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John Aylett Pre-1500 Work

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Location: Beauchamp Roding, Essex, Englandmap
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William Aylett-41
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Contents

Biography

John Aylett of Leaden Roding is identified as the father of Thomas and William Aylett based on several records. His name is known from a fine in 1586 where Thomas Aylett was transferring land in anticipation of the marriage of his son Humphrey and stated the land had been purchased by his father, John Aylett.[1] William Aylett of Rivenhall in his will names his brothers Thomas "of Leaden Roding" and Robert Aylett. A fourth son is found in the IPM of John Aylett junior who died in 1545 leaving his lands by deeds to his father, John Aylett of Leaden Roding.[2]
John Aylett can be found in a number of fines, deeds and other documents from 1522 to 1542 (see records below). These records are assumed to pertain to this John Aylett. He is called "the elder" in records from 1528 to 1535. This implies he may have had a son John born by 1508, though there are other possibilities.
John Aylett is last known to be living in the IPM of his son on 16 July 1545.[2] There is the John who dies in 1561, but for the 1529 ref to make sense we assume the younger John would have to be 21, giving a 1508 or earlier birth. However, the John dying in 1561 refs only young children, making it more plausible he is in his 30s than in his 50s.[citation needed] There is another John in High Easter of course.[citation needed]

Birth

Born: Say 1495.
The date is a very rough estimate based on his grandson Richard being born about 1547 (age 40 and more in 1587.[3][4] His son William therefore being estimated to have been born between 1517 and 1526. John could have been born significantly earlier or a bit later.

Marriage and Children

Married: The name of his wife has not yet been found.
Children of John Aylett:
Birth dates of all children are rough estimates and the order is not certain.
  1. John Aylett. Born say 1520 (based on birth of his only child in 1545). He died on 31 March 1545 at which time his heir was a daughter Joan aged 15 weeks.[2] His IPM also names his father John Aylett of Leaden Roding.
  2. William Aylett. Born say 1518 (based on birth of child in 1543). He named his brothers Thomas and Robert in his will. He is believed to have had 2 wives, Alice and Margaret, by whom he had 8 known children. William died on 31 March 1583.
  3. Robert Aylett. Born say 1524. Named in the will of his brother William.
  4. Thomas Aylett. Born say 1526. Named his father as John Aylett in a fine.

Death

Died: After 16 July 1545.
He was last known living when he was named in the IPM of his son on 16 July 1545.[2]

Records

Feet of Fines entries for John Aylett:
  1. 1522. John Aylytte et al v Dominic Pokaparte and Elizabeth his wife re messauge and garden in Magna Bradfield.[5]
  2. 1528. Geoff Luckyn John Aylet et al v Henry Bonne and Elizabeth re messauage and land in Shellow Bowellys.[6]
  3. 1529. John Colyn the elder, John Aylet the elder et al v John Colle alias Bocher and wife Joan re land in Alta Rothyng (=High Roding)[7]
  4. 1533. John Aylet the elder, John Colyn of Enpheys and Henry Eve, pl. Richard Pese the elder and Joan his wife and Emma Bette, def. 1 messuage, 1 garden, 50 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow, 10 acres of pasture, 3 acres of wood and 12d. rent in Boreham, Spryngfeld, Terlyng and parva Waltham. Def. quitclaimed to pl. and the heirs of John Aylet. Cons. 100 marks.[8]
  5. 1535. John Aylett the elder, Richard Lyndesell, Gilbert Wylkynson, Thomas Shory, Thomas Aunger and John Colyn the younger of Woodende, pl. James Lylly and Agnes his wife, def. 11 acres of land and 4d. rent in Norton Maundevyle and High Aunger. Def. quitclaimed to pl. and the heirs of John Aylett. Cons. 20 marks.[9]
  6. 1536. John Aylett the elder, Richard Lyndesell, John Howse, William Howe, John Warde, John Glascok, William Clerke and John Garard, pl. Gilbert Kyng and Margaret his wife, def. 1 messuage, 36 acres of land, 4 acres of meadow, 6 acres of pasture and 20d. rent in Hatfeld Regis. Def. quitclaimed to pl. and the heirs of John Aylett. Cons. 50 marks.[10]
  7. 1541. Hi!. and Eas. John Aylett, pl. Michael Dormer and Katharine his wife, def. 1 messuage, 100 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow and 50 acres of pasture in magna Donrnowe. Def. quitclaimed to pl. and his heirs. Cons. 200 marks.[11]
  8. 1542. John Aylett and Geoffrey Lukyn, pl. Thomas Darcy, knight, det. 1 messuage, 1 barn, 200 acres of land, 6 acres of meadow, 24 acres of pasture, 10 acres of wood and 10 acres of furze and heath in South- mynster, Mayland and Steple. Def. quitclaimed to pl. and the heirs of John. Cons. 100 marks.[12]
  9. 1542. John Aylett, pl. Thomas Josselyn, esquire, and Dorothy his wife, def. 1 messuage, 1 garden, 1 barn, 1 stable, 40 acres of land, 3 acres of meadow, 4 acres of pasture and 3 acres of wood in magna Canfeld and magna Donmowe. Def. quitclaimed to pl. and his heirs. Cons. 40/.[13]


