Glynn_County_Georgia-1.jpg

Glynn County, Georgia

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: glynn_county Georgia us_history
This page has been accessed 545 times.



Welcome to Glynn County, Georgia!


flag
... ... ... is a part of Georgia history.
Join: Georgia Project
Discuss: Georgia


Contents

History

Logo Glynn county, GA

page is in progress of writing

Glynn County has a history of existing under five flags. These five flags were (Spain, France, Britain, the Southern Confederacy, and the U.S.), Glynn County is loaded with history. [1][2]
1732 Georgia Colony began, from some of the land claimed by South Carolina, extending from the Savannah River southward to the Altamaha River. (Legally, land South of the Altamaha River did not belong to Georgia). [3]
1732-39 Creek leaders signed the Treaty of Savannah, allowing James Oglethorpe's colonists to settle on the new treaty lands south of the Savannah River of new Georgia. Chief Tomochici gave oral permission for James Oglethorpe to bring English settlers on any of his lands, which Chief Tomochici claimed to be south to the St. Johns River. Wth this oral agreement St. Simons Island was settled but (St Simons Island was south or the Altamaha River) and technically outside of Georgia'a chartered written boundaries.
1736 Prior to 1736 Spanish missions were built on St. Simons Island in the late 1676's. By 1736, James Oglethorpe chose the island to be a military settlement. Fort Frederica was built to be a buffer against the Spanish invasion from Florida. [4]


Pre 1741 Indians of the Lower Creek Nation iived in this general area. By 1841, Georgia trustees intended just to create two counties of Frederica and Savannah, then the charter ended 1752.[4]


Fort Frederica, 1740
1741 Georgia divided land of the new colony into Savannah and Frederica counties. Frederica was all land south of the Ogeechee River, with Frederica on St. Simons Island for a county seat. There were worries of a Spanish invasion, so Frederica did not succeed. [3][2]
Fort Frederica, 1740 artist rendering, 1742, NPS
July 18, 1742 Battle of Bloody Marsh Spanish Governor Montiano's invasion force of 52 ships and over 2000 men outnumbered Gen. James Oglethorpe's troops of 650 English, Scottish highlanders and friendly Indians. Feeling he had no other back up, Oglethorope set up an ambush on the road to Fort Frederica on St Simons Island. The English troops (H.M. 42nd Regiment of Foot,) were posted near the marsh of the military road and the Scottish highlanders were on the left side of the road with the friendly Indians on the right side. When the Spanish Grenadiers approached the area, the signal was given. Thus the English troops and Highlanders cut-down Barba and troops near the marshy section of the road. Within 30 minutes, Capt Barba was wounded, his troops ran out of ammunition. The Spanish retreated to Fort St. Simons and then withdrew to St. Augustine, Florida. [5]This tenacity of the Georgians settled the British claim to the Disputed Georgia lands. Frederica on St. Simons Island is thought of as the community for Glynn County. [6]
Bloody Marsh Map, 1742
Nps Bloody Marsh marker
1742 The Spanish invaders were defeated at the Battle of Bloody Marsh. After the invaders were gone, James Oglethorpe moved his regiment from St Simons Island. The poor Fortress-town declined. Note the timbers of "Old Ironsides", came form St Simon's Island. "Old Ironsides"is widely known as part of America's first naval fleet of 1790. [4]
"Old Ironsides" aka USS Constitution
1750-The English planter, Mark Carr, lived in this area when he arrived with General James Oglethorpe's regiment. He established a tobacco plantation, "Plug Point". By 1771 Carr was approached to exchange his plantation for another location. Brunswick, Georgia, is located on a peninsula with rivers on each side of it and a natural harbor. Brunswick River on the south with two rivers (East River and Turtle River) on the west. The natural harbor enticed the council to place Brunswick, Georgia here.to decide for Brunswick to be located here. Brunswick Georgia was named in honor the ancestral home of the German House of Hanover (the British King at the time). Brunswick is currently a deep-water seaport. This supports Glynn County economy and the state. [2][4]
1758 The colony of Georgia divided the area into (8( parishes.[4]
1763 the Britain ceded the land South of the Altamaha River over to Georgia. The next problem was This was a little sticky; as that land was still part of South Carolina Spanish Florida also claimed this same area.[1][2][6]
March 15,1758 After Georgia became a royal colony in 1752, the Georgia Colony legislature formed 7 parishes. South Carolina claimed the land south of the Altamaha River. This area was off a limits to Georgia south of the river. It tried to claim St. Simons Island to be St. James Parish. [3][2]
March 25, 1765 the Georgia colonial assembly divided the land south of the Altamaha River into (4) new parishes. St. David and St. Patrick formed the mainland part of Glynn County. Jekyl Island was assigned to St James Parish (i.e. St Simons and Jekyl Islands. [3]
1771Brunswick, Georgia was originally laid out in 1771 and named to honor the German ancestral home of the Hanoverian kings of Great Britain–King George I, II, and III}}. The British Parliament ordered the location and layout according to the James Oglethorpe formation for the parks, squares, boulevards, similar to the layout of Savannah, GA. By 1797, this would become Glynn Couny seat. [7] [1][4]
Brunswick main street ~ 1920-30's
Brunswick, Georgia
1775-83 American Revolution A large amount of colonists fled to Florida or inland Georgia. Some veterans entered Glynn County and began their homesteads. [2] The area was sparsely settled before the American Revolution (1775-83). With the Revolution occurring, this Glynn county area saw most of its inhabitants flee to Florida and inland Georgia during the war. After the war, veterans entered the area to build their homesteads in a number of Glynn communities.[4]
Feb 5, 1777 With the Consitution of 1777, articles changed the parishes into one of (8 counties) with the Indian-ceded land north of the Altamaha river. Georgia legislature formed Glynn County, as one of the (first 8) counties for Georgia in 1777. Georgia also tacked on St Simons Islands to Glynn County, 1789. The legislature formed Wayne County entirely from western areas of Glynn County, 1805 which reduced the county in size. [3][2] [8]It is named for John Glynn, A British House of Commons Parliament member who favored the Colonies. [7] [1] [4]
The Battle of Bloody Marsh was fought in Glynn County in early years.. During the times of the Revolution, James Oglethorpe built Fort Frederica for a base. which was used a base in the American Revolutionary War. [9][6] [2]
1777 Georgia's first constitution began which combined St. David and St. Patrick into Glynn County. [2][4]
1780s St. Simons planters introduced and grew a high-quality cotton. By 1830, the cotton era ended, causing an economic depression following 1830. [4]
Pre -Feb. 10, 1787 Georgia passed an act to provide funds for the Glynn County's courthouse and jail . Frederica on St. Simons Island served as Glynn County’s initial county seat. Legislature told the county to hold elections in Brunswick, however the county and town dallied (10 years) to hold elections or began building the courthouse in Brunswick.. By Feb. 10, 1787, Georgia put its foot down by funding and instructed the county to start the courthouse and jail. Ten years later, the legislature designated Brunswick to be the Glynn County Seat. [4] [6][1]
1789 Jekyll and St. Simons islands were annexed Glynn county, In 1805 some of Glynn county inland land was added to Wayne County. [2][4]
1791Georgia legislature enacted a law instructing commissioners to find a site for a Glynn County courthouse and oversee its construction. Either the county failed to follow through or history has failed. Glenn county failed to get the courthouse built. [6]
Georgia showing location of Glynn co..
1796 Georgia legislature appointed commissioners to determine the boundaries of Brunswick and Frederica, to lay out the town as near as possible according to the original town plans, to open streets, and to have the commons of each town resurveyed. On Dec. 29, 1836, the legislature incorporated Brunswick.[6] [2]


