Location: Port of Adelaide, South Australia
The HARPLEY 1848
The HARPLEY with Captain Thomas Buckland departed Deptford, London on May 12th 1848, bearing a second group of Lacemakers.
CABIN PASSENGERS: Dr John Spencer (Surgeon Superintendent) and John Spencer carrying approximately 260 emigrants, chiefly English refugee work-people from France.
COVERAGE IN THE SOUTH AUSTRALIAN PRESS
The Harpley (a ship of Mr Raven's, built in Van Diemen's Land) would leave on the 1st of May with emigrants.
The South Australian Register. WEDNESDAY, JULY 19, 1848 from the South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) of Wednesday 19 July 1848, Page 2. at: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/48727635?
Same day — The ship Harpley, 574 tons, Buckland, master from London. Passengers— Dr. John Spencer, surgeon su-perintendent, and John Spencer, in the cabin; and the fol-lowing refugee emigrants from France :— John Barnet wife and six children, John Brown wife and four children, Wm. Burgess wife and four children, Joseph Clarke wife and child, John Clarke wife and three children, Wm. Cobb wife and two children, Henry Cope wife and seven children, Joseph Cope, Aun Cope, Henry Cope jun., Fanny Cope, Wm. Cope, Cornelius Crowder and wife, Hannah Crowder, Emma Crowder, Mary Crowder, George Dennisthorpe, John Davis wife and four children (one born on the passage), Mary Ann Denisthorpe, Richard Dixon wife and two children, Sarah Dixon, Richard Dixon jun., David Dixon, Joseph Dixon, George Dormer wife and six children, Thomas Dormer, Ellen Dormer, Thomas Dunk wife and five children, John Freestone wife and five children, Richard Gold finch wife and four children, Jas. Hall wife and child, John Henningway wife and two children, Wm. Harold and wife, John Hibbert and wife, Humphrey Hopkins wife and adult daughter Mary, Philip Hiskey wife and two children, James Henslie, Caroline Henslie, John Henslie, Benjamin Holmes wife and three children, Harriett Holmes, John Irons wife and child, Joseph James wife and two children, Edward Lander wife and six children (one born at sea) and Mary Ann (adult), Henry Lee wife and child, Hiram Langmore wife and five children, Matthew Matthews wife and three children, John Mountaney wife and three children, Thomas and George (adults), Emma Needham, Wm. Paul and wife, W'm. Parsons wife and seven children, Sarah, John, and Ellen, adults (the youngest, three months old, died at sea), Louisa Peat, Emily Peat, George Pike wife and child, John Revel wife and three adult daughters (Elizabeth, Anne, and Melisent), Wm. Henry Sanson and wife, John Sanson wife and four children, William Sanson, Jane Sanson, Thomas Sibley and wife, John Shaw, John Smith wife and four children (one, Mary Ann, adult), Thomas Street wife and four children, Wm. Stubbs wife and three adult children (Francis Robert Henry, and Edward), George Summers wife and three children, Elizabeth (adult), John Sweeney, Theresa Sweeney, Mary Ann Sweeney, Robert Taylor, Walter Wells wife and seven children, Henry and John (adults), Thomas Wells wife and ten children, Sarah, Richard, Thomas, and Rebecca (adults), Thomas Widderson wife and six children, Henry Watts, Charles Richmond wife and eight children, Henry and Eliza (adults), Esther Samuels.
SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. from the South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) of Wednesday 6 September 1848, Page 3. at: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/48728716?
THE EMIGRANT SHIP "HARPLEY." When our last paper went to press, the Harpley with emigrants, chiefly English refugee work-people from France, had been for many hours at anchor in the Bay, and with difficulty rode out an unusually heavy gale of wind, which parted two chain-cables, and so com-pletely prevented all communication with the shore, that we could not then announce with certainty even the ship's name.
At the outbreak of the French Revolution, the number of English working for or depen-dant upon manufacturing employers In Calais and its environs was nothing short of a thou-sand souls; of whom some have gone to Syd-ney, a few more are coming hither, and a ship load were to embark at Calais for Port Phillip, a fortnight after the Harpley left. One such arrival at Sydney and one at Port Phillip were communicated to us on Thursday through the Overland Mail.
It would appear that the unfortunates, even when compelled to leave the French territory, were unwilling to return to an over-stocked labour market in England, and sent a memorial to Lord Palmerston, dated April 12, desiring to obtain passages to one of the English co-lonies — a large number wishing to make choice of South Australia, of which they pro-fessed to have heard through our Voice. In three days, an answer was returned by his Lordship, and a Government Commissioner arrived to make the requisite enquiries. He was immediately succeeded by Mr Cooper, a gentleman from the office of her Majesty's Land and Emigration Commissioners, who in-stituted diligent scrutiny into the characters and circumstances of the memorialists, and then arranged for their passage to England, preparatory to emigration for these colonies. On their arrival in London, they learned that a Benevolent Committee was sitting daily at the Mansion House, under the auspices of that; genuine specimen of nobility the distinguished Lord Ashley, and eagerly engaged in getting up a generous subscription for the relief of those who were hourly compelled to return to England.
