Location: St. Albans, Franklin Co, Vermont, USA
Surnames/tags: Hathaway Meigs Allen
This project is dedicated to the genealogy of the early pioneers and original settlers of St. Albans, Franklin Co, Vermont and honoring Revolutionary War Patriots who were connected to the town history. Those who lived in St. Albans in the year 1800 or earlier are considered the Founding Fathers.
'Theory': The majority of the Founder of St. Albans Vermont were Revolutionary War Patriots and the children of Patriots.
St. Albans Vermont was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth of New Hampshire on August 17, 1763. The towns of Swanton, Highate, and Georgia were also chartered on the same day. Each of the new townships bordered or touched Lake Champlain.
The boundaries of St. Albans were described as starting at the north-eastern corner of Georgia, running west to Lake Champlain, extending 6 miles north to a line parallel to the Georgia border, comprising of six square miles.
The town was granted to sixty-four people in the form of seventy shares; four of which were reserved for Governor Wentworth in the form of two lots of 500 acres each. The public shares were designated as one for the propagation of the gospel, one for a glebe for the Church of England (as per the law at the time), one for the first town minister, and one for a school.
There were five conditions to the town charter. 1. Each grantee must plant and cultivate 10% of their land within five years, and continue to improve and settle the land or forfeit their shares. 2. All pine trees are to be carefully preserved for use by the Royal Navy. 3. A tract in the center of town is to be divided into one acre lots, one for each grantee. 4. Starting on December 25, 1763 pay an annual rent of one ear of Indian corn for a duration of ten years. 5. Starting December 25, 1773 each inhabitant is to pay one shilling proclamation money for every hundred acres they own or possess.
The original 64 grantees of the town of St. Albans held their early meeting elsewhere and never recorded their sessions. None of them ever settled in the town, rather the large majority of them sold their rights to Levi Allen, his brother Ira Allen, and other speculators who knew the area well.
The governor of the state of New York Cadwallader Colden disputed the rights of New Hampshire in the area and the matter was brought to the monarch, King George III of England. In July of 1764 the King decreed that the eastern border of New York was defined by the Connecticut River. This meant that all of the area now called Vermont fell under the jurisdiction of the governor of New York. Governor Wentworth did not receive any benefit of taxes from the town and lost his lots as well.
Governor Colden did not grant towns in the area of St. Albans, presumably because it was in the possession of Abenaki Indian who were enemies of the confederated Six Nations of the province of New York. It was not the policy of New York to issue charters of unoccupied lands east of Lake Champlain.
At an unknown time in the early 1700s King Louis XV of France granted lands in the area on both sides of Lake Champlain. Tract number thirty-seven included the entire area of Georgia and a small portion of the southern part of St. Albans. The remainder of the town was not chartered by France.
Early Land Claims
The early speculators purchased land at very low prices for the purpose of selling at higher prices and realizing huge profits. These proprietors caused the town's land to be re-surveyed ending with the boundaries of the town being different than those in the original charter.
Ira Allen was prominent in the Vermont government and came to own a large portion of the town of St. Albans. He was an extensive grantor who sold land to settlers of the town including Andrew Farrand, Nathan Greene, Jared Farrand, Jesse Welden, Josiah D. Dean, Daniel Meigs, Silas Hathaway, David Powers, and others.
Silas Hathaway was an extensive grantor who was largely interested in the town lands. "The Great Mogul of St. Albans", he was often referred to as Baron Hathaway.
First Settlers - Before The Revolutionary War
St. Albans was first settled by Jesse Welden who was residing in town before the Revolutionary War which began in 1776. Jesse was a native of Connecticut, and a resident of Sunderland Vermont. He was known to be the only settler in town for a number of years. Well before 1778 he had built a home at St. Albans Bay.
A few other pioneers followed shortly after and were residing in town before 1776. Duncan Dunn, Mr. Dorsey, and Mr. Spafford were mentioned in written accounts.
