Location: Gilmer County, Georgia
Surnames/tags: Gilmer_County Georgia
1566: Attempts were made by the Spaniard Moyano to establish Catholic missions, but was not successful.
1665: This region was originally claimed by the Spanish as part of Florida, until 1665, then it became part of Carolina.
1769: The first non-Indian settlers arrived and established homes in Talking Rock, which is now a part of Pickens County, along the Old Federal Road. This road was an access road granted by the Cherokee.
1814: Cherokee Chief Whitepath, a warrior living just 5 miles north of Ellijay, and Chief John Ross, swam across the Tallapoosa River and stole the Creek canoes prior to the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, ensuring a victory for his friend, Andrew Jackson.
1829: During the short period of "gold fever" in and around Gilmer County, prospectors came and some established the Georgia Whitepath Copper and Gold Mining Company; however the gold rush ended in the 1840's.
1831: Cherokee County was created by the state legislature. This included all land west of the Chattahoochee River and north of Carroll County.
1832: Incorporated 3 Dec 1832 from Cherokee County, formerly the Cherokee Nation, as the 85th county of Georgia. Named after George Rockingham Gilmer, two-time Governor of Georgia, a state legistlator, and a US Congressman. He was a strong proponent of state sovereignty over Cherokee lands in Georgia and was governor at the time of the Cherokee's forced removal to the west. Originally, the county extended to the Tennessee border, but it was later divided into portions of Pickens, Fannin, and Dawson counties. It was divided because of the large number of Cherokee Indians inhabiting the area and was too difficult to administer. Gilmer County was reduced by almost 68% of it's original size, subsequently most of it's historic sites are located in what is now Pickens County. The Georgia Land Lottery occured during this time, even though the Cherokee had not relinquished their rights to the land.
1836-1837: http://www.fortwiki.com/Fort_Hetzel Fort Hetzel} was established to house the Cherokee Indians that were remaining in the area, then eventually moved west to Oklahoma. Many Indians died during the 6 months they were housed there due to little food and no sanitation. It was abandoned by 1842.
1883: Residents successfully worked diligently to secure the arrival of the Marietta and the North Georgia railroad. Ellijay residents eaterly awaited the convenience of the railroad, but the road to the county seat was not completed until 1884. The construction of a roundhouse was started since it would be 1890 before service was established further north. 
1903: John W. Clayton planted the first commercial apple orchard in Gilmer County. He competed nationally, taking first prize in 1913 at the State College of Agriculture in New York, along with top honors at county fairs. By 1926, he had over 5,000 apple trees. The top varieties were Winesap, Rome Beauty, and Ben Davis.
1908-1916: In 1908, the first automobile arrived and this was a significant advance in the development of the area, along with the telephone in 1916. Once the development of Highway 515 was completed, a new age was brought to Gilmer.
1929: The Bank of Ellijay closed in the dark days of The Great Crash, and remained closed until 1933.
1939: Plans were begun to install electricity in every home after the Rural Electrification Act was passed by Congress in 1935. This plans was interrupted by WWI, but power was available to every person by 1950.
1991: Ga Highway 515 was completed and brought increasing numbers of tourists, drawn by the county's apples, scenery and various festivals.
Current: There are eleven apple orchards with roughly 35 varieties in Gilmer County, supplying the state with 60 percent of the apple crops sold in grocery stores. See Georgia's Apples.
Gilmer County was incorporated 3 December 1832
Beginning in 1946, Gilmer County was governed by a sole commission, three in all, up until 1988. It is now a five-member board plus a county manager.. See Gilmer County Government Official Website.
|Gilmer County Courthouse|
1832 - "The place where Ned Tucker recently lived" was designated for meetings and elections
1833 - wooden courthouse was constructed at that location
1854 - new courthouse was built and served the county for 80 years
1934 - The Hyatt Hotel (constructed in 1898) facing the downtown square was converted for use as the courthouse. This was the only courthouse in the State of Georgia nor originally built as a courthouse. Later, a private brick home across the street was purchased and converted into a courthouse annex.
