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Kingsbury 2021 Update

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Update as to Origins

An article[1] by Melinde Lutz Byrne and John Edward Hardy in the Spring 2021 New England Historical and Genealogical Register proposes an update to the origins of three Kingsbury immigrants--Henry of Assington and Boston (d. after 1636), John (d. Dedham) and Joseph (d. Dedham). The article further established relationships between these three older Kingsbury men and a fourth immigrant, Henry Kingsbury of Ipswich and Haverhill (b. 1615).

A vast array of relevant English records (almost 50 pages) was published in 1905[2] by Frederick John Kingsbury and Mary Kingsbury Talcott, so the 2021 updates are not based on new records that have come to light. Rather, the findings arise from enhanced logic and reasoning by which the wives of immigrants Henry Kingsbury, b. 1615 and John Gage, b. 1605 are shown to be sisters, both daughters of Thomas and Susanna (Rigglesdale) French, immigrants whose children were baptized Assington, Suffolk, England. As well, the relationship between Henry (b. 1615) and three other Kingsbury immigrants is defined.

The first known Kingsbury immigrant is Henry of Assington. He immigrated 1630 as part of Winthrop's fleet, settled Boston and served the Governor's family in different capacities. In 1995, Robert Charles Anderson estimated his date of birth "[b]y about 1596" based an assumed age of 25 at the time he married in Assington, Suffolk, England, 18 May 1621 to the widow Margaret Alabaster.[3] Given that set of facts, this Henry was probably too young and certainly married too late to have been the father of the other Henry Kingsbury immigrant, born 1615, early of Ipswich and later, Haverhill.

In 2021, Byrne and Hardy propose the elder Henry had first married earlier, in Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk, 1613 to Jane Warren.[4] Jane Warren's ancestry is unknown. Byrne and Hardy write that she was, "perhaps a relative of Thomas French Sr.'s mother, Susan Warren," noting that Threlfall[5] was unable to reliably sort the Warrens in surviving records." (There seem to have been a number Warren families early at Stoke by Nayland and nearby Nayland.)[6]

With this earlier 1613 marriage, Byrne and Hardy propose Henry and Jane as the parents of Henry Kingsbury, of Ipswich and Haverhill, b. 1615--their only known child. This Kingbury-Warren-Kingsbury theory is not new. Frederick John Kingsbury and Mary Kingsbury Talcott suggested such relationships in 1905.[7]

The other two Kingsbury immigrants are known brothers, John and Joseph.

John Kingsbury died in Dedham, Massachusetts, 1660. His will (dated 2. 10. 1659, otherwise 2 December 1659)[8] calls out a "Bro: Joseph." Among others, John makes bequests to "John Kingsbura my kinsman the son of my brother aforesaid." And also, "to John Kingsbery my kinsman aforesaid ..."[9] After John makes several other bequests, providing for his wife, etc., he leaves a residual of the estate to "be divided into so many equal parts that my kinsman Henry Kingsbery of Ipswich and each of the children of my brother Joseph Kingsbery ... may have one equal part and that my brother Joseph himself may have two parts."

A 1622 English will by James Kingsbury of Boxford, Suffolk, England, calls out eight children, including sons James, Henry, John, Joseph and Thomas. Of this will, the 1905 authors Kingsbury and Talcott wrote, "Here we have the names of the three brothers who came to New England, Henry, John and Joseph ...";[10] a Kingsbury descendancy chart is included, reporting all as sons of James of Boxford, deceased 1622.[11] In the will, James also makes a bequest to his grandson Henry. In the context of the document, it is apparent this particular grandson is the child of James' son, Henry.

As late as 2005, writing about the origins of immigrant John Kingsbury and his brother Joseph, Anderson did not follow the 1905 findings by Kingsbury and Talcott, writing that "'Frederick John Kingsbury and Mary Kingsbury Talcott's proposed English origin [for the brothers, John and Joseph] may well be correct," adding,[12]

All of these men [brothers John and Joseph Kingmsan, and "kinsman" Henry of Ipswich] were almost certainly closely related to Henry Kingsbury {1630, Boston} ... who is known to be from Assington, Suffolk ... However the names John, James and Henry are so common in this Kingsbury family that further evidence should be sought in support of this identification. In any case, these Kingsbury immigrants must have come from this small cluster of west Suffolk parishes.

