Location: Ireland, United States
Irish nationalism asserts that the Irish people are a nation. The people organized to make Ireland a nation independent of England varied over the decades.
Young Ireland (Irish: Éire Óg, IPA: [ˈeːɾʲə ˈoːɡ]) from its beginnings in the late 1830s, led changes in a political, cultural and social activities, including an abortive rebellion known as the Young Irelander Rebellion of 1848.
The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB; Irish: Bráithreachas Phoblacht na hÉireann) was a secret oath-bound fraternal organisation dedicated to the establishment of an "independent democratic republic" in Ireland between 1858 and 1924. The IRB staged the Easter Rising in 1916, which led to the establishment of the first Dáil Éireann in 1919.
Its counterpart in the United States of America was organised by John O'Mahony and became known as the Fenian Brotherhood (later Clan na Gael).
The name “Fenians” was an umbrella term used to describe the transatlantic partnership of the Fenian Brotherhood in America and the Irish Republican Brotherhood in Ireland. A member of either organization was generally referred to as a “Fenian”.
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