killing our little drummer boy. When the poor little fellow collapsed, and rolled over his drum, we all swore we would revenge his death by showing no quarter in fair battle." The veteran, who enlisted in the 40th Regiment in Ireland in 1850, had been confined to his bed in the Benevolent Asylum for seventeen years.[8].


  1. UK, Royal Hospital Chelsea Pensioner Soldier Service Records, 1760-1920 retrieved through ancestry.com (subscription $)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Sydney Morning Herald, 19 December 1854, page 5 http://www.eurekapedia.org/Felix_Boyle
  3. "...George Byford, private 40th, recognises Ferguson. Saw him inside the stockade. He had no arms. Saw him run from one tent to another...." BALLAARAT. (1854, December 11). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 5. Retrieved January 9, 2022, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4801610
  4. http://www.eurekapedia.org/Israel_Hales
  5. UK, Army Regimental Rolls of Non-commissioned Officers and Soldiers, 1806-1892 retrieved through ancestry.com (subscription$)
  6. https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH19030526.2.84
  7. The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950), Mon 30 Dec 1912, Page 1. Retrieved June 26, 2021, from https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/79937836
  8. The Forbes Advocate (NSW : 1911 - 1954), Fri 1 Nov 1912, Page 11. Retrieved June 26, 2021, from https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/113856071

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