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Landmarks of Oswego County, New York

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Landmarks of Oswego County, New York

  • by John Charles Churchill, 1821-1905; Henry Perry Smith, 1839-1925; W. Stanley Child
  • published by D.Mason & Company, Publishers, Syracuse, New York, 1895

Available online at these locations:

See Also: https://www.newyorkroots.org/oswego/oswegocounty/famsketch1c.html

Table of Contents

Chapter I. The Original Divisions of New York State
Act Erecting Oswego County — Boundaries and Physical Features of Oswego County — Geological Notes — Geological Map — Indian Cessions of Lands — Scriba’s Patent — Townships of Scriba’s Patent — The Military Tract — Boylston and Other Tracts — Map Showing Military Tract
Chapter II. Original Occupants of New York State
The Nations of the Iroquois — The Iroquois Confederacy — Indian Characteristics and Habits — Their Hospitality — Relation of the Iroquois to the Territory of Oswego County
Chapter III. The First French Explorer into New York State Territory
Champlain’s Attack upon the Indian Fort — Discovery of the Hudson River — The Plymouth Company and Its Grant from King James — Arrival of the Jesuits in the Western World — Notes from the “Relations” — Their Journeys up and down the Oswego River — Expedition of Du Puys — Its Failure.
Chapter IV. Accession of the English to the Dutch Possessions in America
Peaceful Relations of the English and the Indians — Conflict between the French and the English — French and English Efforts to Secure Alliance of the Iroquois — Operations of the French under De la Barre — Council at La Famine — Arrival of the Marquis de Nonville
Chapter V. Efficient Action of De Nonville
Campaign Against the Senecas — Destruction of Montreal by Indians — Burning of Schenectady — Repair of Fort Frontsnac — Campaign Against the Iroquois in 1696 — Consequences of French Warfare on the Indians — Close Alliance of the Indians and the English — Peace of Ryswick — Beginning of Queen Anne’s War — Extension of English Fur Trade— French Post at Niagara— Governor Burnet Protests— Establishment of Military Post of Chouaguen— Its Effect Upon the French— Plan of Oswego in 1727 — Approaching War — Mismanagement at Oswego — Declaration of War — Military Importance of Oswego — Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle — Sir Wm. Johnson — His Management at Oswego
Chapter VI. Extension of French Dominion in America
Irrepressible Causes of Conflict — Beginning of Hostilities in 1754 — Braddock’s Campaign and Defeat — English Operations at Oswego — Consternation of the French — Building of a Fleet at Oswego — Col. Mercer and the New Oswego Forts — Description of the Works — Abandonment of Campaign Against Niagara — Council at Albany — Shirley’s Advice — Capture of Fort Bull — French Activity under Montcalm — Operations of De Villers against Oswego — The Mohawk Valley — Attack on Oswego — Arrival of Bradstreet at Oswego — The Fight at Battle Island — Activity of Montcalm — Capture of Oswego by the French — A National Misfortune — Campaign of 1757 — Wm. Pitt and the Colonies — Energetic Operations of the English — Capture of Fort Frontenac — Campaign of 1759 — Capture of Quebec
Chapter VII. The Garrison at Fort Ontario under English Rule
Major Duncan’s Peculiarities — Mrs. Grant’s Description of the Post— Clearing of Lands — Pontiac’s War- Arrival of Sir William Johnson— His Efficient Management— A Council at Oswego— A Reign of Peace— Establishment of the Property Line— Encroachments of New Settlers— Indian Alliance with the British
Chapter VIII. Approach of the Revolution
Discouraging Condition of the Colonists— Adherence of the Johnsons to the Royal Cause — Guy Johnson at Oswego The Campaign of 1776 — Preparations of the British for the Campaign of 1777 St. Leger’s Expedition— Brant at Oswego— Alarm of the Colonists— Investment of Fort Stanwix— Its Gallant Defense— Surrender of Burgoyne— Destruction of Fort Ontario— Expedition Against the Onondagas— Sullivan’s Expedition— John Johnson’s Mohawk Valley Raid— Willett! s Winter Expedition to Fort Ontario
Chapter IX. The Reign of Peace
England Retains Possession of American Forts— Provision Made for the Indians-State Reservations-Causes Contributing to Early Settlement — Formation of New Counties — The Romance of Frenchman’s Island — Settlement in Constantia — Exploration in Oswego County — Agents of the “Castorland Company"—Formation of Onondaga County — War with the Western Indians — A Block House at Brewerton — Conditions at Fort Ontario — Organization of Mexico — Final Surrender of Fort Ontario to Americans — Progress of Settlement in Oswego County — Assessment Roll of Mexico
