Labossiere Name Study

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Location: North Americamap
Surnames/tags: Labossiere Laboissiere
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How to Participate

Please contact the Study's coordinator Jim LaBossiere or post a comment at the foot of the page. If you have any questions, just ask. Thanks!


This project follows in the footsteps of Père Alphonse Claude Marie Claude Laboissière OFM (1901 - 1962), Joseph Alphonse Paul Claude dit Laboissiere, who produced the first known Labossiere family tree in 1957. This amazing document attempted to follow every male line forward, some into the 8th. generation from the first ancestral couple in 1720. This work attempts to update Father Alphonse's work and to add sources.


This is a One Name Study to collect together in one place everything about one surname, Labossiere and the variants of that name; Laboissiere, Claude and Glaude. The hope is that other researchers like you will join our study to help make it a valuable reference point for people studying lines that cross or intersect.

  • 1. Continue researching all male lines forward from the 1720 marriage of the first North American ancestors Jean-Baptiste Laboissiere and Marie Catherine Martin at least to about 1915 - 1940 when records are no longer available. This basically means to reconstruct the genealogy of as many lines as possible to show the full descendancy from our first North American ancestors.
  • 2. Female descendents will usually be followed only to their marriage and children unless any of the children marry back into the Labossiere line, which in later generations, happened more frequently than one might expect.
  • 3. Add all of this research to WikiTree.
  • 4. To place the category on Labossiere, Claude and Glaude profiles, thus including them in the Study. Mostly completed- now ongoing for those born with the surname, Labossiere" or a close variant.
  • 5. How rare or common is the Labossiere surname?
  • 6A. Where did the Labossiere name originate from?
  • 6B Known variations of the Labossiere name and how they came about, (if known).
  • 7. Explore the migratory paths and geographical distribution over the centuries.
  • 8. Help distant cousins find their Labossiere heritage through DNA connections.


The logo used for this name study is that which was made for the 2003 Labossiere reunion at Saint-Leon, Manitoba. Although that logo was created to represent the four pioneer Labossiere families who settled in the Saint-Leon area between 1878-1882, it has been upgraded to also represent our Quebec heritage with the addition of the little blue bear, the symbol of Saint-Ours (saint bear), where our ancestors first farmed in Nouvelle-France. This was agreed to at the 300 year anniversary at Saint-Ours in 2018. The four tree branches represent the four Saint-Leon pioneer families. The green band at the top is for the current generation. The yellow band at the bottom is for the grain fields so common in the Saint-Leon area. The purple colour is for the Pembina Hills around Saint Leon and the blue is for the sky.

Origin of the name Labossiere and Variations

French (Laboissière): Norman habitational name from a common village name La Boissière, meaning ‘wooded area’, from bois ‘wood’. (Laboissière): possibly a metronymic, from a feminine derivative of Bossier ‘cooper’, denoting the ‘wife of the cooper’. Also possibly from the name, "LaBouaxiere" which may be from the box wood tree or shrub.

There are several small communities in France named, "Laboissiere" or just "Boissiere" and in Paris, there is a street and a subway station named, "Boissiere".

Variations of the Labossiere Name. Most of these have occurred due to the person who recorded the even did not know how the name should be spelled. Known variations of the Labossiere that occurred in Canada ( from 1721 - 1861) are: abossiere 2; de laboisiere 2; de laboissiere 8; de laboissierre 1; delabossier 1; delabossiere 1; labbosier 1; laboessiere 4; laboetiere 4; laboisetiere 1; laboisiere 4; laboissier 1; laboissiere 60; laboissierre 5; laboistier 1; laboistiere 4; labosier 4; labosiere 41; labosniere 1; labosquer 1; labosquiere 5; labossetiere 4; labossier 17; labossiere 1383; labossierre 3; labosssiere 1; labosthiere 2; labostier 4; labostiere 176; labotiere 11; labouexiere 2; laboussiere 2; labrossiere 2

Known variations that have occurred in United States records mainly due to mispronunciation of the French names.

labashire; labouchere, labocia; laboudui; laboushire; lobshire; labershire; laboucher; laboushier; labussiere; labouden; labshere; Labushire: see: Alexis Francois Labossière

labouden; Lavenshee; Labshior; Labshere. see: Samuel Labossière Jean Baptiste Labossière

Lapshere; Labshire. James Labshere U.S. 1900 & 1910 censuses Lubshire: Fred Franklin Labshere marrriage certificate

Bussell: see Jean Baptiste Labossière This seems to have happened before or with the 1880 U.S. Census.

