Germany's 16 Modern Regions

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Federal Republic of Germany: 16 States

Today, there are 16 federated states (or länder) of Germany. Many of them became states when the Federal Republic of Germany was founded in 1949; however, some were added after the German reunification in 1990. What is now called the Federal Republic of Germany was previously known as the German Empire from 1871 until the end of World War II. Before that, they were sovereign states/kingdoms and a part of the Holy Roman Empire from 962 until 1806. Locations in Germany are tricky as they changed frequently: see the Germany Project's Location Field Guidelines for more information on the many names for the place we now call "Germany" (or "Deutschland").

German Roots

Table: 16 States

The 16 Länder (states), by reference to the numbers on the map above, are as follows:

# Link (English Name) German Name Comprising regions from former Code Part of Federal Republic of Germany since Capital
1 Baden-Wurttemberg Baden-Württemberg Baden, Württemberg, Hohenzollern BW 1952 Stuttgart
2 Bavaria Bayern Bavaria without Rhenish Palatine BY 1949 Munich (München)
3 Berlin Berlin Brandenburg BE 1990
4 Brandenburg Brandenburg Western part of Brandenburg BB 1990 Potsdam
5 Bremen Bremen Cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven HB 1949 Bremen
6 Hamburg Hamburg City of Hamburg and surrounding areas HH 1949
7 Hesse Hessen Most of Hesse-Darmstadt and Hesse-Nassau HE 1949 Wiesbaden
8 Lower Saxony Niedersachsen Hanover, Brunswick, Oldenburg and Schaumburg-Lippe NI 1949 Hanover (Hannover)
9 Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Western Pomerania MV 1990 Schwerin
10 North Rhine-Westphalia Nordrhein-Westfalen Westphalia, and northern parts of Rhine province NW 1949 Düsseldorf
11 Rhineland-Palatinate Rheinland-Pfalz Rhenish Palatinate, and parts of Rhine province, Nassau, and Hesse Darmstadt RP 1949 Mainz
12 Saarland Saarland Saarland SL 1957 Saarbrücken
13 Saxony Sachsen Kingdom, and later free state, of Saxony SN 1990 Dresden
14 Saxony-Anhalt Sachsen-Anhalt Anhalt, and parts of province Saxony, Thuringia and Brunswick ST 1990 Magdeburg
15 Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein SH 1949 Kiel
16 Thuringia Thüringen Saxe-Weimar, Saxe-Eisenach, Saxe-Jena, Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Coburg, Saxe-Gotha TH 1990 Erfurt

Profile Improvement Lists by Region

TO VIEW PROFILE IMPROVEMENTS BY REGION, see the links on each regional page. Or see the following lists, divided by region:

Place Studies: Important Information

Please use [[Category:Germany, Place Studies]] to categorize your One Place Study. See all the Germany Place Studies HERE.

This is an active Germany Project page with up-to-date information.
Last updated by Traci Thiessen: 19 Jul 2022

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Where were the Salzburgers from who settled in South Carolina and Georgia,USA in the early 1700's ?
are you referring to Salzburger as a Surname ? or as a geo region ? if it is about the latter, it would be the city of Salzburg in Austria, or the Salzburger Land around that city. There was also a Salzburger Migration to East Prussia around 1700. The reason why they were wanted there was the high death toll of a plague. Why they were somehow "willing" to leave was that they were of an evangelist minority being harassed by a catholic majority in Austria.
posted by Dirk Solterbeck
Would this be the proper placename in 1717? Staudernheim, Bad Kreuznach, Kurfürstentum Pfalz, Heiliges Römisches Reich

I posted a query a day ago in G2G about the information I would like to add to the profile of Johannes Ludwig Nickel Lauterbach (1652-1736).

posted by Randy McLaughlin
edited by Randy McLaughlin
Hi Randy, I answered in your G2G post.
posted by Jelena Eckstädt
Just so you guys are aware, 8 and 9 on the map are flipped. The map would have to be redone to keep the list alphabetical.
posted by Steven Greenwood
I realize now that going back to the origination of the image in Wikimedia, it may have been like this since 2006 and is not our doing.
posted by Steven Greenwood
Hello, I'm a new member of the GERMANY project.

My brickwall great grandmother, (see her profile Greener-24), has separately given Germany, Werdau and Lobenstein as her birth place.

There are two Werdau both I think in Saxony.

Lobenstein is now Bad Lobenstein in I believe Thuringia. The Evangelist Lutheran Church in Bad Lobenstein says no one called Gruener was born in Lobenstein about 1858.

There's no result searching for her and her father on FamilySearch German records.

I'd welcome confirmation of which state the two Werdau are in.

I'll join the appropriate team or teams to pursue Caroline Gruener and her father Frederick.