The Harpley being chartered, the refugee emigrants were embarked, and their wants supplied—Mr Cooper being charged by Lord Ashley to supply, from a stock of articles sent on board, clothing and other necessaries to all who stood in need; in fact, to let them want for nothing.
The only instance of death among the adults was a man (in his sixty-seventh year), who wes unwilling to be separated from his family, and to whom the owner of the Harpley hu-manely granted a free passage. He died in traversing the Bay of Biscay, the only instance of mortality besides being an infant of three months old. A sea-apprentice and a young sailor named Bateman fell overboard during the passage, but both were saved by means of a life-buoy. There was no case of serious ill-ness during the greater part of the passage, and 256 souls have arrived in excellent health, in a remarkably clean and well-commanded ship, manned by a fine crew.
Since these deserving persons, with their wives and families, have landed on our shores, a very erroneous impression has gone abroad, that, because they have been employed in lace manufactories, they are little fitted for the va-ried occupations of colonial life. We venture, therefore, after due enquiry, to take up the pen, in order to counteract an impression which might otherwise, temporarily at least, retard the accomplishment of avocational en--gagements for which they may feel themselves fully competent.
It is known to the generality of well-informed Englishmen that, in consequence of the pro-gressive increase of British manufactories, the ranks of agricultural, rural, and mechanical labour are frequently thinned in particular dis-tricts in order to furnish the sinews of human organization for new or enlarged attempts of manufacturers therein. A recollection of this circumstance has caused us to set on foot an enquiry touching the original occupations and primary localities of employment of the per-sons who have so recently arrived. The fol-lowing particulars are the result, and may very well show that they were fully justified in re-sorting to a new and flourishing colony like this, wherein to resume the employments of their earlier days.
It may be proper to state, however, that most of the young persons of both sexes found ready employment, and that the observations we are about to make chiefly relate to the husbands and fathers of families who have ar-rived in the Harpley:— ]
The native countries or counties are Derby, Cambridge, Hants, Ireland, Kent, Leicester, Nottingham, Somerset, Sussex, and Wilts. The original employments may be gathered from the following summary:—Blacksmith, 1; butcher, 1 ; cowkeeper, 1 ; farm-bailiff, 1; farmer, 1 ; labourer, 1; mechanics, 20; miller, 1 ; smiths, 5. The kinds of employment de-sired by these persons, according to a list put into our hands, are the following;—Blacksmith, 1 : butcher or farmer, 1; farmer and bailiff, 1 ; cowkeeper, 1; farmer, 1; gardener, 1; la-bourers, 19; labourers or shepherds, 4; man servant, 1; miller, 1 ; smith, 1, Several of the wives are as able as willing to assist in the support of their families by their industry, and many of the married couples have adult children or those who have arrived at sufficient age to be very useful in an enterprising and busy population like ours.
We rejoice that his Excellency has seen fit to appoint an estimable gentleman, the father of a family, to make arriving emigrants and their well-being the objects of his peculiar so-licitude; and we hope the appointment will stimulate and extend rather than retard the exercise of that philanthropy which has hitherto distinguished individual members of our community.
THE EMIGRANT SHIP "HARPLEY." from the Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) of Saturday 9 September 1848, Page 2. at: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/158926512?searchTerm=harpley
- The HARPLEY 1848 - PASSENGER LIST from the BOUND FOR SOUTH AUSTRALIA - 1848 by Diane Cummings at: http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848HarpleyPassengerList.htm
- Harpley arrived in Adelaide September 7th, 1848 from the Australian Society of the Lacemakers of Calais website at: https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/ba1485_3f869c17457c4d0dbe3feb76660ded05.pdf
- Barry Leadbeater's South Australian Shipping & Immigration database at: http://www.familyhistorysa.org/shipping/passengerlists.html
- 12/05/1848 - 02/09/1848 from Passengers in History an initiative of the South Australian Maritime Museum at: http://passengersinhistory.sa.gov.au/node/945508
Chandler, Rolicker, 1996, The Migrants ship Hartley: 1847-1852, self published, Beaumaris Victoria. online at: http://users.tpg.com.au/johnchandler/documents/Harpley.pdf
ADELAIDE: WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6 1848 from the South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) of Wednesday 6 September 1848, Page 2. at: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/48728720?