Labosier: see Charles Labossière This started at least with the 1880 U.S. Census.

Lebbesier, Labasom, Lebossier and Lebossiere: see Louis Labossière This occurred with the U.S. 1860, 1870 and 1880 census records and the 1865 Massachusetts State Census and his 1856 Boston marriage record. Lebbossiere appears to have become a permanent change.

Research on Labossiere Family in North America

This study is following all male Labossiere lines in North American forward from the original ancestor couple, (Generation 1). Research is currently about half way through generation 7 and about 65% complete in adding generation 6 to WikiTree. This is the starting point for most Labossiere descendents in North America. Jean-Baptiste Laboissiere Marie Catherine Martin

Migration of the Labossiere Family in North America

Our first Labossiere ancestor in North America was Jean Baptiste Laboissiere who was born about 1693 in Nantes, France . He arrived in Canada, Nouvelle-France in 1718 as a young anspessade or subaltern military officer in the company of M. de Tonty. When he married Marie Catherine Martin on November 28, 1720 at Contrecoeur, this was the beginning of most Labossiere families in North America today. As the generations went by, the family spread out all across North America. This section will track some of these migrations focusing on the first known families to venture into each new region.

Labossiere - Claude - Glaude Family in North America 1718 - present.

Jean Baptiste Laboissiere is the patriarch of most of the Labossiere family throughout Canada and the United States. He was born about 1693 in Nantes, Bretagne, France and was a son of Jean Baptiste Laboissiere and Antoinette Foidry. He came to Canada, New France about 1718 as an anspessade or subaltern military officer in the company of M. de Tonty. He was given permission to marry from the Governor General, M. de Vaudreuil and on Thursday, November 28, 1720, at Ste-Trinité de Contrecoeur, he married Marie Catherine Martin. Among the witnesses were two illustrious military officers, Antoine de Pecaudy, Lord of the Seigneurie de Contrecoeur and a Captain of The Carignan Regiment and Pierre Menard, a Captain of the militia. The priest was Louis de Laplace.

The 300th. anniversary of the arrival of our first North American ancestor in Nouvelle-France occurred in 2018 and to mark the occasion, a reunion was held in at Saint-ours, Quebec. It was attended by over 200 Labossiere descendents from all over Canada and the United States.

As the number of Labossiere families increased and they spread out from the original areas around Contrecoeur and Saint-Ours, it was inevitable that some would leave the area completely. There are two main waves of migration out of what is now Quebec, Canada. The first of these was into the New England States of United States as many jobs became available in the various manufacturing plants that opened up. This began as early as 1846 - 1850 and at least four families are involved.

The second wave of migration out of Quebec was to the Canadian Province of Manitoba between 1878 and 1882 and there were four original pioneer families who settled first around Saint-Leon, Manitoba. Most of the Labossiere families in Western Canada are descended from the four Manitoba pioneer families. A huge reunion of these families was held in 2003 at Saint-Leon, Manitoba and over 1700 people attended on the first weekend in August 2003.


The earliest known Labossiere families to have migrated to the United States are:

1. Alexis Francois Labossière and Marie Françoise Archambault who went to Montpelier, Washington County, Vermont and are found there in the U.S. 1850 Census. One of their sons, also Francois, AKA Francis, in the U.S. 1900 census, as he was an old man and widowed, stated that he had been in the United States since 1833 and had thus lived there for 67 years. While this cannot be absolutely verified, there is a good possibility that this is the family in the U.S. 1840 census [1] in Vermont. The ages and number of children fits closely with what is known from found sources.

2. Jean Baptiste Labossière and Celeste Lord who went to New York state and are found there in the U.S. 1850 census.

3. Francois Labossiere and Sophie Mathieu who went to Connecticut and are found there in the 1850 U.S. census.

4. Olivier Labossiere and Edesse Potvin who went first to Rhode Island and are first found there in the 1850 U.S. census.