Brunswick main street ~ 1920-30's


Dec 1825 Although Georgia legislature told Glynn county commissioners to levy a tax, inaction caused the legislature told the county courts to meet in the Glynn County Academy which had not done its duty. [6]
1845, 1849 The legislature told the county to meet in the Brunswick academy building. 30 years passed with Glynn county used rented rooms and existed without a courthouse [6]
1870's The timber industry began which reversed the economy of St Simons Island. Today it depends on lumber industry beginning with Georgia Land and Lumber Company. Soon stores, schools and churches arrived.. People started vacationing here also. The economy thrived even during the 1930's Depression. Today St. Simons enjoys a strong thriving tourist industry[4]
1883-84 Glynn county authorized a new courthouse to be built which was completed as 3-story brick building. This was severely damaged in the hurricane of 1896.officials authorized construction of a new courthouse. In 1884, the new three-story brick courthouse was completed. Twelve years later, it was badly damaged in the great hurricane that hit Georgia's coast in 1896. The county tried to raise money for a new courthouse, which failed. The county used the 1884 damaged courthouse until 1907. [6]
1907 New Courthouse was built and used until 1991..
1939-1945 World War II Liberty Ships were built in downtown Brunswick Georgia. This propelled Brunswick to be an active participant. A Navy Base was built to thwart the threat of German U-Boats. Here they could launch blimps for submarine activity patrolling. No one wanted the Liberty Ships loaded with supplies to be sunk by German submarines. Even the King and Prince Hotel was converted to be a radar school for tracking ocean activity for submarines in this area. Now this is the Brunswick Golden Isles Airport.[4]
1941-45 World War II The former Naval Air Station Glynco, was named for the county, became a base for the anti-submarine warfare and blimps. [9]
1991 A new courthouse was completed across the street from the 1907 courthouse
Mid-1990s, Glynn County built the W. Harold Pate Courthouse Annex several blocks away.
Late 1990's the old 1907 courthouse was restored and used for offices and a meeting hall of the Glynn County Commission.[6]
Renovation of the 1907 courthouse was begun in the late 1990s, with the intent to use the restored building as offices and a meeting hall for the Glynn County Commission. [6]
Brunswick old town Police Station
NOW FLETC (The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center) uses former NAS for its campus. [9]
Jekyl Island Club

