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Jane Adams Notes

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Jane (Unknown) Burt (abt.1603-)

Bibliographic Timeline

Richard1 Burt's wife is not identified in any known New England record. How did she become Jane Adams, the wife of Richard1 Burt (see Wikipedia)? And, how did she become the daughter of Jacob Adams (see FindAGrave memorial 178972088)?

1892. John V. L. Pruyn publishes an extended set of English marriage abstracts as "Weddings at St. Mary, Whitechapel, London"; these appear in NYGBR, 1888-1892.[1] One of the last segments (1892) includes report that a Richard Burt married at St Mary, Whitechapel, Tower Hamlets, Middlesex, England, 16 November 1624, Jane Adams.

1892. Burnham publishes Genealogical records of Henry and Ulalia Burt, the emigrants who early settled at Springfield, Mass. ...,[2] highlighting (I) six coats of arms, including (a) Burt or Birt of "Candell-Marsh, Co. Devon." and (b) Burte of Devonshire, also (II), as "Early New England records, mentions London-Barbados passage in 1634 (William) and 1635 (James), also to New England, 1635 (Hugh and Edward); records about those who seem claimed as children of Richard Burt (Taunton) vary from WikiTree reporting; includes a Richard Burt marries Ester (born 1653), dau. of John Gollup. No mention about the wife of Richard1 Burt.

GJ--Known/noteworthy conflicts. Caundle Marsh is in Dorset, not Devon.

1893. Franklin Pratt's chapter, "The Taunton Burts," was published (Burt and Burt, 1893).[3] About Richard1 Burt, Pratt included "Of his family we can state nothing further," mentioning only his son Richard and brother, James. No mention of Richard's wife.

GJ--Known/noteworthy conflicts. Includes that neither Richard^1 nor James^1 appear on the 1643 Taunton able to bear arms list, "Various reasons for the latter fact may be surmised, but the most probable would seem to be that Richard was dead or disabled by sickness, and that James had not yet arrived" (p. 499), but also writes "We may be reasonably sure that he and his son Richard, born in 1629, were living in this place March 3, 1639-40, when [the name became Taunton]" and claims Richard^1 took the oath of fidelity (p. 512); mentions that Richard's name "among the 758 person in Barbados" in 1638, and the James Burt passage to there in 1635, "Whether these were the Taunton men we do not know, but it is not improbable" (p. 500).

1893. Samuel Hopkins Emery published History of Taunton, Massachusetts ...[4], mentioning Richard1 Burt briefly. Nothing is written about Richard's wife.

GJ--Known/noteworthy conflicts. Publishes the list of "forty-six ancient purchasers," but also refers to Richard^1 as a "first settler" (p. 34), suggesting his name missing on the 1643 Taunton list because "[Richard] was [then] probably over sixty."

1899. Cleveland and Cleveland publish[5] a possible association (seems errant), but also mention the coat of arms for "Birt, Burt (Candell-Marsh, Devon co., Eng.)"; suggests James2 Burt, born 1659 is "not improb. father of Ruth Burt, m. Joseph Cleveland3"

1900. Pope, The pioneers of Massachusetts ...[6] is silent as to wife of Richard1 Burt.

1913. William Richard Cutter (Lewis Pub. Co.)[7] published an unsourced and un-curated Burt biographical sketch containing an array of errant and/or unproven claims. Cutter does not comment on the wife of Richard1 Burt. Wikipedia cites this Cutter sketch as its source--as to the early Taunton family, however, the Wikipedia account bears little resemblance to what Cutter published.

GJ--Known/noteworthy conflicts. (a) Repeats the Emery line, "quite certain he [Richard^1) .. [was] there March 3, 1639-40 when [the town became known as] Taunton"; (b) Reports Richard^1 had a brother John; (c) Reports Richard^1 took the oath of fidelity ; (d) Reports death of Richard^1 as "before October 26, 1641" (should be 1647).