The Alexis Francois Labossiere - Marie Francoise Archamabult family went to Vermont as early as 1845 as two daughters are known to have married there at that time. The parents are found in the U.S. 1850 census at Montpelier. In the 1860 U.S. census there are several married children living near their parents and the first daughter is known to have married in Vermont in Dec. 1845 and are grand children born are early as 1846. This family stayed in the U.S. and at least two married sons continued the line.

The Francois Labossiere - Sophie Mathieu family went to Connecticutt and the Jean Baptiste Labossiere - Celeste Lord family went to New York state. It is most likely that they are the first or second Labossiere family to move to the United States as they are known to be at Hartford, Washington County, New York as early as April 4, 1846 when their daughter, Josephine was born there. They took her back to Canada the following summer and had her baptized and the priest recorded her birth the previous year in Hartford, NY. This family stayed in the U.S. whereas Francois Labossiere and Sophie Mathieu returned to Canada.

The Olivier Labossiere - Edessse Potvin family are first found in the 1850 United States Census, living in Rhode Island. They are also in Rhode Island for the 1860 U.S. census. Although, the 1860 census states that four children were born in Massachusetts and Rhode Island between 1849 and 1859, it is believed they were actually born in Canada. This family moved back to Canada for several years as two daughters were born in Saint-Ours, Bas-Canada in 1863 and 1865. They then moved back to the United States as they are found again in Connecticut in the 1870 and 1900 U.S. censuses and they appear to have lived out the remainder of their lives there as they both died at Putnam and are both buried there.

A transcribed birth record has recently been found for a Louis Labossiere born 1820 in Milford, Massachusetts. [2] It is not known if this is authentic as the original document is not available. If true, this is startling, as no Labossiere families are known to have been in the United States prior to 1840. This is based on a 1917 compilation of Thomas W. Baldwin and seems to be based on a cemetery record. Birth of a Louis Labossiere 1820 at Milford, MA G.R.2 Grave Record, St. Mary's Cemetery. Vital Records of Milford, Massachusetts to the year 1850, Compiled by Thomas W. Baldwin, AB., S.B., Member of the New England Genealogical Society. Boston, MA, 1917 Wright & Potter Printing Company 32 Derne Street, Boston.


The Labossiere migration into Manitoba was mainly a result of the railways beginning to push across Manitoba and the opening up of homestead grants whereby people could obtain a quarter section of land by living on it and turning it into a productive farm.

There were four original pioneer Labossiere families who homesteaded in south western Manitoba around the village of Saint-Leon between 1878 and 1882. They are:

Edouard Labossiere Elmire Gendron in 1878.

Jean Baptiste Labossiere Marie Adelaide Potvin in 1880.

Joseph Labossiere Adeline Mauger in 1881.

Alexis Labossiere Marie Exilda Poulin in 1882.

Edouard is the uncle of Joseph and Alexis, making them first cousins, and Edouard and Jean-Baptiste Gedeon are third cousins. Jean Baptiste Gedeon Labossiere also have lived in Manchaug, MA for a time, as they are found thee in the 1870 U.S. census. One of his sons, Amedee, did marry in Massachusetts in 1879 and then follow his father to Saint-Leon, MB. It is known for certain that Gedeon and his entire family were in Manchaug, MA for the 1870 U.S. census.

Edouard Labossiere and Edmire Gendron and their family homesteaded in Saint-Leon in the summer of 1878 on the South East of 4-5-9. They were the first of the four pioneer Labossiere families to homestead here between 1878 and 1882. Edouard was 43 years old when he did this adventure. He is the uncle of two of the other pioneers, Alexis (Exilda Poulin) and Joseph (Adeline Mauger) and a third cousin of the fourth pioneer, Jean-Baptiste Gedeon.

Édouard Labossière was born in Saint-Ours, Quebec on June 25, 1835, son of Jean-Baptiste Labossière and Marguerite Normand. He married Edmire Gendron, daughter of André Gendron and Josepthe Plouf, on January 14, 1856 in Saint-Ours. He was 20 years old and 6 months old and she was 15 years and 4 months old.