Due to fighting in the area and the hostilities of the Canadian Indians, all of these earliest settlers left St. Albans and relocated elsewhere for the duration of the war. It is even said that Jesse Welden was captured by the British while in the area and later escaped. He returned to St. Albans in 1785 as one of the first permanent settlers.
In addition to being the first settler before the war, Jesse Welden was among the first to resettle St. Albans after the war. In 1785 he returned to live at his home located at the bay.
A short time later he built a house on Main Street in the village. This new house served as a hall for town meetings and other gatherings concerning the people. The sign-post outside his front door was designated as the place to post all public notices.
In 1788 the first town meeting was hosted by Jesse Welden. At the meeting he was elected to be a Selectman.
Later he erected and moved into a log cabin on the same lot but on the other side of the road.
Jesse Welden drowned in 1795 in Lake Champlain just off of Isle La Motte while traveling back from St. John's with a boatload of salt. It is said he left a sizable estate totaling some 4,000 dollars.
Pioneers of 1785 and 1786
The proprietors dramatically increased their wealth selling land for farms during the rapid settlement of the town over the next several years.
First Town Meeting held in 1788
In 1788 St. Albans had a population that warranted full organization and the election of officers for the government of the town in the administration of it's affairs. The warning for the first town meeting was issued by Chittenden County Assistant Judge John White of Georgia on July 12, 1788. The meeting was held at the home of Jesse Welden on July 28th of 1788.
Jonathan Hoit was elected to the office of Town Clerk.
Grand List of 1788
The Grand List of 1788 shows the taxable inhabitants of St. Albans in the early part of that year. The list was composed after the Second Town Meeting in 1798.
The names of men included on the first Grand List were Eliphalet Edmonds, Job Greene, Hananiah Brooks, Noel Potter, Jonathan Colvin, David Powers, Freeborn Potter, Nathan Greene, Timothy Winter, Ichabod Randall, Azariah Brooks, Daniel Meigs, Benjamin Bradley, Andrew Potter, Solomon Hinds, Richard Biddlecome, David Odell, James Chadey, Jonathan Hoit, Simeon Spencer, Jabez Colvin, Thomas Gibbs, David Gibbs, Isaac Gibbs, William Griffin, Eleazer Brooks, David Weldon, Silas Hathaway, David Campbell, and Jesse Welden.
Freeman's Oath taken in 1788
Those who took the Freeman's Oath in St. Albans Vermont in 1788 were Daniel Meigs, Hananiah Brooks, Ichabod Randall, Simeon Spencer, Jonathan Colvin, Job Greene, Solomon Hinds, David Weldon, James Tracey, James Harrington, William Abbey, William Griffin, Noadiah Sawyer, Jonathan Weldon, Winthrop Hoit, Azariah Brooks, Samuel West, Samuel Orton, Barber West, Asa Wyman, Joseph Hinds, David Odell, and Thomas Gibbs.
Second Town Meeting held in 1789
The second town meeting was held at the home of Jesse Welden January 7, 1789. The purpose of the meeting was to determine weather or not to assess the town inhabitants for the purpose of taxes.
It was voted that a committee comprised of Selectmen Jesse Welden, David Odell, and Andrew Potter along with the assistance of Jonathan Hoit and Ichabod Randall would produce an official Town List. This resulted in the Grand List of 1788 mentioned previously, showing taxable inhabitants of the town.
Freeman's Oath taken in 1789
First Clearing at St. Albans Bay by 1790
The first clearing was on a tract of land on the Lasell and Buck places. It ran from from the shore north to the meeting house. This was before the Lake Road was constructed. Lemuel Lasell married Dorothy Brooks and moved to Swanton where they were among the original settlers of that town. Their first child Labin Lasell was the first white child born there.
