Franklin County, Georgia

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Franklin county, Georgia
Cherokee and Creek Indians lived here first in the Piedmont region. Settlers arrived, which led to the treaties of 1773 and 1783 over the land. Eventually the the Creeks and Cherokees yielded their claims over the land. [1][2]
1773 William Bartram journeyed through this area and found the Lower Cherokee Indian tribe living here. [3]
1782 The Treaty of Long Swamp formed territory in Georgia, ceded by the Cherokee Treaty to the United States. This included Barrow, Jackson Counties with part of Oconee, Clarke, Madison, Banks, Hart, Stephens, Gwinnett, Hall and Habersham counties of Georgia. It also included the northwestern corner of South Carolina which is currently Pickens, Oconee, and Anderson counties. [4][2]
1783 Georgia and the Cherokee Indians signed The Treaty of Augusta, May 31, 1783, when the Creek Indians ceded their land to the USA. This led to the Georgia's 9th county, which was Franklin County. This was a large county - (part of South Carolina and 12 counties of Georgia were formed from Franklin County. [1] [5]
1783 Capt. James Terrell of the Revolutionary War was an early settler. [2]
Marker for Franklin co., Georgia
Feb 25, 1784 Following the American Revolution, Franklin County, was created in northeast Georgia. This was named for Benjamin Franklin. Some of Franklin county area land was ceded over to South Carolina. [3][1][4][5][2]
Post 1784 County business was conducted in the home of Warren Philpot in (Sweet) Gum Log on the Tugaloo. Georgia Walton was the first chief justice. .
1787- Treaty of Beaufort. Barrow County, Georgia was formed Nov 3, 1914 with the formation of Barrow County..[1]
1789 The Head-right system passed from state to county governments. This land was the last land to be formed.The state granted large pieces of land to speculators. After the Pine Barrens Scandal and Yazoo Land Fraud of 1795-96, the headlight policy ended. [4][5]
Franklin and surrounding Counties
1803 The Land Lottery of 1803 system began which may have also been corrupt. However land was awarded to veterans of the Revolutionary War (if living.) [5]
Nov 29, 1806 Carnesville became the Franklin County Seat. Population here is 540. with a location on Hwy 106 south of Carnesville.[1]Carnesville was named for Thomas B Carnesville, congressman (1793-97. .[2]
1826 Courthouse #2, was built in Carnesville after the Georgia legislature incorporated Carnesville as county seat. It was named in honor of Thomas Peter Carnes, Revolutionary war congressman. [3]
Mar 25, 1837 Creek Indian War occurred in this area. During this war, Volunteers from Franklin County, commanded by Capt. Morris fought in the Battle of Pea River Swamp [2]
Ty Cobb
1878 A Railroad was built which led to the formation of Royston in 1879. SEE: Tyrus Raymond Cobb Sr lived in this town. The Cobb Memorial hospital was built and later The Ty Cobb Healthcare System began through the family's efforts. There is a Tyrus Raymond Cobb Sr museum with baseball history, and videos along with artworks. Royston is the largest city in Franklin county. [5]

1906 James M Hunt built The Cromer's Mill covered bridge, is the crossing over Nails Creek, (8) miles south of Carnesville.It is not used for vehicles currently. [3]
Cromer's Covered Bridge, Franklin Co., GA
Today Franklin County has been reduced in size with land cut from it to form Barrow County, Jackson County, Oconee County, Clarke County, Madison County, Banks County, Hart County, and Stephens County.i Then later parts of Gwinnett County, Hall County , Habersham counties, with the northwestern part being used for Pickens county, Oconee County and Anderson counties of South Carolina. [5]

Towns of Franklin County
West Bowerville, Georgia Job Bowers planned the streets of West Bowersville in 1875. Job Bowers was the postmaster of the post office on the Bower Plantation. In 1902 Georgia legislature chartered the town which caused the town to be named Canon, Georgia. For many years it was known as “Old Field,” “Newton,” and “Fairview.” There are (750 people) living in this small town. There is a Franklin/Hart Airport which has a 3,500 foot lighted runway, south of I-85. [3][1]
Canon, Georgia began in 1902 when West Bowerville, Georgia was renamed.. [1]
Carnegie Library, Lavonia, GA.
Lavonia, Georgia began 1878 when the Elberton-Air-Line Railroad reached this area. This Brought the cotton market to Lavonia. The city has the Southern Cotton Oil Company, the Lavonia Cotton Mill, sewing plants for men's and women's clothing, Alan B. Sibley Mill and a Milliken Textile Plant. After the Cotton market the city boasts the Southern Oil Company, Today (1,830) people live here and the industrial city thrives. Southern Railroad train depot, the Andrew Carnegie Library, and former Governor Ernest Vandiver’s home are in the city. The Chamber of Commerce acquired the Southern Railroad Train Depot, 1979. The train depot was acquired by Lavonia’s Chamber of Commerce in 1979. This city is the smallest with an original Carnegie Library, which was established by Andrew Carnegie.[6] [1] [3]
Royston, Georgia downtown
Royston, Georgia When the railway was built in Franklin County, Royston, Georgia began near the Railway, 1878. It was incorporated in 1879. Royston is Franklin County's largest city. Tyrus Ray Cobb lived here. The family built the Cobb Memorial hospital which later became the Ty Cobb Healthcare System. A Ty Cobb museum contains memorabilia of baseball history, videos, and art works. [3][1]SEE: Tyrus Raymond Cobb Sr
Ty Cobb
Franklin Springs, Georgia was a health resort, famous for its mineral springs before the Civil War. Franklin Springs, It is (2 miles) from Royston. This was popular for its mineral, sulphur, and freestone springs. In 1870 in received its post office. By 1890 Franklin Springs’ resort had (2) hotels, a skating rink, (2) pavilions and (15) homes on the (87) acres. People came from Augusta, South Carolina, or even New Orleans to the mineral, sulphur and freestone springs. As other remedies arose, the faith in these springs decreased. The Pentecostal Holiness Church currently owns Franklin Springs property where the Emmanuel College is located.[3][1][5]
Carnesville, Georgia became the Franklin County Seat, on Nov 29, 1806 and received its post office 1811. It is a small town on Hwy 106 with a population of 540.. the town is on the National Register of Historic Places, such as the 1906 Courthouse, and the Cromer's Mill Covered Bridge which is one of a very few existing covered bridges still standing. The location is Hwy 106.[3][1][5]