Essex Records Office (ERO) SEAX records:
1. D/DBa/T6/12
31 Jan 1528/9 Mortgage (Bargain and Sale) for £6 Hen. Lundenysh' of "Kinges Hatfeld", husbdn, and son & h. John to John Aylett of Belchamp Roding, yeo. Land (6 a.) in a field called Pested in Hatfield Broad Oak;
Records of Barrington family of Hatfield Broad Oak.[14]
2. D/DBa/T6/13
Grant John Aylett, sen., of Belchamp Roding to John Howys, sen., Tho. Garrard' and William Howe Croft called peasested' feld, parcel of Michelles "half yerde" (15 a.), in Hatfield Regis, formerly of Henry Londenysshe from whom it was purchased Endorsed (in a different hand): "wytnes at the state Takyne invence[i]as[an]c[t]e crucis [3 May] Rychard flecher Wyllyam Crabb' Wyllyam Stayne And Vincent froddescham w[i]t[h] other moo" 24 April 1532.[15]
3. Q/RDb 56 Dates of Creation 4 July 1539 Title [Deed]
Scope and Content Grant of John Bernard of High Roding, to John Aylett, the elder, and Richard Maryon All the lands and tenements which were of Richard Bernard in towns and fields of Margaret Roding and Rothing Marcye and also 4 acres of land late of Matilda Cavyle in Margaret Roding between the lands ----- of the manor of Marks on one side and Maylendyslane on the other side To hold to them, subject to conveying the said premises to the said John Bernard for life with remainder to William Bernard to hold to him for ever.[16]
Though this could also be the John Aylett in High Easter, though at this point he may be too young to be the subject
4. D/DC 23/567
Conveyance (Feoffment), for natural love
Thomas Aylett of Leaden Roding, Yeoman, to Thomas Crusshe and William Crusshe, both of Roxwell, yeomen.
A messauge called Chawlkes and land, purchased by father John Aylett of Thomas Bowland & wife Margaret, in Leaden Roding. Abbess Roding and Aythorp Roding. Messauges called Bridgehouse and Belsers; a croft called Redwoods; and land; all in Leaden Roding.
Recites Conveyance, 20 September 1586, Thomas Aylett. to Thomas Crushee. on marriage shortly to be solemnised between Humphrey Aylett (son of said Thomas Aylett. ) and Elizabeth Crusshe (daughter of said Thomas Crusshe).[17]
National Archives: Public Record Office. Discovery Online Catalog
  • LR 14/293
    GRANTOR: Dame Elizabeth Gate, widow. GRANTEE: John Aylet.
    PLACE OR SUBJECT: Demise, indented, of the site of the manor of Longbernes in Beauchamp Roding, and of land, etc., belonging to the manor. COUNTY: Essex. 18 Hen. VIII (22 April 1526- 21 April 1527).[18]
  • E 326/7703
    Parties John Gate, Esq & John Aylett and Geoffrey Luken;
    Place or Subject: Shalford park; County: Essex
    23 Hen VIII-23 Hen VIII (22 April 1531- 21 April 1532).[19]
  • E 326/12369.
    Grantor: John Gate of High Easter, esq
    Recipient: John Aylett of Leaden Roding, yeoman.
    Place or Subject: Rivenhall, Essex.
    Date: 30 Hen VIII (22 April 1538- 21 April 1539).[20]
Inquisition Post Mortem:
of John Aylett junior of Essex.[2]
This was delivered to court on the 11th day of August in the year underwritten by the hands of John Lynsey, gentleman
Essex
Indented inquisition, taken at Harlow in the county aforesaid, on the 16th day of July in the thirty seventh year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God, of England, France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith, and on earth, of the English and Irish church, supreme head,
Before Robert Mordaunt, esquire, Escheator of our said Lord the King in the county aforesaid, by virtue of a writ of de diem clausit extremum [literally, “closing the last day”] of our same Lord the King, directed to the same escheator and sewn to this inquisition, after the death of John Aylett junior,
