Location: Queensland, Australia
Surnames/tags: Queensland governors
|Badge of the Governor of Queensland|
On 10th December 1859, Letters Patent issued by Queen Victoria were read to an elated audience, proclaiming Queensland to be a new colony, separate from New South Wales. Sir George Bowen was 'sworn in' as the first governor by Judge Alfred Lutwyche. From that day forward, Queenslanders were in charge of their own affairs. Queen Victoria assented to the creation of a new and separate colony to be called Queen’s Land on 6th June 1859, a day that continues to be celebrated as Queensland Day. The Governor of Queensland is the symbolic head of state of Queensland and represents centuries of constitutional tradition. Since 1859, Governors of Queensland have upheld a fundamental principle—that all people from all walks of life belong to the same community, a parliamentary democracy where government is conducted according to law. The highest purpose of governors is to see to that.
The Bowens, Sir George being Queensland's first governor, arrived in Brisbane in December 1859 before accommodation had a chance to be arranged. Initially the family lived in Adelaide House, on Ann Street (now the Deanery of St John's Anglican Cathedral). The first Government House was built at Gardens Point, at the southern end of George Street, next to Parliament House, with the family moving-in in 1862. There had been some controversy regards its construction as Brisbane had then not been decided upon as the colonial capital. The gardens are now part of the Brisbane Botanical Gardens and the house is part of the Queensland University of Technology on that site. There were rooms for 'dancing, drinking of claret, sherry, tea and coffee, the playing of the card game whist, and the drawing room'. In 1909, by the standards of the times, the house was perceived as being too small for the governor's residence, especially as it lacked a ballroom deemed essential for entertaining.
|Fernberg House, Paddington, Queensland|
The house was donated to the University of Queensland, being established at Gadens Point,  and Fernberg House, about four kilometres west of the CBD, was purchased by the Queensland Government and has been Government House Queensland since. The fifteen hectares (37 acres) site is bounded by Fernberg Road, Kaye Street, Baroona Road and Murruba Street, and comprise the main house, ancillary administration, staff and maintenance buildings, and formal gardens, surrounded by native bushland. The principal rooms, in the lower level, of the house are the formal reception, governor's study, investiture room, billiard room, dining room and the kitchen, with the upper level housing the private bedrooms of the governor and several guest bedrooms.
Governors of Queensland
|No.||Photo||Name||Birth-place||Spouse||Years as Governor||No. years||Notes|
|1||Sir George Bowen GCMG||Taughboyne, County Donegal, Ireland||Lady Bowen, Contessa Diamantina di Roma||1859-1868||8yrs 1mth||encouraged exploration and establishment of a volunteer military force|
|2||Colonel Samuel Blackall||Dublin, Ireland||widowered twice previously||1868-1871||2yrs 4mths||encouraged agricultural improvements; died in office|
|3||Sir George Phipps GCB GCMG, 2nd Marquess of Normanby||Yorkshire, England||Lady (Laura) Phipps, Marchioness of Normanby||1871-1874||3yrs 3mths||colonial administrator of solid, business-like habits and who understood the complexities of constitutional practice|
|4||Colonel Sir William Cairns KCMG||Belfast, Ireland||unmarried||1875-1877||2yrs 2mths||showed a keen interest in education and welcomed botanical and agricultural research|
|5||Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy GCMG CB||Cultra, County Down, Ireland||widowered||1877-1883||5yrs 10mths||died enroute home to UK|
|6||Sir Anthony Musgrave GCMG||St John’s, Antigua||Lady (Jeanie) Musgrave||1883-1888||4yrs 11mths||responding to the colony's premier 'annexing' south-eastern New Guinea; died in office|
|7||Field Marshal Sir Henry Norman GCB GCMG CIE||Finsbury, Middlesex, England||Lady (Alice) Norman||1889-1895||6yrs 7mths||mandate to cut government expenditure|
