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John Gostwyk, 'The Younger'

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Date: About 1400 to about 1465
Location: Willington, Bedfordshire, Englandmap
Surname/tag: Gostwick
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John Gostwyk, 'The Younger'

born abt 1400, Bedfordshire, England
married Joan Unknown abt 1427, likely in Willington, Bedfordshire, England
died abt 1465, Willington, Bedfordshire, England

John Gostwyk, the younger was a brewer in Willington, Bedfordshire, England.

He was the son of John Gostwick (1370-1427) and wife Unknown Unknown (b abt1375).

His son John we can barely account for, though I believe he existed. Robert Gostwick, born about 1430, takes us to the next generation at Willington.

10-Oct-1425, Amercement, Willington, Bedfordshire, England[1]

Brewing amercements ijs ijd [2s 2d] Also that John Miton ijd [2d] and John Bande ijd [2d] the younger have not performed their offices as tasters, so they are amerced. Also that John Rodland iiijd [4d] ij [2] times, John Rider ijd [2d] j [1] time, John Bande the elder ijd [2d] j [1] time, John Gostwyk the younger ijd [2d] j [1] time, John Goffe vjd [6d] constantly, and Thomas Starlyng vjd [6d] constantly, brewed and sold ale against the assize and therefore they are amerced.

Note: this is the first known mention of John the younger

Marriage & Children

abt 1427, Bedfordshire, England

John Gostwick, the younger to Joan Unknown

2 children are known to this union:

  1. John Gostwick, b. 1429
  2. Robert Gostwick, b. 1430

(See Research Notes)

23-Apr-1430, Quitclaim, Cardington, Bedfordshire, England[2]

Quitclaim: Wm. Launcelyn, John Mepertsale, Thos. Lounde, John Cornewale esq. and w. Eliz., John Pecke,John Pecke jr. and w. Agnes, Thos. Pecke, Thos. Vynter and w. Alice, John Woketon, John Feron, Thos. Bele, John Maryon, Thos. Maryon, John Gostewyk and w. Joan, John Petyt, John Fouke, Simon Garder, Ric. Baudewene and John Myton To Roger Wolf: The manor of Cardington and two parts of a moiety of the advowson of Houghton Conquest; which they lately had, jointly with Roger Wolf, Thos. Martyn, John Wallere, Edw. Mille and John Wode, by the gift and feoffment of Ste. Crewker, esq. (Apparently a trust deed: Dorothy dau. and heir of Baldwin Picot m. Jas. Gascoigne s. of Judge Gascoigne, according to V.C.H.iii,235) Seals all cut off.

{Normalized Names: Cornwall, Peck, Winter, Marion, Pettit, Miton, Martin}

9-Feb-1431, Quitclaim, Cople and Cardington, Bedfordshire, England[3]

Bedfordshire. Recorded in Westminster One week from the Purification of the Blessed Mary, 9 Henry VI [9 February 1431]. John Pecke the elder, John Gloue the younger and William Stanford', querents, and John Gostwyk' and Joan, his wife, deforciants. 2 messuages, 40 acres of land, 1 acre of meadow and 1 acre of pasture in Coupoll' and Kerdyngton'. Plea of covenant. John Gostwyk' and Joan have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of John Gloue, as those which the same John, John Pecke and William have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Joan to John Pecke, John Gloue and William and the heirs of John Gloue for ever. Warranty. John Pecke, John Gloue and William have given them 20 marks of silver.

26-Apr-1434, Grant, Eltow, Bedfordshire, England[4]

Grant i) Robert Malyns of Bedford ii) John Gostewyk junior, John Myton junior of Welyngton (Willington) -one toft with a croft of land, with freebord (frankebord*) adjoining to the said croft, lying in Hornysende in the parish of Wilstead (Wylshamstede) :N. land of abbess and convent of Elvestowe (Elstow) :S. land of the prior and convent of Caldewell which premises were once of Nicholas Swon Witnesses: John Stormyn, John Pelle, Nicholas Carleton, Roger Balard, John Tebadede [sic] Endorsement: no. 92 at Wilstead *["Is ground claimed in some places more or less, beyond, or without the fence ..." Jacob's Law Dictionary]

14-Feb-1441, Gift, Tempsford, Bedfordshire, England[5]

Deed of Gift with Warranty Parties: (i) John Clark, John Coock and John Gostwyck, all of Willington (ii) William Sprynk of Tempsford Operative Part: - (i) gave to (ii) Property: 2 acres of land scattered in fields of Tempsford: (a) half acre in Mychylnorthfeld [Great North Field] towards land of William Vetal on east and abutting to south upon land of John Salman; (b) half acre in Walefurlong next to land of John Shouldam on south, one headland abutting on the King's Highway leading to St.Neot's; (c) half acre lying beneath Heldeyl next to land of Robert Torold on east, one headland abutting to north upon a field of [Little] Barford; (d) half acre in The Bottomm next to land of William Rede with one headland abutting upon a headland of John Shouldehom Habendum: - to (ii) Warranty: - warranty from (i) to (ii) in standard manner Witnesses: - Thomas Sprynk; - John Coopere; - John Taylor; - John Chegge; - Richard Fyche Date: - Feast of St.Valentine, 19th regnal year of Henry VI - Three tags

