Surnames/tags: Kingsmill Kyngesmyll Kingsmell
There are over 2000 Kingsmills in the study database, but only a few so far have been entered here on WikiTree.
In the 1500s there were well documented Kingsmill families in Hampshire, Kent and Sussex and in the early 1600s some had gone over to Ireland and at least one to America; later Kingsmills settled in these 2 countries and also in Canada and Australia.
There were Kingsmills in Hampshire, Berkshire and Wiltshire well before the 1500s but trying to work out how they were inter-related and how they link with later families can at times be highly speculative. The Kingsmills of Barkham and Basingstoke in the 15th century are a key family.
A Kingsmill name database was created in 2007 with the Kingsmill families of Kent but has expanded as the years have gone by and from 2014 became a World-wide one-name Study.
Kingsmill DNA Project
Trying to establish if all Kingsmill families are related to a common founder, or if there were different founders, has been the aim of the Kingsmill DNA Project. Y-DNA testing in 2008 revealed 2 lines which did not match for participants who on paper shared a common ancestor of John Kingsmill a miller of River near Dover in Kent who died in 1589 via sons Edman and Daniel. The fact that they do not match could be due to an adoption of a wife's young child from an earlier marriage somewhere down the line.
After testing all other known Kingsmill lines, by mid 2017 it was found that amazingly one of the 2 Kent lines (descended from son Edman) matches all other known Kingsmill families including those lines that went to Ireland from the Hampshire Kingsmills of the 15th and 16th Century and later migrated to the USA, Canada, Australia, South Africa and elsewhere. And all these matching lines also match a Kingsmill line that traces back to London in the 1700s and probably to Kent before. So it would appear that there was a sole Kingsmill ancestor living prior to 1500 who is the ancestor of all known Kingsmill blood line descendants of today.
The surname Kingsmore and a Kingsman family of Scotland
DNA matching and research has also shown that the surname KINGSMORE is intrinsically linked to the Kingsmill families of Kent and Northern Ireland. Kingsmore was first seen as an alias for Kingsmill in Kent in the mid 1700s then later as a name change in Northern Ireland in the 1860s from Kingsmill. Y-DNA testing had already matched a Kingsman family, which was a name change by Robert Kingsmill who moved from Ireland to Dundee in Scotland and who was one of the sons of William Kingsmill (1786-1868) of the North of Ireland. Autosomal DNA matching is providing more pieces to this jigsaw puzzle and further Y-DNA testing is in progress.
Kingsmill DNA Project Website
Family Tree DNA: Kingsmill DNA Project
Kingsmills on WikiTree
The names of over 2000 Kingsmills are slowly being added to WikiTree in groupings as shown here
Kingsmill identified family lines
Four unique Kingsmill blood lines going back to the 1500s have been identified for all the Kingsmills living today and DNA testing has shown that they are related. There are also Kingsmills who adopted the name through inheritance, and/or marriage and inheritance of the Kingsmill Sydmonton Estate. All these respective lines are as follows:
Descendants of Sir Richard Kingsmill (died 1511)
- Descendants "possibly" of Sir Richard Kingsmill (died 1511) of Basingstoke, Hampshire via the Irish Kilkenny "Parr Kingsmill" descendants of his possible 2x g.grandson Sir Francis Kingsmill (1569-1620). One descendant has Y-DNA tested. ("Possibly" is used as basic DNA testing suggests this line may instead be descended from the one below and not from Sir Richard"; more in depth testing is required to see what it might reveal).
Descendants of Reverend Anthony Kingsmill (died 1616)
- Descendants of the Reverend Anthony Kingsmill (died 1616) of Milton-next-Sittingbourne, Kent via his Irish 2or3x g.grandson Henry Kingsmill of Queen's County who married Mary Flood in 1727. Three Kingsmills who on paper belong to this line have Y-DNA tested and match each other and,very closely, the Parr Kingsmill descendant. This line also appears to be the one for the Irish Kingsmores (2 participants have Y-DNA tested) and the Kingsman Scottish line (1 Y-DNA participant).
Descendants of John Kingsmill (died 1590), a Kent miller
- Descendants of John Kingsmill (died 1590) a miller of River near Dover in Kent who was granted the mill there by Queen Elizabeth in 1584, via his sons Edman and Daniel. We have Y-DNA results for Kingsmills who on paperwork are descendants of John via each of these sons but they do not match. But one matches the Kingsman and 2 Kingsmores who have Kingsmill ancestors in Northern Ireland and they all match the Kingsmills from the Queen's County and Parr Kingsmill lines.
Goudhurst and/or London Kingsmill line
- A descendant of a Kingsmill family living in London in the 1800s is a Y-DNA match to the other lines. His family appears to go back to the common ancestor via the Kingsmills who lived in and around Goudhurst in Kent in the 16 and 1700s.
Heirs to the Kingsmill Sydmonton Estate who adopted the surname Kingsmill
- There are Kingsmills who are not blood line descendants of the well known Kingsmill family of Sydmonton Court in Hampshire but are related to this family by marriage or inheritance with the name being adopted. First by Robert Brice later Admiral Sir Robert Kingsmill 1st Baronet (with the Kingsmill surname being adopted by his Brice relations). He had married Elizabeth Correy the daughter of Hugh Correy and Frances kingsmill; Elizabeth was the heir to the Sydmonton Estate after the death of her uncle William Kingsmill "The Lunatic". John Stephens also adopted the Kingsmill surname being the named heir of Admiral Sir Robert Kingsmill 1st Baronet. Following the death of Major Sir Robert Brice Kingsmill, 2nd Baronet and nephew of Admiral Sir Robert Kingsmill, the Baronetcy expired. John Woodham became Sir John Kingsmill on marriage to Eliza Katherine Kingsmill, the only surviving heir of her father (the 2nd Baronet). Thomas Nugent Wright Kenny took on the surname Kingsmill when he married Isabel Augusta Bruce Kingsmill, the only child and heiress of Sir John.
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