In 1878 Édouard's family was the first Labossière family in Saint-Léon, Manitoba. He came with 9 children. His oldest daughter, Edmire, the second of the family, wife of Louis Malo, did not arrive until 1881. The eldest son, Edouard Jr., newly married, came with his parents. Two more children were born in Saint-Léon. Theobald Leon in 1880 and Marie Exérille in 1883.

Édouard Labossière grew up on the Quebec farm that had been cleared by Jean-Baptiste Labossière, the first Labossière in Canada. This farm is located near Saint-Ours in Quebec. The family lived in Saint-Jude until 1870. He did a two-year internship at Saint-Ours and then followed the wave of emigration to the United States. In 1872, the family was at Williamsville, Massachusetts and then at Manchaug, Massachusetts, where the two oldest children; Edward and Edmire, were married and possibly three children were born; Arthur in 1873, Louis in 1875 and Philomène In 1887. After these displacements proved unsatisfactory, Edward listened to the call and the publicity of western Canada, a destination of many French-speaking French immigrants recently. A railroad to St. Boniface, Manitoba, (part of Winnipeg), was completed in 1878, and ensured a journey to this promised land. Thus he arrived at Saint-Léon in the spring of 1878 at the same time as eight other families. Four, perhaps 6, bolder families had preceded them in 1877. But everything was fallow, the conditions were extremely primitive: the railroad only joined the region in 1882, to Manitou 10 miles to the south. These four years of isolation gave rise to a number of dramatic incidents, including the famous 70-mile journeys to Emerson, with bags on their backs reminiscent of the old voyageurs. Edouard chose his homestead on the south-eastern quarter of section 4-5-9, near the developing the community, and served in particular as one of the first school commissioners in the community.

Edouard died prematurely on February 13, 1893 at the age of 57. Edmire married a second time on October 26, 1894, to Alexis Allaire. She died at the age of 59, following burns contracted by burning leaves. She suffered terribly for three days after the incident before she succumbed to her injuries. Family members later told of slicing potatoes very thin for her to lie on to ease the suffering.

The J-B Gedeon Labossiere - Adelaide Potvin family arrived from Manchaug, Massachusetts, U.S.A. in 1880 and homesteaded on the northeast of 6-5-9. This means the North East quarter or 160 acres of Section 6, Township 5, Range 9. We have a copy of the deed from the Library & Archives Canada web site under Western Homesteads. They were the second of the original four pioneer Labossiere families to settle in the area over the period from 1878 to 1882. Gedeon was 62 years old when he embarked on this adventure, making him the oldest of the four pioneers. His tombstone in the St. Leon, Manitoba cemetery has Nov. 6, 1895 as date of death, however, Manitoba Vital Statistics lists it as Nov. 7, 1895, one day later. [Gedeon and Adelaide were in Massachusetts for the 1870 U.S. census, but back in Saint-Ours, Quebec for the 1871 Canada census. It is not known if they returned to MA for the period 1872-1979 before moving to Manitoba].

Joseph Labossiere and Adeline Mauger and their family arrived in St. Leon, Manitoba in April of 1881 and homesteaded on the northwest of 33-4-9. They were the third of the four original pioneer Labossiere families to homestead in the St. Leon area between 1878 and 1882. Of the four pioneer families, Joseph and Alexis are cousins and Edouard is their uncle. Gedeon is a 3rd. cousin, once removed. Joseph was only 29 years when he homesteaded, making him the youngest of the four pioneers.

The Alexis Labossiere - Exilda Poulin family arrived in St. Leon, Manitoba in the Spring of 1882 and established themselves on the southwest of 4-5-9. This family was the last of the four original Labossiere pioneer families to come out to homestead in the St. Leon area between 1878 and 1882. Alexis was 32 years old when he settled in Manitoba.

List of Names or Profiles in the LaBossiere Name Study


  • Birth of a Louis Labossiere 1820 at Milford, MA G.R.2 Grave Record, St. Mary's Cemetery. Vital Records of Milford, Massachusetts to the year 1850, Compiled by Thomas W. Baldwin, AB., S.B., Member of the New England Genealogical Society. Boston, MA, 1917 Wright & Potter Printing Company 32 Derne Street, Boston.


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