By the corporal oath of William Sumner, Geoffrey Lukyn, William Archer, Robert Thurgood, John Kyng, John Rogers, John Staunton, John Warde, Robert Noke, John Speller, Nicholas Wall, Thomas Byrle and Richard Reynolds,
Who say upon their corporal oath that the aforesaid John Aylett, long before his death, was seised, in his demesne, as of fee, of and in two messuages, forty acres of land, meadow, pasture and wood, with the appurtenances, called Nottelond and Sayerslond,
And of and in three crofts of land called …edooppes, and one grove called Belhowse grove, with their appurtenances, in Stanford Rivers,
And of and in twenty acres of land, meadow, pasture and wood, with the appurtenances, called Northlond, together with one grove and one meadow called Northlond grove and Northlond meadow otherwise called Palers meadow, adjacent to a certain lane called Harvyche lane, on the northern side of the same lane,
And of and in one croft of land called Palers croft, lying on the eastern side of the said meadow called Palers meadow,
And of and in one croft of land called …tes croft, adjacent to the highway at Toot Hill, with its appurtenances, lying and being in Stanford Rivers aforesaid,
And also of and in forty acres of land, meadow, pasture and wood, with the appurtenances, lying or being on the northern side of a certain lane called Nottelane in Stanford Rivers aforesaid, which were lately Thomas Grene’s,
And also of and in one parcel of land with a certain house built upon it, with the appurtenances, in Norton Mandeville, called Cornewelles, lying in High Ongar, lately Thomas Fre’s of North Weald Bassett,
And of and in one enclosed garden called Reynolds garden, with the appurtenances, in Norton Mandeville aforesaid, lately Emmelene Birre’s, the relict of Richard Birre,
And of and in two crofts of land called Reynolds crofts, with a garden adjacent to the same crofts, in Norton Mandeville aforesaid, lately James Lylly’s,
And of and in one croft of land, containing by estimation three acres, in Norton Mandeville aforesaid, lately William Rand’s,
And indeed of and in three messuages called Wythers, Nunnys and Smythes, with the appurtenances,
And of and in three crofts of land called Smythes crofts, one acre of meadow called Wyltons acre meadow, one garden called Old Hall garden, two crofts of land called Rothyng crofts, and one croft of land lately Roger Robyn’s, with their appurtenances, in Margaret Roding and Roding Macey in the county aforesaid, which were lately Richard Claydon’s,
And of and in one messuage, twenty acres of land, meadow, pasture and wood, with the appurtenances, called Fambridges, lately John Withersby’s, lying and being in Margaret Roding and Roding Macey aforesaid.
And the aforesaid John Aylett, being thus seised of all the messuages, lands and tenements aforesaid, with the appurtenances, long before his death, by a certain deed of his bearing date the second day of April in the thirty fourth year of the reign of our said Lord the King, gave and granted all the same messuages, lands and tenements, with the appurtenances, to a certain John Aylett his father,
To have to the same John the father, for the term of the life of the same John Aylett the father, to the sole use of the same John Aylett the father for the term of his life, By virtue of which the same John Aylett the father entered into all the aforesaid messuages, lands and tenements, with the appurtenances, and was solely seised thereof, in his demesne, as of a free tenement, the reversion thereof belonging wholly to the aforenamed John Aylett the son and his heirs.