Research Notes

New England Marriage Prior to 1700. Burt--Unidentified by 1629 marriage, England, New England Marriages Prior to 1700, multiple vols. (2015), 1:257 (Burt); database and digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors. He is Richard Burt ( -1647?), she is _____ _____; location references are England and Taunton. Works consulted as "Taunton 1:34; Cleveland 35 [??]; Sv. 1:314; Burt (1893) 499, 512."

Associated Baptism. See Jane Adams 1603 baptism, "England, Middlesex Parish Registers, 1539-1988", database (index), FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:81Z2-XC2M : 9 September 2020), Jane Adams, 1603. Baptismal at Shoreditch, Middlesex, England, 24 July 1603; father is Jacob Adams. Database entry indicates the register image may be accessed at a FamilySearch Center or affiliate library.

1616 Marriage of Richard Burt and Jane Abat. Following the Dorking, Surrey theme, this marriage is found about 20 miles from Dorking (further south of London) at Holy Trinity, Cuckfield, Sussex[8] Included here only because of the name "Jane" and if this were the Richard born 1593, he would have been 23 at this marriage so ages fit well enough. Richard then had a daughter Jane christened 1 Feb 1617/18 at Cuckfield. Arguing against a Cuckfield connection, several records appear at the UK National Archives for a Richard Burt, butcher and tanner of Cuckfield regarding property sales and taking on an apprentice in 1643 which would mean he is NOT the man who was in Barbados in 1638 and almost certainly not the one who had land rights in Taunton in 1638.[9] Other documents list his brother Walter Burt and his 1649 marriage at Cuckfield to Joan Roffey, widow.


  1. John V. L. Pruyn, "Weddings at St. Mary, Whitechapel, London, from A.D. 1606 to 1625," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, 19 (1888):103-109; 20 (1889):132-38. 181-89; 21 (1890):87-90; 22 (1891):52-56, 75-77, 204-207; 23 (1892):42-47, 151-53, at 23 (1892):47; digital images, Hathi Trust.
  2. Roderick Burnham, Genealogical records of Henry and Ulalia Burt, the emigrants who early settled at Springfield, Mass. ... (Warwick, N.Y. : Miss Elizabeth Burt, 1892), 10 (Arms); 13-14 (Early New England Records, includes some Barbados); 14-17 (Marriages, Deaths, etc.); digital images, Hathi Trust.
  3. Franklin Pratt, "The Taunton Burts," in Henry M. Burt and Silas W. Burt, Life and times of Henry Burt of Springfield ... James and Richard Burt of Taunton ... (Springfield, Mass., C. W. Bryan company, printers, 1893), 499-530 (The Taunton Burts), and in particular, 499-500 (Richard1 Burt); 512 (Richard1 Burt); 500-503 (James1 Burt); 512-514 (Richard2 Burt); 514-530 (Richard Descendants); 503-512 (James Descendants).
  4. Samuel Hopkins Emery, History of Taunton, Massachusetts, from its settlement to the present time (Syracuse, N. Y., D. Mason & Co., 1893), 28, 29, 34. 35; digital images, Hathi Trust.
  5. Edmund Janes Cleveland and Horace Gillette Cleveland, The genealogy of the Cleveland and Cleaveland families. An attempt to trace ... all posterity ... 3 vols., (Hartford, Conn.: for subscribers by Case, Lockwood & Brainard company, 1899), 1:55 (17. Joseph Cleveland); digital images, Hathi Trust.
  6. Charles Henry Pope, The pioneers of Massachusetts ... (Boston, C.H. Pope, 1900), 82-83 (Burt); digital images, (Hathi Trust.
  7. William Richard Cutter, New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial ..., 4 vols., paginated continuously (New York : Lewis historical Pub. Co., 1913, 2:780-82 (The Burt Line in Hack), especially 780; digital images, Hathi Trust.
  8. Sussex : Cuckfield : Holy Trinity : Parish Register : "Parish Register" database, FreeREG (https://www.freereg.org.uk/search_records/59b05135f493fd3055cba5fc : viewed 3 Mar 2022) marriage Richard Burt to Jane Abat 25 Nov 1616
  9. The UK National Archives PLDB - West Sussex Poor Law Records, part 12 Reference Par/301/33/4

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