|8||Lord Charles Cochrane-Baillie GCMG GCIE, 2nd Baron Lamington||Finsbury, Middlesex, England||Lady (Mary) Cochrane-Baillie, Baroness Lamington||1895-1901||5yrs 8mths||worked with the premier to ensure that the role of the governor would not diminish after federation|
|9||Lieutenant General Sir Herbert Chermside GCMG CB||Wilton, Wiltshire, England||Lady (Geraldine) Chermside||1901-1904||2yrs 7mths||with Qld in the grip of drought and economic recession he dropped 15% of his salary|
|10||Sir Frederic Thesiger GCSI GCMG GCIE GBE PC, 1st Viscount Chelmsford||Belgrave, London, England||Lady (Frances) Thesiger||1905-1909||3yrs 6mths||term was dominated by conflict between the two Houses and the emergence of three evenly-divided parties|
|11||Doctor Sir William MacGregor GCMG CB AM||Towie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland||Lady (Mary) MacGregor||1909-1914||4yrs 7mths||development of the University of Queensland and Royal Geographical Society of Queensland|
|12||Major Sir Hamilton John Goold-Adams GCMG CB||Jamesbrook, County Cork, Ireland||Lady (Elsie) Goold-Adams||1915-1920||4yrs 11mths||led the way in determining that the landing at Gallipoli should be celebrated on 25th April each year; died en route to UK|
|13||Lieutenant Colonel Sir Matthew Nathan GCMG PC||Paddington, London, England||-||1920-1925||4yrs 9mths||abolition of Legislative Council by Labor government|
|14||Lieutenant General Sir John Goodwin KCB KCMG DSO||Kandy, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)||Lady (Lilian) Goodwin||1927-1932||4yrs 9mths||took particular interest in wild-life preservation, the health of Europeans in the tropics, and eye disease|
|15||LT COL Sir Leslie Wilson GCSI GCMG GCIE DSO||Kensington, Middlesex, England||Lady (Winifred) Wilson||1932-1946||13yrs 10mths||term extended due to Second World War|
|16||Lieutenant General Sir John Lavarack KCMG KCVO KBE CB DSO||Kangaroo Point, Queensland||Lady (Sybil) Lavarack||1946-1957||11yrs 2mths||impressed with his soldierly sense of duty, friendly accessibility and desire to be of service to all people|
|17||Colonel Sir Henry Abel Smith KCMG KStJ KCVO DSO||St George Hanover Square, London, England||Lady (May) Abel Smith||1958-1966||8yrs||travelled extensively throughout the State andd took avid interest in all people|
|18||Justice Sir Alan Mansfield KCMG KCVO||Gumdale, Queensland||Lady (Beryl) Mansfield||1966-1972||6yrs||as Chief Justice of Qld had been acting governor on several occasions|
|19||Air Marshal Sir Colin Thomas Hannah KCMG KCVO KBE KStJ CB||Menzies, Western Australia||Lady (Patricia) Hannah||1972-1977||5yrs||experienced no-nonsense administrator ... flexibility of mind and ability to mix with people|
|20||Commodore Sir James Ramsay KCMG KCVO CBE DSC||Hobart, Tasmania||Lady (Janet) Ramsay||1977-1985||8yrs 3mths||encouraged others and had the admirable qualities of a first-class naval officer|
|21||Sir Walter Campbell AC QC||Burringbar, New South Wales||Lady (Georgina) Campbell||1985-1992||7yrs||tenure was one of controversy caused by the governing National Party|
|22||The Honourable Leneen Forde AC DStJ||Ottawa, Ontario, Canada||Angus McDonald||1992-1997||5yrs||advancing the social and economic welfare of Queenslanders, in particular the advancement of women|
|23||Major General Peter Arnison AC CVO||Lismore, New South Wales||Barbara Arnison||1997-2003||6yrs||-|
|24||Dame Quentin Bryce AD CVO||Brisbane, Queensland||Michael Bryce AM AE||2003-2008||5yrs||later appointed 25th Governor General of Australia|
|25||The Honourable Penelope Wensley AC DStJ||Toowoomba, Queensland||Stuart McCosker||2008-2014||6yrs||-|
|26||The Honourable Paul de Jersey AC KStJ QC||Brisbane, Queensland||Kaye de Jersey||2014-2021||7yrs||previously Chief Justice of QLD|
|27||The Honourable Doctor Jeannette Young PSM MBA MBBS||Sydney, New South Wales||Professor Graeme Nimmo||2021-||continuing||previously the longest-serving Chief Medical Officer of QLD|
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