1771Brunswick, Georgia was originally laid out in 1771 and named to honor the German ancestral home of the Hanoverian kings of Great Britain–King George I, II, and III}}. The British Parliament ordered location and layout according to the James Oglethorpe formation for the parks, squares, boulevards, similar to the layout of Savannah, GA, being on a rectangle of 383.5 Acres.. By 1797, this would become Glynn Couny seat. [7] [1][4]
1800's 1887 French and Spanish emigrants settled on Jekyl Island, and called it different names. The name was from Sir Joseph Jekyl, an English statesman. Before the end of the century the Jekyll Island Club was built for northeastern businessmen, which was a large establishment, that grew into a resort.. The club closed after World War II, 1947 and the island was sold to the State of Georgia. The Jekyll island Authority manages it as part of Jekyll Island State Park.[4]
Glynn County includes the most prominent of the Sea Islands of Georgia, including Jekyll Island, St. Simons Island, and Sea Island. The Georgia poet Sidney Lanier immortalized the seacoast there in his poem, "The Marshes of Glynn".[9][6][1]
Brunswick Hist Dist. house
Mahoney McGarvy house
1990's Brunswick, Georgia is the primary city in Glynn County. This is apparent from the Montage shown below.
Brunswick Montage
Coffin bought plantations on St. Simons Island. This led to his purchase of The Sea Island. where Coffin built a luxury hotel, The Cloister on his island for celebrities to vacation. He obtained the causeway from the mainland to the island, which ensured the success of The Cloister. [10] Descendants of slaves, called the Georgia Sea Island Singers, are the best known residents. They perform the old songs and stories throughout the world which they heard from ancestors. An example of the Georgia Sea Island Singers was Frankie Sullivan Quimby who sings and shares the Gullah culture at the dogwood Festival in Atlanta, Georgia.[4]
The Cloister, Sea Island
Sea Island, Georgia is another island of Glynn County which was bought by Howard Coffin. Following his service in World War I, Coffin developed the Liberty airplane engine. Automobile racing brought Coffin to Georgia, where he bought 120,000 acres on Sapelo Island, where he built a house, and began drainage there. He thought he might race as a means to test and advertise early automobiles. [10]. After the drainage was completed farming began.

Brunswick, Georgia

Adjacent Counties

Glynn county is on the southeastern Georgia coast. It contains the mainland between the Little Still River and the Altamaha River to the north. Its communities are Brunswick (which is incorporated, and the Jekyll, St. Simons, and Sea Islands. It borders Brantley, Camden, McIntosh, and Wayne counties.[2] [6][11]
  • McIntosh County - north
  • Camden County - southwest
  • Brantley County - west
  • Wayne County - northwest

Government

1791Georgia legislature enacted a law providing for commissioners to find a site for a Glynn County courthouse and oversee its construction. Either the county failed to follow through or history has failed. Glenn county failed to get the courthouse built. [6]

Dec 1825 Although Georgia legislature told Glynn county commissioners to levy a tax, inaction caused the legislature told the county courts to meet in the Glynn County Academy which had not done its duty. [6]

1845 and 1849, 1st Courthouse Georgia legislature told the county to meet in the Brunswick academy building. 30 years passed without a courthouse, with using rented rooms [6]

1881 -- Records were damaged in a fire at the clerk's house. [12]

1883-84, 2nd Courthosue Glynn county authorized a new courthouse to be built which was completed in 1884 as a 3-story brick building. In 1884, the new three-story brick courthouse was completed. [6]

Sept 29, 1896 A hurricane swept through and badly damaged the 1884 Glynn County Courthous, but the courthouse records survived with only minimal water damage. The county failed in raising money for a new courthouse, it kept on using the damaged 1884 courthouse, until 1907. [6][13]

3rd Courthouse, 1907 New Courthouse was built and used until 1991.

4th Courthouse, 1991 A new courthouse was completed across the street from the 1907 building. It was Victoria to Edwardian transition, reflects an eclectic style of architecture. The historic structure retains many of its original features such as a symmetrical Victoria interior plan and neo-classical window details. from the 1907 courthouse.

