upload image

Icelandic Terms

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: [unknown]
This page has been accessed 26 times.


Icelandic Terms

When researching Icelandic sources such as Íslendingabók or Manntallið these are some of the terms that one is likely to find and their equivalent meanings.

Sex / Kyn

Karl Male

Kona Female

Marital Status / Hjúskapur

giftur married

ogiftur unmarried

ekkja widow

ekkill widower

skillin divorced

Household Position / Stétt/staða

húsbóndi master

hans kona his wife

þeirra barn their child

vinnukona female worker

niðursetningur/niðurseta niðursetningur can mean something like a "ward of the county", basically an individual that cannot support him/herself, and is financially supported by the county - a typical case would be a young orphan, or a child the parents are not able to care for. The "niðursetningur" is placed at one of the farms of the county and the farmer receives a small subsidy to cover the cost - sometimes there was a kind of an auction - the farmer willing to accept the "niðursetningur" for the smallest amount of money would get him/her.

Other Terms

Aldur Age

  • Login to edit this profile and add images.
  • Private Messages: Send a private message to the Profile Manager. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
  • Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.