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Juliana/Morayshire/Mary Hay 1838

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 20 Oct 1838 to 19 Jan 1839
Location: Green's Point, Table Bay, Cape of Good Hopemap
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Juliana, Mary Hay and Morayshire

The Juliana left Gravesend, England bound for Sydney on 20 October 1838 and was wrecked at Green's Point, Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope on 19 January 1839. The Mary Hay and Morayshire were chartered to convey the immigrants from the Juliana to Sydney. Some people chose to remain at the Cape of Good Hope.

For a listing of immigrants who were originally on the Juliana see NRS 5314, [4/4844], Reel 1303. Where a family member died during the voyage they are listed in the index under the family's ship of arrival.

For a return of births and deaths on the Mary Hay and Morayshire see NRS 5313, [4/4780 pp.282-283], Reel 2654.

This is from a now archived website via PANDORA at [1]

Newspaper Coverage from TROVE

Juliana, 541, Lodge, for Sydney, emigrants, cleared outwards 15th Oct.

VESSELS ADVERTISED FOR SYDNEY AND HOBART from The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) of Monday 25 February 1839, Page 4. at [2]

Information has been received in town, ex Royal George, of the total wreck of the govern-ment emigrant ship Juliana, at the Cape, on the 19th January. We have been informed that she had on board 244 emigrants beside the master and crew, all of whom, we are happy to state, by the kindness of Providence, were saved — they also secured their baggage. Great encouragement has been held out by the Cape folks to induce them to stay — many of whom no doubt will take advantage of the offer. The Cape government intend to charter a vessel to bring them on here. The Surgeon Superintendent, Henry Kelsall, Esq., R. N., exerted himself to the utmost to bring on his important charge to the colony. At the time of the Royal George's sailing, an investigation was taking place relative to the conduct of the master. The emigrants by the Juliana are principally from the counties of Kent and Sussex.

LOCAL NEWS. from The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848) of Tuesday 12 March 1839, Page 2. at [https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/36859554

The Loss of the Juliana.-This ship was bound to this port with emigrants, and was wrecked on the 19th of December on Green Point, Table Bay, at the Cape of Good Hope. This intelligence was first brought to the colony by the ship Planter, which arrived on Saturday last with female convicts. By the intelligence brought by the Royal George, we understand that the Juliana went on shore in day-light, with a fair wind, and going at the rate of six knots an hour. As this looked very much like neglect or incom-petence on the part of the commander, an in-vestigation was about being entered into, the result of which we have not yet heard. There were no lives lost; but the loss of property must have been great. The greater part, however, of the luggage of the passengers was saved. There were, we understand, about 250 passengers on board. This now is the second ship this season that has been wrecked at the Cape; the Dunlop having met with the same unfortunate catastrophe.

SUPREME COURT—CIVIL SIDE. from The Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840) of Wednesday 13 March 1839, Page 3. at [3]

Ship News ......

The Morayshire was loading at the Cape of Good Hope for this port, and was to sail a few days after the Orient. The Government of that place were making arrangements for the conveyance of the passengers per Juliana, and most likely a portion of them will be forwarded by the Morayshire.

Ship News. from The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) of Saturday 6 April 1839, Page 2. at [4]



MORAYSHIRE, barque, 316 tons, Captain La-motte, from the Cape of Good Hope on the 20th February. A. B. Spark, agent - Cargo-170 tons Mauritius Sugar, 50 pipes, 160 half pipes, 50 quarter pipes wine. 100 rolls, 9 cases, 45 barrels tobacco, 13 cases ,sundries.

PASSENGERS, Messrs. Walker and Ratton, 108 Emigrants, Mr. Shaw, Surgeon.

NEWS.-This vessel brings no news of interest, and did not speak any vessel. She has brought on a part of the Emigrants who were wrecked in the Juliana, the residue were to come on per Mary Hay, loading at the Cape.

