Early Kentucky Stations, Forts, and Camps

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The idea for this page originated from viewing this website: [1]. The original information was based on the work of Judge Lewis Collins (1797-1870), author of Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky. This is an expansion of that thumbnail sketch.

Works of Interest:

  • Kentucky Settlement and Statehood 1750 - 1800 by George Morgan Chinn, 1975
  • Researching Revolutionary War Veterans Who Settled in Kentucky [2]
  • Kentucky 1792 [3]
  • Old Bridgeport and Its Environs, W R Jillson, The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Vol. 54, No. 186 (Jan 956), pp. 3, 5-108 (113 pages)
  • Explorers and Early Settlers South of Muldraugh Hill by Otis M Mather [4]
  • Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Roberts, Robert B., Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, London, Copyright 1988, Hardback, 894 pages [
  • Walking the Line of Fire: Violence, Society, and the War for the Kentucky and TransAppalachian Frontier, 1774-1795 [5]
  • Database of the Daughter's of the American Revolution
  • Database of the Son's of the American Revolution

In 1780 there were six stations on Beargrass Creek with a population of 600 men.

  1. Floyd's Station
  2. Floyd's Station
  3. Floyd's Fork Station
  4. Low Dutch Station
  5. Linn's Station

My goal is to add as much information as I can find about each station, fort, or camp and link the profiles of the men who established them. Additionally, I would like to add GPS coordinates and photographs. I welcome all additions.

All locations are based on 1870 boundary lines, although I am working on adding present day locations. Those stations, forts, and camps not linked to a Wikitree profile are in Red Bold

  1. Adam’s (George) Station, was located in Garrard County.
  2. Armstrong’s (John) Station, was on the Indiana shore in Clark County Indiana, at the mouth of Bull creek opposite the Grassy Flats and eighteen mile Island bar in the Ohio river. Eighteen miles above Louisville, a blockhouse was built there by Revolutionary War Patriot John Armstrong between 1786 and 1790 to prevent the Indians from crossing the river here where it was fordable to steal horses from Ky.
  3. Armstrong's (William) Station "William Armstrong secured his 300 acre land grant on South Benson from the Commonwealth of Virginia on April 20, 1784, and began and completed thereon during the ensuing Summer strong and easily defendable block house. This, the first fortified station in the mid-South Folk Valley, he soon occupied with his family. Set on rising ground overlooking the waters of Armstrong Branch, it was 26 feet square and one and a half stories high. Its walls were built of 14 to 16 inch broad-axed oak and poplar logs dovetailed at the corners. Originally its only opening on the ground floor was a heavily barred, solid oak door on the east or branch side; years later when the danger of Indiana depredations had passed, windows were opened in the lower walls to let in daylight and air during the warm Summer days. The upper story of this station was built simply as a low-roofed continuation of the room below, but was equipped with small windows, and gun slits on all sides. Happily, this station, set alone in its clearing, was sufficiently formidable to discourage Indian attack; consequently, it was never called upon to withstand siege by savage marauders who then, it is well known, were occasionally in the neighborhood." [6]
  4. Arnold’s (John) Station, was located on Little Benson Creek seven miles below Frankfort in Franklin County. Station was established in 1783 by Revolutionary War Patriot John Arnold. See historical marker #1083 [7]
  5. Arrington’s Station, was located in southern Kentucky and established in 1788.
  6. Ashton’s Station, was mentioned in Boone’s autobiography. Station was settled in May 1782. It is the same as Estill’s Station.
  7. A'Sturgis Station, was settled in 1783 on Harrod’s Trace in Jefferson County by Peter A'Sturgis. "Named for Peter A'Sturgus, early Kentucky pioneer, who settled on 2,000-acre tract of land surveyed, 1774, and granted to Revolutionary War Patriot, Colonel William Christian (1743-1786), by patent dated June 2, 1780. One of the five important pioneer stations on Middle Fork of Beargrass Creek shown on John Filson's 1784 map. In 1780 it was a considerable fort and settlement of some twenty to forty families." See historical marker #984 [8]
  8. Bailey’s Station, was in Mason County two and one half miles south of Maysville and one mile from Washington. Station was settled in 1791.
  9. Baker's Station aka Fort Baker established by Revolutionary War Patriot #A004992 John Baker (1 Mar 1763-3 Apr 1803) on Stoner Creek, five miles west of Mount Sterling. [9] Revolutionary War Patriot Gen. Simon Kenton aka “Simon Butler” after being imprisoned for debt in Kentucky, moved to Ohio. Gen. Simon Kenton was a Clark county landowner, having purchased Ebenezer Corn’s preemption from speculators. The land straddled US 60 near the present Montgomery County line. Kenton sold off this 1,000-acre tract in six parcels. One parcel went to John Baker, who established Baker’s Station on the land in 1790. Baker was later credited as the founder of Winchester. [10] [11]
  10. Ballard’s (Bland) Station, was located in Shelby County usually called Tyler’s Station.
  11. Bardstown, was in Nelson County and was established in 1788. Station was originally called Bairdstown.
  12. Barnett’s Station, was two miles from Hartford, Ohio County and was established by brothers, Revolutionary War Patriots, Joseph and Alexander Barnett who came from Virginia in the early 1780's. See Historical Markers [12] and [13]
  13. Bell’s Station, was located in Madison County.
  14. Black’s Station, was settled before Dec. 1794 in Fayette county on the waters of Clear Creek.
  15. Blockhouse on Big Sandy River, was located near or above Louisa in Lawrence County.
  16. Blub Licks Lower (See Lower Blue Licks)
  17. Blub Licks Upper (See Upper Blue Licks)
  18. Boiling Spring Station, aka Harrod's Station (1) was established in Mercer County near or in Harrodsburg in 1775 by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel James Harrod. The location was one of the four settlements which were represented in the Transylvania legislative body at Boonesboro aka Boone’s Station. See: [14] [15]
  19. Boone’s Station, [[16]] was the same as Boonesborough. Boone’s Station on Boone’s Creek in Fayette County about ten miles southeast of Lexington and five miles northwest from Boonesborough. Settled by Daniel Boone about 1783 or 84. Boone lived there until he moved to Maysville before Feb. 3, 1786. The location was one of the four settlements which were represented in the Transylvania legislative body at Boonesboroughe Boone's Station.
  20. Boonesborough, was located on the west bank of Kentucky River in Madison County by Daniel Boone who began the fort on April 1st and finished it on 14th of June, 1775. [17]
  21. Bosley’s Station, was three quarters of a mile above the main fork of Wells Creek near Washington, in Mason County. Station was settled before 1793.
  22. Bowman’s Station, was six miles east of Harrodsburg. Station was settled in the fall of 1779 under Colonel Abram Bowman. Originally housing seven families during the "Hard Winter" of 1779-80, the settlement grew to thirty families the next year. Colonel Bowman later moved to Fayette County.[18] Among the residents there were: Robert BOWMER, his son Herman BOWMER (also shown in some records as BOWMAN), Stephen and Joseph COLLINS, Elisha, Robert and Joshua PRUETT, Wm. HALL, James COX, Thomas GLASS. [19]
  23. Brashear's Station, was at the mouth of Floyd’s Fork in Bullitt County. Station was settled in 1779 by William Brashear [20]
  24. Brook's Spring [21] First called Stewart's or Phillips' and then Brook's Spring, was a well-known camping place in the early 1780s on the main route from the Falls of the Ohio & Beargrass Creek to Bullitt's Lick and Harrodsburg. Home of Joseph Brooks.