22-May-1455, Willington Hallmoot, Willington, Bedfordshire, England[6]

Underwood by Gostwyk
Underwood felled and sold and handed over to John Gostwyk this year,
ij [2] acres and a half, one rood, xv [15] perches worth [blank] an acre, handed over by the view of the Steward for the repairs of a new building in Cardington
half a rood rendered to John Yarwey the younger,
half an acre to John Yarwey the elder,
j [1] rood to John Tyler’,
half a rood to John Norman,
half a rood to John Salt,
half a rood rendered for Wylynton mill,
And one tenth [as tithe] j [1] rood v [5] perches and vij [7] feet.

Oct-1458, Elected Bailiff, Bedfordshire, England

John Gostwyk, Bailiff of Willington, Cardington, Bromham & Bedford

29-Jun-1459, Claimant, Bedfordshire, England[7]

Claim from John Gostwick for collecting dues and rents from Wyllyngton, Cardyngton, Bromeham and Bedford with portions.

8-Oct-1461, Bailiff, Willington, Befordshire, England

(John Yerway, the Younger would be Bailiff for 1462)

22-Feb-1464, Tempsford, Bedfordshire, England[8]

Bond. John Gostewycke late of Willington, gentleman and Hugh Coukkow of Roxton, husbandman, to William Scotte, William Hamylden, John Hawes senior, son of Hugh Hawes. John Gostewycke and Hugh Coukkow are to indemnify John Hawes against William Nokes and wife Margaret against recovery or expulsion from a messuage in Tempsford, late John Neweman, bought by said John Hawes of John Burnard.

Research Notes


  • 1428 was a bad plague year.
  • 19-Oct-1432, Willington: John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk; Lord of Willington [brother to Executed Thomas Mowbray], dies in Lincolnshire; leaving his wife Lady Katherine (Neville) Mowbray Lady of Willington
  • 1433-1435: Plague years. ‘a national epidemic that lasted from 1433 to 1435’ [3:132]
  • 28-Jan-1457: King Henry VII ascends the throne, following the War of the Roses.


  • We know John married Joan before 1430, when she first appears in documents/deeds


  1. "Bedfordshire Archive Catalog Service (BEDCAT)" [database on-line]. bedsarchivescat.Bedford.gov. Entry for John Gostwyk, 10 Oct 1425, Brewing Amercement (fine) (accessed [25-Aug-2021]); ref: R8/62/1/1(Roll35)
  2. "Bedfordshire Archive Catalog Service (BEDCAT)" [database on-line]. bedsarchivescat.Bedford.gov. Entry for John Gostewyk, 23 Apr 1430, Quitclaim (accessed [25-Aug-2021]); ref: W43
  3. "Pedes Finium - Feet of Fines Assize Rolls: Henry VI (1422-1461)", CP 25/1/6/79, number 9. MedievalGenealogy.org.uk: Feet of Fines Image at AALT, (both as accessed [21-Sep-2021])
  4. "Bedfordshire Archive Catalog Service (BEDCAT)" [database on-line]. bedsarchivescat.Bedford.gov. Entry for John Gostewyk junion, 26 Apr 1434, Grant, Elstow, Bedfordshire. (accessed [25-Aug-2021]); ref: RO5/220
  5. "Bedfordshire Archive Catalog Service (BEDCAT)" [database on-line]. bedsarchivescat.Bedford.gov. Entry for John Gostwyck, 14 Feb 1441, Deed of Gift (accessed [25-Aug-2021]); ref: X284/11/1
  6. "Bedfordshire Archive Catalog Service (BEDCAT)" [database on-line]. bedsarchivescat.Bedford.gov. Entry for John Gostwyk, 22 May 1455, Willington Court Hallmoot (accessed [25-Aug-2021]); ref: R8/62/1/5(Roll43b)
  7. "Bedfordshire Archive Catalog Service (BEDCAT)" [database on-line]. bedsarchivescat.Bedford.gov. Entry for John Gostwicke, 29 Jun 1459, Claim (accessed [25-Aug-2021]); ref: R8/62/1/5 (Roll47a)
  8. "Bedfordshire Archive Catalog Service (BEDCAT)" [database on-line]. bedsarchivescat.Bedford.gov. Entry for John Gostewycke, 22 Feb 1464, Bond (accessed [25-Aug-2021]); ref: WY20

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