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Government of Ireland Pre-1922

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1177 to 1922
Location: Irelandmap
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The primary aim of this page is to provide a narrative basis for the categorisation of profiles on Wikitree that are relevant to its government prior to the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922. The relevant categories listed are all under Category: Ireland, Government and Politics Pre-1922; other categories will be pertinent to the various eras (e.g. the Easter Rising to the United Kingdom of 1800 to 1922).

It should be read in the context of the timeline of Irish history. It should be clear that this page is not intended to provide an extensive history of Ireland in the period - the relevant Wikipedia entries are referenced to aid further reading.

Lordship of Ireland 1177-1542

The Lordship was created as a Papal possession following the Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169-1171. It was controlled by Anglo-Norman lords loyal to the King of England between 1177 and 1542. The remainder of the country (and the areas in question would ebb and flow over the period) was ruled by various Gaelic Irish kingdoms or chiefdoms.

The lord of Ireland was the King of England. The King was represented locally by a governor.

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Kingdom of Ireland 1542-1800

In 1542, King Henry VIII of England was made King of Ireland and the English proceeded to gain more effective control over the island. The Kingdom of Ireland was a client state of England (later Great Britain). It was ruled by the monarchs of England/Great Britain.

The kingdom was administered from Dublin Castle nominally by the King or Queen, who appointed a viceroy to rule in their stead.

It had its own legislature (the Parliament of Ireland), peerage (the Peerage of Ireland), legal system, and state church (the Protestant Church of Ireland).

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 1801-1922

The Parliament of Ireland passed the Acts of Union 1800, abolishing itself and the Kingdom. The act was also passed by the Parliament of Great Britain. It established the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on the first day of 1801 by uniting the Crowns of Ireland and of Great Britain. The United Kingdom would go on to become the leading world power of the 19th century.

The Great Irish Famine, exacerbated by government inaction in the mid-19th century, led to demographic collapse in much of Ireland and increased calls for Irish land reform. The Home Rule question almost resulted in Civil War, prevented only by the outbreak of World War One.

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Revolutionary Dail 1919-1922

Irish independence had been proclaimed during the Easter Rising of 1916 and declared in 1919 after the formation of the breakaway Dáil Éireann by Sinn Fein MPs elected in 1918. The Irish War of Independence led to escalating levels of violence which resulted in most of Ireland seceding from the Union and forming the Irish Free State in 1922.

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Irish Political and Revolutionary Movements and Organisations

Throughout the English and British rule of Ireland there have been numerous revolutionary movements and rebellions. There have also been movements and organisations focused on other areas of politics and government. These are summarised in Category:Ireland, Political and Revolutionary Organisations.

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