As to origin, the 2021 authors Byrne and Hardy did subscribe to the 1905 conclusions and considered the immigrants Henry (died after 1636), John and Joseph Kingsbury to have been brothers.[13] Henry Kingsbury, b. 1615 is recognized by the authors as a son of Henry--the "grandson" by that name mentioned in James Kingsbury's 1622 will,[14] thus by association, the three brothers are all sons of this James.

Sources

  1. Melinde Lutz Byrne and John Edward Hardy, "Three French Daughters and Their Husbands ... Amy (French) Gage, Susan (French) Kingsbury, and Anne (French) Hardy," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 175 (2021):105-119; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  2. Frederick John Kingsbury and Mary Kingsbury Talcott, The Genealogy of the Descendants of Henry Kingsbury of Ipswich and Haverhill, Mass. (Hartford: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1905), pp. 29-76 various relevant Kingsbury, mostly English, records,Hathi Trust.
  3. Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, 1995, 3 vols., 2:1131-1133, in particular, p. 1132; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  4. Melinde Lutz Byrne and John Edward Hardy, "Three French Daughters and Their Husbands ... Amy (French) Gage, Susan (French) Kingsbury, and Anne (French) Hardy," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 175 (2021):105-119, in particular, p. 112; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  5. Perhaps a reference to John B. Threlfall, "Thomas French of Assington, Suffolk, England, and Ipswich, Massachusetts," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 142:250-252; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors
  6. For numerous early parish records and wills, see Dean Crawford Smith and Melinde Lutz Sanborn, ed., The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton ... pt 1, The Ancestry of Warren Francis Kempton ... (Boston: NEHGS, 1996), pp 463-470; separately, see Wikipedia entries for Stoke by Nayland and Nayland; (Google.com reports these locations are 1.8 miles apart).
  7. Frederick John Kingsbury and Mary Kingsbury Talcott, The Genealogy of the Descendants of Henry Kingsbury of Ipswich and Haverhill, Mass. (Hartford: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1905), p. 86; digital images, Hathi Trust.
  8. Citing "Suffolk Registry of Wills, Lib. I, 350," Frederick John Kingsbury and Mary Kingsbury Talcott, The Genealogy of the Descendants of Henry Kingsbury of Ipswich and Haverhill, Mass. (Hartford: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1905), p. 82; digital images, Hathi Trust.
  9. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume IV, I-L, (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2005). p. 183-88 (John Kingsbury, featured name); digitai images by subscription, American Ancestors.
  10. Frederick John Kingsbury and Mary Kingsbury Talcott, The Genealogy of the Descendants of Henry Kingsbury of Ipswich and Haverhill, Mass. (Hartford: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1905), p. 22; digital images, Hathi Trust;
  11. As a pull out, this chart is viewable in the InternetArchive edition, see Kingsbury and Talcott, The Genealogy of the Descendants of Henry Kingsbury of Ipswich and Haverhill, Mass. (Hartford: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1905), p. n74 (between pages 44 and 45); digital images, InternetArchive.
  12. Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume IV, I-L, 2005, 183-188, in particular, p. 187; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  13. Of the younger Henry, the authors wrote, "[he] had two uncles who came to New England and settled at Dedham," Melinde Lutz Byrne and John Edward Hardy, "Three French Daughters and Their Husbands ... Amy (French) Gage, Susan (French) Kingsbury, and Anne (French) Hardy," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 175 (2021):105-119, in particular, p. 114; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  14. Melinde Lutz Byrne and John Edward Hardy, "Three French Daughters and Their Husbands ... Amy (French) Gage, Susan (French) Kingsbury, and Anne (French) Hardy," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 175 (2021):105-119, in particular, 113 and 113n; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.


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