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Keweenaw Bay Indian Community

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
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Surnames/tags: native_americans michigan
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Keweenaw Bay Indian Community 'KBIC'

The L'Anse Indian Reservation is the land base of the federally recognized Keweenaw Bay Indian Community of the historic Lake Superior Band of Chippewa Indians. The Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (KBIC) is a sovereign nation established in 1936 by the United States Government.

This area was historically the territory of the L'Anse Band of the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa Indians, a large, decentralized group of loosely associated bands around southern Lake Superior.

The Treaty of 1842, by which the Chippewa ceded lands to the federal government, was one of the largest land cession agreements ever made between the U.S. federal government and Indian tribes. It includes provisions and stipulations that the Chippewa retain their rights to fish, hunt and gather on these ceded lands.

The L’Anse Reservation is both the oldest and largest reservation in Michigan. It was established under the Chippewa Treaty of 1854. The United States Supreme Court has interpreted this treaty as creating permanent homelands for the Chippewa (Ojibwa Anishnaabeg) band signatories to the treaty.

The L’Anse Reservation consists of 54,000 acres (220 km) with approximately 14,000 acres (57 km) owned by the tribal community. Two thirds of the land is held in tribal common ownership and the remaining third is owned by Indians in fee, restricted fee, or allotted lands status. The entire reservation encompasses nearly one third of the area of Baraga County.

The Community has its own Constitution and ruling bodies with the seat of its government operating out of the Tribal Center on Beartown Road, Baraga, MI.

The KBIC is located in Baraga County and presently is the leading employer in the County. KBIC is governed by a Tribal Council, a duly elected official body, who serve for 3 years. Tribal elections are held annually in the month of December with reorganization taking place the following January. One third of the council is up for election every year. The Tribal Council has established committees to oversee all of the elements of life within the Community.

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