  25. Brook's Station[22] Established by Joseph Brooks
  26. Bryan’s Station, [[23]] was located in Fayette County about five miles northeast of Lexington on the southern bank of the north fork of Elkhorn. Station was settled by the Bryans in 1779. A cabin had been built by Joseph Bryan, a brother-in-law of Colonel Daniel Boone, in 1776. The Women Who Carried Water [24] The Women of Bryan's Station [25]
  27. Buchanan’s Station, was located one mile west of Germantown, in Bracken County, and where George Huinlong once lived. Established by George Buchanan. See also [26]
  28. Bullitt’s Lick, was located on the north side of the Salt river. Located about three miles from Salt river and about the same distance from Shepherdsville in Bullitt County. It was discovered by Capt Thomas Bullitt in 1773 and was the only place where salt was made in the area around the Falls in 1780, according to Bland Ballard’s deposition. [27]
  29. Burnt Station, was located on or near Simpson’s creek in Nelson County. Known as Kincheloe's Station [28]. Named after Revolutionary War Patriot William Kincheloe. Captured and burned by Indians Sep 1782. Also known as Polke's Station for Revolutionary War Patriot Charles Polke, who claimed the land. [29] See historical marker #1586 [30]
  30. Bush’s (William) Station or Settlement, was located in Clark County near Boonesboro. Established by Captain William "Billy" BUSH. Capt. William Bush was one of Daniel Boone's crew that helped blaze the Wilderness Trail into Kentucky from the Cumberland Gap. The road crew rendezvoused at the Long Island of Holston which was North Carolina, but now east Tennessee. Captain William "Billy" BUSH. joined the rescue party to save Jemima Boone, Elizabeth and Frances Callaway who were captured by the Indians. Bush's Station was located across the Kentucky River in Clark County, Kentucky. Bush replaced the log house with the first brick house in the area. Ambrose, John, and William Bush were early Kentucky settlers. See Historical Marker #2531 [31]
  31. Byne’s Station, was settled by Edwand Byne on the North Fork in Mason County. page 556. Gen. Simon Kenton deposed, May 11, 1821, at the prison of Mason Co. (in Washington): He was now 66 or 67 years old. In 1780, he undertook to locate 3,000 acres of land warrants for Edward Byne, his pay to be 1/2 thereof. He located 1,000 acres where the town of Washington now stands; 1,000 acres at Lewis' Station, formerly called Clark's Station, on north side of North Fork of Licking river, &c. In the division, he got the 1,000 acres where Washington now is, and the east half of the 1,000 at Lewis.' He made his own entry of 2,000 acres at the mouth of Well's creek, & afterwards sold it (part of a very large sale of land) to Wm. Wood & Arthur Fox who well knew of its "interference" with Byne's Station survey on North Fork. Source: RICHARD H. COLLINS & CO., No. 11 Courier-Journal Building, Louisville, KY, PUBLISHERS OF COLLINS' HISTORY OF KENTUCKY, Louisville, April 25, 1883, Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., Madison, Wisconsin. Dear Sir, At great inconvenience, but with great pleasure, I have at last completed the copy of the Depositions, &c called for in your letter several months since. I found it impossible, from my notes, to give you the references which would enable you to get copies elsewhere; and so I set myself to work at intervals to copy them. It required much ingenuity and labor to find some of them, at this late day. As you offered to pay, & could not get them elsewhere except for full pay, you may fix the value of the copy. I have been consulting with Col. R. T. Durrett and Dr. C. Graham about Geo. Rogers Clarke's amputated leg, &c. I suppose they have given you all the information they have. Yours truly Richd. H Collins Copies of Depositions taken in Land Suits in Kentucky Courts between 1794 and 1824 - gathered by Richd H. Collins, while writing his "History of Kentucky"
  32. Camp Knox, was located in the eastern part of Green County where in June, 1770 Col. James Knox with 22 other men called the Long Hunters with 4 pack horses set up camp.
  33. Campbell’s Station, was located on the Dry Ridge in what is now Grant County. The station was three miles north of Williamstown and thirty three miles from the mouth of the Licking River. The station was settled some time before 1792.
  34. Cane Run, was a Presbyterian meeting-house in 1784 in what was then Lincoln County [32]. Believed to be the largest one-room log structure standing in North America.
  35. Carpenter’s Station aka Carpenter's Fort, was located in the knobs of the Green river about two miles west of Hustonville in Lincoln County Station was settled in the summer of 1779 by three brothers, George, John, and Adam Carpenter.[33]
  36. Cartwright’s Station, [[34]] was settled in 1779 by Revolutionary War Patriot Samuel Cutright. In present day Marion County. [35]
  37. Casey’s (Col. Wm.) Station, was located in Lincoln County some three miles west of and seven miles east of Danville on the Hanging Fork of Dick’s river. William Casey was a Revolutionary War Veteran and the namesake of Casey County.[36]
  38. Cassidy’s Station, was located about two miles southwest of Flemingsburg on Cassidy Creek. Marker #1388 located at KY 32 and Cassidy Road [37] in Fleming County and was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Michael Cassidy. [38]
  39. Clark's Station settled before 1779 by George Clark, brother-in-law of Colonel William Whitley. Located on Clark's Run Creek. See historical marker #1140 [39]
  40. Clark’s Station, was located in Mason County and was settled in 1785.
  41. Clarke’s Station, [[40]] was located on Clark’s run, a branch of the Dick’s River. It was established by Robert Clarke in 1784 [41]
  42. Clarksville, was located in Indiana opposite Louisville. Originally laid out by General George Rogers Clark.
  43. Clear Station, was located on Clear Run near Hubers, four miles north of Shepherdsville near Blue Lick Gap. Clear Station named as a tract of land containing 1350 acres in the will of Joseph Brooks' daughter, Mary (Brooks) Pendergrast in 1821 in Jefferson Co., KY. She willed Clear Station to her daughter Margaret America Pendergrast
  44. Collins Station, was located on the Rockcastle River.
  45. Constant’s Station Established by John Constant, Jr [42]
  46. Cook's Station 1793
  47. Cooper’s Station, [[43]] was located on Cooper’s Run in Bourbon County, some two miles from Riser’s. John Cooper built a cabin in 1775 and raised the first corn crop in the county on Cooper's Run. John was killed by Indians on July 7, 1776, and his brother James Cooper inherited his estate. [44]
  48. Corn Island, was located in the Ohio river, opposite Louisville where George Rogers Clark built a fort in June of 1778 and raised several crops of corn. He had several acres of rich land now all washed away.
  49. Cox’s Station, was located in Nelson County near Kincheloe’s Station. Established by Isaac Cox [45]
  50. Crab Orchard, is located in Lincoln County about twelve miles from Lancaster and ten miles from Stanford on the old pioneer road to Cumberland Gap.
  51. Craig’s Station, was located on Gilbert’s creek a few miles east of Lancaster, Garrard County and settled by the Reverend Lewis Craig in 1780.
  52. Craig’s Station, (another) was located in Lincoln County two miles east of Danville.
  53. Crew's (David) Station, established six miles northwest of Richmond, one mile northwest of Foxtown in Madison County by Revolutionary War Patriot David Crews about 1781.
  54. Crow’s Station, located in what was then Lincoln County near Danville settled by John Crow before May of 1782. See historical marker #1083 [46]
  55. Curtis's Station, was established in 1790 by Revolutionary War Patriot, John Curtis, Jr, and was located in Mason County two mile southwest of Washington, Kentucky.
  56. Danville, is located in Boyle County and was laid off as a town by Walker Daniel in 1781.
  57. Daviess (James) Station, was located about five miles west of Whitley’s Station in Lincoln County. May have been established by James Davis who died in Mercer Co., KY in 1796.
  58. Davis Station, was located in the southern portion of Kentucky. Location was probably in Logan or Warren county. Same as above????
  59. Dougherty’s Station, was located “upon a slight eminence, east bank of Logan's Creek, about 200 yards above the confluence of Logan's Creek and Clark's Run which occurs just before the latter crosses the Danville-Lancaster Pike." [47] about one and a half miles below Danville. May have been established by John Daugherty
  60. Dover Station, was located in Garrard County on the waters of the Dick’s River.
  61. Dowdall’s Station, was located on the Salt River and was settled before 1784.
  62. Downing’s Station, was located on the east of, and near, the Dick’s River not very far from Danville.
  63. Drennon’s Lick, was located in Henry County near the Kentucky River.
  64. Elijah Craig’s Station, was located five miles from Versailles. Station was established in 1783 by Elijah Craig.
  65. Elk Fork of Red River, was located in Logan County and had several settlements by 1785.
  66. Estill’s Station, was located on Muddy creek about three miles south of Richmond in Madison County. Station was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Captain James Estill before 1781. Estill County, Kentucky also his namesake. [48]
  67. Falls of the Ohio, was the first fort that was built on Corn Island either in June 1778, in the fall of 1778, or the spring of 1779 and was raised near a ravine where in 1838. Twelfth Street in Louisville terminated at the Ohio river.
