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House of Bruce

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 3 Aug 2018 [unknown]
Location: Worldwidemap
Surname/tag: Bruce
This page has been accessed 1,264 times.

Preceded by House of Balliol -- Profile of House

Succeeded by House of Stewart -- Profile of House

Scottish Royal House of Bruce (Monarchs of Scotland) (1306–1371)

For ten years, Scotland had no King of its own. The Scots, however, refused to tolerate English rule; first William Wallace and then, after his execution, Robert the Bruce (the grandson of the 1292 competitor) fought against the English.

Bruce and his supporters killed a rival for the throne, John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch on 10 February 1306 at Greyfriars Church in Dumfries. Shortly after in 1306, Robert was crowned King of Scots at Scone.

His energy, and the corresponding replacement of the vigorous Edward I with his weaker son Edward II, allowed Scotland to free itself from English rule; at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, the Scots routed the English, and by 1329 the English agreed by treaty to accept Scottish independence.

Robert's successor, his son David, was a child at his succession. The English renewed their war with Scotland, and David was forced to flee the Kingdom by Edward Balliol, son of King John, who managed to get himself crowned King of Scots (1332–1336) and to give away Scotland's southern counties to England before being driven out again.

David spent much of his life in exile, first in freedom with his ally, France, and then in gaol in England; he was only able to return to Scotland in 1357. Upon his death, childless, in 1371, the House of Bruce came to an end. [1]

House of Bruce

Robert I the Bruce1274-13291306-29m.1 Isabella of Mar

m.2 Elizabeth de Burgh

David II1324-13711329-32: Deposed by Edward Balliol.

1332-33: Restored but deposed again.

1336-71: Restored, most of 1334-57 in captivity in England.

Margaret Drummond
Edward Balliolc.1282-c.1364Aug-Dec 1332: Deposed and expelled.

1333-34: Restored but deposed again.

1335-36: Restored and deposed again.


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