And afterwards the aforesaid John Aylett the son, on the last day of the month of March and in the thirty sixth year of the reign of our said Lord the now King, at Beauchamp Roding in the county aforesaid, died,
After whose death the reversion of all the aforesaid messuages, lands and tenements, with the appurtenances, descended to a certain Joan Aylett as daughter and heir of the aforesaid John Aylett the son,
And the jurors aforesaid, upon their corporal oath, further say that the aforesaid John Aylett the father still survives, and is in full life, that is to say, at Leaden Roding in the county aforesaid,
And that all the aforesaid messuages, lands and tenements, with the appurtenances, in Stanford Rivers, are held of our Lord the King, as of his manor of Stanford Rivers in the county aforesaid, by fealty, suit of court, and rent of 12d per annum, and they are worth annually, in all issues, over and above reprises, £4 6s.
And that the aforesaid parcel of land with the aforesaid house built thereupon, called Cornwelles, is held of Richard Ryche, knight, as of his four prebends in Good Easter in the county aforesaid called Fawkeners, Borowes, Imberdes and Passelowes, by fealty, and rent of 8s per annum, and they are worth annually, in all issues, over and above reprises, 32s.
And that the aforesaid garden called Reynolds garden and the aforesaid two crofts called Reynolds crofts, with the aforesaid garden adjacent to the same, in Norton Mandeville aforesaid, with the appurtenances, in Norton Mandeville aforesaid, are held of the said Richard Ryche, knight, as of his manor of Newarks in High Ongar in the county aforesaid, by fealty, and rent of 2s per annum for all services, exactions and demands, and they are worth annually, in all issues, over and above reprises, 10s.
And that the aforesaid tenements called Fambridges are held of William Cochal[?], by fealty, and rent of 7d per annum, and they are worth annually, in all issues, over and above reprises, 13s 4d.
And that the aforesaid croft of land containing the aforesaid three acres of land is held of Henry Stane, by fealty, and rent of 1d per annum, and it is worth annually, in all issues, over and above reprises, 4s.
And that the aforesaid tenements called Roding crofts, and the aforesaid croft of the aforesaid Roger Robyn, are held of Christopher Aleyne, as of his manor of Barnets, by fealty, and rent of 4s 8d per annum, and they are worth annually, in all issues, over and above reprises, 6s 8d.
And that the aforesaid tenements called Wythers, Nunnys and Smythes, and all the other messuages, lands and tenements aforesaid, the residue of all the aforesaid messuages, lands and tenements, are held of the Master of the New College of the University of Oxford, as of his manor of Marks in the county aforesaid, by fealty, and rent of 4s 7d per annum, and they are worth annually, in all issues, over and above reprises, 10s.
And that the aforesaid Joan, at the time of the death of the aforesaid John Aylett the son, was of the age of fifteen weeks and no more,
And that the same Joan is the daughter and next heir of the aforesaid John Aylett the son.
And that he same John the son had or held no other or further manors, lands or tenements in the county aforesaid, in demesne, reversion, or by service, on the day on which he died.
In cuius rei testimoniu[m] tam p[re]d[i]c[t]us Escaetor q[ua]m Jur[atores] p[re]d[i]c[t]i huic Inquisic[i]oni sigilla sua alt[er]natim apposuerunt
In witness whereof both the aforesaid escheator and the aforesaid jurors have affixed their seals alternately to this inquisition.
Given on the day and year, and in the place, first abovesaid.


