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Immigrants to Queensland from Germany

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When the first Census of the Colony of Queensland was taken on 7 April, 1861, there were 1,562 males and 562 females living in Queensland who were born in Germany, of whom 1,049 males and 296 females were from Rural Portions of Police Districts.[1] Germany was the largest foreign European contributor to Queensland's population with an undesirable, disproportionate number of females to males.[2]

The following announcement, repeated in German, was in the The Darling Downs Gazette and General Advertiser on 13 March 1862:[3]

German Immigration.

SINCE the issue of our present Immigration Regulations our endeavour has been to cultivate GERMAN IMMIGRATION to this colony, and our Mr. HEUSSLER left for EUROPE at the end of MARCH, in order to supervise himself the outfit of the Vessels. He delayed his departure until he could take with him his appointment as GOVERNMENT AGENT for the Continent, on authority of which he will be able to send out a superior class of immigrants.
The first vessel will have been despatched by this time, and we have reason to expect that a regular line from Germany will be established.
Parties intending to introduce Labourers or Relatives from the Continent of Europe are requested to favour us with their orders.
HEUSSLER & FRANCKSEN.
Brisbane, 21st August, 1861.

When the first census was taken in the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia, there were 38,352 Australians born in Germany, of which 13,163 were Queenslanders.[4]

A DECADE OF IMMIGRATION. [1 January 1859 to 31 December 1869]

A list of principal vessels bringing immigrants and other passengers to Brisbane from January 1, 1859, to December 31, 1869 inclusive. The figures in parentheses represent the number of passengers, and the port mentioned at the end of each line the place of embarkation:[5] [6]

The following ships departed from Hamburg or Bremen:

1861 Sept. 29, Grassbrook (246), Hamburg.

1862 Jan. 30, Cesar Goddefroy (300), Hamburg.

1862 Aug. 1, La Rochelle (335), Hamburg.

1863 March 26, Cesar Goddefroy (196), Hamburg.

1863 May 30, Golden Dream, 142 from Bremen and 243 from London.

1863 Aug. 10, Ulster (112), Hamburg. (Alster arrived 7 August [7])

1863 Aug. 10, La Rochelle (446), Hamburg. (arrived 7 August [7])

1863 Sept. 9. Beausite (500), Hamburg. (arrived 5 September [7]) Sailed from the mouth of the river Elbe on 26 May 1863 with 510 passengers. Arrived 5 September with 508 passengers, 10 deaths, nine births - 6 males; [8] The Beausite, from Hamburg to Moreton Bay, sailed from Cuxhaven on 25 May 1863.[9]

1863 Nov. 28, San Francisco (265), Hamburg.

1864 Jan 29, Susanne Godeffroy (432), Hamburg.

1864 April 27, John Cesar (231), Hamburg.

1864 Sept 5, La Rochelle (185), Hamburg. 184 German Immigrants: 107 single men, four single women, the rest married couples.[10]

1866 March 10, Wandrahm (368), Hamburg.

1866 Sept. 12, Beausite (377), Hamburg.

Sources

  1. Census of the Colony of Queensland taken on 7 April, 1861, under the Act of Council, 24 Victorie, No 5, Brisbane, T P Pugh's Printing Office, 1861, 1st Sheet, Table No 3 and 2nd Sheet, Table No 3, http://www.qgso.qld.gov.au/products/reports/census-colony-qld/census-colony-qld-1861.pdf, accessed 5 October 2015.
  2. Census of the Colony of Queensland taken on 7 April, 1861, under the Act of Council, 24 Victorie, No 5, Brisbane, T P Pugh's Printing Office, 1861, p. xiv, http://www.qgso.qld.gov.au/products/reports/census-colony-qld/census-colony-qld-1861.pdf, accessed 5 October 2015.
  3. 1862 'Advertising.', The Darling Downs Gazette and General Advertiser (Toowoomba, Qld. : 1858 - 1880), 13 March, p. 4, viewed 7 October, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75468018
  4. Myles Sinnamon, "Germans in Queensland - History in Pictures", John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland Blogs. 6 October 2015. The State of Queensland (State Library of Queensland). (http://blogs.slq.qld.gov.au/jol/2015/10/06/germans-in-queensland-history-in-pictures/ : accessed 18 May 2018).
  5. "A DECADE OF IMMIGRATION." The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) 8 December 1909: 37 (Queensland's Half Century). Web. 17 May 2018 <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article19579946>. With corrections from the same article in The Queenslander 5 March 1910
  6. "A DECADE OF IMMIGRATION." The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) 5 March 1910: 8. Web. 18 May 2018 <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article21876949>.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "ARRIVALS OF IMMIGRANTS." The Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1861 - 1864) 17 October 1863: 4. Web. 18 May 2018 <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3166355>.
  8. "THE BEAUSITE." The Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1861 - 1864) 12 September 1863: 2. Web. 18 May 2018 <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3165639>.
  9. "IMMIGRATION." The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) 15 August 1863: 6. Web. 18 May 2018 <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13083075>.
  10. "THE IMMIGRANT SHIPS YOUNG ENGLAND AND LA ROCHELLE." The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) 17 September 1864: 4. Web. 18 May 2018 <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1262087>.</ef> 1865 Feb. 9. Beausite (295), Hamburg. 1865 Aug. 3. Tiellno (150), Hamburg. 1865 Aug. 11, Peter Godeffroy (225), Hamburg. 1865 Aug. 21, Sophie (29), Hamburg. 1865 Sept 11, Susanne Godeffroy (516), Hamburg. 1866 Jan. 27, La Rochelle (410), Hamburg. 1866 Feb. 12, Johan Cesar (232), Hamburg. 1866 Feb. 16, Caesar Godeffroy (318), Hamburg. Departed Hamburg 15 October, 1865, returned to Cuxhaven because of severe weather, put to sea again after ten days, returned to port again because of weather, departed on 5 November. Arrived Brisbane 14 February 1866. Sailed with 316 passengers: 123 males; 106 females; 41 boys; 31 girls; infants under one year: 2 males and 7 females. During the passage there were five births and two deaths (a woman in childbirth and an infant under two years of age).The Kate brought the passengers from the ship on 17th and conveyed them to the depot at Ipswich. <ref>"SHIPPING SUMMARY." ''The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933)'' 17 March 1866: 2 (Supplement). Web. 18 May 2018 <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1264265>.</li></ol></ref>




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