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Henry Linington (abt 1623-1692) -- Draft Profile

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Date: 1623 to 1693
Location: Hempstead, Queens, Province of New Yorkmap
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This is a draft profile for review by interested parties in anticipation of replacing the profile in Linnington-3. Livingston-1234 should be merged into the resulting profile, as it is simply serving as an erroneous spelling of the surname. Technically, it seems his LNAB should probably be changed to Linington.

Henry Linington, likely born around 1623,[1] is of unknown origins. He appears in the first extant town records of Hempstead, Nassau Island, New Netherland, listed with four cattle in a survey recorded probably in early 1657,[2] and a list of "numbers of every mans gattes that they have at the necke, ... Hinery Linengton hath eight gattes."[3] Further records show his number of calves and cattle varying. A record likely from 15 March 1658 stilo novo lists him with seven akers of land.[4] His primary occupation appears to have been as a miller.

On 7 May 1658, Henry Linington was sued for abuse and misdemeanor by Robert Jackson and William Smith. On 6 July, Peter Cornelissen sued him in an action of accounts.[5]

But this was not Henry's big problem on the sixth of July 1658. Deborah Sturgis testified that "(1) I Can say that henerry Linnington Came as I was aboute my works at the well, and asked mee to lie w't him and would have me goe in to the Barne w't him for that purpose; (2) that he offered me 10 S to yeeld to his desirers and so he fell from that sum by degrees to half a busheell of mault and I withstood him, and tould him that it was a greate sinne and shame for him that had so good knowledge to sollisit any woaman to soe great A sinn; (3) he tould me that hee offered Largely, and said that he used to give sarah but 5 S atime; (4) seeing his importunity w't me to go into ye Barne with him, I bid him goe and stay till I Came, and that while I slipt over to Timmothy holsteads."[6]

The court held that "whereas Henry Linington, besides other evil practices unto the disturbance of Christian order and peace, and to the violation of the laws, to the great dishonor of God and to the evil example of the nations under which we live, hath solicited Deborah Sturgis; Be it therefore ordered that he shall forthwith be committed to the Marshal's custody (who is hereby authorized to apprehend him and in sure and safe manner to keep him in ward, until he shall give sufficient security in recognizance in the value of 500 guilders for his good behavior, in default thereof he is to be sent unto Manhattans, and within 3 months he is to be banished ot of the town's limits.)" Onderdonk asserts that "his bondsmen were his father and brother-in-law, Lawrence and John Ellison."[5] His relationship to the Ellisons is in no doubt,[1][7][8] but it is unfortunate that Onderdonk's paraphrased style of expression here obscures the precise wording.

On 1 May 1659, Lawrence Ellison pleaded for the bond to be cancelled, but the court did not relent. At a town meeting of either 3 September[5] or 3 October 1659,[6] "upon ye Supplication of Henry Lennington," it was "granted that all former proceedings Ags't him concerning his banishment should be remitted, and he was then received againe upon promise of reformacon unto ye Liberties of an Inhabitant."[6]

Apparently in or around June 1662, under an agreement between Henry Linington and William Smith, who were sharing a mill, William Smith appraised his half at £40 sterling, to be paid in beaver or cattle at beaver price to be paid October next ensuing, thirty bushels of Indian Corne ye first of January next, and twenty bushels of wheat to be paid 16 March next. Apparently the price was too high, and instead, on 3 September 1660, Henry ceded his half of the property to Smith, excepting "ye Iron Barre, ye Mill bills, and ye Iron Sledge," Smith to perform Linnington's "ingagements to the town," and putting up the mill as bond. Richard Gildersleeve was their witness.[9]

In 1665, Henry leased a yellow cow "in the ofe year" and two "sleets in the Crpe" for thirty shillings the year in good paye" to Thomas Jones,[10] and bought a mare branded :G:, aged 2 years from Mores [Morris?] Smith.[11]

On 3 July 1667, Catthorin Linington, wife of hinery linington, testified that she "herd blows severall times and the boy Crie and beg into her owne house but shee did not see them." The context for this testimony is unknown.[7]

