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Fortitude, Arrived Moreton Bay, 21 Jan 1849

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Location: Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australiamap
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The voyage of the immigrant ship Fortitude
Departed Gravesend, 14 September 1848
Arrived Moreton Bay, 21 January 1849

Fortitude was a sailing ship. In 1848-9, she was the first of three ships chartered by the Rev Dr John Dunmore Lang to bring free immigrants to Brisbane, Australia, arriving on 21 January 1849; the other ships being the Chaseley (arriving on 1 May 1849) and the Lima (arriving on 3 November 1849).[2]

Captained by John Christmas, with the medical superintendent Henry Challinor, she departed Gravesend on 14 September 1848, arriving Moreton Bay on 21 January 1849. Fortitude Valley (where many of the immigrants settled) is named in her honor.

Notable immigrants on the Fortitude

  • Henry Challinor, physician and politician of Ipswich
  • Robert Cribb, politician of Brisbane
  • William Pettigrew, politician and mayor of Brisbane
  • Edward Barton Southerden, draper and mayor of Sandgate

(from WIKIpedia at Fortitude ship)

Fortitude Valley (from WIKIpedia at [1] Fortitude Valley)

Scottish immigrants from the ship SS Fortitude arrived in Brisbane in 1849, enticed by Rev Dr John Dunmore Lang on the promise of free land grants. Denied land, the immigrants set up camp in York's Hollow waterholes in the vicinity of today's Victoria Park, Herston, Queensland. A number of the immigrants moved on and settled the suburb, naming it after the ship on which they arrived....

Contents

Newspaper Coverage from TROVE

The Moreton Bay Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1846 - 1861) of Saturday the 16th of December 1848, Page 2.

The Fortitude, the first of Dr. Lang's ships, was to sail from London direct for Moreton Bay on the 6th September.

DOMESTIC INTELELLIGENCE from The Moreton Bay Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1846 - 1861) of Saturday the 20th of January 1849, Page 2.

State OF THE IMMIGRANT DEPOT. - The depot is now cleared out, with the exception of two or three invalids ; and employers are anxiously looking out for another supply. We are entirely without information as to the time when it may be expected ; for even the Fortitude is far behind time according to the announcement of her in-tended departure, and her arrival is not likely to be of much service to employers, if, as is to be gathered, from Dr. Lang's correspondence, the passengers are to be of the class of small capitalists. Such persons, although in themselves most valuable immigrants, will not effect any change for the better in the expenses of the stockholders.

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE from The Moreton Bay Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1846 - 1861) of Saturday the 27 January 1849, Page 2.
Jan. 20. Tamar, steamer, 120 tons, Allen, from Sydney 16th instant. Passengers—Mr. Walker, and twenty-six in the steerage.

20. Susan, schooner, 60 tons, Steele, from Sydney 8th inst. Passengers—Ten in the steerage.

20. Ann Mary, schooner, 50 tons, Brown, from Sydney 8th inst. Passengers— Mr. G. Little, and six in the steerage.

20. Swift, schooner, 40 tons, Carrol, from Sydney 4th inst.

21. Fortitude, ship, 608 tons, Christmas, from Gravesend Sept. 14, with immigrants. Surgeon Superintendent—Dr. Challinor.

......The " Fortitude."—This long-expected vessel arrived in the Bay on Saturday last, after a tedious voyage of 128 days from Gravesend, during the last twenty of which she has been coming from Bass's Straits. The immigrants, who have been placed under control of the Government, and rationed by the contractor consist of 82 male and 77 female adults and 97 children under fourteen years of age : in all, 256 souls.

Up to the hour of going to press we have not been able to obtain a list of the passengers who are not rationed by Government. There were eight deaths during the passage—(three adults and five children), and four births. The immi-grants are forwarded under the exclusive auspices of Dr. Lang. On the Harbour Master going alongside the ship, he inquired if there was any sickness on board, and was informed that there was nothing infectious or contagious; he then boarded the vessel, and brought her report to Brisbane. Dr. Ballow, acting as Health Officer, proceeded to the Bay together with the Customs officer, on Monday night; and his inquiries elicited the fact that two cases of typhus fever had oc-curred during the present month. A formal report of this circumstance having been made to the Police Magistrate, that officer very properly ordered the ship to be placed in quarantine, and obtained from Lieutenant Cameron a guard of six soldiers, who left Brisbane on Thursday in the Susan schooner, which vessel was engaged on behalf of the Government, for the purpose of conveying provisions, &c., to the immigrants.

The people will be landed at Moreton Island, and tents for their accommodation have been sent down, to the extent of the means possessed by Capt. Wickham, which are small enough, in all conscience. Fresh provisions, vegetables, melons, &c., have been forwarded for the use of the immigrants, and it is hoped that a few days' enjoyment of fresh air, accompanied by a wholesome change of diet, will eradicate all symptoms of disease from the pas-sengers.