Notes

  • Note in Monuments of Essex: Inscription on one of bells at Leaden Roding "John Aylett gave me in Vorchup of the Trinity 1523'
Notes on Thomas Aylett:
Children:
  1. George Aylett. Baptized 7 April 1572 in Leaden Roding.
  2. Thomas Aylett. Baptized 22 November 1575 in Leaden Roding.
  3. Johan Aylett. 3 March 1576/7 in Leaden Roding.
  4. Joan Aylett. Baptized 6 January 1577/8 in Leaden Roding.
  5. Elizabeth Aylett. Baptized 13 March 1579 in Leaden Roding.

Sources

  1. Essex Record Office website. Reference D/DC 23/567. "Thomas Aylett of Leaden Roding, Yeoman, to Thomas Crusshe and William Crusshe, both of Roxwell, yeomen..." Names father John Aylett.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 National Archives: Discovery Online Catalog. Reference C 142/73/61. "Inquisition Post Mortem of John Aylett of Essex. 37 Henry VIII (22 April 1545 - 21 April 1546)."
  3. Morant, Philip. The History and Antiquities of the County of Essex, volume 2. (London, 1768): page 148, 393. FamilySearch.org link.
  4. National Archives: Discovery Online Catalog. Chancery: Inquisitions Post Mortem, Series II. Reference C 142/215/247. IPM of Aylett, William: Essex, 12 June, 29 Eliz. (1587).
  5. Reaney. Feet of Fines for Essex, vol. 4. (1964): page 147.
  6. Reaney. Feet of Fines for Essex, vol. 4. (1964): page 169.
  7. Reaney. Feet of Fines for Essex, vol. 4. (1964): page 174.
  8. Reaney. Feet of Fines for Essex, vol. 4. (1964): page 190.
  9. Reaney. Feet of Fines for Essex, vol. 4. (1964): page 199.
  10. Reaney. Feet of Fines for Essex, vol. 4. (1964): page 203.
  11. Reaney. Feet of Fines for Essex, vol. 4. (1964): page 240.
  12. Reaney. Feet of Fines for Essex, vol. 4. (1964): page 249.
  13. Reaney. Feet of Fines for Essex, vol. 4. (1964): page 251.
  14. Essex Record Office website. Reference D/DBa/T6/12. "Mortgage (Bargain and Sale): Henry Lundenysh' of 'Kinges Hatfeld' [Hatfield Broad Oak], husbandman, ... to John Aylett of Beauchamp Roding, yeoman."
  15. Essex Record Office website. Reference D/DBa/T6/13. "Grant: John Aylett, senior of Beauchamp Roding to John Howys, senior..."
  16. Essex Record Office website. Reference Q/RDb 56. "Deed: Grant of John Bernard of High Roding, to John Aylett, the elder..."
  17. Essex Record Office website. Reference D/DC 23/567. "Thomas Aylett of Leaden Roding, Yeoman, to Thomas Crusshe and William Crusshe, both of Roxwell, yeomen..." Names father John Aylett. Date: 11 November 1586
  18. National Archives: Discovery Online Catalog. Reference LR 14/293. "GRANTOR: Dame Elizabeth Gate, widow. GRANTEE: John Aylet."
  19. National Archives: Discovery Online Catalog. Reference E 326/7703. "Parties John Gate, Esq and John Aylett and Geoffrey Luken; Place or Subject: Shalford."
  20. National Archives: Discovery Online Catalog. Reference E 326/12369. "Grantor: John Gate of High Easter, esq Recipient: John Aylett of leaden Roding, yeoman..."
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William died in 1583 but his IPM wasn't taken until 1587. His son Richard was aged 40 and more in 1587 (not 1583), so his estimated birth date is about 1547 (and not 1543).
posted by Joe Cochoit
Yes, I see that. However note that in the John Aylett IPM the age of his heir is quoted as at his date of death. It is possible that this IPM does the same, in which case Morant would be right in saying 'Richard, his eldest son and heir, was then aged 40.' in relation to the 1583 death.
posted by Ruth Aylett
edited by Ruth Aylett
I put Richards likely year of birth back to 1543 based on my earlier comment about the IPM. I also switched the order of Thomas and Robert - not that there is clear evidence but Robert does die more than 10 years earlier than Thomas in 1595 (Thomas in 1607).

I have much more information on Thomas which I was going to put into his profile when I get there. Nine children, taking references in various wills; two wives; there is an IPM which I have a copy of but have not had translated (it is very long).

posted by Ruth Aylett
edited by Ruth Aylett
Ruth, can you format it like a profile that I can copy over for you?

You want to make John Aylett the father of William Aylett, what is the evidence for this?

posted by Joe Cochoit
I have added the Biography and Notes headings; are there other formatting issues I need to deal with?

The evidence is a 3-way thing: 1. Aylett-41 had evidence for a brother Thomas Aylett of Leaden Roding (see cited will) 2. Thomas of Leaden Roding has evidence of John as his father (cited in the JohnAylett profile). I haven't put him up yet but will do when I get to it. 3. Therefore John is also the father of Aylett-41.

I see you inserted some quick links at the top - what is the function of these?

Ruth

posted by Ruth Aylett
edited by Ruth Aylett
The links at the top won't be part of the final profile. They were just so I could find and quickly move back and forth between the original profiles and this free space page.
posted by Joe Cochoit
Right, I understand. So are you OK to copy this over or is there more I should do?