On 9 April 1677, Henry, among the proprietors of Hempstead, drew lot number 18 in a lottery of 100-acre parcels of woodland "either in North woods or in the south woods Excepting Madnans Neck the Cow Neck or Matinicock Neck on the North side and Excepting the south Necks on the south side."[12] A record likely from 1678 shows he drew lot number 14 in lots drawn "for fenceing the Plains, the first to begin on the Est hill and so Run westward."[13]

On 25 December 1678, Henry had lot number 40 in lots of meadow laid out "first at the Esturmost Comon Medow on the south sid of Rocoway lots."[14]

A town meeting of 31 October 1681 granted by a majority vote that "Henery Linington shall have liberty to take up his divident of Land that he should have had on madnans Neck that he shall Now have Liberty to take in where he sees Caus within the bounds that the hundred aker lots had liberty loted lands Excepted."[15]

On 24 May 1682, Henry promised to pay £1.10.0 per year in corn or cattle at current prices to Jeremy Hubard while under his ministry. This was on the high end of those on the list.[16]

On 8 June 1682, John Seaman Sr. sold four and a quarter acres of land east of Henry Linnington's plot at Hungry Harbor to James Royly and Henry Jonson, both of Forsters Meadow.[17]

On 26 June 1682, Henry sold a lot of meadow laid out to him in Hungry Harbor between John Seamans and Robert Marvin to William Smith of Fosters Meadow.[18]

On 6 December 1682, a court of constable and overseers held at Hempstead found that Matthew Bedle owed Henry Linnington sixteen shillings and cost of suit for wintering a black heifer that he'd found unmarked at the mill. Jonathan Smith, constable, Jonathan Smith, Sr., Richard Gildersleve, Jr. and Solomon Seaman testified for Henry. Solomon named Henry as his father-in-law in his testimony.[19]

At the same court, Henry sued Roger Pedly for trespass, seeking 30 shillings, for mowing his meadow without leave. James Mott, Elias Durland and Joseph Langdon testified.[20] On some unknown date, the court found in favor of Henry, the defendant Bedle to pay four shillings six and cost of suit.[21]

On 6 March 1682/3, Daniel Bedle brought action against Henry Linnington for slander. Thomas Smith of Jemeco deposed that "he being at Henere linintuns mill I heard henere linintun charg daniel bedle with staling a swine but whether it was a hog or a bore that he charged him with I cannot tell for thay ware discorsing of both." Richar Valintin deposed about the same. No record of the outcome.[22]

On 24 December 1690, the town meeting chose William Jacockes and Nathaniel Persell to go to Henry Lininton and "inquire by what covenent or conditions he holdeth ye previledge of ye streame to sett a mill on and other previlidges granted to It and if no Covenant can be found ye afore sd tow men have power to macke a Covenant In ye towns behalf with yd sd henery Lininton." On 16 June 1691, the town ordered the sam two men with Richard Gildersleeve and Samuel Pine to either reach an agreement with Henry Linnington "to ye same terms as was agreed on when ye mill was first built or when ye convenience was granted or alowed so Long as a good mill was cept in good Repear" or to agree with some other sufficient able man if such an agreement could not be reached with Linnington.[23]

Henry Linington of Hempstead executed his last will on 10 June 1691, witnessed by Richard Cornell, James Clement & Richard Ward, nominating Richard Cornell, Sr. and Daniel Whitehead as executors and making bequests:[24]

  • son John, half of corn mill, land on Mill River Neck, house he now lives, etc.;
  • son Solomon Seaman, half mill, 20 a. Jaycock's Creek, etc.;
  • son John Hubbs, 20 a. Jaycock's Creek;
  • son-in-law William Thorne and grandson Richard Osborn, 20 a.;
  • sons John Linington, Solomon Seaman & Richard Osborn the elder, 20 a. given by the town for maintaining a mill;
  • gifts to grandchildren Richard Osborn the younger & Solomon Seaman;
  • goods to dau. Susannah.