  68. Feagan's Station, was located in Mason County between one and a half and two miles east of Germantown.
  69. Finn’s Station, was located in Jefferson or Spencer County and was settled sometime before 1780.
  70. Finney Fort, was a fort built in Oct 1785 at the mouth of the Great Miami River near the modern city of Cincinnati and named for Major Walter Finney who built the fort. The site was chosen to be midway between Falls of the Ohio (Louisville) and Limestone (Maysville), two early settlements on the Ohio River. Earlier, George Washington had commissioned Generals George Rogers Clark, Richard Butler and Samuel Parsons to make a peace treaty with the Shawnee Indians, and a fort was needed to secure the territory. A company under Major Finney was dispatched in fall, 1785 from Fort Pitt to build the fort.[was a fort built in Oct. 1785 at the mouth of the Great Miami River near the modern city of Cincinnati and named for Major Walter Finney who built the fort. The site was chosen to be midway between Falls of the Ohio and Limestone (Maysville), two early settlements on the Ohio River. Earlier, George Washington had commissioned Generals George Rogers Clark, Richard Butler and Samuel Parsons to make a peace treaty with the Shawnee Indians, and a fort was needed to secure the territory. A company under Major Finney was dispatched in fall, 1785 from Fort Pitt to build the fort]
  71. Fisher's Station See historical marker #1083 [49]
  72. Fleming’s (Colonel John) Station, was located in Fleming County and was established about 1790.
  73. Floyd’s Station, (first at the mouth of Beargrass in Louisville) was located at the corner of third Street and the Ohio River.
  74. Floyd’s Station, was located on the Middle Fork of Beargrass Creek about six miles from the Falls of the Ohio (Louisville) and was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel John Floyd in 1775. See historical marker #1060 [[50]]
  75. Floyd’s Fork Station, was located in Oldham County near Pewee Valley about eighteen miles east of Louisville.
  76. Forks of Dick’s River, was a Presbyterian preaching place in 1784 and was located in Lincoln County.
  77. Fort William "Established in 1785 by Revolutionary War Patriot, Colonel William Christian (1743-1786), and his wife, Anne (Henry) Christian (abt.1738-1790), a sister of Patrick Henry (1736-1799). On this site one of earliest stone houses in Kentucky was a famous tavern, The Eight Mile House, on Harrods Trace to Falls of the Ohio. From here, Col. Christian directed the defense of Jefferson County. Killed by Indians, 1786. Buried on Middle Fork of Beargrass." See Historical Marker #974. [51]
  78. Fontainebleau, was located about three miles below Harrodsburg on the banks of the Salt River. A mill was built there at a very early day. See historical marker #1083 [52]
  79. Fort Harrod The original site at "Big Spring" was abandoned during Dunmore's War (1774), but rebuilt on higher ground in 1775 as Colonel James Harrod's Station (2)
  80. Garrard’s Station, was located in Hamilton County Ohio on the Little Miami River and was established in April, 1796.
  81. George Boone’s Station, was established in 1780 by Revolutionary War Patriot George Boone and was located two miles northwest of Richmond in Madison County. "The station was for many years the leading center of trade in the county. It was sometimes called Trading Hill. "[53]
  82. Georgetown, is located in Scott County and was formerly called McClelland’s Fort.
  83. Gilmer’s Lick, was located seven miles from Whitley's Station in Lincoln County.
  84. Gilmore’s Station, was located twelve miles east of Mount Sterling in Montgomery County.
  85. Glover’s Station, was located on the Green River where Greensburg now stands and was established in 1780.
  86. Goodin’s Station/Goodin's Fort, was located on the Rolling Fork and was established in 1780. "Filson Club History Quarterly vol. 27, Jan. 1953 #1 p. 3 & 8. "Verdant meadows, rippling streams and forested hills in the far western reaches of the Colony of Va. greeted Revolutionary War Patriot Samuel Goodin and his family and warmed their hearts as they disembarked from their flatboats at the Falls of the Ohio (Lou., Ky.) in April, 1779. The unpleasant memories of the severe winter just passed in Fayette Co., Pa. grew dim in enchantment...After lingering briefly at the Falls, Samuel Goodin proceeded about 50 miles to the south to the section lying along Pottenger's Creek. When the good points of the vast wilderness had been carefully weighed, he retraced his route some 6 miles and selected the site for his fort on the north bank of the Rolling Fork of Salt River, midway between the future towns of Nelsonville and New Haven in Nelson Co., KY. Goodin's Fort was the logical refuge for the adjacent families of David Crady, Richard Elin, Christopher Beeler, Sam Miller, Anthony Chambers, Daniel Vittitow, Samuel Vittitow (1759-1840) and Stephen Upton Veteto), all of whom were of the early pioneer period." According to Edgar Porter Harned, the following people were at Goodin's Fort: Samuel Goodin Sr.; John Houston; Captain Samuel Pottenger; Isaac Goodin, son of(Samuel Goodin); Atkinson Hill, son-in-law of Samuel Goodin; Samuel Goodin Jr., son of Samuel Goodin; Peter Kennedy, Indian scout; Thomas Goodin, son of Samuel Goodin; Elizabeth Goodin, daughter of Samuel Goodin; Letia Van Meter, daughter of Elizabeth Goodin; Catherine Van Meter, daughter of Elizabeth Goodin; Sarah Van Meter, daughter of Elizabeth Goodin; Elizabeth Van Meter, daughter of Elizabeth Goodin; Abraham Goodin, son of Samuel and Elizabeth; General Braddock (only slave mentioned at the fort, freed in 1797); Abraham Van Meter; Beck Swank, married General Braddock; Abednigo Carter, reportedly an Indian Scout; unknown Hamilton; Revolutionary War Patriot Aaron Atherton Sr.; Peter Atherton, son of Aaron Atherton Sr.; John S. Atherton, son of Peter Atherton; John M. Atherton son of Peter Atherton; Peter Lee Atherton, son of John M. Atherton.
  87. Gordon’s Station, was established in Mercer County in 1779 by John Gordon and Elizabeth Grayson [54]" John Gordon was killed in the Battle of the Blue Licks in 1782. His estate was inherited by his only son**, Ambrose. The estate gradually was sold off and the term Pleasant Fields went out of general use. At some point, a portion of the original grant acquired the name Viney Grove. A farm by this name still exists on part of Gordon's former property. A court suit between Alexander Robertson and Ambrose Gordon provided testimony relevant to the location of the station (Lincoln County Circuit Court Records). Alexander Robertson was living at Gordon's Station in the winter of 1780 at which time they discussed a cabin right which Robertson had purchased from Gordon." From Stockading Up, compiled by Nancy O'Malley, Kentucky Heritage Council, University of Kentucky. See historical marker #73 [55].
  88. Grant’s Lick, was located in Campbell County about five miles from Alexandria on the road to Falmouth. Salt was made there sometime before 1800. Discovered in 1793 by Daniel Boone’s nephew, Revolutionary War Patriot Samuel Bryan, and formalized into a business in 1804 by a Mr. Grant Breckinridge and a partner.
  89. Grant’s Station, [[56]] was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel John Grant (nephew of Daniel Boone) in 1779 who abandoned it 1780. Grant moved back to North Carolina returned and re-settled it again in 1784. It was about five miles northeast of Bryan’s Station. This was near where Lowe’s is on the KY R.R. near the Fayette and Bourbon County line. See Historical Marker #1642 [57] [58]
  90. Grubb’s Station, was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Captain Higgason Grubbs on Muddy creek in Madison County sometime before October of 1792.
