Location: Hickory Valley, Union, Tennessee
Surname/tag: YEADON, Yaden, Yadon, American Revolutionary War,
JOSEPH YADON founded the Yadon line in American and Tennessee. He came to the colonies as a British soldier from Ireland during the American Revolution. He chose the colonist's cause and left the British army to enlist in the Army of the United States. Followiong his wartime servce he married MARY PENNYBAKER and lived in Martinsburg, Virginia. In 1794 he removed to Washington County, Virginia, where he remained for a few years. In 1801 he removed from Virginia and settled on a farm he purchased in Hinds Valley at the foot of Lone Mountain in Grainger County, Tennessee.
JOSEPH YADON was born in Down county, Ireland 17 December 1756. Joseph Army enetered the army at age sixteen according to Irish military records. On 12 July 1772 he was serving as a drummer in the Sixty-second Regiment of Foote at Ballinroad, Ireland. Other muster rolls place him on duty in Dublin, Cork, Gallaway, and Monkstown in Ireland. His last record in Ireland is the Muster Roll at Monkstown on 3 April 1776. (Lawrence Yadon II, The Yadons of Camben County Missouri, self published, 3812 S. Troost, Tulsa, OK, 1981; pp 2-3)
The next record for JOSEPH YADON is 1779 when he enlisted in the Army of the United States at Martinsburg, Virginia. (Affidavit of Joseph Yader (Yaden), Pension #1-1742, US Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93, Nat'l Archives, Washington, D. C.) He was a drummer with the British trooops and was either captured or deserted to join the Colonial army, also as a drummer. Later he became a drum major.
Joseph Yadon applied for a military pension filed 20 August 1832 at Grainger County, Tennessee as filed in the National Arcives as Joseph Yader, S-1742. There is no record found to date for Joseoph Yaden between 3 April 1776 when he was on the muster roll of the 62nd Regiment in Ireland and 1779 when he joined the Army of the United States at Martinsburg, Virginia.
Virginia Fletcher wrote: "Fleets of ships carrying soldiers from Ireland arrived in Quebec, Canada, on 27 June 1777. These vessels came under the command of Gen'l John Burgooyne; the 62nd Regiment was in Brig. Gen'l Hamilton's 2nd Brigade. These troops marched with Burgoyne to Ticonderoga and to Saratoga. The first Battle of Saratoga was fought at Freeman's Farm near Stillwater, New York. On 20 Sept 1777 Hamilton's 4 regiments, one being the 62nd were in this area along the plateau between the Hudson River and the north branch of Mill Creek. Seeing no hope of victor Gen'l Burgooyne surrendered at Saratoga on 17 October 1777 to Gen'l Horatio Gates. The Articles of Convention, Article IV, provided that the captured British troops might march to the nearest port and embark for Britain on the promise that they would not fight in America again. Congress did not approve these terms and the prisoners called Convention Troops were marched to Boston and encamped. Burgoyone and his staff left for England on 5 April 1778. The remainder of the troops were to spend the rest of the war as prisoners. They spent a year in towns in Vermont and Massachusetts. Then in early 1779 they were marched to Albermarle Barranchs near Charlottesville, Virginia . . . chosen b ecause of its remoteness from the theater of war. The march lasted 12 weeks. As they passed through Pennsylvania many of the prisoners disappeared into the countryside which was just what the Americans wanted." (Down in the Barnes, page 137-138)
Joseph Yaden enlisted in 1779 at Martinsburg, Virginia just south of the Pennsylvania line and it was at jus t this time and place that prisoners were slipping away to join the American cause. In his pension statement Joseph Yadon wrote: "After enlisting at Martinsburg, Virgina we marched with Captain John Carney to Albemarle Barracks to join Colonel Joseph Corckett's regiment. I served as drummer of said regiment and was promoted to Drum Major. From Albemarle Barracks we marched the prisoners taken from Burgoyne's defeat to frrederick Towne, Maryland." Colonel Crockett's regiment served on the western frontier of Virginia to aid in taking posts to cover the western frontier and eventually join Colonel George Rogers Clark on occasion. Colonel Clark had already commanded 2 major victories in the war and wanted to mount a campaign against Detroit, a British stronghold that the Indians used as a base for increasingly violent raids on the frontier settlements. In September 1780 Governor Thoma Jefferson informed Carl lthat he was sending him all his available men to include Coloonel Joseph Crockett and his 280 soldiers, which included JOSEPH YADON. In October 1780 Jefferson and GEn'l George Washington authorized Clark to mount the campaign to take DEtroit. Clark was given additional men and upplies and promotied to Brigadier GEneral, given complete authority to the extent of changing the objective if Detroit proved unattainable. He was to assemble his men at Ppittsburg, descend the Ohio River to the Falls, march northward, crush Indian resistance all the way to Detroit. Joseph Yadon wrote in his pension application:
"We were ordered to Pittsburg where we joined General Clark. We took boats to descend teh River Ohio to the Falls. After we reached the Falls (now Louisville KY in late August 1781) Captain Tipton and Chapman were both killed in a skirmish with Indiains. We stayed at the Falls until December when I was honorably discharged."