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Granite Hill Plantation, Hancock County, Georgia

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1850 to 1968
Location: Hancock County, Georgiamap
Surnames/tags: Lane slavery black_heritage
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Index of Plantations

Georgia Plantations

Contents

History

Granite Hill Plantation historically consisted of 1,547 acres amassed by Andrew Jackson Lane (abt.1822-1886), slaveholder. The plantation, which is associated with the antebellum agricultural reform movement as well as granite quarrying, was one of the largest in the county. Andrew inherited the initial property (at least 1,350 acres) and numerous enslaved persons from his uncle, Jeffrey Lane.[1]

Early tax records show him with thirty-two slaves (roughly equal to his inheritance from Jeffrey Lane)[2]

Slave Owners

Slaves

The enslaved of Jeffrey Lane named in his 1843 estate appraisement are as follows:[3]

  • Harry age 28, $650
  • Horrace age 27, $650
  • Jim age 20, $650
  • Peter age 13, $425
  • Jack age 40, $400
  • Fountain age 13, $425
  • Henry age 12, $350
  • Morris age 29, $650
  • Travis age 50, $300
  • Willis age 18, $600
  • Bob age 40, $350
  • Brister age 40, $400
  • Edmund age 11, $350
  • Mourning age 10, $275
  • Rhody age 8, $275
  • Jane age 8, $250
  • Caroline age 3, $150
  • Nancy age 15, $450
  • Mary age 10, $275
  • Caledonia age 5, $200
  • Judy age 18, $450
  • Lucinda, infant 9 months old, $100
  • Liddy age 60, $10
  • Lizzy age 45, $250
  • Nelly age 50, $200
  • Willis age 45, $475
  • boy July age 5, $225
1850 Slave schedule - 42 slaves[4]
Slave Holder# of slavessexagecolorEnslaved
A. J. LANE1F75B
A. J. LANE1M60B
A. J. LANE1M48B
A. J. LANE1M48B
A. J. LANE1M45B
A. J. LANE1M34M
A. J. LANE1M34B
A. J. LANE1M34M
A. J. LANE1F17B
A. J. LANE1F0B
A. J. LANE1F30B
A. J. LANE1F8B
A. J. LANE1F2B
A. J. LANE1M7B
A. J. LANE1M4B
A. J. LANE1F23B
A. J. LANE1M2B
A. J. LANE1M18B
A. J. LANE1F55B
A. J. LANE1F24B
A. J. LANE1F15B
A. J. LANE1M18B
A. J. LANE1M12B
A. J. LANE1F50M
A. J. LANE1M25B
A. J. LANE1M24B
A. J. LANE1M21B
A. J. LANE1M18B
A. J. LANE1F14B
A. J. LANE1M12B
A. J. LANE1F6B
A. J. LANE1F10B
A. J. LANE1F30M
A. J. LANE1F4B
A. J. LANE1F2M
A. J. LANE1F28Bpossibly Rachel (born about 1825), mother of Monk aka Samuel Simeon Andrews
A. J. LANE1F8B
A. J. LANE1F6B
A. J. LANE1M4B
A. J. LANE1F3Bpossibly Solomon Augustus, son of Rachel
A. J. LANE1M1Bpossibly Monk aka Samuel Simeon Andrews (1850-1946), son of Rachel
A. J. LANE1M12B
In 1856, he purchased six slaves from a Mr. Sanford.[2]
1860 Slave Schedule - 74 slaves[5]
Slave Holder# of slavessexagecolor Enslaved
Andrew J Lane1F40M
Andrew J Lane1F12B
Andrew J Lane1F10M
Andrew J Lane1F8M
Andrew J Lane1M6M
Andrew J Lane1M4B
Andrew J Lane1F2B
Andrew J Lane1F40B
Andrew J Lane1F18B
Andrew J Lane1F16B
Andrew J Lane1M14B
Andrew J Lane1M11B
Andrew J Lane1M8B
Andrew J Lane1F6B
Andrew J Lane1F4B
Andrew J Lane1F6B
Andrew J Lane1M38B
Andrew J Lane1M36B
Andrew J Lane1M34B
Andrew J Lane1M30B
Andrew J Lane1M27B
Andrew J Lane1F22B
Andrew J Lane1F18B
Andrew J Lane1F2B
Andrew J Lane1F19B
Andrew J Lane1F20B
Andrew J Lane1M20B
Andrew J Lane1F1B
Andrew J Lane1M20B
Andrew J Lane1M18B
Andrew J Lane1F10B
Andrew J Lane1F38B
Andrew J Lane1M35B
Andrew J Lane1M55B
Andrew J Lane1M28B
Andrew J Lane1F25B
Andrew J Lane1M20B
Andrew J Lane1M14B
Andrew J Lane1M8B
Andrew J Lane1F6B
Andrew J Lane1F4B
Andrew J Lane1F33B
Andrew J Lane1M40B
Andrew J Lane1M10B
Andrew J Lane1M8B
Andrew J Lane1M6B
Andrew J Lane1F4B
Andrew J Lane1F2B
Andrew J Lane1M0B
Andrew J Lane1F23B
Andrew J Lane1M20B
Andrew J Lane1M23B
Andrew J Lane1M38B
Andrew J Lane1M55B
Andrew J Lane1F10B
Andrew J Lane1F8B
Andrew J Lane1M5B
Andrew J Lane1F19B
Andrew J Lane1M42B
Andrew J Lane1F30B
Andrew J Lane1M11B
Andrew J Lane1M9B
Andrew J Lane1M7B
Andrew J Lane1M5B
Andrew J Lane1M4B
Andrew J Lane1F2B
Andrew J Lane1M1B
Andrew J Lane1M40B
Andrew J Lane1F30B
Andrew J Lane1F32B
Andrew J Lane1F12B
Andrew J Lane1F5B
Andrew J Lane1F0B
Andrew J Lane1M60B

Tax digests for Lane in the following periods:[2]

  • 1862 - eighty-three enslaved
  • 1863 - eighty-five enslaved
  • 1864 - twenty-five enslaved
  • 1867 - employed thirty-seven hands between the ages 12 and 65

Research Notes

Sources

  1. "Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G935-V76G?cc=1999178&wc=9SBM-YWG%3A267654601%2C267808601 : 20 May 2014), Hancock > Wills and administration records 1837-1850 vol P-Q > image 373-375 of 662; citing Houston County Probate Court Judge, Georgia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, and Andrew Jackson Lane. Granite Hill Plantation, South side of State Route 16, 1.3 miles northeast of Sparta, Sparta, Hancock County, GA. Georgia Hancock County Sparta, 1933. Written Historical and Descriptive Data Fields Records - HABS GA-2396 (pdf); Library of Congress (https://www.loc.gov/item/ga1004/ : accessed 1 March 2021). [The PDF file contains sourced material regarding Andrew Jackson Lane and his acquisition and working of the Granite Hill Plantation, including the number of unidentified enslaved individuals he held at various times.]
  3. Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990: "Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990"
    Catalog: Wills and administration of estates, 1794-1958; general index, 1793-1900 Vols. P-Q 1837-1850
    Image path: Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990 > Hancock > Wills and administration records 1837-1850 vol P-Q > image 374 of 662; Citing Houston County Probate Court Judge, Georgia.
    FamilySearch Image: 3QS7-8935-V7TX (accessed 15 May 2022)
    • Bk Q p.74-75
  4. "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:HR76-N6PZ : 23 February 2021), A J Lane, 102nd District, Hancock County, Georgia, USA
  5. "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1860", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:WKVC-V4PZ : 16 October 2019), Andrew J Lane, Hancock County, Georgia, USA.




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