  91. Haggin's (John) Blockhouse, aka Hagans' Blockhouse was located on the banks of the Licking River was located one and a half miles above Cynthiana in Harrison County and was opposite the mouth of Sellers Run. It was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot John Haggin in 1776. [59]
  92. Haggis’s Station, (See Trigg’s Station).
  93. Hamilton's (Robert) Station 1785 "Robert Hamilton's Station, a story and a half cabin house was built of heavy logs and set on a narrow strip of rising ground on the south side of the "Falls Trace" on the present-day land of George Ramsey, two miles west of Frankfort. Closely surrounded by a stockade, it was never molested, but did serve on several occasions prior to 1798--the time of the last incursion of the Indians into Kentucky--as a safe gathering place for the early settlers of the South Benson Valley when alarms of savage invasion of nearby settlements spread with depressing chill across the country side. Detailed dimensional description of Hamilton's Station has not been preserved, but during recent years while tearing down the old family dwelling to provide a site of his present charming country home, Charles Alexander Julian revealed in its entirety the old Armstrong block house of hewn logs and roughed-out plant about which, as it finally came fully =to view, there still clung the marvelous fidelity the sombre atmosphere of the Kentucky frontier during those, now all but forgotten days of the Indian wars that marked the early settlement of Kentucky." [60]
  94. Hancock's Station Established by Revolutionary War Patriot Stephen Hancock 12 miles from Log Lick in Madison County. Two miles west of Richmond, on Tate's Creek
  95. Harbison's Station (Perryville) "During the final stages of the American Revolution, five settlers from Albemarle County, Virginia, crossed the Allegheny Mountains and made their way into the Bluegrass region of Kentucky. The five men—James Harberson, Thomas Walker, Daniel Ewing, Samuel Potts, and a man named Tucker—established a fort in a cave located ten miles southwest of Fort Harrod (Harrodsburg). The ground was fertile for crops, and abundant water from the Chaplin River and a spring located inside the cave made this a perfect location for permanent settlement. The settlers built a stockade around the spring and named the area Harberson's Station in honor of James Harberson, who led the men from Virginia. This site was also called “Harberson’s Crossroads,” because the fort provided a stopping point between settlements at Fort Harrod and Springfield. Although the cave was sufficient to protect the frontiersmen from attack, they were constantly threatened by the Native American population. As the area was a hunting ground for generations of Indians, the natives regarded the whites as a threat to their existence. One day, Ewing and Potts were farming the east bank of the Chaplin River and were attacked. Ewing was killed, but Potts shot and killed one of the attackers. As the Indians fled, they encountered James Harberson, who was outside of the fort on a scouting expedition. Subsequently, Harberson disappeared. Although his body was never found, his severed head was discovered about a mile from the fort. According to Dr. Jefferson J. Polk, a 19th-century Perryville physician, Harberson’s wife then “took the head and managed to keep it in a complete state of preservation for many years.” Mrs. Harberson hoped to bury the head with her husband’s body, but his body was never found. Local legend holds that the severed head was interred near what is now Perryville’s Hillcrest Cemetery. So violent was this early history, Polk concluded, that “the foundations of Perryville were baptized in blood.” Violence between the native population and the settlers continued long after Harberson was decapitated. According to one tale, Potts took the fort’s male population toward Tennessee to procure salt, which was a precious item. One man remained behind to protect the women and children. When the Indians realized that the men had departed, they attacked the fort. The women and children armed themselves with muskets, while the man “used a clever ruse to rout” the Indians. With the rifles placed through the fort’s portholes, the man went outside and challenged “the Indians to come on and fight.” When the Native Americans advanced, the man ran back inside and quickly fired “all the guns in succession.” Facing this gunfire, the Indians believed that the men had returned to the fort. They quickly departed. [] Despite the violence between the settlers and the Indians, Harberson's Station became a stopping point between Fort Harrod and Springfield. In 1874, Harberson's Station was so well established that it was marked on John Filson’s map of Kentucky. Although it was a prominent station for frontiersmen, the sanitation of the fort left much to be desired. In 1786, Army paymaster Maj. Erkuries Beatty visited the area while traveling through central Kentucky, and he described the cave in his diary. Beatty wrote that, “four or five dirty girls live here. God help them.”  :During the next decade, the Indians were driven from the area and Harberson’s Station prospered as a farming community. Residents built their homes farther away from the security of the fort. On September 19, 1815, Edward Bullock and William Hall laid out a town on their property and named it Perryville. The town’s name honored Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, a naval hero who had won a battle on Lake Erie during the War of 1812. On January 17, 1817, an act from the Kentucky General Assembly formally recognized the town of Perryville. For most of the residents the violence that surrounded Harberson’s Station was a distant memory. In the late 1830s, the dreams of Bullock and Hall came to fruition. A line of buildings, built on the west bank of the Chaplin River, formed the basis of the village. Now known as “Merchants’ Row,” these buildings served as the town’s primary commercial district. The row included several general stores, a drug store, carriage shop, blacksmith shop, and more. During this period, the town met with substantial economic growth – more residences were built, and several flour mills were constructed. The early 19th century also brought a revised interest in classical education to the small town. Many institutions of learning, mainly consisting of all-women’s colleges, were established, including the Ewing Institute (headed by a Rev. James Vincent for a time), the Elmwood Academy, and Harmonia College. At least one of the Ewing Institute’s graduates achieved national prominence – Carrie Nation, the national temperance leader, boarded at a house located on the spot where the original settlers built their fort. Although Nation’s family moved from Kentucky when she was 9, she wrote to a Garrard County newspaper in 1901 that, “I used to stay with Aunt Mag Roberts, of Perryville, another of pa’s sisters, and used to go to Dr. Vincent’s school.” [The History of Perryville, Kentucky] See Historical Marker 1083 [61]
  96. Hardinsburg, is the county seat of Breckinridge County and was originally a station erected by Revolutionary War Patriot Captain William Hardin and laid out as a town in 1782. See Marker [62].
  97. Hardin’s Station, same as Hardinsburg above.
  98. Harlan’s Station, was on the Salt River in Mercer County. Located seven miles southeast of Harrodsburg and three miles southwest of Danville. Station was built by Major Silas Harlan (1753-1782) [63] in 1778, the namesake of Harlan County, see historical marker #785 [64]. George Rogers Clark, said: "He was one of bravest soldiers that ever fought by my side." Historical Marker 1083 [65]
  99. Major Harlan Harrison’s Station, was located two miles from Higgins Fort and about three miles from Cynthiana in Harrison County. It was built before 1786. [66]
  100. Harrod’s Station (1) aka Boiling Spring Station, founded on 16 June 16 1774 and was located six miles east of Harrodsburg in Mercer County on the present road to Danville and was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel James Harrod.
  101. Harrodstown aka Harrods's Station (2) , is where Harrodsburg now stands in Mercer County. It was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel James Harrod in 1774. The Fort, located on the hill, which in 1834 was occupied by the seminary building, included a considerable spring of water at its foot. It was begun during the winter of 1775-6 but was not finished until the ensuing season. Harrodsburg is Kentucky's oldest town. [67]
  102. Hart’s or White Oak Spring Station, was located one mile above Boonesboro in the Kentucky river bottom in Madison County. It was settled in 1779 by Revolutionary War Patriot Nathaniel Hart and some families from Pennsylvania.
  103. Hartford Station, was located where Hartford, in Ohio County is now and was settled before 1790.
  104. Hazel Patch, is on the Cumberland Gap road in Laurel County, north of London.
  105. Haycraft's Station See Helm's Station named after Revolutionary War Patriot Samuel Haycraft, was on the hill above the cave spring. See Historical Marker [68]
  106. Haydon's Station 1783
  107. Helm’s Station was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Captain Thomas Helm in 1780 on the spot occupied by the late Governor John L. Helm’s residence. See Historical Marker [69]
  108. Henry Clay's Station [[70]] was established in 1787 near Paris, Bourbon, Kentucky as a Revolutionary War Station and abandoned in 1788. Named after Revolutionary War Patriot Dr. Henry Clay.[71]
  109. Hinkston’s Station, aka Ruddell's Station was located in Harrison County on the South Licking River about one and a half miles above Haggin's Blockhouse. It was a short distance below Hinkston creek and was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Isaac Ruddell and others and called Ruddell’s Station until taken over by the Indians in 1780. It was then resettled afterwards and was most often referred to as Hinkston’s Station after John Hinkson, the most prominent of the re-settlers. [72]
  110. Hobson’s Choice, was the camping ground of General Wayne in 1793 on the river below which is now in the city of Cincinnati. In 1873 it was at the spot now occupied by the gas works located there in 1873, but reaching above and below that.
