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James Crafford of the Waxhaws

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This page contains the study of the James Crafford of the Waxhaws lineage. Most of the base information is from the book: Sorting the Waxhaw Crawfords, researched and compiled by Mary Frances Thomas Veach in 1993.[1] This FSP will be used to ensure the family is kept separate from the other Crawford families living in the Waxhaws, South Carolina.

NOTE: This family is NOT connected to President Andrew Jackson.


Crafford Lineage

James Crafford of the Waxhaws,first emigrated to Pennsylvania and lived in Guilford Township. He has been identified through the discovery of his will dated 1776, with a codicil in 1777.[1]. From this document, it is clear that he should be considered a separate individual from other James Crawfords/Craffords in the area of the Waxhaws, in South Carolina. An appraisal of his estate was completed 17 Sep 1777[2]

James Crafford of the Waxhaws, was born about 1720, most likely in Ireland.[1] His wife's name is unknown, but they most likely married in Ireland, before emigrating to America. He moved his family to South Carolina about 1765. A possible connection to the Chambersburg Crawfords needs to be examined. James' will of 1776/77 identifies his children and some of their spouses:[1]

Children of John Crafford of the Waxhaws

  • George Crafford
  • James Crafford, b 21 June 1746, most likely in Pennsylvania. He married twice: First to Isabella (unknown), who is the mother of the children, and 2nd, to Agnes Nancy Hanna. He died 6 Dec 1812, in Chester District, South Carolina.[3]
  • Alexander Crafford, b 28 Sep 1750 in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, d. 1839 in Maury County, Tennessee. He married Elizabeth Craighead. Alexander stated in his pension application #S3229 he states he was born 28 Sept 1750 in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania and that he had been living on the Catawba River, where he had moved with his father in 1765. While there were several James Crawfords in Pennsylvania at the time, only one disappears from the Census records there. This narrows down the family origin location to Guilford Township.[1]
  • Mary Crafford, of which little is known. She married Isaac Smith (according to Rev. John Simpson)
  • Jean (Jane) Crafford, b. unknown. She married Thomas Patton, who died during the Revolutionary War. It is believed she relocated to Tennessee with her son, William, after her husband's death.
  • Martha Crafford, b. unknown. She married William Henderson, who died about 1797.
  • Margaret Crafford, b. unknown, who may have married John Martin.

James Crafford's first wife, Isabella died 2 Mar 1792. He remarried Agnes (Nancy) Hanna. They had no known children.

Children of James Crafford and Isabella (nee Unknown)

  • Edward Crawford b. 1770, married Jane Dunlap, d. 1845
  • George Crawford married Julia Hannah Simmons. Died 1829
  • Alexander Crawford, b. 1783, married Sarah Culp. Died 1851
  • James Crawford Jr.
  • Robert Crawford[4]
  • Sarah Crawford married James R. Darling
  • Jean Crawford married Moses Vance Davison
  • Isabel Crawford married Cornelius Sexton. Died 1827
  • Margaret Crawford born about 1770 and married John Mayes. Died about 1856.

Children of Alexander Crawford and Sarah Culp

  • James Harvey Crawford 1816-1868
  • William Alexander Crawford 1818-1821 (died young)
  • George Harrison Crawford 1822-1832 (Died young)
  • Alexander Lafayette Crawford 1824-1905
  • Mary Arminda Crawford 1826-1904
  • Sarah Jane Emiline Crawford 1829-1831
  • Edward Newton Crawford 1831-1885
  • Margaret Jane Crawford 1834-1914
  • Susan Isabella Crawford 1837-1876


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Sorting the Waxhaw Crawfords; Veach, Mary; “FIRST EDITION June 1993,” in possession of Clan Crawford Association; accessed 20 May 2020
  2. "South Carolina, Charleston District, Estate inventories, 1732-1844," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:W1WW-V4ZM : 12 March 2020), James Crafford, 17 Sep 1777; citing Court, Charleston, South Carolina, United States, S146001, South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia.
  3. "United States Census, 1790," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHKN-HQP : accessed 25 May 2020), Jas Craford, York, South Carolina, United States; citing p. 195, NARA microfilm publication M637, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 11; FHL microfilm 568,151.
  4. "United States Census, 1800," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHRH-B39 : accessed 24 April 2020), Robert Crafford, Lancaster District, South Carolina, United States; citing p. 2, NARA microfilm publication M32, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 50; FHL microfilm 181,425.Robert Crafford

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