Grateful for any leads or suggestions you may have

Best wishes



posted by Steve Schlemmer
Hi Steve,

you are right, there exist two locations called Werdau: To which German state the two Werdau belonged in the past depends from the time frame. During the German Empire (1871-1945) one Werdau belonged to Kreis Torgau, Regierungsbezirk Merseburg, Provinz Sachsen, Königreich (Freistaat, Land) Preußen (today: Werdau, Stadt Torgau, Landkreis Nordsachsen, Sachsen, Deutschland). The other belonged at that time to Kreis Zwickau, Königreich (Freistaat) Sachsen (today: Werdau, Landkreis Zwickau, Sachsen, Deutschland). For both locations called Werdau there are no church records online avaible. Regards Dieter

posted by Dieter Lewerenz
edited by Dieter Lewerenz
per Wikipedia Werdau is a town in Germany, part of the Landkreis Zwickau in the Free State of Saxony. It is situated on the river Pleiße, 8 km from Zwickau. The town was mentioned as early as 1304, and in 1398 it was purchased by Frederick, then margrave of Meissen, who afterwards became Elector of Saxony.

per Meyers Gazette Search results for [Werdau]

Werdau 1) Kr. Torgau D. (Village) Werdau, Torgau, Merseburg, Sachsen, Preussen

Werdau 2) St. (City) Werdau, Zwickau, Zwickau, Sachsen

posted by Laura (Pennie) Bozzay
Lobenstein 2)

Lobenstein, Wolfstein, Niederbayern, Bayern( Bavaria)

Lobenstein 1) Reuss Lobenstein, Schleiz, Reuss jüngere Linie

posted by Laura (Pennie) Bozzay
Need any data pertaining to Carl Heinrich Siegmond Lucht, father of my grandmother Emma Olga (Lucht) Sees born Hamburg 13 Jan 1881. Have only a copy of her Hamburg birth certificate and German passenger-departure list. Carl also fathered her brother Charles R. Lucht born same place about 1868.
posted by Daniel Brown
Hello, my name is Christopher Bolger. I am interested in ancestors from the area around Tauberbischofsheim in Baden, including Dittigheim, Werbach and Wertheim, named Weinig, Spinner, Ekardt, Speer, Hefner, Vath, Hefner and Ehrlebach. Thanks!
posted by Christopher Bolger

I hope that some of you are joining us for the first month of the 2021 WikiTree Challenge. One of the great-grandmother's line is from Germany & Bavaria. Sign up is still open, and you can participate during the week even without that.

Mindy Silva ~ WikiTree Challenge Coordinator

posted by Mindy Silva
edited by Mindy Silva
Én csatlakoznék, ha lehet, megpróbálom hogyan kell segíteni egész februárra. Németországi Őseim vannak és abban már egy kicsit otthon vagyok, ha olyan segítségre szükség van, köszönöm
posted by Eszter Semes-Bogya
edited by Eszter Semes-Bogya
Joseph Wible

In addition to my last comment, I would be happy to hear anything someone could contribute to fill in the life of Stephen Waibel ( my 3rd GGF) who is said to have immigrated to America in 1764 from the Hesse-Darmstadt area when he was 22 years old.

posted by Joe Wible
Joseph Wible

I am interested in sharing with this group the findings of Annette Burgert, a Pennsylvania researcher, who has one of the few references to my own 3rd GGF Stephen Waibel (spelling variations: Wivelle Wiebel, etc.) who immigrated through Philadelphia in 1764 on the ship Brittania. He first settled with the Koenig (King) family in Germany Township and ultimately married a daughter ,Maria Elizabeth. Their story from this point on is unclear and debated by many genealogists. My own fraternal line settled in the Gettysburg area of Adams County PA in 1802 for the next 5 generations while most of the other Wiebels moved on to Western PA. Can anyone clarify this?

posted by Joe Wible
I have a document that says my ancestors Friedrich and Wilhelmine Neumann, who immigrated to Qld in 1865, were born in Zesendom, Prussia in 1837 and 1846 respectively. I can't find any records or information on Zesendom. I don't even know if it's a town or a region. Can anyone help with tips or advice on how to locate this place? Thank-you.
Could it be: Züsedom populated place

53°27' N 14°01' E Germany 69.4 miles NNE of Berlin 52°31' N 13°24' E

slightly different version of the location

I think it is the same place just different time periods...

If you want to be added to a team we can add you to both regions as stated in the two links above.

posted by Laura (Pennie) Bozzay
edited by Laura (Pennie) Bozzay
Hi Leonie

I suppose you are looking for the village "Züsedom" - a village and a former municipality in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Since 1 January 2012. Please type in: Wikipedia and you are able to search in English as well German. Best regards Matthias WINFRIED Heid-159

posted by Winfried Heid
My ancestor George August William Caw was born in Ellum. Schleswig Holstein 1847/1848. Parents were John William CAW and Maria nee Scheel. John Caw was a Doctor. This is the only information I have about George Caw’s prior to his arrival in Australia in 1878. The above information was found on applications for citizenship and marriage certificates here in Australia.

I would appreciate any information that could be found. Jan Franklyn nee Caw

posted by Jan (Caw) Franklyn Mrs
edited by Jan (Unknown) Franklyn

Categories: Germany Project