This is a subpage of the page "German territorial structure in the course of history" and represents the period from 1945 to 1949.
Deutschland nach Ende des 2. Weltkrieges (1945 - 1949)
Gesamtdeutschland unter Regierungsgewalt der Alliierten (1945 - 1949)
- On June 5, 1945, the supreme commanders of the four victorious states (the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union) assumed supreme governmental authority over Germany as a whole in the Berlin Declaration. This was vested in the Allied Control Council based in Berlin.
- For Greater Berlin, there was a joint Allied occupation and the establishment of the Allied Command for the administration of the city area, whereby the city itself was also divided into four sectors, each of which was subject to an Allied occupation regime.
- The overall classification was problematic here, since there are two main theories with a total of seven sub-theories:
- The German Empire has perished
- The German Reich continues to exist (until 1949 or 1990), but is incapable of acting.
- I have chosen for the presentation here that the German Reich has perished and in an interim period through when Germany was governed by the four Allied states, until 1949 two new German states were created.
- I leave the rights of the state sovereignties out of both considerations.
Ostgebiete des Deutschen Reiches
- The Eastern Territories of the German Reich are the territories east of the Oder-Neisse line that had belonged to the territory of the German Reich on December 31, 1937, but were effectively separated from Germany after the end of World War II in 1945 and now belong to Poland and Russia. It was only in the course of German reunification that the separation of the eastern territories was completed under international law in 1990 by the Two-plus-Four Treaty.
|Verlorene deutsche Gebiete 1919 und 1945|
- Specifically, the eastern territories comprise the Prussian territories:
- Provinz Ostpreußen
- Provinz Oberschlesien
- Provinz Niederschlesien without its part lying west of the Neisse
- Provinz Pommern East of the Oder (the historical Hinterpommern) as well as Stettin and the Oder estuary
- the Government District of Frankfurt of the Province of Brandenburg without its part west of the Oder and Neisse rivers
- Part of Sachsen east of the Neisse River
- Grenzmark Posen-Westpreußen
- In a broader sense, the regions that were part of the German Reich or Austria-Hungary until about 1918 or 1919, bordered on the German Reich or the Republic of Austria in the interwar period, and belonged to German territory again from 1938/39 to 1945 are also included in the German eastern territories (not just the Reich). Many Germans lived here according to self-identification, language and culture, for whom the term Volksdeutsche was often used and who mostly did not have German or Austrian citizenship.
- The following areas, which were part of the German Reich until 1919, had a predominantly or large German population until the end of the 1940s:
- Memelgebiet (until 1919 as Preußisch-Litauen part of the Provinz Ostpreußen)
- Provinz Westpreußen (1939–45 largely forming the Reichsgau Danzig-Westpreußen)
- Freie Stadt Danzig (until 1919 part of the Provinz Westpreußen)
- Provinz Posen (the historical landscape of Wielkopolska (Großpolen))
- The following Habsburg dominated territories, which were part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy until 1918, had a predominant or high German population until the end of the 1940s:
- Sudetenland (before 1938 not an entity, but parts of the Habsburg Kronländer Böhmen, Mähren and Schlesien, unsuccessfully claimed by Deutschösterreich in 1918/19; later for the most part Reichsgau Sudetenland, today part of the Czech Republic)
- Settlement areas of the Donauschwaben in present-day Hungary, Croatia and Serbia (Vojvodina)
- Settlement areas of the Karpatendeutschen in today's Slovakia and Carpathian Ukraine
- Settlement areas of the Siebenbürger Sachsen, the Banater Schwaben and parts of the Bukowinadeutschen in today's Romania
- Settlement areas of the Galiziendeutschen and parts of the Bukowinadeutschen in today's Ukraine and Poland
- the Gottschee in today's Slovenia
- Südtirol, today part of Italy.
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