Mid 1990's W. W. Harold Pate Courthouse Annex, was built a few blocks from the 1991 courthouse [2]

Glynn County courthouse
Late 1990's the old 1907 courthouse was restored and used for offices and a meeting hall of the Glynn County Commission.[6]
Renovation of the 1907 courthouse was begun in the late 1990s, with the intent to use the restored building as offices and a meeting hall for the Glynn County Commission. [6]

Today, the courthouse stands majestically among the balmy palms. The glorious magnolias and the moss-draped oaks rest mid a lush green carpet of grass.

Geography

Size- otal area of 585 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 420 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 165 square miles (430 km2) (28.3%) is water.
Location - Glynn county is on the southeastern Georgia coast.
Contents mainland between the Little Satilla River and the Altamaha River to the north.
Size of early colony - 422-square-mile county was named for John Glynn, an English lawyer and member of Parliament who was friendly to the colonies.
Sub-basin - most of the county is in the Cumberland-St. Simons sub-basin of St Marys'Satilla River basin
Northern and Northwestern border area is in the Altamaha River sub-basin Altamaha basin


Demographics

In 2000, there were 67,568 people in the county with a population density of 160 people/sq. mi. The racial makeup of the county was 70.66% White, 26.45% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In 2010 there were 79,626 people in the county with a population density of 189.7 people/sq. mi. The 2015 European ancestry, 46.5% were English, 10.6% were American, 10.2% were Irish, and 7.9% were German. Median income for a household in the county was $50,337 and the median income for a family was $62,445. The per capita income for the county was $28,040. About 11.7% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over According to census 2000 the largest European ancestry groups in Glynn County are: 45.5% English, 10.1% Irish, 8.0% German, 3.0% Scots-Irish, 2.2% Scottish, 1.0% Polish, 1.0% Welsh[14]

  • On August 29, 2009, the county suffered the worst mass murder in Georgia state history, when seven individuals were found dead at a trailer in New Hope Mobile Home Park. Two others were critically injured, one of them dying later in hospital. Guy Heinze, Jr. was later convicted of the murders.

Highways

NOTABLES

  • Frankie Sullivan Quimby, one of Georgia Sea Island Singers and shares the Gullah culture at the dogwood Festival in Atlanta, Georgia

PROBLEMS

    • Superfund is a United States federal government program designed to fund the cleanup of sites contaminated with hazardous substances and pollutants. Sites managed under this program are referred to as "Superfund" sites.
  • "LCP Chemicals Georgia" site dumped 150 tons of mercury into Purvis Creek, a tributary of the Turtle River and surrounding tidal marshes between the mid-1980s and its closure in 1994
  • "Brunswick Wood Preserving" site
  • "Hercules 009 Landfill" site
  • "Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall" site.

RESOURCES

  • The College of Coastal Georgia is located in Brunswick.
  • Glynn Academy is the second oldest school in Georgia.
  • Cannon's Point Preserve on St. Simons
  • warm climate
  • beaches
  • shops
  • restaurants
  • historical sites, and its natural environment.
  • Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation,
  • St. Simons lighthouse
  • World War II Home Front Museum
  • Fort Frederica
  • Sea Island Singers
  • Sea Island Golf Club
  • Georgia Sea Turtle Center on Jekyll Island
  • Blessing of the Fleet takes place in Brunswick each May annually
  • St. Simons African American Heritage Coalition hosts the Georgia Sea Island Festival each summer.

Cities

  • Brunswick
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brunswick,_Georgia
    • Country Club Estates
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Country_Club_Estates,_Georgia
    • Dock Junction
    • St. Simons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Simons,_Georgia located on a barrier island on SE Georgia coast
      • Altamaha Park
      • Sterling
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sterling,_Georgia
      • Zuta

Ghost towns

  • Belle Vista
  • Bladen
  • Thalmann


Census

  • 2010 U.S. census, the county population is 79,626, an increase from the 2000 population of 67,568.

Cemeteries


Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 https://georgiasgoldenopportunity.com/brunswick-glynn-county-georgia-history/
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 https://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/counties-cities-neighborhoods/glynn-county
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 https://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/topics/counties/glynn
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 https://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/topics/counties/glynn
  5. http://sites.rootsweb.com/~gamcinto/bloodymarsh.html
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 https://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/topics/counties/glynn
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 https://www.glynncounty.org/480/History-of-Glynn
  8. https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Glynn_County,_Georgia_Genealogy
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glynn_County,_Georgia
  10. 10.0 10.1 https://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/business-economy/howard-coffin-1873-1937
  11. https://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/topics/counties/glynn
  12. https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Glynn_County,_Georgia_Genealogy
  13. https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Glynn_County,_Georgia_Genealogy
  14. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glynn_County,_Georgia




Collaboration
  • Login to edit this profile and add images.
  • Private Messages: Contact the Profile Managers privately: Mary Richardson and Paula J. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
  • Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)


Comments: 1

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.
Another wonderful page, Mary! Thanks so much!
posted by Paula J