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List of Spar Manufacturers

Privacy Level: Public (Green)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Leicestershire and Derbyshiremap
Surnames/tags: Leicestershire Derbyshire
This page has been accessed 123 times.

A list of people who are described as spar manufacturers on either the censuses or in directories, advertising and periodicals of the 19th to early 20th centuries in England, broken down by location.

The purpose of this list is to establish the extent of spar working in the period concerned. I make no distinction between spar workers in alabaster from workers in bluejohn or marble, unless it is written in the source material.

For a description of spar manufacture, see https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Spar_Ornament_Manufacture_in_19th_Century_England:_A_Lost_Industry.



Contents



Leicestershire

Coleorton

James Peters – (Moved from North St., Whitwick to Workhouse Lane, Coleorton by 1863)
White's Directory (1863) p481.
James Peters jnr. - Worked with his father, above. (the firm came to be known as "J.Peters and Son" by the 1870s.)
John Allgood - originally from Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire.
1841 UK Census - painter.
1851 UK Census - Head, Mar., age 35, Petrifactioner. Wife, Lucy, 43, lace agent, b Coleorton, 5 children age 11 and under. Wife and several children later emigrated to Utah, leaving John in the UK.

Griffydam

Charles Erpe
1851 UK Census - Head, Mar., age 23, traveller- spar goods, born Griffydam. Wife Ann, age 22, Dom. Duties, born St Alkmunds, Derby. Fanny Earp, Daughter, 8 months, born Griffydam.
James Ford
1851 UK Census - age 58, Spar manufacturer Born Darley, Derbyshire, wife Ann (56) born Langley, Derbyshire, domestic duties.
William Robinson
1851 UK Census - age 45, servant, widower, Journeyman spar maker from Ashbourne, Derbyshire, in the same household as the Fords.
George Ford
1841UK Census - ag.lab, in Blackfordby.
1851 UK Census - age 32, spar painter with wife Mary Ann (26) and daughter Ann (4), all from Derby, living next door to James Ford.
Edwin Ford b circa 1830, died 1897
1841 UK Census - age 12, male servant in Swannington.
1851 UK Census - Head, Mar., age 26, Petrifaction maker, born St Alkmunds, Derby. Wife Elizabeth, age 35, Dom. Duties, born Etwall, Derby.
Leonard Palmer – active around 1861 - 1900 – appears on the 1861, 1871, 1881 and 1891 censuses as a spar manufacturer
1861 UK Census - Head, mar, 21, spar manufacturer, Wife Harriet, 22. NB Living next to another Leonard Palmer (63 b Ravenstone), wife Mary (62 b Worthington) and daur Sarah (17), probably his parents and sister.
1871 UK Census - Head, mar, 31, spar manufacturer, born Langley Priory, Leics. Wife Harriet, 32, h/h duties, b Coleorton. Mother Mary, 70, pauper, b Griffydam.
1881 UK Census - Head, mar, 41, spar manufacturer, born Langley Priory, Leics. Wife Harriet, 42, seamstress, b Coleorton. Niece Sarah Palmer, 21, seamstress, b Worthington.
George Peters (son of James and brother of James jnr.) - active around 1871 - 1891
1881 UK Census - Head, mar, 34, spar manufacturer. Wife Sarah A, 33 b Worthington and 3 children, unreadable.
Charles Platts - active around 1851 - 1900 - appears on the 1861, 1871 and 1881 census as firstly a plasterer, then as a spar manufacturer, and on the 1901 census as a retired bauble maker, Griffydam
1851 UK Census - son, Unm, age 17, spar worker, b Griffydam. Mother: Frances Platts, head, unm., 49, lace worker b. Thringstone.
1861 UK Census - Son, unm, 27, plaster turner. Mother: Frances Platts, head, unm, stocking stitcher.
1871 UK Census - Head, mar, 36, spar manufacturer. Wife Mary, 32, b Market Bosworth, Leics.
1881 UK Census - Head, mar, 46, spar manufacturer. Wife Mary, 42, b Market Bosworth, Leics.
Oliver Farnsworth - active around 1881 - appears on the 1881 census as a spar manufacturer, Griffydam. Named by Herbert Peters (son of James Peters Jnr.) as working for his father in Thringstone in 1890
1881 UK Census - Lodger (with George Peters), age 40, spar manufacturer, b Derbyshire? (it's very faint)
Jabez Wilkinson
1851 UK Census - age 16, unmarried, lodger of John Ward, spar turner born Breedon, Leicestershire.

Loughborough

Samuel Barlow
1841 census - age 25, petrifactioner, not born in the county. Living on Barrow Street.
Thomas Brook
Post Office Directory 1849, working on Woodgate.
John Cunningham
1841 census - age 25, spar manufact., not born in the county. Living on Barrow Street. (Ann Parkinson is living in same street, of independent means)
White, Directory (1846), p283. - Spar and Marble Ornament Manufacturer, High Street, Loughborough
Post Office Directory 1849 - Spar manufacturer, Mill Street.
White’s Directory 1863 - Spar ornament manufacturer, Churchgate.
White’s Directory 1877 - Spar ornament maker, 7 Warner’s Lane, Churchgate.
William Ford
1841 census - spar ornament maker.
1851 census - servant (of Ann Parkinson, below), unm., age 30, spar ornament manufacturer, b Derby, living Mill Street, Loughboro'
Henry Moore
Slater, National and Commercial Directory (1850), p66 - Spar Manufacturer, Ward's End.
1851 census -“maker of plaster ornaments” lodging (with his wife) in Wheatsheaf Yard.
Ann Parkinson
1851 census - Head, widow, 70, spar ornament manufacturer, b Derby, living Mill Street, Loughboro'
George Platts
1851 census - servant (of Ann Parkinson, above), unm., age 35, spar ornament manufacturer, b Derby, living Mill Street, Loughborough.
William Polkey
1851 census - “spar turner’s apprentice” living on Fennell Street.
Thomas Spink (active in Loughborough around 1841-1846)
Pigot’s Directory 1841, p37 - spar ornament manufacturer, Pleasant Row.
Elizabeth Sutton
1841 census - wife, mar., age 71, spar manufacture, b. Kegworth. Married to a tailor. Living next to Ann Parkinson in Mill Street, Loughborough.