1980 - listed on the National Register of Historic Places
2003 - the courthouse was condemned by the Gilmer County Fire Marshall because of extensive code violations and it was closed; county officers voted to destroy the building rather than renovate and restore it
2005 - identified as threatened by the Northwest Georgia Threatened Historic Sites Project
2008 - the original courthouse was demolished
2009 - the new courthouse was completed, located at the same site
Location: in the North Central portion of Georgia at the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, about an hour north of Atlanta
Altitude/Elevation: 379m / 1243feet
Area: 431 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 427 square miles (1,110 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (1.1%) is water 
Top Commodities: early industry was cotton gins, gristmills, and sawmills, but mostly cotton; but switched to apples in the early 1900's, thus saving their economy when the boll weevils destroyed the cotton; other commodities are Agriculture, Food, Fiber, Horticulture 
Total Economic Contribution: Jobs: 2,290; Output: $581,953,218
Climate: Summer: warm and muggy; Winter: short, very cold, and wet; Year Round: partly cloudy. Temperature typically varies from 32°F to 86°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 92°F. 
Soil: Valley: fertile; Highlands: produce pasture, Inian corn, oats, rye, and potatoes
Trees/Vegetation/Forests: Blue Ridge Mountains: Haywood timber, such as oak and hickory, grows well
Basins: Coosawattee River sub-basin in the ACT River Basin (Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin); Conasauga River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin; Ocoee River sub-basin of the Middle Tennessee-Hiwassee basin
Ponds/Lakes: Carters Lake: deepest man-made lake east of the Mississippi, over 62 miles of uninhabited shoreline 
Mountains: Big Bald Mountain - highest peak in Gilmer County; Rich Mountain - 2nd highest peak in Gilmer County
Terrain: many mountains and valleys with steep slopes and high rainfall
Gilmer County is ranked as the 57th (out of 159) largest county in Georgia.
- Growth Rate - 2.13%
2010 United States Census: 28,292 people, 11,314 households, and 8,000 families.
- 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.3% were non-families, and 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals
- Average Household Size: 2.48
- Average Family Size: 2.92
- Median Age: 43.4
Population Density: 66.3 inhabitants per square mile (25.6/km2); 16,564 housing units at an average density of 38.8 per square mile (15.0/km2)
Racial Makeup: 92.3% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races; and Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.5% of the population
Ancestry: 18.7% were Irish, 17.3% were American, 16.3% were English, and 13.4% were German.
Median Income: for a household was $36,741; for a family was $45,317. Males had a median income of $32,177 versus $27,288 for females.
Per Capital Income: $20,439
Poverty Line: 12.4% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over
Census... Pop.... %±
 1840... 2,536 ... —
1850... 8,440 ... 232.8%
1860... 6,724 ... -20.3%
1870... 6,644 ... -1.2%
1880... 8,386 ... 26.2%
1890... 9,074 ... 8.2%
1900... 10,198 ... 12.4%
1910... 9,237 ... -9.4%
1920... 8,406 ... -9.0%
1930... 7,344 ... -12.6%
1940... 9,001 ... 22.6%
1950... 9,963 ... 10.7%
1960... 8,922 ... -10.4%
1970... 8,956 ... 0.4%
1980... 11,110 ... 24.1%
1990... 13,368 ... 20.3%
2000... 23,456 ... 75.5%
2010... 28,292 ... 20.6%
Est. 2016...29,733 ... 5.1%
Gilmer County school district serves the Ellijay and East Ellijay communities.
- Number of Students Enrolled: 3,558
- Number of Faculty: 247
- Number of School Districts: 1
- Number of Schools: 7 - 4 elementary schools, 2 middle schools, and 1 high school
Bear Creek Trail access to an impressive specimen of yellow poplar known colloquially as "the big poplar" which is 100 feet tall and approximately 20 feet in circumference at its base
Springer Mountain Trail
Falls Branch Falls Trail
Gilmer County, Georgia Trails
Cohutta Wildlife Management Area See also Georgia WildLife
Rich Mountain Wilderness See also Rich Mountain WMA
Chattahoochee-Oconee National Park - almost half of Gilmer County is in the National Park which is protected by the Federal Government against development.
Gennett Poplar - a giant yellow poplar measuring over 18-20 feet in circumference at its base and 100 feet tall; said to be the 2nd tallest tree in Georgia; named after the original landowner who spared it from the widespread deforestation that took place in the 19th and early 20th centuries. See photos here
Apple Festival - held annually every October since 1971 in Ellijay. See also Wikipedia: Georgia Apple Festival.
