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Famous Y-DNA haplotypes
- Ramesses III - According to a genetic study in December 2012, Ramesses III, second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty and considered to be the last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt, belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup E-V38 (formerly E1b1a), mainly found in West Africa, Central Africa, Southwest Africa and Southeast Africa. Additional genetic testing suggest that the remains may indeed belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1b which split from E1b1a, and tends to be common in the Levant, Northern Africa, and the Rift valley region in modern times.
- Emperor Nicholas II - Nicholas II of Russia has been predicted as having an Y-DNA Haplogroup R1b haplotype.
- Ötzi the Iceman - Ötzi the Iceman has been found to be Y-DNA haplogroup G2a2b. The actual term used was G2a4, but the presumed L91 mutation has since been given a new category, Y-DNA Haplogroup G2a2b.
- French Kings from Henry IV to Louis XVI "Bourbon" - King Louis XVI of France from a genetic test on blood in a cloth purported to have been collected at his beheading and maintained in an ornate gourd decorated with French Revolution themes. Confirmation of this genetic profile requires testing of a known relative. The sample was tested at two laboratories with the same results. The sample is most consistent with G2a3b1a samples and contains unusually high, rare values for markers DYS385B and DYS458 in this haplogroup G subgroup. Subsequent testing in 2012 on a mummified head, purportedly that of King Henri IV of France, revealed that typing of a limited number of Y-STR's showed a Y-DNA Haplogroup G2a. Reported researchers: "Five STR loci [from the sample taken from the head] match the alleles found in Louis XVI, while another locus shows an allele that is just one mutation step apart. Taking into consideration that the partial Y-chromosome profile is extremely rare in modern human databases, we concluded that both males could be paternally related." The two French kings were separated by seven generations.
- Birger Magnusson - Birger Jarl, the founder of Stockholm the modern capital of Sweden, according to Andreas Carlsson at The National Board of Forensic Medicine of Sweden, belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup I1. Birger Magnusson was the ancestor of a line of kings of both Sweden and Norway, starting with his son Valdemar Birgersson.
Deduction by descendant testing
- John Adams and John Quincy Adams - United States presidents John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup R1b.
- Cao Cao, the Cao Wei State of Ancient China & the Takamuko Clan of Japan - Chinese warlord Cao Cao, who was posthumously titled Emperor Wu of the state of Cao Wei, apparently belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2 according to DNA tests of some documented descendants. The Takamuko clan of Japan claims agnatic descent from Cao Pi, who was the first Emperor of the state of Cao Wei and the eldest son of Cao Cao. This suggests that the Takamuko clan also belongs to Y-DNA Haplogroup O2. The Takamuko clan is most famous for Takamuko no Kuromaro.
- Sir Henry Clinton - Sir Henry Clinton belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup I2-M284, based on a sample taken from a descendant.
- Davy Crockett - Davy Crockett belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup I-M223, based on a sample from a descendant of his father, and other samples from descendants of his grandfather.
- Charles Darwin - Charles Darwin belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup R1b, based on a sample from his great-great-grandson.
- Albert Einstein - Albert Einstein belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1b1b2* E-Z830, with a sample taken from a paternal descendants of Naphtali Hirsch Einstein.
- Alexander Hamilton - Alexander Hamilton belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup I1.
- Thomas Jefferson - Direct male-line descendants of a cousin of United States president Thomas Jefferson were DNA tested to investigate historical assertions that Jefferson fathered children with his slave Sally Hemings. An extended 17-marker haplotype was published in 2007, and the company Family Tree DNA has also published results for other markers in its standard first 12-marker panel. Combining these sources gives the consolidated 21-marker haplotype below. The Jeffersons belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup T (former K2).
- Napoleon - Napoleon Bonaparte belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1b1c1* (E-M34*). This haplogroup has its highest concentration in Ethiopia and in the Near East (Jordan). According to the authors of the study, "Probably Napoléon also knew his remote oriental patrilineal origins, because Francesco Buonaparte (the Giovanni son), who was a mercenary under the orders of the Genoa Republic in Ajaccio in 1490, was nicknamed “The Maur of Sarzane” ".
- Niall of the Nine Hostages - A recent study conducted at Trinity College, Dublin, found that a striking percentage of men in Ireland (and quite a few in Scotland) share the same Y chromosome. Results suggested that the 5th-century warlord known as "Niall of the Nine Hostages" (or a male ancestor) may be the male-line ancestor of one in 12 Irishmen. Niall established a dynasty of powerful chieftains who dominated the island for six centuries. Niall belongs to Y-DNA Haplogroup R1b1c7 (M222). It should be noted that Dr. Moore's results examined some different parts of DNA (loci) from the result given here.
- Fred Phelps - Fred Phelps, the creator of the infamous Westboro Baptist Church, belongs to Y-DNA Haplogroup R1b. He descends from James Phelps of Chowan, North Carolina.
- Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan - Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup R1b.
- Edmund Rice - Edmund Rice, an early immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony and a founder of Sudbury and Marlborough, belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup I1.
- All Russian emperors from at least Nicholas I to Nicholas II "Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov" - The haplotype of Nicholas II of Russia has been predicted to belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup R1b.
- Somerled - In 2003 Oxford University researchers traced the Y-chromosome signature of Somerled of Argyll, one of Scotland's greatest warriors, who is credited with driving out the Vikings. He was also paternal grandfather of the founder of Clan Donald. Through clan genealogies, the genetic relation was mapped out. Somerled belongs to Y-DNA Haplogroup R1a1. In 2005 a study by Professor of Human Genetics Bryan Sykes of Oxford University led to the conclusion that Somerled has possibly 500,000 living descendants - making him the second most common historical ancestor after Genghis Khan. Sykes deduced that despite Somerled's reputation for having driven out the Vikings from Scotland, Somerled's own Y-DNA most closely matched that of the Vikings he fought.
- Zachary Taylor, William McKinley and Woodrow Wilson - All these United States presidents belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup R1b1c
- Leo Tolstoy - Leo Tolstoy, the Russian writer, belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup I1
- The Wright Brothers - The Wright Brothers of the United States belonged to Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1b1, subclade E1b1b1a2 (V13). They were supposedly descended from Robert Wright of Brook Hall, Essex, England.
Figures from popular culture
- Al Roker - Al Roker, United States broadcaster, belongs to Y-DNA Haplogroup E, common among African peoples.
- Warren Buffett and Jimmy Buffett - Warren Buffett and Jimmy Buffett belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup I1 which is most common in and around Scandinavia. However, they are not closely related.
- Nelson Mandela - Nelson Mandela, former President of South Africa, belongs to Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1a (Y-DNA) (also known as E-M2) typical of Bantu peoples.
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