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Landkreis Uelzen, Niedersachsen

Privacy Level: Public (Green)
Date: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: Germany Lower_Saxony
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This is a project for Landkreis Uelzen or Ülzen within Bundesland Niedersachsen (State of Lower Saxony), Germany. The focus is currently on the modern structure of locations within the Landkreis (equivalent of a county) and the people that reside or resided within them. Additional work may be done to name these places as they existed in the deeper past.

Right now there are two members of this project:

  • Steven Greenwood; who had several families that emigrated to America from this area
  • Uelzen resident Dieter Lewerenz, who has supplied detailed political structure and history of the Landkreis.

Here are some of the tasks that we think need to be done. We'll be working on them, and could use your help.

  • Define the category structure for this region on WikiTree. The political structure is given below and we believe categorization should follow this.
  • Create categories for all locations that have people to place within them.
  • Place any and all people from this region into their respective location categories.
  • Identify notables from this region.
  • Define history of the region and identify alternate geographic names for given areas.
  • Identify the surnames of this area.
  • Connect people and surnames from the area to locations of emigration around the world.
  • Identify cemeteries in the Landkreis and note those buried there
  • Identify reliable resources for this region.
  • Give us recommendations!

Will you join us? Please post a comment here on this page, in G2G using the project tag, or send Steven a private message. Thanks!

Contents

History

In 1292, St. Mary's Church was built in Uelzen, with a spire that reached 86.9 m (285 ft).

On 31 Aug 1762, a large fire burnt Jastorf near Bevensen. Most of the town, namely 37 buildings, was burnt in ashes within two hours.[1]

On 8 Jul 1938, a long-track F2 tornado caused damage starting at Nienhagen, Landkreis Celle and traveled 75 km up to Uelzen.

During World War II on 4 Aug 1944, Donald A. Larson was shot down over Uelzen and was temporarily buried there before being reinterred at Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial.

Geography and political structure

Generic structure

The political structure of Bundesland Niedersachsen (State of Lower Saxony) is as follows:

  • 1st Level: 1 Metropolitan area (Hannover), 36 Landkreise (counties), 8 kreisfreie Städte (independent town)
  • 2nd Level: Samtgemeinde (collective municipality) or Einheitsgemeinde (free municipality), Stadt (town as independent municipality)
  • 3rd Level: Gemeinde (municipality) or Stadt (local community or town), Stadtteil (Borough of an independent town)
  • 4th Level: Ortschaft (village), Ortsteil (part of a town/Einheitsgemeinde)
  • 5th Level: Weiler, Ortsteil/Wohnplatz (dwelling place)

Structure of Landkreis Uelzen

Uelzen is a Landkreis within Bundesland Niedersachsen (only the states of Schleswig-Holstein and North Rhine Westfalia use the descriptor Kreis).

Landkreis Uelzen has the following political structure: 1. The town (independent municipality) Uelzen, 2. the Einheitsgemeinde (unified municipality) Bienenbüttel and four Samtgemeinden (collective municipalities) 3. Bevensen-Ebstorf, 4. Aue, 5. Rosche, and 6. Suderburg. The Samtgemeinde are always subdivided in Gemeinden (local communities), the town Uelzen and a Einheitsgemeinde not. Uelzen and the Einheitsgemeinde have Ortsteile, Gemeinden Ortsteile or Ortschaften (districts, municipalities, or localities). Ortschaften or Ortsteile can have Wohnplätze or Weiler (dwelling places), or estates or forest courtyards.

This is broken down even further below.

  1. Hansestadt Uelzen (Hanseatic Town as independent municipality and maintown of the county Uelzen)
  2. Einheitsgemeinde Bienenbüttel
  3. Samtgemeinde Aue (Formerly Bad Bodenteich and Wrestedt. They were unified in 2011.) with the municipalities:
  4. Samtgemeinde Bevensen-Ebstorf (Formerly Bevensen and Altes Amt Ebstorf. They were unified in 2011.) with the municipalities:
  5. Samtgemeinde Rosche with the municipalities:
  6. Samtgemeinde Suderburg with the municipalities:

Postal codes

  • Uelzen 29525
  • Bad Bevensen 29549

Geographic history

Medieval Uelzen

Around 1000, the region in which Landkreis Uelzen would sit was Billunger Lande within the Duchy of Saxony (Herzogtum Sachsen) of the Holy Roman Empire (Heiliges Römisches Reich, 800-1806). From 1235 to 1692, it was under Herzogtum Braunschweig-Lüneburg.

Renaissance to Post Second World War

The area of Uelzen was promoted in 1692 to the 9th Electorate (Kurfürstentum) of the Holy Roman Empire and remained part of the Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg (also called Kurfürstentum Hannover). until 1810 when this Kurfürstentum became part of the Kingdom Westphalia and in 1814 as result of the Wiener Kongress part of the Königreich Hannover.