Shipping Intelligence. from The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) of Monday 22 April 1839, Page 4. at [5]

The Morrayshire, from the Brazils via the Cape, arrived, on Saturday afternoon ; she has brought with her 110 Emigrants belong-ing to the Juliana, emigrant ship, which, was wrecked at the Cape. The Mary Hay was to have left three weeks after, with the remaining number of the emigrants, about 90 persons. During the Juliana's passage to the Cape, she lost 13 persons ; the Morrayshire, from the Cape to here, had two deaths and one birth on board.

No title from The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848) of Tuesday 23 April 1839, Page 2. at [6]



THE Undermentioned Immigrants, who arrived by the Morayshire, were landed on Monday, and are now domiciled in the Government Buildings, Bent-street. Persons desirous of engaging their services, are requested to apply forthwith, to the Superintendent at the Buildings:

Married Men.

Agricultural Labourers..... 12

Bricklayers......,,....... ...2

Dyer .........,......11

Gardener .................. .. I




Single Men.

Brickmaker .... ... 1

Carpenters ........... 2

Labourer and House Servant. .... . 1

Labourers ...........10;


Single Women.

Dairymaid................ 1

Dressmaker............... .....1

House Servants.................. 12

Laundress .........1



Immigration.Office, April 24, 1839.

Advertising from The Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840) of Wednesday 24 April 1839, Page 3. at [7]


- The Mary Hay, was loading for Sydney and will bring out the remainder of the emigrants wrecked in the Juliana.

THE JULIANA.-This vessel ran ashore on Satur-day, the 20th January, in broad daylight, with a fine leading breeze, upon a weather shore, and actually passing through the long bamboos which grow upon the rocks of Green Point. We tell the underwriters that if people will place their ships within a biscuit throw of the shore, they must expect to remain there, or, if got off, will be scarce worth repairing. We would be the last to aggravate the distress which the loss of his vessel must cause to any good and careful sailor; and we speak not at random, but from a sense of public duty, when we say, that a much greater degree of caution than has been recently displayed by some persons entrusted with the charge of life and property may be reasonably expected of them, and that perhaps that degree of caution would be secured were the underwriters to determine to insure no vessel commanded by any captain who had lost a former ship, until fully satisfied that such former loss had not been occasioned by neglect, incapacity, or any thing worse; and that his utmost exertion had been used to get his ship off before she bilged. We under stand that in the present case, the captain of the Hope steamer tendered the.assistance of one of his vessels to tow off the Juliana at the next ensuing high water, but before the second tide the ship was bilged. The steamer might not have succeeded until the ship was more lightened; but she might have succeeded; and, as in the event of failure, the captain had liberally offered to charge only for the fuel expended in the attempt, we imagine that the parties concerned will agree with us in regretting that the captain of the Juliana, relying vainly, as the result has proved, upon his own resources, did not feel himself justified to employ the only human power that could by any possibility have got his vessel afloat with the first tide. In the event of success the charge was to have been left to the Committee of the Commercial Exchange. Here it might be objected that some of the Committee held shares in the steamer. We say, notwithstanding, that no body of mercantile men, representing the commercial interests of this Port, could, on account of their fractionial interests in the matter, have made a charge of which they would have any reason to be ashamed, and which they would not, in their own case, have been glad to pay. The emigrants, whencesoever they may drop, we are glad to see. They may rely upon it they might have gone farther without faring better; and we will not, as regards them, look a gift horse in the mouth; but we are not enriched by such gratuities as have been recently bestowed upon us at the cost of the underwriters; and when we see a fine ship one moment walking the water like a thing of life, and the next moment flung on the rocks, we cannot help thinking that we are parties concerned, and should find at least some consolation in a formal enquiry into every such occurrence-an inquest to determine whether this thing of life died by the negligence of man, the visitation of God, or by felo-de-se.-Mediator, January 22, 1839.