The citizens of Cromer's Mill built a covered bridge (still standing) over Nail's Creek. About the same time, a young man from Royston (b. Narrows, Banks County, Georgia) began to make a name for himself in the relatively new game of baseball -- Ty Cobb. During the next 24 years "The Georgia Peach" would set virtually every record in the game. In a 1950 Sporting News poll he would be named the best player in the history of the sport.

Adjacent Counties

  • Stephens County (north)
  • Oconee County, South Carolina (north-northeast)
  • Hart County (east)
  • Madison County (south)
  • Banks County (west)


Post 1784 County business was conducted in the home of Warren Philpot in (Sweet) Gum Log on the Tugaloo. Georgia Walton was the first chief justice. .

In 1788 Georgia legislature approved a courthouse, on the John Mullins Ford near the Tugaloo River. By 1794 the courthouse was completed [4]

2nd Courthouse, 1806 was built in Carnesville after the Georgia legislature incorporated Carnesville as county seat.

3rd Courthouse, 1826 was built in Carnesville next to the old courthouse. Early wills and deeds could be found at the historical society in Carnesville[4]

Franklin courthouse, 1906

4th Courthouse, 1906 Franklin county's current courthouse was built with a neoclassical-revival style. No wills or estates were in the Franklin County Court House before 1899. A 3rd courthouse was built 1826 next to the old courthouse. E

1906 4th Courthouse was built after the 3rd building was torn down.[4]


Terrain -mainly of oak-hickory forests.
settlers cleared large tracts for agriculture, Some of this has become to old-field succession, which, if uninterrupted, become broadleaf deciduous forest.
Crops -cotton, corn, sorghum, and more recently, livestock. for 200 years

Protected Areas

  • Tugaloo State Park has recreational opportunities.
  • Lake Hartwell, at the northern end of the county
  • Victoria Bryant State park has recreational opportunities


In 2000, there were 20,285 people in the county with a population density of 77 people/sq. mi. The racial makeup of the county was 89.49% White, 8.83% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any 2010 there were 22,000 people with a population density of 84.5 people/sq. mi. The median income for a household in the county was $36,739 and the median income for a family was $44,667.About 14.3% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over [7]


  • Hwy 106


  • Ty Cobb was a native of Royston Baseball player donated $100,000 for Royston hospital
  • Ernest Vandiver, Georgia Governor
  • D. W. Brooks, the founder and chairman of Gold Kist.


  • Junior-Senior Fishing Rodeo at Victoria Bryant State Park in May,
  • Ty Cobb Museum in Royston features, among other things, a uniform worn by the baseball legend.
  • Lavonia Fall Festival in September
  • festivals at Tugaloo State Park throughout the year.
  • Franklin County Livestock Market in Carnesville is the largest in the state

(Junior-Senior Fishing Rodeo at Victoria Bryant State Park in May, The Ty Cobb Museum in Royston features, among other things, a uniform worn by the baseball legend.


  • Canon
  • Carnesville
  • Franklin Springs
  • Lavonia
  • Royston
    • Martin
    • Gumlog



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Research Resources

Acker, Martha Walters, compiler, Franklin County, Georgia: Court of Ordinary Records 1787-1849. Birmingham, Alabama, 1989.

Acker, Martha Walters, compiler, Index To Deeds Of Franklin County Georgia 1784-1860. Birmingham, Alabama, 1979.

Acker, Martha Walters, compiler, Deeds Of Franklin County, Georgia 1784-1826. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1976.

Acker, Martha Walters, compiler, Franklin County, Georgia Marriages December 1805- 1850. Birmingham, Alabama, 1987.

Acker, Martha Walters, compiler, Franklin County, Georgia Tax Digests Volume 1 - 1798- 1807. Birmingham, Alabama, 1980.

Acker, Martha Walters, compiler, Franklin County, Georgia Tax Digests Volume 2 - 1808- 1818. Birmingham, Alabama, 1981.

Acker, Martha Walters, compiler, Franklin County, Georgia Tax Digests Volume 3 - 1819-1823. Birmingham, Alabama, 1981.

Acker, Martha Walter, compiler, Franklin County, Georgia Tax Digests Volume 4 - 1825- 1839. Birmingham, Alabama, 1987.

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