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James Garth Battle At Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 22 May 1863 to 22 May 1863
Location: Vicksburg, Warren, Mississippi, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: Garth, Welch, Haswell, Rowe, Richardson, Rice, Severson, Kintner James Garth (1840 - 1863), https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Garth-304
Profile manager: Marty Rowe private message [send private message]
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The following report is of 22nd Iowa adjutent concerning frontal assault of Fort Beauregard,Vicksburg. The enemy were on the alert and, as our colors rose above the crest of the hill, a thousand bayonets glistened in the sunlight above the parapet at Fort Beauregard. The strong work against which the main attack was directed covered about half an acre of ground, the walls being about fifteen feet high, surrounded by a ditch ten feet wide. A line of rifle pits connected it with others of the same kind, each of which was so arranged as to enfilade the approach to the other. The regiment succeeded in reaching—under a concentrated fire of grape and musketry—an almost impenetrable abatis, forty yards from. the works, where it became necessary to reform the line, the men having become separated in crossing the obstructions. They promptly rallied to the flag and were again led to the charge. A few officers and about fifty men, succeeded in reaching the ditch surrounding the fort, but, having no scaling ladders, they were unable to enter the works. Sergeant Joseph E. Griffith of the 22nd, with some fifteen or twenty men, succeeded—by raising one another up the wall—in gaining an entrance and capturing a number of prisoners, but the fire from the enemy's rifle pits in rear of the fort, and the lack of reinforcements coming to their aid, rendered the place untenable. Only two men who entered the fort survived. This was the last frontal assault of Fort Beauregard ever attempted. Afterwards Vicksburg was defeated using long term siege tactics. Almost none of the men killed outright or who died shortly afterward of wounds are listed in Vicksburg National Cemetery. Believe they were, in all probability, buried in a mass grave with many remains unidentified.

BATTLEFIELD NEAR VICKSBURG, MISS., May 25, 1863 CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report the action taken by the Twenty-first Regiment Iowa Volunteers, in the battle on the 22nd of May, 1863 in the rear of Vicksburg The Twenty-first Regiment received orders to be ready to charge on the enemy's Works, at 10 o clock C. M. At the hour, precisely, I formed the regiment in the rear of the gallant Twenty-second Iowa, within twenty rods of the enemy's rifle pits. In this position, we were partially covered from the enemy's fire by the hill immediately in front of their works. I then gave orders to fix bayonets, and charge by the left flank over the hill and into the enemy's rifle pits. During this charge the fire of the enemy from both flanks, as well as the front, was terrific. Many of our officers and men fell on every side; but, with a determination that knew no fear, the enemy's; works were gained, and they were routed from their stronghold. This position we held till after dark, pouring continually a destructive fire into their ranks. Being unable to hold our position longer, we withdrew under cover of darkness carrying with us many of our killed and wounded. The loss of our regiment in this terrible) struggle was sex ere. Many of our officers were either killed or wounded. An official) report is herewith furnished you. Lieutenant Colonel C. W. Dunlap was shot through the 11 head and instantly killed. He was wounded at the battle of Port Gibson, and was unable to keep up with the regiment, but came up after the charge. In the death of this brave soldier and gallant officer, the regiment has sustained an irreparable loss Our total loss is 12 killed, 80 wounded, and 13 missing, supposed to be killed or taken prisoners. Of the officers and men of my command, in this terrible charge, I can only say that every man did his duty. Captain J. M. Harrison, of Company C, was seriously wounded while at the head of his company, cheering on his men. Lieutenant W. A. Roberts, Acting Adjutant, was dangerously wounded while driving the enemy from their works. Lieutenant S. Bates, Company I, was left on the field and has since been taken prisoner. Captain D. Greaves was seriously wounded while leading his company over the brow of the hill, in the face of the enemy's fire. Lieutenant G. H. Childs, Jr., was wounded in the breast, at the head of the regiment, his company being on the right. Many other officers were wounded. How any man ever returned alive from that terrible fire, I cannot imagine. Company A Captain Jones, and Company B, Captain Crooke, were sent out as sharpshooters, and did effective service.

Hoping the conduct of the Twenty-first Regiment Iowa Volunteers, in this battle will meet the approbation of the General commanding the brigade, I remain, Captain,

Memories: 1
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Amazing story of my great great grandmother's brother. Her entire family came from Yorkshire, England and settled in Dubuque, Iowa. All went well there until her husband James was thrown from his horse while on the way to get his hair cut striking his head on a fence post killing him instantly. . James junior enlisted in the Civil War and was part of the 21st infantry from Iowa. He died on May 22, 1863 while charging the fort installation at Vicksburg which overlooked the Mississippi river and was one of the main arteries used by the confederacy at the time. Grant felt if they could secure that important port that they would have the upper hand in winning the war. For almost a month straight they pinned the confederates down to starve them out of rations. This siege after all was said and done secured that port for the union army.
posted 7 Apr 2021 by Marty Rowe   [thank Marty]
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