Hurricanes, Cyclones and Typhoons

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Hurricanes, Cyclones and Typhoons

Hurricane Katrina

Katrina Satellite, 8/28

Hurricane Katrina was described as a tropical cyclone which hit struck the southeastern United States in late August 2005. The hurricane, the aftermath, and levee failure aftermath claimed more than 1,800 lives. Katrina was considered as the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history. Specifically the city hit was New Orleans.[1]

Katrina, 2005, track
Levee failure

Hurricane Katrina was one of deadliest hurricane to hit the Gulf Coast in 2005, it was ranked as the sixth strongest overall to hit the USA. The storm strengthened to a Category 5 hurricane over the Gulf of Mexico entering 8/29 in southeast Louisiana. It spent 8 hours over land, increasing when it was over the Gulf of Mexico warm waters. The New Orleans, the levees were designed for Category 3, but Katrina peaked at a Category 5 hurricane, with winds up to 175 mph[2]

  • Deaths- 1,836 people. (1,577 Louisiana). One of the costliest hurricanes [3]
  • Property damage- US $106 billion.
  • The storm surge from Katrina was 20-ft (six meters) high.
  • 705 people are missing as a result of Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina affected over 15 million people from evacuation, rising gas prices, economy
  • An estimated 80% of New Orleans was under water, up to 20 ft deep in places.
  • Hurricane Katrina damaged $81 billion in property damages
  • Economic impact in Louisiana and Mississippi may exceed $150 billion, earning the title of costliest hurricane ever in US history. [4]
  • Hurricane Katrina impacted about 90,000 square miles.
The Great Galveston Hurricane

The Great Galveston Hurricane made landfall on September 8, 1900, in Galveston, Texas,USA . The winds were estimated at 145 miles per hour (233 km/h) at landfall, making it a Category 4 storm. It was the second costliest hurricane in U.S. history at that time. The hurricane caused loss of life with deaths between 6,000 and 12,000 people the number most cited in official reports is 8,000, giving the storm the third-highest number of deaths or injuries of any Atlantic hurricane, after the Great Hurricane of 1780 and 1998's Hurricane Mitch.

Corpses were piled onto carts for burial at sea

Cyclone Tracy

Cyclone Tracy hit Darwin Dec 24, 1974. The cyclone formed well to Darwin’s north on Saturday 21 December and many believed that it would not actually hit the city. However, by the afternoon of 24 December, the city was experiencing heavy rains and strong winds. Damage to buildings began late that night and by morning the devastation was obvious. 65 people were dead, 49 on land and 16 at sea. 70 percent of its buildings had been destroyed, 25,000 people were evacuated to southern cities. Access to the city was restricted for the next six months. Cyclone Tracy was a small cyclone by world standards, the radius of winds being only 50 kilometres, but her winds were particularly strong. The official estimate of maximum wind speed, recorded at Darwin airport, was 217 kilometres per hour, estimates were some gusts were up to 300 kilometres an hour.

Cyclone Tracy
Typhoon Haiyan

Typhoon Haiyan, or Typhoon Yolanda, was one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever recorded, devastating portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines, in November 2013.It is the deadliest Philippine typhoon recorded in modern history, killing at least 6,300 people in that country alone. Haiyan is also the strongest storm recorded at landfall, and the second-strongest typhoon ever recorded in terms of one-minute sustained wind speed. As of January 2014, bodies were still being found. 11 million people have been affected many have been left homeless.

  • 6,300 people died in the Philippines,11 million people have been homeless
South Carolina Hurricanes

South Carolina, USA alone has many hurricanes, affecting large numbers off of people. Hurricane Matthew, Hurricane Hermine, Irma with a tornado, Irma. South Carolina is low in altitude, on East coast of USA, the storms just move right in. FEMA handles both the damage done, and evacuations. When they evacuate westward, the FEMA assistance efforts are extended to cover the evacuees and provide supplies..d a snow storm that shut us down for a week. I left out the floods because we are well equipped to handle those. We had to evacuate for Matthew and Irma and FEMA assistance applications for both are still open. Declaring an area a disaster area may not be due to the damage to the area, but can be having to evacuate west and areas west get declared disaster areas so supplies can flow in.

Hurricane Harvey,

Hurricane Harvey Hurricane Harvey, Category 4, struck Texas coastline Aug 25-29, 2017, damaging Aransas, Rockport, eastward through Houston was the first major hurricane to make landfall along the Middle TX Coast since Carla in 1961 & Celia in 1970. Texas Hurricanes may be regional or the entire coastline of Texas, affecting a large number of people. Hurricane Harvey is the first Category 4 hurricane to make landfall along the TX Coast since Carla in 1961.

This deadly Hurricane made landfall near Corpus Christi, moved inland, then out to sea, and destroyed much of Aransas, Aransas Pass, and Rockport. In following days, it stalled near Houston, dumping The storm surge from Harvey brought dramatically increased water and tide levels over the Texas Coast. The highest maximum storm tides were observed at the Aransas Wildlife Refuge, where the storm surge levels were over 12 feet above ground level. The storm surge in Port Lavaca was also more than 10 feet and at least 6 feet in Port Aransas.  :In addition to the wind and storm surge, hurricane Harvey moved inland, then farther from the coastline.. THarvey stalled over South and Southeast Texas, causing more than 51.88 inches of rainfall near Cedar Bayou.. The Bayous flooded, resulting home flooding. nearby areas received over 40 inches rain.Hurricane Harvey
  • Hurricane Harvey, Category 4, struck Texas coastline Aug 25-29, 2017, damaging Aransas, Rockport, eastward with more damages in Houston and Louisiana
Louisiana and 2020 Hurricane Season
  • June 7, Tropical Storm Cristobal hit southeastern Louisiana.
  • August 24, Tropical Storm Marco which made landfall 6 p.m. CDT near the mouth of the Mississippi River.
  • August 27 Hurricane Laura As a Tropical Storm Laura flooded Port-au-Prince, Haiti, and killed 9. Then hit Louisiana leaving more than 15 people dead in Louisiana and neighboring Texas and destroying parts of the power grid. Laura made landfall as the strongest hurricane by wind speed to hit the state since 1856, with winds over 150 mph. The city of Lake Charles was totally devastated. The damage was so extensive that some infrastructure needs to be rebuilt from scratch.
  • October 12 Hurricane Delta cut power to Texas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. A category 2, Delta was weakend by hitting the Yucatan first. Spawning at least ten tornadoes were reported from the Gulf Coast to the Carolinas, including two in north and central Georgia that injured two people. At least 4 were killed.
  • October 28 Hurricane Zeta made landfall as a catagory 2 with 110 mph winds. Reduced to a Cat 1, traveling at 25 mph across the Lousiana Delta into SE Mississippi. At least 1 person is reported to have died.


  2. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. "Hurricane Katrina: A climitalogical perspective." National Hurricane Center. Accessed March 2, 2014.
  3. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. "Hurricanes in History." National Hurricane Center. Accessed March 2, 2014.
  4. National Research Council. Environmental Public Health Impacts of Disasters: Hurricane Katrina, Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2007

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