Freeman's Oath taken in 1790
Census of St. Albans Vermont 1790/1791
Winthrop Hoit, David Campbell, Abraham Vandiger, Silas Hathaway, Ralph Hathaway, Daniel Meigs, Benjamin Bradley, Jonathan Hoit, Azariah Brooks, Noadiah Sawyer, Freeborn Potter, Noel Potter, Valentine Jenkins, David Powers, Eliphalet Edmonds, Job Greene, Nathan Greene, Timothy Winter, Samuel Colkins, Joseph Kellogg, William Griffin, Jesse Welden, David Weldon, Elijah Rood, Abraham Spoor, Allan Davis, Samuel Horton, Samuel West, David Odell, Jonathan Hartl, Solomon Hines, Joseph Hines, Christopher Dutcher, Hazel Tupper, Rowland Soal, Andrew Potter, Ebenezer Clarke, Thomas Gibbs, Isaac Gibbs, Joshua Gibbs, Adonijah Brooks, John Howard, Elisha Howard, and Asa Warren.
Freeman's Oath taken in 1791
The list of those who took the Freeman's Oath in St. Albans Vermont in 1791 included Christopher Ducher, Elijah Rude, Henry Tibbetts, Eleazer Brooks, Johnson Jones, Elisha Rude (Rood), Elijah Hulburt, Isaac Powers, Asa Warren, Randall Arnold, Warren Colvin, and Hazael Tupper,
Freeman's Oath taken in 1792
Freeman's Oath taken in 1793
Those who took the Freeman's oath in 1793 in St. Albans Vermont were Eleazer Jewett, Jonas Larrabee, Joseph McLin, Sylvanus Burdick, Abraham Spoor, Thomas Bursh, James McEvers, Ebenezer Warren, Elijah Williston, and John Kellogg,
Freeman's Oath taken in 1794
Pliny Wills, Silas Butler, Stephen Kellogg, Oliver Day, Samuel Calkins Jr, Nathan Scovill, Jonathan Colvin, William Bell, Eleazer Webster, and Ezekiel Wells took the Freeman's Oath in St. Albans Vermont in 1794.
Freeman's Oath taken in 1795
Freeman's Oath taken in 1796
Freeman's Oath taken in 1797
Those who took the Freeman's Oath in 1797 in St. Albans Vermont were John Mattox, Samuel Niles, Gilbert Prentiss, Theopholis Morrill, Jonathan Bowen, Joseph Andrews, Amos Beadle, Elijah Boardman, and William Nason.
Freeman's Oath taken in 1798
In St. Albans Vermont in 1798 the Freeman's Oath was taken by Reuben Jones, Gardner Green, Potter Conger, Benjamin Fay, George Washington Clark, John Church, Ithamer Hibbard, Justice Wells, and Elihu Tracy.
Franklin County Grammar School - Established in 1799
On November 9, 1799 an act was passed by the General Assembly of Vermont that established the "Franklin County Grammar Shool" in St. Albans. The charter named the Board of Trustees: Silas Hathaway, Levi House, Joseph Jones, Nathan Greene, Seth Pomeroy, Jonathan Hoit, Elisha Sheldon, and Joseph Robinson.
A committee under the direction of Joseph Jones, Levi House, and Jonathan Hoit constructed the first building for the use of the Franklin County Grammar School. It was a large wooden building with a spacious hall in the second story. The building was moved more than once to different locations in the center of town.