Ruth

posted by Ruth Aylett
Not Really. If I came across this profile I would still be confused by the evidence.

How do we know his son Richard was 40 in 1583? Is there an IPM?

What is the source for your FoF entries? They have page numbers so came from somewhere.

We should provide links to the sources whenever possible.

posted by Joe Cochoit
Well, Richard's age relates to William Aylett Aylett-41 which is already live, and not to John Aylett. However I have added the Morant reference to the age of William's son Richard; the 'thought to be 40' is only a small part of the discussion of William's possible date of birth, which is given as a range and is more influenced by the Feet of Fines data. Even were there an IPM for him, it would be unlikely to give his date of birth since an IPM is much more focused on property holdings and heirs. It is also unlikely that there is ever going to be conclusive evidence of when William was born given this was certainly pre Parish Registers.

The IPM for John Aylett and his son does not give any evidence for the date of birth of either, though that the son has only one child, age 15 weeks, at death suggests he is likely to be in his late 20s or early 30s.

Ruth

posted by Ruth Aylett
edited by Ruth Aylett
Thanks for the Feet of Fines reference updates - you beat me to it.
posted by Ruth Aylett
Joe, I do not think that the age of William's oldest son is especially strong evidence as Morant is an 18thC secondary source, albeit based on information from families of the day ( and I have found other similar statements to be accurate). The best evidence is I think the 1529 Feet of Fines since if it relates to this William - and there is land evidence that it does - then he must have been 21 or older at the time. I'd add that every Aylett family bar one in this cluster for which I have birth and marriage data marries in their later 20s. This is why 1490 seems a bit late for John, but who knows?

The other point is that there is no evidence I know of that William had any older siblings contrary to the statement you added. It is true that the convention these families followed, with very rare exceptions, was to name their first son after their father and their second son after themselves. But John's father could have been a William (no evidence however), and as I note, the son John of the IPM could then have been a second son.

posted by Ruth Aylett
edited by Ruth Aylett
Where is the Morant reference?

Where did you get the information from the IPM of John Aylett? Do you have it?

posted by Joe Cochoit
The Morant ref is in Aylett-41. I added the translation of the IPM above. I note you still ref an older sibling of William, but I don't see any evidence for that?
posted by Ruth Aylett
Ruth, if I ask for a reference, please provide a page number and a link. I am not finding the Morant reference easily; I already knew it History and Antiquities of the County of Essex.

My biggest concern at this pointy is we are making an assumption that every reference to John Aylett is to this John Aylett and that every reference to William Aylett is to his son. I personally doubt that the 1529 reference is to the same William. There were clearly many Aylett families in the area in the early 16th century.

Did you translate/transcribe the IPM?

posted by Joe Cochoit
I believe your Morant reference should be:

Morant, Philip. The History and Antiquities of the County of Essex, volume 2. (London, 1768): page 148, 393. FamilySearch.org link https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/206008?availability=Family%20History%20Library

It does not give Richard's age as 40 years old however. It does state he had an IPM dated 12 June, 29 Elizabeth (1587). The statement that Richard was his son and heir is almost certainly accurate as is the age 40. He would have been age 40 and more at the time the IPM was taken in 1587; so, born in 1547 though perhaps a bit earlier as the "age 40" is likely rounded to the nearest decade.

Edit: This is his IPM https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C7824207

posted by Joe Cochoit
edited by Joe Cochoit
Richard was aged 40 years and more in 1587, which comes from the IPM of his father (Morant, vol. 2, p. 393)
posted by Joe Cochoit
Who is this John Aylett who died in 1561. Records? What are the references to "young children only"?
posted by Joe Cochoit
Sorry, finding it hard to keep up. The other John is not up which is why you don't know about him. He is the subject of a 1561 will which mysteriously was not proved until 1581: Emmison Wills Of Essex vol 8 p81 also ERO D/ABR 2/103 Registered copy of WILL of JOHN AYLETT of Leaden Roding, husbandman

