Historic Background: The Kingdom of France and the Ancien Régime
- The Kingdom of France comprised individual Provinces, Duchés and Comtés (medieval "duchies" and "counties" ruled by Dukes and Counts respectively), and associated lands that had come under overarching control of the King of France at various times and with differing degrees of integration. They were often culturally, historically and in some cases linguistically distinct - under a multi-tiered system that would eventually be called the Ancien régime.
- The French Revolution began in 1789 and culminated with the establishment of the first French Republic in 1792. In implementing the post-revolutionary era, the French provinces of the ancien régime were all subjected to re-organization - often in a manner intended to reconfigure and alter the historic regions and alliances. The French provinces were therefore often divided into portions, and in many cases these were recombined to create the new set of départements that would form the modern French Republic. 
- An overview of the transition from French provinces to subsequent departments is provided by the France Project, along with maps of individual provinces at France from Provinces to Departments.
- An expandable map entitled France Provinces en 1789 by Vidal-Lablache shows the geographic relationships between historic provinces and modern departments as of 1789 and is also available via the France Project.
Historic Province to Modern Départements
Royaume de France
Paysage de vignes
|Landes, Gers, Hautes-Pyrénées, parts of Gironde, Lot-et-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Haute-Garonne, Ariège, Pyrénées-Atlantiques|
- ↑ Wikipedia France - Ancien Régime
- ↑ Wikipédia Territoires du royaume de France
- ↑ Wikipedia Departments of France
- ↑ Wikipédia Département français
- ↑ WikiTree France Project France from Provinces to Departments
- ↑ WikiTree France Project Carte des provinces avec les limites des départements de 1791
- ↑ Wikipédia Gascogne