Grand List of 1800
The Grand List of 1800 included the names of the taxable inhabitants of St. Albans. The list included Joseph Carter, Samuel Burton, William Griffin, Joseph Mears, Daniel W. Eager, Jonathan Mitchell, Benjamin Goodwin, Reuben Tullar Jr, William Kettle, Charles Kettle, Eleazer Jewett, Isaac Spoor, John Colfax, Abraham Spoor, Roswell Wickwire, Uri Hibbard, Thomas Chapin, Robert Oliver, Jonathan Hoit, David Campbell, Jonathan Prentiss, Oliver Day, Solomon Morgan, Daniel Coit, Daniel Ryan, Prince B Hall, Seth Pomeroy, Thaddeus Rice, James S. Allen, Ornan Tullar, John Gilman, William Nason, Enos Wood, Levi House, Benjamin Bradley, William Isham, Samuel Wells, Elihu Tracy, Freeborn Potter, John Whittemore, Bradley Wilson, Daniel Clark, David Clark, Benjamin Howard, Abner Eastman, Warren Munson, Josiah Cheney, Elijah Broadman, Josiah D. Dean, John Warner, Eldad Butler, Asahel Church, Aliver Webster, Silas Hathaway, Alfred Hathaway, Lewis Walker, Elijah Davis, Richard Whittemore, Job Conger, Asahel Hyde, Solomon Calkins, Amos Morrill, James Brackett, Gilman Goodwin, Theopholis Morrill, Theopholis Mansfield, Seth Wetmore, Benjamin Hoar, Eleazer W. Keyes, Christopher Dutcher, Ruluff Dutcher, Samuel Lane, Nathan Greene, Job Greene, David Powers, Josiah Colony, David Powers Jr, William Powers, Isaac Powers, Thomas Hatch, John Ray, John Corey, Samuel Parsons, Asa Tarbell, Robert Lovewell, Richardson Emery, Jabez Delano, Barnabas Langdon, Lemuel Marsh, Isaac Reynolds, Potter Conger, Orange Carter, David Doty, John Armstrong, Joseph Jones, Abraham Baldwin, Henry Tibbitts, Reuben Sachett, Jonathan Winslow, Ira Baker, Jethro Bonney, Parsons Cook, Jared Winslow, Carter Hickok, Reuben Tullar, Chester Tullar, Noah Moody, Nathaniel Burton, Timothy Doty, Azariah Brooks, Adonijah Brooks, Eleazer Brooks, Alfred Crippen, Ebenezer Chapman, Barnabas Hatch, Jonathan Gates, Nathaniel B. Torrey, Gustavus Swan, Benjamin Pitcher, William Emery, Benjamin Thurber, Francis McQuave, Est. David Hickok, Est. David Warner, Ira Church, Nathan Wood, Halloway Taylor, David Stevens, Peter Drury, William Hurlbut, Eli Hendricks, Noel Conger, John Taylor, Est. Judge Lane, Oliver Smith
Revolutionary War Patriots Buried in St. Albans
This is a list of Revolutionary War Patriots known to have been buried in St. Albans, Franklin Co, Vermont, USA:
Daniel Meigs, Silas Hathaway, Nathaniel Greene, Oliver Potter, Adam Beals, Haclatiah Bridges, Paul Brigham, Hananiah Brooks, Samuel Church II, John Delaney, John Gates, Isaac Gibbs, Jehiel Holdrigdge, William Isham, Jonathan Janes, Stephen Keys, Hezekiah Keeler, Robert Lovewell, Amos Morrill, Noel Potter, Zepheniah Ross, Samuel Todd, Bates Turner, John Warner, Truman Warner, Azariah Brooks, Eleazer Brooks, John Delaway, John Mitchell, David Powers, Silas Robinson, Jeremiah Virginia, Solomon Walbridge, William Nason, and Philip Alexander
Early Town Clerks of S. Albans Vermont
Jonathan Hoit 1788 to 1799
Seth Pomeroy 1799 to 1807
Early Representatives of St. Albans Vermont
Jonathan Hoit - 1788, 1791, 1792, 1811, 1814
Silas Hathaway - 1789, 1790, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1798, 1799, 1820
Noel Potter - 1793
Levi House - 1797, 1802
Seth Pomeroy - 1800, 1801, 1803, 1805
Nathan Greene - 1806, 1810
Early Court in St. Albans
Before 1800 terms of court were held in the house of Silas Hathaway. On the 17th of September 1800 Colonel Halloway Taylor and Silas Hathaway deeded a lot in the center of town to the Selectmen for the purpose of building a new courthouse.
Luther Virginia was the first and only person ever executed in Franklin County Vermont. He was hung for the murder of Rufus Jackson. The judge for his trial was Silas Hathaway. The sentence was carried out by the Sheriff Shiveric Holmes on January 14, 1820 in the field on the north side of Congress Street across from Governor Smith's barn. He was also sentenced to attend his own funeral before the hanging. The service was conducted by Reverend Phineas Culver. He was buried south of the old cemetery gate.