On 8 June 1815, the creation of the German Confederation would incorporate the Kingdom of Hanover. The region of Lüneburg, one of the four Regierungsbezirke of the Kingdom of Hanover, was established in 1823.

The unification of Germany commenced 1 Jan 1871 with the creation of Imperial State of Germany, which would remain under the German Empire until the November Revolution of 1918.

Landkreis Uelzen was created on 1 Apr 1885 in the frame of creating Landkreise in the Prussian province Hannover. The old Hannoveranian Ämter Hannover and Oldenstadt and the independent town Uelzen were put together to the new Landkreis Uelzen.[2] The administrative center was in Oldenstadt.

In 1928/1929 very small municipalities (Gemeinden) were incorporated into other municipalities.

On 23 Aug 1946, the short-lived State of Hanover was created from lands of the Province of Hanover within the Free State of Prussia.

On 8 Nov 1946, backdated to 1 Nov 1946, the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) was formed by the State Advisory Board of the British Zone of Occupation from a merger of the Free States of Brunswick, of Oldenburg and of Schaumburg-Lippe with the previously formed State of Hanover.

Recent restructuring

On 1 Jul 1972, Oldenstadt became a part of the town Uelzen and the administrative center of the Landkreis Uelzen moved into the maintown Uelzen. Several municipalities (Gemeinden) were merged. The municipalities Meußließen and Reddien were moved to the Landkreis Lüchow-Dannenberg; the municipality Lopau became part of the town Munster (today Heidekreis).

The municipalities Kakau and Varbitz (formerly Landkreis Lüchow-Dannenberg) were suburbanized into the municipality Soltendieck (today part of Samtgemeinde Aue). From the Landkreis Lüneburg, the municipalities Grünhagen, Hohenbostel, Niendorf, and Wulfstorf came to Landkreis Uelzen and were suburbanized into the municipality Bienenbüttel.

On 1 Nov 2011 the collective municipality Wrestedt with the municiplities Wrestedt, Wieren and Stadensen was disbanded and they created the new municipality Wrestedt. These municipalities were put together with the collective municipality Bodenteich to the new collective municipality Aue. The collective municipalities Bevensen and Altes Amt Ebstorf also merged on this day to become the new collective municipality Bevensen-Ebstorf.

Regional changes

  1. Billunger Lande, Duchy of Saxony (Herzogtum Sachsen), Holy Roman Empire (Heiliges Römisches Reich, 800-1806)
  2. Herzogtum Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1235-1692)
  3. German Confederation (8 June 1815-1 Jan 1871)
  4. German Empire (1 Jan 1871-9 Nov 1918)
    • Creation of Landkreis Uelzen (1 Apr 1885)
  5. German Reich (Deutches Reich, Weimar Republic) (9 Nov 1918-23 Mar 1933)
  6. Nazi Germany (23 Mar 1933-23 May 1945)
  7. Allied-occupied Germany (British occupation zone) (23 May 1945-23 Aug 1946)
  8. State of Hanover (23 Aug 1946-1 Nov 1946)
  9. Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) (1 Nov 1946-Present)
  10. West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) (23 May 1949-3 Oct 1990)
  11. Germany (Unified) (3 Oct 1990-Present)

Surnames of Landkreis Uelzen

This list is not all inclusive and may never be completed.

AlvermannBauckeBaumgartenBauscheBehnBurmester/BurmeisterEickhoffErnstFriedrichsGadeGauseGräfkeGroteHallenslebenHarmsHeidman/HeidmannJungemannKaiserKoosenKuhlmannKruskopKuckerLevinLichtLinneLüdemannLühringLuttermannMaas/MaaßMartensMackelthunMeierMeinkeMennerichMeyerMüllerNiebuhrNiemannNischulz (?) • NygemannOetzmannRadankeRebekRessauRichersRiggersRiggertRipkeRöperSanderSchlieckauSchlüterSchmedtSchröderSchrötkeSchuetteSchulteSchultzeSchulzStolteSühlTewesTiedemannTiemannvan der OheVertheinVogtWarferWarneckeWegnerWieseWischhofWolterWünnecke

Notables of Landkreis Uelzen

The following list is sorted first by municipality and then chronologically.