  111. Hogland’s Station, was located in Jefferson County on the Beargrass Creek. Station was established by 1780.
  112. Holder's Station Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel John Holder commanded at Fort Boonesboro in 1779 and established Holder's Station near the mouth of Lower Howard's Creek in 1782. See Historical Marker #1048 [73]. "Most of the stations and their localities are minutely given by Mr. Richard H. Collins in his history. Those established prior to 1781 are Boonesborough, Estill's Station, George Boone's Station, Hancock's Station, White Oak Station, Grubbs' Station and Holder's Station. Those subsequent to 1781 are Hoy's Station, Tanner's Station, Warren's Station, Wood's Station, Shallow Ford Station, Trotter's Station and Proctor's Station."[74]
  113. Hood’s Station, was located in Clark County sometime before 1792.
  114. Hoy’s Station, was located in Madison County. Revolutionary War Patriot William Hoy, lived for some time at George Boone's Station near Foxtown, He claimed the land by preemption after an initial claim by Thomas Johnson. He settled there in the spring of 1781. Hoy's successful land company, comprised of himself, Lawrence Thomson, and James McMillan, simply held the property. However, in 1785, Hoy lost the Richmond area property of one thousand acres to John Miller in a horse race. [75]
  115. Hugh McGary's Station[76] aka McGary's Station.
  116. Hughes' Station "On May 29, 1780, Morgan Huse (Hughes) entered 500 acres of land on the north side of Abraham Lincoln's 400 acres on the waters of Floyds Fork. This entry appears in Surveyor's Entry Book A, on page 111, of the Jefferson County Clerk's Office. On the same day Abraham Linkhorn (Lincoln) entered 400 acres of land. This entry is on page 107. On October 21 of the same year, Benjamin Huse (Hughes) entered 500 acres of land in the same neighborhood adjoining the Huse survey. This entry is on page 111. Sometime after making his entry, Morgan Hughes erected a station of four block houses and eight cabins on either his 500-acre tract or the adjoining land of Abraham Lincoln. In the library of The Filson Club there is a drawing of the Hughes' Station made, about 1890, for Colonel Reuben T. Durrett from a ground plan then in his possession. In the lower lefthand corner Colonel Durrett wrote the following memoranda in red ink: "Hughes' Station built by Morgan Hughes on Long Run in Jefferson County in 1780, on Abraham Lincoln's farm. From a ground plan found among the papers of General George Rogers Clark. In 1786 Abraham Lincoln .was killed by an Indian while coming from his farm to this station." The Filson Club History Quarterly, Vol. 20 Louisville, Kentucky, October 1946, No. 4. [77]
  117. Huston’s Station, was established in 1776 by Joseph Huston at the present site of Paris in Bourbon County.
  118. Hynes' Station See Helm's Station. Hayne’s Station was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel Andrew Hynes and occupied the other angle of a triangle where Elizabethtown (named in 1797 for Colonel Hynes' wife) now stands. See Historical Marker [78] [79]
  119. Irish Station, was located in Nicholas County about five or six miles south of the Lower Blue Lick on the road to Millersburg.
  120. Irish Station, (different location) was located between Danville and the mouth of Dick’s River.
  121. Irvine’s Station, was located near where Richmond now stands in Madison County and was established by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel William Irvine and his brother, Revolutionary War Patriot Captain Christopher Irvine, in 1778-1779.
  122. Jefferson Fort, was located in Ballard County on the Mississippi river and was about five miles below the mouth of the Ohio River. The fort was established by George Rogers Clark within the Chickasaw country in 1780. It was abandoned or evacuated in the spring of 1781 because it afforded no security to the Western settlements.
  123. John Cowan's Station See Historical Marker #1083 [80]
  124. John Kiser's Station[[81]]
  125. John Major's Station 1783
  126. 'John Reed's Fort defended by patriot, Mary (Reed) BALL
  127. Johnson’s (Colonel Robert) Station, was located at the Great Buffalo Crossings on the North Elkhorn in Scott County. The station was settled in the winter of 1783/84.
  128. Kaufman's Station aka Coffman's Station Established 1780 on the site of Lawrenceburg by Revolutionary War Patriot Jacob (Coffman) Kaufman (1769-1792)[82] See historical marker #1083 [83]
  129. Kellar’s Station, was located in Jefferson County and established before 1780.
  130. Kennedy’s Station, was located in Garrard County between Paint Lick Creek and Dick’s River.
  131. Kenton’s Station, was located about three miles southwest of Limestone (now Maysville) and one mile north of Washington in Mason County. Station was settled by Simon Kenton in 1784. See historical marker #238 [84]
  132. Kenton’s (John) Station, was located a half mile southeast of Washington in Mason County. John Kenton
  133. Kenton’s (Simon) Station, was several blockhouses built by Simon Kenton. His father’s family remained with them until July, 1784.
  134. Kilgore’s Station, was settled in 1782. It was located somewhere north of Cumberland river on the south side of the Red River. The station was attacked by Indians the same year, 1782, and broken up. It was probably in southern portion of Logan County near the state line or may be in Tennessee.
  135. Kincheloe’s Station, was located on Simpson’s Creek in Spencer County. Named after Revolutionary War Patriot William Kincheloe. Renamed Polk's Station after Revolutionary War Patriot Charles Polk who claimed the land. [85] Later known as Burnt Station. The Kentucky Historical Society established the exact location of Kincheloe Station in Nelson Co, one-half mile south of the Spencer Co. line, situated between the east and south forks of Simpson Creek, two and one-half miles downstream from Bloomfield, KY. For a plat showing the location of the Kincheloe's Station on Simpson's Creek, see Nelson County Records Book B, p. 21, James Davis vs. Wm. Day and the plat on page 165, Hammond vs. Fitch devises."
  136. Knob Lick, was located in Lincoln County and was about five miles south of Danville. The station was settled in 1776 by Isaac Shelby.
  137. Kuykendall’s (Moses) Station, was built in 1782 by Moses Kuykendall (1756-1807) in Jefferson County on the waters of Beargrass Creek.
  138. Leach’s Station, was located in Bracken County.
  139. Lee’s Station, was located in Mason County between Maysville and Washington. The station was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Henry Lee in 1785 and is still the home of his descendants.
  140. Leestown, was located on the east bank of the Kentucky river was one mile below Frankfort. The station was settled in 1776 by Hancock Lee and Revolutionary War Patriot Cyrus McCracken, father of Captain Virgil McCracken. McCracken County was named for him.
  141. Lewis Station, was re-settled by George Lewis in 1789. It was formerly called George Clark’s Station (1785-1788) and was located where Lewisburg is now in Mason County. It was nine miles from Maysville. A cabin may have been built there as early as 1780.
  142. Lexington, is located on the Town Fork of Elkhorn Creek in Fayette County and was settled by Colonel Robert Patterson on April 1, 1779.
  143. Licking Station, was located in Harrison County. The station was located probably near Lair’s or maybe closer to Cynthiana.
  144. Limestone, (See Maysville)
  145. Linn’s Station, was located on Beargrass Creek in Jefferson County. The station was about ten miles from Louisville. Linn’s Station was established sometime before 1780 by Revolutionary War Patriot William Linn. [86]
  146. Littell’s Station, was located in Pendleton County on the Fork Lick, a west branch of South Licking, into which it empties just below Callensville or Morgan’s on Kentucky Central R.R.
  147. Logan’s Fort, aka St Asaph, was located one mile west of Stanford in Lincoln County. The fort was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel Benjamin Logan in 1775. The location was one of the four settlements which were represented in the Transylvania legislative body at Boonesboro aka Boone’s Station. [87] [88] The following names appeared in Captain Benjamin LOGAN’s Company, thought to be 1779. Capt Benj. LOGAN, Lt. John LOGAN, Ensign Alex MONTGOMERY, Ensign Azariah DAVIS, Sgt. Benj. PELTON, Sgt. Wm MENIFEE, Sgt. Roswell STEVENS, Sgt. George CLARK, Rob. BARNET, Ogden DEVERS, Benj. DRAKE, Isaac DRAKE, John DRAKE, Jonathan DRAKE, John EALOR, Chas. ENGLISH, Stevens ENGLISH, John FAIN, John JONES, John KENNEDY, James KNOX, Hugh LEEPER, James LEEPER, Wm. LOGAN, Thos. LOVELEDD, Joseph LUSK, John McCORMICK, David MITCHELL, Wm. MITCHELL, Alex. MONTGOMERY, John MONTGOMERY, Wm. MONTGOMERY, Wm. NEAL, Wm PATTON, Samuel PHELPS, Wm. PHELPS, Wm. BARTON, Samuel BELL, Arthur BLACKBURN, Alex. BOHANNON, John BOHANNON, Benj. BRIGGS, Samuel BRIGGS, James BROWN, John CANTERBURY, Caspar CASENER, Wm. CASEY, John CASTILIO, Pierce CASTILIO, Philip CONRAD, Azariah DAVIS, Samuel DEASON, Bartholomew FENTON, George FLINN, Lee GARRETT, John GIBSON, Richard GLOVER, John GLOVER, John GRIMES, Wm. GRIMES, Jacob GUNN, David HAWKINS, Jacob HERMAN, Roger HINES, Stephen HUSTON, John JOHNS, James JOHNSON, John McELHON, James McELWAIN, John McKAINE, Archibald MAHONE, James MENIFEE, Jarrett MENIFEE, Joseph MENIFEE, John MARTIN, Joseph MARTIN, Samuel MARTIN, James MASON, Samuel MAYES, Andrew MILLER, Henry MILLER, Wm. MILLER, Chas. PHILIPS, John PHILIPS, Nich. PROCTOR, Sr., Nich. PROCTOR, Jr., Chas. RUNSLE, James RUSSELL, Julius SANDERS, Alex. SINCLAIR, George SCOTT, John STORY, John SUMMERS, Arch. THOMASON, Nicholas TRAMMEL, Philip TRAMEL, George WHITE, Wm. WHITLEY. (See also Collins History, Vol 1)
  148. Louisville, (at the Falls of the Ohio) was located in Jefferson County and was laid off as a town by Capt Thomas Bullitt in August, 1773. The first settlement in the area was on Corn Island near the Kentucky shore in the spring of 1778. In the fall of that same year, a blockhouse was built on the main shore and in 1782 a larger fort called Fort Nelson.