Chapter X. Beginning of the Century
Inception of Lake Commerce at Oswego — First Settlements in Various Towns — Causes- of the War of 1812 — The President’s Message to Congress — Anxiety at Oswego — Declaration of War — Attitude of the Indians — Appointments at Oswego — Fort Ontario Garrisoned — Beginning of a Naval Squadron — Hostilities on the Northern Frontier — Building of the Oneida — Attack on Sackett’s Harbor by the British — Perry’s Victory — Campaign of 1814 — Operations on Lake Ontario — Capture of Oswego by the British — Details of the Battle — Carrying Stores to Sackett’s Harbor — Battle of Big Sandy Creek — Close of the War
Chapter XI. Suffering from the Cold Season of 1816
Settlements in Oswego County — The First Steamboat on Lake Ontario — Discussion of Canal Projects — Their Importance to the Future of Oswego County — Policy of Improving River Navigation — The Erie Canal Begun — Other Public Improvements — Canal from Oswego to Syracuse — Its Influence on this County — Alvin Bronson and his Work — The First Church Building — The First Congressman — Beginning of Harbor Improvements — Opening of the Canal — The Welland Canal — Effect on Agriculture — Speculative Period 1836-37 — The Patriot War — Appropriation for Restoring Fort Ontario — County Agricultural Society — The First Propeller on the Lakes — Coming of the Railroads — Plank Roads and their Influence
Chapter XII. Oswego County in the War of the Rebellion War Meetings
Prompt Response to Lincoln’s Call for Volunteers — The 24th Regiment — The 81st — The 110th — The Soldier’s Relief Society — The Threatened Draft — The 147th Regiment — The 184th — Other Military Organizations — The 21st New York Independent Battery — Draft of August 4, 1863 — :Action of the County Respecting Bounties — Filling the Quotas — Money Raised by the County and Towns for War Purposes
Chapter XIII. After the War
A New Era of Prosperity — Local Improvements— Construction of Railroads — Oswego and Rome Railroad — Midland Railroad — Syracuse and Northern Railroad — Lake Ontario Shore Railroad — Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg System — Oswego Harbor Improvements — Bonding of the Towns — Decline of the Commerce and Milling Interests of Oswego — Canal Tolls
Chapter XIV. Congressional Districts
Congressmen — Presidential Electors— State Senators — Assemblymen — Sheriffs — County Treasurers — County Clerks — Superintendents and Commissioners of Common Schools — County Officers, 1895 — Court Houses and Public Buildings — County Poorhouse and Farm — Old Settlers’ Association — Agricultural Societies — Oswego Falls Agricultural Society — Sandy Creek, Richland, Orwell and Boylston Agricultural Society —Phoenix Agricultural Society — Town Agricultural Societies — Oswego County Bible Society
Chapter XV. The Bench and Bar of Oswego County
Comparison of the State Law with the Common Law— Evolution of the Courts— The Court of Appeals— The Supreme Court— The Court of Chancery— The
County Court— The Surrogate’s Court— Justices’ Courts— District Attorneys— Sheriffs— Court Buildings— Judicial Officers— Personal Sketches— Miscellaneous
Chapter XVI. The Medical Profession
Medical Organizations— The Medical Society of the County of Oswego— Its Members and Principal Officers— Homoeopathic Medical Society— Eclectic Medical Society— Early Physicians— Biographical Sketches
Chapter XVII. Oswego as a Village and City
Chapter XVIII. The Town of Albion
Chapter XIX. The Town of Amboy
Chapter XX. The Town of Boylston
Chapter XXI. The Town of Constantia
Chapter XXII. The Town of Granby
Chapter XXIII. The Town of Hannibal
Chapter XXIV: The Town of Hastings
Chapter XXV. The Town of Mexico
Chapter XXVI. The Town of New Haven
Chapter XXVII. The Town of Orwell
Chapter XXVIII. The Town of Oswego
Chapter XXIX. The Town of Palermo
Chapter XXX. The Town of Parish
Chapter XXXI. The Town of Redfield
Chapter XXXII. The Town of Richland
Chapter XXXIII. The Town of Sandy Creek
Chapter XXXIV. The Town of Schroeppel
Chapter XXXV. The Town of Scriba
Chapter. XXXVI. The Town of Volney and the Village of Fulton
Chapter XXXVII. The Town of West Monroe
Chapter XXXVIII The Town of Williamstown
Part II. Biographical
Part III. Family Sketches
Indexes: Part I
Part II
Part III


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WikiTree Syntax

  • <span id='Churchill'></span>Churchill, John Charles. ''[[Space:Landmarks of Oswego County, New York|Landmarks of Oswego County, New York]]'' (D.Mason & Company, Syracuse, New York, 1895), [ Page ].
  • <ref>[[#Churchill|Landmarks of Oswego County, New York]]</ref>

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