1561 JOHN AYLETT of Leaden Roothing husbandman, 10 May, 3 EIiz. [1561]. (81) volume 8 To my brother Richard ALETT' my tenement in Leaden Roothing called the New House for 8 years, on condition that he keep and bring up my 4 children [not named] as well after the 8 years as before if they will tarry with him; if any die before the 8 years, he to pay for every child so dying 20s. yearly to be employed to the use of them then living; if he continue in the tenement longer than the 8 years, he to pay for it as it shall be thought worth to the use of John AYLETT my son, to whom I give the fee simple after the 8 years. If John die without heirs, to remain to my 2 daughters; for default of issue, to my next heir. To Richard my son Red Field and Bridge Mead; if he die without heirs, to remain to Frances AYLET; if she die without heirs, to my next heir. To Richard AYLET my brother my right and interest in Langland and Chakes Mead, paying such money as I am charged withal and paying Frances 40s. at the end of the term. To John CROWE my brother-in-law 15s. and John CROWE my godson 5s. To Elizabeth BRUSSE widow 5s. To the mending of the highway between Leaden [Roothingj Parsonage and Trusses 5s. To Bridget AYLET my daughter £15 at 18 or marriage. To Anne [Amy?] (IEPPE in recompense of 4s. which I owe her lOs. To Philip BECCATTE my best ewe. To Trustram FORDOME my best coat and Geoffrey FORD OME my godson my best ewe lamb. The rest of my goods to remain in the hands of Thomas AYLETT and Richard AYLETT to the use of my 2 sons. I ordain Thomas and Richard exors., and for their pains 20s. I make John BEARD and John CRESSINGAME supervisors, and for their pains ·s.8d. To TRUSSE's wife 8 bushels of barley, Margaret PLAYELL 4 bushels, and John ALYTT the elder 2 bushels. Wit. John CROWE, John BENEFELDE. Pr. 28 July 1581.

His children are also named in some related wills but the 8 years reference above suggests that the oldest is 13.

posted by Ruth Aylett
Joe,

I only see vol 1 of Morant online, and the ref is from vol 2, the section on the Hinckford Hundred, subsection Rayne-Hatch and Boultwoods, Stisted, Essex. I think this is p191 but these are old notes of mine. I once looked at C 142/215/247. Inquis Post Mortem Aylett, William: Essex 29 Elizabeth which I note as being the of William of Rivenhall aka Aylett-41. I don't read Latin very well (and IPMs as you know also abbreviate a great deal) so I only picked out proper names of people and places, but this is very likely to be the source of the Morant assertion as the age of William's heir would be noted in it. However I do not have a copy of this IPM.

On whether the references are to the same John Aylett or the same William Aylett: of course one cannot be certain. However I argue it is very likely on a number of grounds, and I think the thing is to present the evidence so that others can dissent if they want to. The 1529 ref gives us William Aylett the younger, which IF this is Aylett-41, means there is another older William around, who has died by 1532. The land in this transaction is all on the Dengie peninsula in some of the areas where William of Rivenhall's will leaves land to his later son William 'of Mayland'. On other Williams: there is a will for a William Aylett in Great Dunmow, but this is dated 1533; he was assessed  for goods to the value of 20s in the1523-4 lay subsidy roll which doesn't indicate a lot of property - and the Great Dunmow families were typically butchers/victuallers in this period. He could though be the older William suggested by the 1529 transaction I suppose. I do not have evidence for other William Ayletts until 30 or do years later, but you are right that this doesn't prove there weren't any.

It is interesting to me that the deals peter out for both men in 1546. My hypotheses would be that John died around then and William moved to Rivenhall with his share of the inheritance. So far I have found neither a will nor an IPM for John. But could be he divested property to his family before he died to avoid an IPM. The one we have shows this kind of manoeuvring.

Yes, there are various families in this period, but evidence from wills suggests they owned land locally in the Rodings and were not nearly as wealthy at William and his brothers seem to have been. This wealth is likely to have come partly from their father; there are other John Ayletts around for sure, but no evidence again that they were that wealthy. So it is plausible to assume the references are to the same two individuals. But very happy to emphasise that this need not be so,

On the IPM: I paid an expert to translate it for me, and I think he did a good job. He also transcribed the Latin and filled out the abbreviations.

Finally I'd add that as far as I can tell, these are not actually my own ancestors in case you think I am grinding a personal ax here. My own line goes back to 1660 through lots of wheelwrights to a tenant farmer (yet another William) in Woodham Mortimer and is clearly not part of what by then were a set of small gentry families.

posted by Ruth Aylett