This category covers profiles of people that were in the Kingdom during its existence from c. 500 until its annexation by England at the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284. At which time it was broken up into the counties of Anglesey, Caernarvonshire, Merionethshire, Denbighshire and Flintshire.
The Principality or Kingdom of Gwynedd was one of several successor states to the Roman Empire that emerged in sub-Roman Britain in the 5th century during the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain.
Based in northwest Wales, the rulers of Gwynedd repeatedly rose to preeminence and were acclaimed as "King of the Britons" before losing their power in civil wars or invasions. The unitary kingdom of the Gruffydd ap Llywelyn was shattered by a Saxon invasion in 1063 just prior to the Norman invasion of Wales, but the House of Aberffraw restored by Gruffudd ap Cynan slowly recovered until Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd was able to proclaim the Principality of Wales at the Aberdyfi in 1216. That realm lasted until the conquest of Wales by Edward I in 1283.