Mr. Walker, the commissariat officer at Brisbane, and Mr. Watson, the Immigration Agent, went down to the ship in the Susan ; and the last named gentleman will take charge of the immi-grants, in consequence of Mr. Richardson, to whom the vessel was consigned by Dr. Lang, having refused to act in the matter, excepting so far as regards the ship itself. We have made further allusion to this subject in another place.

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE from The Moreton Bay Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1846 - 1861) of Saturday the 3rd of February 1849, Page 2.
The ship Fortitude has been released from quarantine. The following is a list of the cabin passengers per Fortitude. The Rev. Charles Stewart, Mrs. Stewart, Mr. W. Pettigrew, Dr. Challinor, Mrs. Challinor, Master George, and Miss E. Challinor.


A Super Six Hundred from The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) of Saturday the 21st of July 1928, Page 21.

The Passengers.

THE passengers by the respective ships were as follows:

THE FORTITUDE.-Captain Christmas; Medical Superintendent, Dr. Challinor:—

Mr. and Mrs. Roper, Mr. and Mrs. A. Slaughter and family, Mr. and Mrs. J. Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Challinor, Mr. and Mrs. Langridge and family, Mrs. Storle and family, Mr. and Mrs. Cribb and family, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Sexton and family, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Trundle and family, Mr. and Mrs. Childs and family, Mr. and Mrs. Dodswell and family, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Clark and family. Rev. Charles Stewart, Miss Stewart, Mr. and Mrs. Kenyon, Mr. and Mrs. Melville and family, Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Welsby and family, Miss Eaton, Mr. and Mrs. Hingston and family, Mr. and Mrs. Gould and family, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Keid. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Keid, Mr. and Mrs. W. Bullock, Miss Bullock, Mr. and Mrs. Walmsley, Mr. and Mrs. R. Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Farrell, Rev. M. Cliff, wife and family, Mr. and Mrs. Deacon. Mr. and Mrs. Challie. Miss Southerden. Mr. and Mrs. Black and family, Misses Black (2), Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd and family, W. Lloyd, jun., and family, Mr. and Mrs. Jamieson, Mr. and Mrs. Wall and family, Mr. and Mrs. Voysey and family, Mr. and Mrs. T. Smith, Mr. and Mrs Primmer and family, Mr. and Mrs. Carver and family. Mr. and Mrs. King and family, Mr. and Mrs. W Line Mr. and Mrs. Russell, Miss Jones. Miss Russell, Mr. and Mrs. Price, Mr. and Mrs. Fowles, Mr. and Mrs. Newstedt and familv. Mr. and Mrs. Edkin and family, Messrs. G. Holt. J. Everet, J. Stanford. W. Munro Smith, J. Paton, Sampson, Bardmore. P. Chisolm, John Fielding, James Robinson, B. Bulcock, S. Southerden, E. B, Southerden, J. F. Sutton, G. W. Maskell, Julius Grimstead, W. S Hill, F. Mercer, H. Burrell, E. Mellor, John Smith, Thos. Wilkinson, E. Williams, Peter Buchanan, John Clapton, Thomas Stuckbury, J. Hofland, H. A. Lyard. and John Slaughter.

Research Notes

An email from Catherine Bell states:

My g-g grandmother's brother was one of the passengers. (I hold family letters written by him aboard ship.) Interestingly, for all this time, he's been wrongly listed as "H A Lyard" and I see some attempt to work out whether this was one Layard. It isn't. His name was in fact H A ISARD. You can see how copperplate writing may allow Isard to be mistranscribed as Lyard.

I’ve checked the article A Super Six Hundred from The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) of Saturday the 21st of July 1928, Page 21 at: [2] and the typewritten newspaper article states Lyard, however, this may have been transcribed incorrectly from hand written notes. Check of the actual passenger list is required to clarify this matter.

Sources

  • Fortitude (ship) from WIKIpedia (Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.) at: [3]
  • Fortitude Valley, Queensland from WIKIpedia (Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.) at: [4]
  • The Moreton Bay Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1846 - 1861) of Saturday the 16th of December 1848, Page 2 at: [5]
  • DOMESTIC INTELELLIGENCE from The Moreton Bay Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1846 - 1861) of Saturday the 20th of January 1849, Page 2 at: [6]
  • SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE from The Moreton Bay Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1846 - 1861) of Saturday the 27 January 1849, Page 2 at: [7]
  • SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE from The Moreton Bay Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1846 - 1861) of Saturday the 3rd of February 1849, Page 2 at: [8]
  • A Super Six Hundred from The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) of Saturday the 21st of July 1928, Page 21 at: [9]

Extra Reading

Some Interesting Snippets about the Fortitude from J. V. Bryants page at: [10]

FORTITUDE IMMIGRANTS: Mr. E. V. Stevens' report to the Historical Society of Queensland, Inc. as found in the University of Queensland eSpace at: [11]

SS FORTITUDE PASSENGER LIST on The Place Stories website at: [12]





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