  149. Loudon’s Station, was located some thirty miles from mouth of the Kentucky River. The station was probably in Henry County.
  150. Low Dutch Station, aka New Holland Station In 1780 Hendrick Banta led large group of Dutch pioneers from PA. They rented land from John Floyd and built Low Dutch (New Holland) Station here, one of six pioneer forts on Beargrass Creek. Fleeing from Indians, the group later bought land from Squire Boone in Henry and Shelby counties. [[89]] [90]
  151. Lower Blue Licks, was located in Nicholas County, in sight of where the Maysville and Lexington Turnpike crosses the Licking River. The licks were discovered in 1773.
  152. Lynch’s Station, was located near Shelbyville. The station was the same as Squire Boone’s.
  153. Lynn's Station, on the Rolling Fork in Nelson Co., KY Benjamin Linn built a fort five miles southeast of Bardstown near Beech Fork Creek. Dr. M. F. Coomes, a Bardstown physician, described the site of Fort Lynn in his paper which he read before the Filson Club of Louisville, Kentucky in 1895 (Coomes 3). In 1780, when Kentucky was still part of Virginia, Patrick Henry, governor of Virginia, deeded Lynn one thousand acres of land on which his fort had been constructed (Land Records 10:3). [91]
  154. James McAfee’s Station, was located on the banks of the Salt River about six or seven miles below Harrodsburg in a west-northwest direction. The station’s first cabin was built in 1774 with more settlers coming in 1775.
  155. McAfee’s Station, was located in Mercer County about six or seven miles from Harrodsburg on the Salt River and about one quarter of a mile above the old Providence church. The station was settled by the McAfee brothers in 1779.[92]
  156. William McAfee’s Station, was located on Shawnee Run about one mile west of Harrodsburg at the mouth of the Town Branch.
  157. McCarty's Station Revolutionary War Patriot Thomas McCarty built his cabin in Apr 1779 [93] [94] [95]
  158. McGee's Station established before 1779 by David McGee, deposition of Abijah Woods 11 Jan 1804 in Clark Co., KY
  159. Manchester or Massie’s Station, was located about twelve miles above Maysville on the north bank of the Ohio River.
  160. Mann’s Lick, was the third [96] salt station established before 1786 on the south side of and close to the Salt River in Bullitt County, just a few miles from Shepherdsville. It was a salt lick just north of the present-day Fairdale neighborhood of Louisville, Kentucky. It was named for John Mann, who belonged to a surveying party of Capt Thomas Bullitt in 1773. In 1780, a Colonel John Todd (Namesake of Todd Co., KY) gained 200 acres, including Mann’s Lick, pursuant to a military warrant. Todd passed away in 1782. In 1787 former Pennsylvanian man and Bullitt's Lick employee for three years, Joseph Brooks, asked Colonel John Todd’s daughter, Mary Owen Todd, for a lease on the salt mine.
  161. Martin's Station, [[97]] was established by John Martin who had built a cabin in 1775 about five miles from Ruddle's Station on Stoner. The station was about three miles below Paris in present-day Bourbon County. It was located along a well-used Native American path, the Alantowamiowee Trail. Settlement was captured by British Captain Henry Byrd in 1780. See Historical Marker #150 [98] Site of the next-to-last battle of the American Revolutionary War in 1780. [99][100] See Historical Marker #953 [101] See published book [102]
  162. Maulding’s Station, was established in 1780 on the Red River in Logan County.
  163. Maysville, was located on the Ohio River at the mouth of Limestone Creek in Mason County. The station was originally settled in 1784. A blockhouse was built by Edward Waller, John Waller, and George Lewis of Virginia.
  164. McClelland’s Fort or Station, is where Georgetown now stands in Scott County. The outpost was settled in 1776 by John Alex and William McClelland and their families as well as others from Hinckston’s Station and Drennon’s Lick.
  165. McFadden’s Station, was located about four miles above Bowling Green on the Big Barren River in Warren County. The station was settled by Andrew McFadden in 1785.
  166. McGary’s (Major Hugh) Station, (aka Hugh McGary's Station) was located in Mercer County at the head spring on Shawnee Run about five miles north-northeast from Harrodsburg. Established 1781 by Revolutionary War Patriot, Colonel Hugh McGary
  167. McGee’s Station or Cove Spring, on Cooper run, was located in the southeastern part of Fayette County on or near Tate’s Creek Road from Lexington to Richmond. This station was sometimes called Old Station. The station was settled before 1780.
  168. McKinsey’s Station, was settled by Archibald McKinney sometime before 1792 in Lincoln County. Located on McKinney’s Branch of Hanging Fork about two miles from the Green River. The station was about nine miles southwest from Stanford and about four miles northeast of Hustonville.
  169. Mefford’s Fort, Established by Revolutionary War Patriot George Mefford in 1787 and was located about two and a half miles south of Maysville in Mason County. See historical marker #92 [103]
  170. Middle Station, was located in Jefferson County before 1787.
  171. Miller’s Station, [104] was settled in 1784 by Revolutionary War Patriot John Miller. The station was located about one mile from Hinkston Creek towards Blue Licks and one mile northeast of Millersburg. [105]
  172. Mills Station, was supposed to be in Greenup or Lewis County. William Thompson of White Oak, Greenup County who died May 7, 1867 at age 77 settled there in 1790 with his father.
  173. Montgomery’s Station, was located in Lincoln co on the headwaters of the Green River twelve miles southwest from Logan’s Fort and about two miles from Pettit’s Station. This station was settled settled by William Montgomery, the father in law of Gen Ben Logan, and sons in 1780.
  174. Morgan’s Station, was located on Slate Creek about seven miles east of Mount Sterling in what is now Bath County. This station was settled before 1793.
  175. Mud Garrison, is where Shepherdsville now stands in Bullitt County between Bullitt’s Lick and the Falls of Salt River. This station was settled in or before 1778.
  176. Muddy River Licks, was located north of Russellville in Logan and Butler Counties. Initial settlements began between 1780 and 1784.
  177. Nelson Fort, was located in Louisville on the corner of Ninth Street and the Ohio River.
  178. New Holland Station, was located in Jefferson County sometime before 1784. See Low Dutch Station [106]
  179. Nonsense Fort, was located in Bullitt County.
  180. Old Town, was a name by which Harrodsburg was known at an early day.
  181. Old Town, in Greenup County was the scene of a great battle by Indians.
  182. Painted Stone Station, has some doubt as to its locality but the station is believed to be another name for Squire Boone’s Station on Clear Creek near Shelbyville, in Shelby County. It was certainly Squire Boone’s military headquarters in June 1780.
  183. Paris, was know formerly as Houston’s Station in Bourbon County. The town was established in 1789 under the name of Hopewell. Soon afterwards it was called Bourbonton and finally Paris as it is known today.
  184. Peter Coleman's Station 1785 on Goose Creek, Jefferson, Kentucky
  185. Pettit’s Station, was located in Lincoln County. The station was about two and a half miles from Montgomery’s Station on the headwaters of the Green River and about sixteen miles southeast from Logan’s Fort.