  • Bad Bodenteich
    • Dagmar Sierck (14 March 1958 – 17 July 2015), 1972 Olympic swimmer.
  • Bevensen
    • Christian Friedrich Ludwig Albinus (10 Jun 1771 – 5 Jul 1837), senior customs officer (councilor) in Lauenburg, founder of the savings and loan coffers in the Duchy of Lauenburg, philanthropist, patron.
    • Carl Levin Klop (1804–1840), Protestant pastor, teacher, inspector of the court school in Hanover and castle cantor.
    • Helmut Dau (1926–2010), lawyer.
    • Friedhelm Werremeier (1930–2019), writer.
    • Wilhelm Wallmann (b. 5 May 1941, living), politician (CDU) and mayor of the state capital Wiesbaden.
    • Kurt Lüdecke (1942–2014), boxer.
    • Ilse Falk (b. 1943, living), politician (CDU) and Member of the Bundestag.
    • Dirk Fischer (b. 1943, living), politician (CDU) and Member of the Bundestag.
    • Jörg Sennheiser (b. 1944, living), entrepreneur.
    • Joachim Eigenherr (b. 1947, living), track and field athlete.
    • Ulrich Sinn (b. 4 October 1945, living), Professor of Classical Archaeology (Greek).
    • Volker Bescht (b. 1951, living), Brigadier General of the Bundeswehr.
    • Heinrich Lange (b. 1955, living), Vice Admiral of the German Navy.
    • Andrea Zeeb-Lanz (b. 1960, living), archaeologist.
    • Jan-Dietrich Janssen (b. 1963, living), theologian, 2008-2017 Bishop of the Ev.-Luth. Church in Oldenburg.
    • Jörg Hillmer (b. 1966, living), politician, member of the Lower Saxony state parliament.
    • Almut Höfert (b. 1967, living), medieval historian.
    • Christian Dexne (b. 1971, living), sports presenter (ARD / RBB).
  • Ebstorf
    • Uwe Schröder (b. 27 Jul 1962, living), 1984 Olympic sports shooter.
  • Römstedt
    • Jörg Sievers (b. 22 September 1965, living), former goalkeeper with Hannover 96 and current assistant manager of Scottish Premiership club Heart of Midlothian.
  • Rosche
    • Uwe Becker (b. 10 Dec 1955, living), 1984 Olympic middle-distance runner and his brother Volker, also a middle-distance runner.
  • Uelzen
    • Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (27 June 1497 – 11 January 1546), also frequently called Ernest the Confessor, the son of Henry I, Duke of Lüneburg, and Margarete of Saxony, the daughter of Ernest, Elector of Saxony.
    • Franz Eler (sometimes Elers) (d. 1590), teacher, choirmaster and composer of the Lutheran Reformation from Hamburg.
    • Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann (August 17, 1743 – July 4, 1815), geographer and zoologist. One of his pupils was mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss.
    • Friedrich Kuhlau (Frederick Kulav) (11 September 1786 – 12 March 1832), court composer to the Danish royal court.
    • Georg Wilding (24 Jun 1790 – 6 Sep 1841), royal-Neapolitan envoy in St. Petersburg.
    • Theodore Kaufmann (Theodor Kaufmann) (18 Dec 1814 – 1896), German-born American painter.
    • Theodor Zincke (19 May 1843 – 17 March 1928), chemist and the academic adviser of Otto Hahn, the father of nuclear chemistry.
    • Charlotte Mühe (24 Jan 1910 – 10 Jan 1981), 1928 Olympic swimmer who won a bronze medal in the 200 m breaststroke event.
    • Walter Wallmann (24 September 1932 – 21 September 2013), politician (CDU), among others, Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety and Minister President of Hessen.
    • Angelika Volquartz (b. 2 September 1946, living), politician (CDU), 2003-2009 Mayor of Kiel, their first female mayor.
    • Joachim Blüher (b. 1953, living), art historian and cultural manager. Director of the German Academy Villa Massimo in Rome (2002 - present).
    • Frank Schütze (b. 2 July 1956, living), 1976 Olympic rower (men's eight event).
    • Rebecca Harms (b. 7 Dec 1956 in Hambrock, living), politician, member of the European Parliament (The Greens).
    • Thomas Scharff (b. 5 October 1963), Medieval historian.
    • Stephanie Anne Kaul (b. 27 June 1966, living), married to Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Baden and daughter of Christian Kaul and Hannelore Scheel.
    • Mola Adebisi (b. 15 Feb 1973, living), former TV presenter (VIVA).
    • André Doehring (b.1973. living), musicologist in jazz and pop music.
    • Sören Bertram (b. 5 June 1991, living), football midfielder who plays for 1. FC Magdeburg.
  • Wrestedt
    • Rainer Zobel (b. 3 Nov 1948, living) - Football manager and former player for Hannover 96, FC Bayern Munich, and Lüneberger SK.
  • Adolph Coors, born Adolph Hermann Josef Kohrs or Kuhrs worked at a brewery in Uelzen before emigrating to America and changing his surname to Coors.

Cemeteries of Landkreis Uelzen

  • Bad Bevensen
    • Waldfriedhof Medingen

Resources

Notes and references

  1. Matthias Blazek: Das Löschwesen im Bereich des ehemaligen Fürstentums Lüneburg von den Anfängen bis 1900. Eigenverlag, Adelheidsdorf 2006, ISBN 978-3-00-019837-3, S. 142 ff.
  2. Ämter were administrative bodies like Samtgemeinde; in Schleswig-Holstein these administrative bodies are still called Amt (pl. Ämter).
  3. Find A Grave: Memorial #44646451




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