Location: Early Scandinavia
The Ynglinga-kings are to be considered as fictional characters but they are a part of the cultural inheritance.
The sources for their existence are stories such as Ynglingasagan by Snore Sturlason, written early 13th century, and Beuwulf, an English heroic poem which oldest written source is from the year 1000. The Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus, wrote down Gesta danorum at the end of the 12th century and its value as a source has been questioned.
According to Snorre's Heimskringla the father of the Yngling was Yngve, son of Oden. Oden had come from the country east of Tanakvist in Asia called Asaland or Asahem. The most prominent of fortresses were called Asgard. Oden had large estates in the land of the Turks. From there he to Saxland which he divided between three of his sons; Veggdegg ruled over eastern Saxland, Beldegg (known also as Balder) ruled over Vestfal, and Sigge ruled over Franken (France). Oden continued his travels north to Reidgotaland (Denmark) where he put his son Skjöld to be king. Oden continued on to Sweden where he made what today is called Sigtuna his capital. Here the stories differ. One says that eventually, his son Yngve became king of Sweden (and ancestor of the House of Yngling) and his other son Saeming king of Norway. Heimskringla says that Njord, who had come over to Oden from the Vanir became king of Svithiod and the Swedes after Oden and after him his son Frö a.k.a. Yngve-Frey.
- Beowulf - Anglo-Saxon epic poem from between the 8th century and the 11th century.
Norwegian and Icelandic Sources
- Ynglingatal - 9th century, appears both in Historia Norvegiae and in Snorri Sturluson's Ynglinga saga.
- Íslendingabók - by Ari Þorgilsson, early 12th century
- Skjöldunga saga - a Norse saga believed to have been written around 1180-1200. The original version is lost but there is a summary by Arngrimur Jónsson.
- Skáldskaparmál - by Snorri Sturluson c. 1220.
- Ynglinga saga - by Snorri Sturluson c. 1225, used Sjöldunga saga as a source.
- Hrólfr Kraki's saga c. 1230 - c. 1450
- Chronicon Lethrense and Annales Lundenses
- Gesta Danorum - by Saxo Grammaticus
Articles and Research
- Snorre Sturlasson återupprättas/restored, SvD Kultur, March 2004.
- Aspects of Rulership Ideology in Early Scandinavia with particular references to the Skaldic Poem Ynglingatal by Olof Sundqvist.
- Lindqvist, Herman. Historien om Sverige - Från islossning till kungarike. Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag AB, 1992. [ ]
- Svensson, Alex. Sveriges regenter under 1000 år. Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Biblioteks Förlag, 2010. [ ]
- Sturluson, Snorre. Nordiska Kungasagor - Från Ynglingasagan till Olav Tryggvasons Saga. Stockholm: Fabel, 1991. [ ]
- Snorre Sturlesons Edda and Skalda
- Ynglingaättens historia