On 25 April 1692, Solamen Seamen indentured himself and heirs, such that "whereas at ye same time Samuell Denton Nathanell Persall and Joseph Pettit was chosen to macke a Devition of some meddo at ye South meddows on ye mill River necke which was given to william thorne and Richard osborne Equall betwene them by henery Lininton Desesed at ye same time Soleman Semen Did ingadge for him selfe his heires and asignes yt those yt Poses yd sd meddo from time to time and ye meddo given to John hubs shall have Liberty to bring oute theire hay over his Lot Provided they do go over his meddo in ye most convenient place for a highway and to ys above wright alowace I ye above sd Solomon semen in consideration of full satisfaction reseved..." Witnesses were Joseph Pettit, Samuell Denton and Nathanell Persall.[25]

Henry's will was proved on 20 May 1692. The executors refused to serve, and his son John Linington and son-in-law Solomon Seaman were appointed.[24]

On 10 September 1698, William Thorne of Madnans Neck sold to Samuel Denton, Sr., a certain parcel of meadow ground fresh and salt lying at ye south meadows on a neck called ye Mill River Neck in Hempstead, in quantity of acres "as was given mee by my Desesed father in Law henery Lininton..." Caterne Thorne co-signed, witnessed by Joseph Pettit, John Leninton and John Smith.[26]

Children of Henry and Catherine (Ellison) Linington:

  • John Linington, m. Mary ____[27]
  • Elizabeth Linington, m. Solomon Seaman[27][28]
  • Susannah Linington, m. John Hubbs[29][30]
  • Catherine Linington, m. William Thorne III[31][32]
  •  ? Mary ? Linington, m. Richard Osborn[33][34]

Additionally, the estate of Rachel Spencer was appraised by Richard Osborn and Solomon Seaman on 11 April 1687,[35] before Henry executed his last will. It seems possible she was a daughter of Henry's, given that two of his sons-in-law performed this service.

Marriage to Catherine Ellison, Children's Ages

if Onderdonk is to be believed, Henry and Catherine Ellison were married by July 1658 at the latest. The children are listed here in the order they or their husbands were named in the abstract of Henry's will. If his daughter Catherine was no older than her husband William Thorne, then she was probably born in or after 1663.[32]

Linington or Linnington?