Notable Historical Families
William Powers was Mayor of St. Albans 1901-1904 and was the Manager of the Railroad Station.
The notorious outlaw Silas Doty was born in St. Albans Vermont in May of 1800.
Limna (Potter) Weed was the first white child known to have been born in St. Albans, Vermont.
James Mcdurfee was the first black child known to have been born in St. Albans Vermont. He was born in about 1804. His parents both escaped from slavery.
John Smith was a United States Representative who moved to St. Albans before 1810. He was successful in the railroad business. His son was Vermont Governor J Gregory Smith, born in St. Albans in 1818, who prospered greatly in the railroad and other industries. His son was Vermont Governor Edward Curtis Smith. Edward succeeded his father as president of the railroad busines, and was a Colonel in the Vermont militia.
Jeffery Brace was abducted from North Africa at age 16 and forced into slavery in America. After many years and different owners he escaped and became a Revolutionary War Patriot. His memoirs were published with the help of anti-slavery lawyer Benjamin Prentiss.
The Honorable William Bridges was the Vermont Judge of Probate for Franklin County. He was also the Town Clerk in St. Albans from 1836-1861, and the Representative 1846, 1847, 1850, and 1851.
Historical Points of Interest
Franklin County was organized in 1795, but did not have a courthouse until 1800, during which time terms of the court were held at Hathaways Tavern.
St Albans Raid
Records note Canada, New Hampshire, New York, or Vermont
The area of Franklin County Vermont, in which St. Albans lies, and the northern part of the state as a whole was referred to as belonging to different states, people, and even countries. During the time of the Revolutionary War the area was not inhabited but was frequented by troops from both sides as well as by various native Indian bands. It was a dangerous frontier located on much contested borders.
Records from this area such as birth, death, and marriage records were filled out according to the timing, honored legal claims, and even personal conviction of the person recording the information. Franklin County shares a border and a bay of Lake Champlain with St. Armand, Quebec, Canada. Records that were recorded at that time can say “born in Canada” and actually mean to describe where we now call Vermont, USA.
Even at the end of the war, both New York and New Hampshire were granting the same land to different people. This led to the formation of the Green Mountain Boys as holders of the New Hampshire grants came together to defend their claims against others holding New York grants. Records from during the war and soon after could show either New York or New Hampshire when actually indicating where we today call Vermont.
Sources And More Information
Journal of the American Revolution articles, searchable
A centennial history of St. Albans, Vermont (1889) online e-book 
Grand List for St. Albans in 1800 
Genealogical history of the families of Robinsons, Saffords, Harwoods, and ... By Sarah Robinson - searchable e-book 
City of St. Albans official website 
History of Franklin and Grand Isle counties, Vermont: With illustrations and ... edited by Lewis Cass Aldrich - online searchable e-book 
Vermont; a Guide to the Green Mountain State, By Best Books on, Federal Writers' Project - searchable ebook 
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF ST. ALBANS - BY L L. DUTCHER, A. M. 
A Centennial History of St. Albans, Vermont By Henry Kingman Adams - searchable ebook 
Catalogue of the principal officers of Vermont: as connected with its ...By Leonard Deming - pages 177 + searchable ebook 
Report of the National Society of the Daughters of the ..., Volumes 15-16 By Daughters of the American Revolution - pages 150, 151 + searchable ebook 
Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society - By Vermont Historical Society - searchable ebook 
Soldiers of the Revolutionary War Buried in Vermont, and Anecdotes and ...By Walter Hill Crockett - searchable ebook 
Catalogue of the Principal Officers of Vermont: As Connected with Its ...By Leonard Deming - page 177 
Records of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of ...By Freemasons. Grand Lodge of Vermont 
The University of Vermont - Allen Family Papers 
1795 dollars in 2015 dollars 
1790 Census 
Vermont History - google book - shows Revolutionary War Patriots known to be buried in Vermont 
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On 6 Aug 2016 at 15:59 GMT Dana Burns wrote: