Clan Henderson Tartan

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Surname/tag: Henderson
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Surname origin

The surname originated in Scotland, meaning son of Hendry (a Scottish form of Henry). Due to its origin it emerged in multiple places for unrelated families.[1] The 1841 census showed Hendersons living throughout Scotland but concentrated in Lanarkshire (10%), Midlothian (10%), Fife (8%), Aberdeenshire (8%) and Caithness (5%).[2]

The use of hereditary surnames in Scotland dates back to 1061, when King Malcolm Canmore "directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions".[3]

The main family in Fife is the Hendersons of Fordell, who are believed to descend from the Henryson family of Dumfriesshire.[4]

The Caithness Hendersons are descended from Henry Gunn, a younger son of George Gunn, chief of Clan Gunn in the 1400s.[4]

The Hendersons of Glencoe anglicised their name from MacEanruig and claim descent from Henry, son of Nechtan, King of the Picts.[4]


  1. Henderson, House of Names
  2. Henderson name origin,
  3. The surnames of Scotland, their origin meaning and history, Black, George Fraser
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Henderson, The surnames of Scotland, their origin meaning and history, Black, George Fraser

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How are you handling Henderson as an anglicized version of the Gaelic name McKendrick?
The earliest Henderson I'be been able to confirm is Arugules Hercules Henderson abt 1800. I would consider it an honor to help preserve and authenticate the Henderson Clan. I am a writer, commercial artist and publisher as well as a web developer. We also own a web hosting company and can host family tree sites.
posted by John Henderson
I descend from the Henderson's of Caithness Scotland. Much earlier generations from the Orkney Islands. I would like to join this project if someone can tell me how to go about it? Thanks!
I would like to join the project I descend from Henderson from Scotland. down to Pennie-22
posted by Laura (Pennie) Bozzay
I have several generations of Henderson in Northumberland, England. I would be happy to include them in your study if you want them and can explain to me how to do it.
posted by Lynda Crackett