  186. Phillips' Fort, was a Fort in LaRue County on the north side of Nolin Creek. Fort was located one and one half miles from Hodgenville. The fort was settled by Phillip Phillips 1780. "William HINCH, Phillip PHILLIPS, Jediah ASHCRAFT, Johnathon CESSNA, and Joseph KIRKPATRICK married to Elizabeth FRIEND and her sisters: Susannah, Nancy, Mary and Eleanor, respectively 'all moved to Kentucky together under the direction of Phillip PHILLIPS. They came from Yohogania County, Virginia, now Washington County, Pennsylvania, during 1780-1781. They erected a fort and named it Phillips' Fort very near what is now known as Hodgenville, LaRue County, Kentucky.' Isaac FRIEND also was in the company of people traveling to Kentucky. History of Larue Co., Kentucky. See historical Marker #1098 [107] "Perilous times awaited the settlers moving southward but they favored with a brief interim of peace in 1780 whe they began to build stockaded stations. Among these were Cox's on Cox's Creek, Goodin's on the Rolling Fork, Phillips' in the Nolin Valley, and the three forts in Severns' Valley. The sites, about ten miles apart, fortunately had formed a semicircle of protection along the frontier when the Indians in their resentment against white encroachment on their lands furiously attached the young settlements in Jefferson County in 1781."[108]
  187. Pittman’s Station, was located in Green County on the north bank of the Green River near the mouth of Pittman's Creek. The station was five miles west of Greensburg. The station was settled in the fall 1779 or the spring of 1780 by William PITTMAN. Indian Massacre at Pittman's Station in Green Co., KY . William Pittman was killed on the waters of Cumberland River in 1789. Henry Skaggs and William Pittman are mentioned together as Longhunters. William Pittman was a long-time associate of Henry Skaggs and lived much the same kind of life as his friend. Skaggs and Pittman remained friends and hunted together for many years. After losing everything in the 1763 hunt, they preferred to hunt in smaller groups comprised mostly of their brothers and sons and other men in their families, forgoing the large companies of hunters. Pittman served in the Battle of Point Pleasant also known as the Battle of Kanawha which was the only major action of Dunmore's War fought on October 10, 1774, primarily between Virginia militia and Indians from the Shawnee and Mingo tribes. He also fought with the Virginia Militia at Kings Mountain for which he received a land grant in Washington County, Virginia. Pittman Station was first settled by William Pittman in early spring of 1780. He was granted 500 acres proven and surveyed October 1783. The station was located above a stream of water then called Sinking Creek, later to be renamed Pittman Creek. Pittman Station was situated upon a bluff top overlooking a place then called "The Narrows of Sinking Creek" a horseshoe bend in the creek. When Pittman decided to build a station or fort in 1780, he went to the Green River Country where the Skaggs brothers were hunting. On Stinking Creek, which had been given his name by Henry Skaggs and William Pittman because "The winter of 1779-1780 was known as a cold winter. Snow began in late October. Intense cold followed for weeks. Streams froze over. Animals that had drifted to the cane breaks and timber perished in the bitter cold. When spring and summer came in the beautiful valley of cane and meadow, all the animals had perished from the cold. It was an animal charnel house. For months Indian and white hunters alike avoided the place by reason of the carrion stench. Turkey buzzards and animal scavengers that had dens in the cliffs gorged on the putrid flesh of the dead animals. About two and a half miles from the present site of Greensburg, the creek makes a bend, including in its area about two hundred acres, coming in so closely that at the neck it is only about twenty feet wide. There are some very high bluffs on each side. William Pittman with the help from Henry Skaggs built his station on top of the cliff just outside the curve. The Phelps first came into Kentucky in the fall of 1778. Pittman's Station in Green County was founded in March of 1780 and Nicholas Phelps was among the first settlers. His parents, William Q Phelps Jr. and Nancy Nail, were soon to move to the settlement. The Indians broke up the station in March 1781. Many of the families there went to Nelson and Lincoln Co. The Phelps family moved to Pottinger's Station on Rolling Fork where they remained for about two years. Then they moved to Kilgore's Station on Red River. Between March 1781 and 1784, no white man lived in the bounds of the area which is now known as Green County. In 1784, the settlers returned to Pittman's Station. It was approximately five years later that William and Nancy were involved in an Indian massacre at Pittman's Station in Green County. Nancy was killed in the attack and William was severely wounded. The rest of the family escaped massacre only through the courage and forethought of William and Nancy's son, William Q Phelps III. Samuel Sanders Sr joined the Phelps at Pittman's Station. William Phelps Sr and his sons were hunting the area north of the Green River in 1781. The Phelps traveled back through the Mammoth Cave area to Pittman's Station by 1789. In March 17-18 of that year, Nancy Nail Phelps, wife of William Phelps Sr and, Nancy Abbott Phelps, wife of Julian Phelps, were killed by Indians. The Long hunter and explorer William Pittman Sr was killed at the same time. Julian Phelps was wounded as was his son William was shot in the hand . The Phelps William Sr., John, Nicholas, William Jr, Samuel, and Julian came to Ky in the fall of the year 1778. After the Massacre the Phelps and Pitmans they moved to Edmonson Co, KY.[1]
  188. Polke's Station See Burnt Station
  189. Poplar Level, was located in Jefferson County sometime before 1784.
  190. Port William, which is now Carrollton in Carroll County, was located at the mouth of Kentucky River. The station was laid out in 1792. A blockhouse had been built in 1786 or 1787 by Captain Elliston.
  191. Pottenger’s Station Established by Revolutionary War Patriot Samuel Pottenger[109]
  192. Potts' Station See Historical Marker 1083 [110]
  193. Proctor's Station
  194. Redstone Fort, (though not in Kentucky) was located in what is now Brownsville in southwest Pennsylvania on the Monongahela River. This was the most frequent point where emigrants from Pennsylvania and the east, as well as many from Virginia and Maryland, took navigation for Kentucky.
  195. Rice's Station[111]
  196. Robert Sconce's Station [112]
  197. Roger's Station, was located in Nelson County near the Beech Fork. Station was established in 1780 by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel James Rogers . [113][114] This lay on a tract of land between Buffalo Creek, east, Cedar Creek, west, Shephardsville Rd, north and Boston Highway 62 south. . . Kentucky Baptists, by J. H. Spencer, page 184, 185, 186 states that James Rogers was an early preacher in Lick Creek Church. He was quite a prominent Citizen of Nelson, and served in two of the Danville Conventions." A history/genealogy column in The Kentucky Standard, April 17, 1985, by David Hall, (Bardstown, KY) has the following on Roger's Station. "Roger's Station grew from early land deal. William Bard put together one of the earliest real estate deals in what is now Nelson Co. In 1779, probably the summer months, Bard led a party out from the Falls of Ohio to view some 'Improvements' grouped around the Buffalo Creek area. He was offering these 'land claims' for sale. among the group was Col. James Rogers who later recalled some details of that trip. In the spring of 1780 Col. James Rogers took permanent possession of the preemption west of Buffalo Creek, a part of that area then called : 'Bard's Flat' Roger's Station rose in the wilderness and quickly provided temporary shelter for many settlers pouring into Nelson. Not many of the names are known of those who lived here, but those found included: James ROGERS and his family; his brothers Matthew, and Jonathan, were there. Evan WILLIAMS and Wm KEITH were likely residents. Atkinson HILL was there before relocating to GOODIN's Station. Mesheck CARTER and his family and likely John RAY and and Joseph BARNETT. William BARD was here in 1780. Sandi Gorin [115] William Lee gave a deposition in Green County on May 24, 1828 at which time he stated that in the years 1783-1784, he was living in Nelson County at Roger's Station, located about 4 miles west of Bardstown and Goodin's Station about eight miles from Roger's Station rather southwardly. When asked who lived at those locations, he replied, "I lived there, also my father Richard Lee, Col. Jas Rogers, Mathew Rogers, Jonathan Rogers, Henry Keeth, Wm Keeth, John Keith, John Burnett, Danl Hall, Livin Skiggs, Joseph Barnett, John Lee, Wm Downs, John Fowler, Atkinson Hill, Charles Mastison, Saml Goodin, Meshack Carter and others."
  198. Ruddle's Station, [[116]] was located on the east bank of the South Fork of the Licking river about three miles below the junction of Hinkston and Stoner’s Branches. The station was about seven miles from Paris in Bourbon County. The station was settled in 1777 by Revolutionary War Patriot Isaac Ruddell but captured by the Indians and destroyed in 1780. The station was re-built by John Hinkson and others and then called Hinkston’s Station. See published book [117] [118]
  199. Russellville, is located in Logan County and was settled in 1780.
  200. St Asaph aka Logan’s Fort, was located in Lincoln County about one mile west of Stanford. The fort was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel Benjamin Logan in 1775. The fort was established in 1775. The location was one of the four settlements which were represented in the Transylvania legislative body at Boonesboro aka Boone’s Station.
