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House of Brabant

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House of Brabant

The so-called House of Brabant is a name given to some members of the House of Reginar after Henry III (1085/1086–1095), who was already Count of Leuven and Brussels from 1078, became Landgrave of Brabant.

The Dukes of Brabant were the formally rulers of the Duchy of Brabant since 1183/1184 and came in fact from different Houses. The title was created by the German Emperor Frederick Barbarossa in favor of Henry I of the House of Reginar, son of Godfrey III of Leuven (who was Duke of Lower Lotharingia at that time).

The Duchy of Brabant was a feudal elevation of the since 1085/1086 existing title of Landgrave of Brabant. This was an Imperial fief which was assigned to Count Henry III of Leuven shortly after the death of the preceding Count of Brabant, Count Palatine Herman II of Lotharingia (born 20 September 1085). Although the corresponding county was quite small (limited to the territory between the rivers Senne and Dender) its name was applied to the entire country under control of the Dukes from the 13th century on. In 1190, after the death of Godfrey III, Henry I also became Duke of Lotharingia. Formerly Lower Lotharingia, this title was now practically without territorial authority, but was borne by the later Dukes of Brabant as an honorific title.

In 1288, the Dukes of Brabant became also Duke of Limburg. The title fell to the Dukes of Burgundy in 1430. Later on, it followed with the Burgundian inheritance until the French Revolution, although the northern part of the territory of Brabant was actually governed by the United Provinces during the 17th and 18th century.

Rulers of Brabant and their Houses

House of Reginar (House of Leuven)

Counts of Leuven, Category: Counts of Leuven and Landgraves of Brabant:

Counts of Leuven, Category: Counts of Leuven, Landgraves of Brabant, Margrave of Antwerp and Dukes of Lower-Lorraine:

Dukes of Brabant and Dukes of Lothier:

Dukes of Brabant, Dukes of Lothier and Dukes of Limburg:

House of Valois

Dukes of Brabant, Dukes of Lothier and Dukes of Limburg:

House of Habsburg

usurpation by Francis, Duke of Anjou (Valois) (1582–1584)[1]

House of Bourbon

House of Habsburg

Revived title in contemporary tradition

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

In the modern Kingdom of Belgium, the title of "Duke of Brabant" revived as honorific title and is traditionally assigned to the Crown Prince (even though the province of Category:Noord-Brabant, Nederland, part of the historical duchy, is now part of the Category: The Netherlands and has been so since 1648).

In contrast to King Philippe's title, King of the Belgians, the crown princess, Princess Elisabeth is called a Princess of Belgium, not of the Belgians. She is also Duchess of Brabant, the traditional title of the heir apparent to the Belgian throne. As a dynastic title it takes precedence over the title Princess of Belgium.

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Categories: House of Brabant