The spelling in early Hempstead records is all over the map, but there are very few contemporaneous sources which spell his name Linnington. Variations on Linington are the rule. Henry's great-granddaughter Hannah (Linington) Dorland named a son Linington Dorland.[36]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Of Lawrence Ellison's four surviving children, he had one daughter – Catherine, as her name was more-or-less spelled in Hempstead. Her age is used a proxy for her husband's approximate age. "England, Lancashire, Parish Registers 1538-1910," database, FamilySearch (13 October 2017), Lawrence Ellyson in entry for Katheryne Ellyson, 19 Dec 1623; citing Christening, St Mary-the-Virgin Church, Blackburn, Lancashire, England, volume , Lancashire Record Office, Preston; FHL microfilm 1,278,778.
  2. Hicks, Benjamin D., ed. Records of the towns of North and South Hempstead, Long Island, N.Y., 1654-1880. Jamaica, New York: Long Island Farmer Print, 1896, 1:18, citing Liber A:4.
  3. Ibid., 1:21, citing Liber A:9.
  4. Ibid., 1:32, citing Liber A:20.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Onderdonk, Henry. The Annals of Hempstead, 1643 to 1832: Also, the Rise And Growth of the Society of Friends On Long Island And In New York, 1657 to 1826. Hempstead, N.Y.: L. Van de Water, 1878, p. 20. It is interesting that Onderdonk and Hicks have different, but complimentary records pertaining to the late 1650s as pertain to Henry Linington. This might be explained in Onderdonk's preface page, which notes that the original records wound up in North Hempstead, while original, "incomplete and untrustworthy" copies remained in Hempstead.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Hicks, 1:86-7, citing Liber A:114.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Testimony of Catthorin Linington, wife of Hinery Linington. Ibid., 1:361, citing Liber B:315.
  8. On 20 March 1696/7, Thomas Ellison testified concerning the bounds of land that had been his father Lawrence's, that land first laid out to Lawrence's sons Richard and Thomas was subsequently divided between Richard Ellison, Henry Linington, John Ellison Sr. and the said Thomas Ellison. Hicks, 2:254-5, citing Liber D:138. These (Henry representing Catherine) were the four children of Lawrence Ellison so far as ever appeared in Hempstead.
  9. Ibid., 1:127-8, citing Liber B:12.
  10. Ibid., 1:178, citing Liber B:72.
  11. Ibid., 1:206, citing Liber B:111.
  12. Ibid., 1:310, citing Liber B:239-40.
  13. Ibid., 1:317, citing Liber B:249.
  14. Ibid., 1:321-2, citing Liber B:255-7.
  15. Ibid., 1:386, citing Liber C:15.
  16. Ibid., 1:380-1, citing Liber C:9.
  17. Ibid., 1:402-3, citing Liber C:34.
  18. Ibid., 2:71-2, citing Liber C:206.
  19. Ibid., 1:398-9, citing Liber C:29-30.
  20. Ibid., 1:389, citing Liber C:30.
  21. Ibid., 1:415, citing Liber C:46a.
  22. Ibid., 1:417, citing Liber C:47.
  23. Ibid., 2:23, citing Liber C:153-4.
  24. 24.0 24.1 Abstract of the last will of Henry Linington. Canfield, Amos. "Abstracts of Early Wills of Queens County, New York." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1934, 65:118; also available as Henry B. Hoff. Long Island Source Records. From The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1987, pp. 131-2; Ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2008.
  25. Hicks, 2:143-3, citing Liber D:23.
  26. Ibid., 2:143-5, citing Liber D:24-6.
  27. 27.0 27.1 John and Mary Lininton with five children, adjacent to Solomon and Elizabeth Seman with six children. Harris, Edward D., contrib. "The Hempstead Census of 1698." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1914, 45:59.
  28. Letters of administration, estate of Solomon Symons of Hempstead, admrs. son Solomon Symons, widow Elizabeth Symons, 4 June 1703. New York County Wills, 7:113. "New York Probate Records, 1629-1971," images, FamilySearch (28 May 2014), New York > Wills 1702-1704 vol 7 > image 102 of 374; county courthouses, New York.
  29. John and Susana Hubs. "The Hempstead Census of 1698." NYBGR, 45:62.
  30. Abstract of the last will of John Hubbs. "Abstracts of Early Wills of Queens County, New York." NYGBR, 65:246; also available as Long Island Source Records. From The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, p. 135; Ancestry.com.
  31. William and Cathrene Thorn with three children. "The Hempstead Census of 1698." NYBGR, 45:62.
  32. 32.0 32.1 The relationship between the Liningtons and the Thornes has been much confused, primarily due to troubles experienced differentiating William Jr. from his son William III. William III, whose wife was the daughter of Henry Linington, is the one whose first son was named Henry, after the child's grandfather. Winifred, William III's mother, was substantially too old to have been the daughter of Henry Linington. William III was baptized in 1663 which puts him squarely in range to be the proband's son-in-law. 1663 – 23 May; Wilt Toorn, Winne Fruyt; Willem; no witnesses. "New Amsterdam (New York City) New York Reformed Dutch Church Baptisms 1661 - 1665 (archived)," Olive Tree Genealogy, Lorine McGinnis Schulze, 1996-present, citing Evans, Thomas Grier. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Amsterdam and New York. Baptisms from 25 December, 1639 to 27 December, 1730. Collections of the New-York Genealogical and Biographical Society. Vol 2. New York: Printed for the Society, 1901.
  33. No wife of Richard Osborn is listed in the 1698 census, which shows only Richard, Richard Jr., William, Nathaniel, and James Osborn. While it is possible she was omitted or absent, the more likely scenario seems to be that Henry Linington's Osborn daughter had died before 1698. "The Hempstead Census of 1698." NYBGR, 45:66.
  34. Abstract of the last will of Richard Ozland [Osborn], leaving to wife Mary two barrels of cider and £8 annually for life. That Mary was in no way propertied by his bequest appears to be further evidence she was a later wife. "Abstracts of Early Wills of Queens County, New York." NYGBR, 65:324; also available as Long Island Source Records. From The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, p. 145; Ancestry.com.
  35. Hicks, 2:61-2, citing Liber C:194.
  36. Cremer, John D. Records of the Dorland Family in America... Washington, D.C: Publ. for the family [by] B.S. Adams, 1898, p. 145.

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