  201. Sandusky’s Station, was located on Pleasant Run in Washington County. The station was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot James Sandusky or Sodowsky in 1776. In 1786 or 1787, he moved to Cane Ridge in Bourbon County and settled another station which was probably known by the name of Cane Ridge. See historical marker #670 [119]
  202. Scott’s (John) Station, was located about five miles northeast of Cynthiana in Harrison County.
  203. Severns' Valley Station established in 1780 by Indian interpreter and surveyor, John Severns. It later became Elizabethtown [120] [121]
  204. Shallow Ford Station
  205. Shaw's Station, Site of present day Leitchfield, Grayson County, Kentucky. Located at the headwaters of Beaver Dam Creek, established by Benham SHAW in 1779
  206. Skagg's Station, was located near a tributary of Big Brush Creek, situated in the northern portion of Green County and established about 1781 by James Skaggs, Jr.
  207. Slate Blockhouse, established about 1788 at Slate Creek Furnace on Slate Creek. Garrisoned by the KY state militia in 1790 - 1796 with 17 men, known as Post at the Iron Works
  208. Spring Fort, was located in Jefferson County and was established before 1782. "The rock spring on Beal's Branch 800 feet south marks Spring Fort. One of the pioneer "Beargrass settlements" contemporary with the founding of Louisville. When its commander,Richard Steele, was wounded in an Indian attack, his wife, at Floyd's first fort, seized her baby and, riding through the night amid shots from the red men, sped up what is now Story Avenue across Beargrass Creek and Lexington Road and through the fort's hastily opened gateway to the succor of her husband." See historical marker #26.[122]
  209. Station Camp Creek, was located in Jackson and Estill Counties.
  210. Squire Boone’s Station aka Painted Stone Station, was located in Shelby County near where Shelbyville now stands on Clear Creek, a branch of Brashear's Creek. The station was settled in 1780 or before. See historical marker #28 [123]
  211. Steuben Fort, was located at the Falls of the Ohio (Louisville) in 1790. The fort was originally called Fort Finney and is now Jeffersonville Indiana.
  212. Stockton’s (George) Station, was in sight of Flemingsburg in Fleming County and was established in 1787 by Revolutionary Wat Patriot, George Stockton (1745-1818), when he planted a crop here while living at Strode's Station. "Near the northern limit of Flemingsburg is the site of Stockton's Station, settled by Major George Stockton (1745-1818) in 1787. Nothing of the old station remains to mark the exact spot where it stood, but the spring from which the settlers obtained their water and the graveyard where they buried their dead are there to indicate that it was not far away. Major Stockton was a native of Virginia and in company with Colonel John Fleming, came down the Ohio river in a canoe to Limestone, (Maysville) settling his station soon after his arrival. From infancy to manhood he had been a captive among the Indians of New York, and when at length he returned to Virginia and civilization, he was not satisfied with the change in his mode of living, and he determined to seek a home in the wilderness of Kentucky." Condensed History of Fleming County, Kentucky, 1908, by Dan T. Fisher. See historical marker #97 [124].
  213. Strode’s Station, was located two miles from Winchester in Clark County and was established in 1779 by Revolutionary War Patriot John Strode
  214. Stroud’s Station, was located in Mason County on the North Fork of the Licking River. The station was located at the mouth of Stroud’s run and was established in 1785.
  215. Strode Sturous Station, was located in Jefferson County in or before 1784.
  216. Sullivan’s Station, was located in Jefferson County on Beargrass Creek. Station was established in 1780.
  217. Sullivan’s Old Station, was established before 1780. The station was located in Jefferson County about five miles southeast of Louisville on the Bardstown road. Elisha Applegate, still living in November 1872, was born there in 1781.
  218. Sullivan’s New Station, was located in Jefferson County sometime before 1784.
  219. Sullivan’s (Daniel) Station, was located in Jefferson County sometime before 1784. [[125]]
  220. Swank's Station, established by Revolutionary War Patriot John SWANK aka SWINK about 1780, See Who was who in Hardin County, Vol. 2; Hardin County (Kentucky). Historical Society; pg. 71
  221. Tanner Station "David Tanner, early Kentucky pioneer, landowner, and entrepreneur owned a salt works on the Lower Blue Licks. A fort built over a spring protected the salt workers from Indian attacks. Settlers such as Daniel Boone and Simon Kenton stopped here to make or buy salt as they traveled the Buffalo Trace from Boonesborough to Maysville." See historical marker #2350 [126]
  222. Tanner’s Station, was located where Petersburg is now in Boone County. Station was established in 1785 by Reverend John Tanner, see historical marker #999 [127] [128]
  223. Taylor’s Creek Station, was probably located in Campbell County on Taylor’s Creek. The Cincinnati Centinel of the North West dated March 12, 1796 states that John Campbell lived there.
  224. Thompson’s Station, was settled by Robert Thompson in 1790 on the Middle Fork of the Elkhorn. It was located about three miles below Lexington in Fayette County.
  225. Todd’s Station, was located in Jessamine County not far from Keene and about ten miles southwest from Lexington. The station was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot Levi Todd in 1779 who later moved to Lexington as a place of greater safety.
  226. Trigg’s Station, was located four miles northeast of Harrodsburg in Mercer County on Cane Run about four miles from its mouth at the Dick’s River. The station was settled in 1780 by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel Stephen Trigg and called Viney Grove because of the number of large grape vines. John Haggin lived there and it was sometimes called Haggin’s Station.
  227. Trotter's Station
  228. Tyler’s Station, was named after Captain Robert Tyler. The station was located on Tick creek about four miles east of Shelbyville.
  229. Upper Blue Licks, was located on Licking River in Nicholas County. Station was twelve miles from Flemingsburg and eighteen miles from Carlisle.
  230. VanMeter Fort erected in 1780 by Revolutionary War Patriot Jacob VanMeter. See historical Marker #1494 [129]
  231. Viney Grove, See Trigg’s Station.
  232. Waddinton’s, a mistake for Worthington’s Station.
  233. Waring’s Station, was located in Mason County fairly close to two miles from Maysville and an even shorter distance west of the Lexington Turnpike. Station was settled on Feb. 1785 by Thomas Waring.
  234. Warren's Station
  235. Washington, is located in Mason County about three miles southwest of Maysville. Station was settled by Simon Kenton in 1784. The location was laid out as a town in 1786 by the Reverend William Wood and Arthur Fox Sr.
  236. Whippoorwill Creek, was a Logan County settlement that was established in 1784 by the Mauldings.
  237. Whitaker’s Station, was located in Bullitt County. The station was settled by Revolutionary War Patriot, Captain Aquilla Whitaker, the hero of the fight at the foot of the Falls of the Ohio on March 1, 1781.
  238. White Oak Spring or Hart’s Station, See Hart’s Station.
  239. Whitley’s Station, established in 1779 in Lincoln County about two miles southwest of Crab Orchard by Revolutionary War Patriot Colonel William Whitley at Dick’s River on the Kentucky trace from Cumberland Gap. On the spot still stands a two story brick house claimed to be the first brick house built in Kentucky. The windows are set over six feet above the floor to prevent the Indians seeing or shooting into the room.
  240. Wilderness Road, was the great traveled road from Virginia to Kentucky through Cumberland Gap, Hazel Patch, Crab Orchard, Stanford and onto Danville and Central Kentucky. [130]
  241. William Thomas' Station [131]
  242. Wilson’s Station, established by Henry Wilson and located in Mercer County on a branch of the Salt River. Station was two miles northwest of Harrodsburg. [132]
  243. Wilson’s Station, (another one in Lincoln County) was located at the fork of Clark’s Run. Station was established in 1785.
  244. Wood's Station
  245. Worthington’s Station or Fort, was located in Lincoln County about four miles southeast of Danville. Station was settled in 1779 by Revolutionary War Patriot Captain Edward Worthington. One of the Long Hunters sometimes improperly called the station Waddington’s.

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Fort Boonesborough
Fort Boonesborough

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What a fantastic idea for a space page, Robin! I have added the links to the two One Place Studies that are already in progress (Martin's and Ruddle's) and added a couple of categories that will help other Kentucky researchers find your work. I'm also adding a link to this to our Kentucky Project Volunteer Opportunities Page. If you are interested in becoming a co-manager of the Martin's and Ruddle's OPS pages, let me know!
posted by Mel Bishop
edited by Mel Bishop