Gilmer County Chamber of Commerce
City of Ellijay county seat of Gilmer County
Gilmer Library of the Sequoyah Regional Library System
Gilmer County Schools
Gilmer County Sheriff
Dalton State College, Gilmer Campus
Chattahoochee Technical College Ellijay Learning Center/Adult Education
UGA Extension Office for Gilmer County, Georgia
Piedmont Healthcare Mountainside
Times Courier News
National Protected Areas
Hetzel a Trail of Tears Cherokee Removal Fort established in 1837, abandoned a year later
Cartecay Methodist Church and Cemetery the church was organized in 1834 and the buildling was constructed about 1859
General David Bailey Freeman the youngest confederate soldier
Ebenezer Baptist Church established 1839
Gilmer County established 1832 out of Cherokee County
Gilmore County War Memorial erected in 1980 in dedication to all who served
Whitepath home of Chief Whitepath, a full-blood traditionalist leader and member of the Cherokee National Council
Oakland Academy established in 1867
Springer Mountain 
National Register of Historic Places
George Rockingham Gilmer 34th Governor of Georgia; served as first lieutenant in the Forty-third Infantry Regiment from 1813 to 1815 in the campaign against the Creek during the War of 1812
Hon Albert Henry Burtz (1878-1953) Mayor of Ellijay
John L Woody (1796-1873) Pioneer of Gilmer County
Gilmer County, Georgia Cemeteries on WikiTree
Cherry Log Baptist Church Old Cemetery, Cherry Log, Georgia
Ebenezer Baptist Church Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
Ellijay Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
Flat Creek Baptist Church Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
Jarrett Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
John Osborn Gravesite, Gilmer County, Georgia
Liberty Baptist Church Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
Macedonia Baptist Church Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
Category:Mount Pleasant Baptist Church Cemetery 2, Blue Ridge, Georgia
Mount Vernon Baptist Church Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
Mount Zion Baptist Church Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
Mountaintown Baptist Church Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
Pleasant Gap Baptist Church Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
Tickanetley Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery, Tickanetley, Georgia
Underwood Cemetery, Gilmer County, Georgia
Yukon Cemetery, Ellijay, Georgia
FindaGrave, List of Cemeteries in Gilmer County, Georgia
GeorgiaGenealogy, List of Cemeteries in Gilmer County, Georgia
USGenWeb Tombstones Transcription Project, Gilmer County, Georgia
US Cemeteries Project, Gilmer County, Georgia
Cemetery Records of Gilmer County, Georgia
List of Cemeteries on Georgia Genealogy Trails
AHGP Georgia Cemetery Transcription & Photo Project, Gilmer County, Georgia
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Gilmer County, Georgia on Georgia Encyclopedia
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Gilmer County, Georgia on RoadsideGeorgia
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 Gilmer County, Georgia on Wikipedia
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Gilmer County, Georgia on Galileo
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Gilmer County Courthouse
- ↑ UGA Extension Office for Gilmer County, Georgia
- ↑ Maplogs.com
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 2016 UGA Extension Office Annual Report, Gilmer County
- ↑ Average Weather in Ellijay, Georgia
- ↑ Georgia Genealogy, Gilmer County, Georgia
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 GeorgiaInfo/Galileo, Geographic Regions of Blue Ridge Mountains
- ↑ Blue Ridge Highlander
- ↑ World Population Review, Gilmer County, Georgia
- ↑ Atlanta Hiking Trails
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 15.8
Historical Markers Database for Gilmer County, Georgia
- ↑ George Rockingham Gilmer
Digital Library of Gilmer County, Georgia
RAOGK, Gilmer County, Gerogia
Gilmer County Historical Society
Genealogy Inc, Gilmer County, Georgia
Our Georgia History, Gilmer County, Georgia
Historic Ellijay Downtown
List of Civil War Soldiers of Gilmer County, Georgia
USGenArchives Gilmer County, Georgia, Military
Civil War Roster of Gilmer County, Georgia
Gilmer County Genealogical Society
Born in Gilmer County
Author: Ward, George Gordon. Annals of Upper Georgia, Centered in Gilmer County (Ward, Carrollton, Georgia, 1965)