PROJECTED DEPARTURES. from The Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840) of Wednesday 24 April 1839, Page 2. at [8]

IMMIGRATION.-- We understand that many of the immigrants by the ship Juliana, which was wrecked at the Cape. have entered into arrange-ments to remain at that colony, and consequently, will not come on here. In this case, we should like to know, the Juliana having been a government emigrant ship, who is to pay the expenses? Surely not this colony. In bounty-emigrant ships, the colony is only put to the expense of the passages of those who actually arrive here.--Herald. (The expenses must be voted by our Council. The loss must fall on the colony. All shipwrecks are losses; those who are engaged with such ships must of course bear them. If the colony does not pay the loss, who ought ? The emigrants were wrecked. They could not be compelled to proceed further. Some however, have arrived.-ED. SYD. MON)

NEWS OF THE DAY. from The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) of Friday 26 April 1839, Page 2. at [9]



MARY HAY barque, 258 tons, Vallum, master from the Cape of Good Hope on the 20th March, with 68 Government emigrants, being part of the passengers of the Juliana, wrecked at the Cape. During the voyage from the Cape to Sydney, there were six deaths and one birth, the passengers being sickly when put on board. Cabin Passengers. Henry Kelsall, Esq. Surgeon, superintendent of the Juliana, Captain Townshend, of the Bengal Army, and Messrs Gardner, Milne, John Stewart, James Crawford, and George Wilkinson, who were passengers in the Trafalgar, wrecked also at the Cape. Steerage-Thomas Brown, Robert Brown, and John Ryan, who were also passengers to the Cape by the Trafalgar.

The Mary Hay spoke the Lucretia on the 16th instant, bound for this Port. Messrs Campbell & Co., agents of Lucretia.

Shipping Intelligence. from The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) of Monday 20 May 1839, Page 3. at [10]

The Mary Hay arrived on Sunday last from the Cape of Good Hope, with 68 Government emigrants, wrecked in the Juliana some months since ; as also 5 cabin passengers wrecked in the Trafalgar. The emigrants have arrived in a very healthy condition, and the cleanliness which appears to have been observed on board the Mary Hay does much cre-dit to the surgeon, captain, and officers of the vessel. There were 4 adults and 2 children died during the passage from the Cape, they having been in a very weak state when received on board ; there was also 1 birth.

The Mary Hay spoke the Lucrelia, from London, bound to Sydney, on the 13th instant, off Sir Robert Curtis's Island, in Bass' Straits.

SHIP NEWS. from The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) of Tuesday 21 May 1839, Page 2. at [11]

Further TROVE Coverage Which May Interest Descendants Of These Immigrants

No Title from The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) of Wednesday 27 March 1839, Page 3. at [12]

NEWS OF THE DAY. from The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) of Wednesday 3 April 1839, Page 2. at [13]

No title from The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848) of Thursday 11 April 1839, Page 2. at [14]

CANADA DECLARATION OF RIGHT. from The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (Hobart Town, Tas. : 1837 - 1844) of Tuesday 23 April 1839, Page 6. at [15]

DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. from The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842) of Wednesday 24 April 1839, Page 2. at [16]

Shipping Intelligence. from the Commercial Journal and Advertiser (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840) of Wednesday 1 May 1839, Page 2. at [17]

SYDNEY EXTRACTS. from The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston, Tas. : 1835 - 1880) of Saturday 11 May 1839, Page 3 at: [18]

Shipping Intelligence. from the Commercial Journal and Advertiser (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840) of Wednesday 22 May 1839, Page 2. at [19]

Shipping Intelligence. from The Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840) of Wednesday 22 May 1839, Page 2. at [20]

Advertising. from The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842) of Friday 31 May 1839, Page 4. at [21]


The New South Wales State Archives and Records Assisted Immigrants (digital) Shipping Lists at:

Juliana/Morayshire Passenger List : [22] &

Juliana/Mary Hay Passenger List : [23]


ADM 101/77/9 - Medical and surgical journal of the emigrant ship Juliana for 17 October 1838 to 21 May 1839 by Henry Kelsall, Surgeon, during which time the said ship was employed in the conveying of emigrants from Gravesend towards New South Wales. From the UK National Archives at: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documents/adm101-77-9.pdf

Juliana (1814 ship) from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juliana_(1814_ship)

Juliana from the Passengers in History website an initiative of the South Australian Maritime Museum at: http://passengersinhistory.sa.gov.au/node/929077

search results from the FREE SETTLER OR FELON? website at: https://www.jenwilletts.com/searchaction.php?page=1&surname=&ship=juliana%201839&firstname=

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