[1]

Pegg's Green

John Tugby - Landlord of the New Inn, Pegg's Green and spar ornament manufacturer in 1855. In 1863, when we last hear of him, he had become a Spar Ornament Manufacturer only and the New Inn was in other hands.

Thringstone

James Peters jnr. - took over his father James Peters' business before moving to Bauble Yard, Thringstone. The business closed before 1909.
Herbert Peters - son of JP jnr listed the following employees at Thringstone in 1890:
  • Arthur Whyman
  • John Whyman
  • John Roomes
  • Oliver Farnsworth - Nickname "Winkybank". Salesman at local fairs and markets. All the salesmen manufactured during winter.
  • William Upton - Salesman. Took the firm's wares to the seaside every summer and manufactured during winter.
  • Charles Gough - Salesman. Took the firm's wares to the seaside every summer and manufactured during winter.

Whitwick

Joseph Ashton – active around 1870 – 1900 (assisted by his niece, Mrs Sally Clarke)
1861 UK Census - Head, mar, age 39, spar manufacturer, b Derby. Resident Whitwick Moor with wife, Sarah, age 33, b Whitwick; son-in-law, James Robinson, age 15, assistant, b Mountsorrel, Leics; mother-in-law Mary Robinson, age 62, b Whitwick.
Harrod, Directory of Leics and Rutland (1870) - Beerhouse Keeper, Leicester Road, Whitwick (Landlord of the Cricketers' Arms).
White, Directory (1877), p633 - "The Derbyshire Spar Works", Leicester Road, Whitwick
1881 UK Census - Head, married, age 56, Spar Manufacturer (Master Of 5 Men), b Derbyshire, living at (Cricketers Arms), Leicester Road, Whitwick, Ashby-De-La-Zouch, Leicestershire, England with wife, Sarah, 54 and one daughter, also Sarah, 13.
1891 UK Census - Head, widr, age 70, Spar Manufacturer, living at Cricketers Arms, Leicester Road, Whitwick with niece, Sarah Cliff, single, 23, b Peggs' Green.
in a Directory of 1895 Joseph Ashton is described as "Beer Retailer and Spar Ornament Worker"
Last mentioned in 1900 and died about that time.
James Peters – (active around 1846 - 1909)
White's first Directory of 1846 - ornamental spar manufacturer, North Street, Whitwick
Post Office Directory of Leics and Rutland (1855),128 - has his business still at North Street, Whitwick
James Peters jnr. Worked with his father, above.
John Tugby – active around 1846-1863 (NB there is a John Tugby (b. Coleorton) in Griffydam in 1851, occ. painter)
John Roome
1891 UK Census - Head, married, age 49, Spar turner, b Whitwick, living On Leicester Rd, Whitwick with wife, Sarah, 41, 4 sons and three daughters, all born Whitwick. One son, Samuel, single, age 14 is also a spar turner. Joseph Ashton, spar manufacturer lives next door.
Samuel Roome
1891 UK Census - son, single, age 14, spar turner, living On Leicester Rd, Whitwick with parents and 6 siblings.
Mrs Sally Clarke - of Hall Lane, Whitwick Worked with her uncle, Joseph Ashton, as detailed above.


Nottinghamshire

Zouch

N.B. Zouch is pronounced "Zotch"

John Goodacre – carried on a bauble business at Zouch Mills, near Hathern around 1890-1900. His father, samuel was a plaster manufacturer.


Derbyshire

Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9) on p116 in it's general analysis states that Fluor-spar ornament manufacturies in Buxton, Castleton, Derby and Matlock employ 150 hands.

Bakewell

Joseph T Allen
1939 Register - Spar Setter (fluor-spar), The Green , Bakewell R.D., Derbyshire with wife and children.

Buxton

The following are from Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9)

Thomas Cooper - Fluor-spar manufacturer.
William Evans - Fluor-spar manufacturer.
Hannah Evans - Fluor-spar manufacturer.
Joseph Hall - Spar manufacturer and repository.

The following are from Pigot's 1835 Directory: PETRIFACTION WAREHSES.

Bower George, Hall bank
Crowder Charles, Hall bank (also listed separately as a hosier
Evans Jonathan, Macclesfield road
Evans William, Spring gardens
Hall Joseph, Irongate
Locker Robert, Spring gardens
Noel Joseph, Irongate
Smith William, Hall bank
Webster Edward, Market place

Castleton

Robert Hall
1851 census - Head, mar., age 74, Retired Petrifactioner, Peaks Hole Road, Castleton, Chapel-En-Le-Frith, Derbyshire.
Edmund How
1851 UK Census - Unm, age 23, spa worker, b Castleton, Derby, living with uncle Ellis Needham and wife on Cross Street, Castleton.
Robert Howe
Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9) - Manufacturer of spar ornaments.
Pigot's 1835 Directory - Manufacturer of spar ornaments.
Ellis Needham
Pigot's 1835 Directory - Manufacturer of spar ornaments.
1851 UK Census - Head, mar, age 65, Spar manufacturer and dealer, b Castleton, Derbyshire. Living on Cross Street, Castleton with wife, Ann (66), brother James (52, a porter) and nephew Edmund How, Unm, age 23, spa worker, b Castleton

Church Gresley

Mr. Herbert Peters remembers that his uncle also made baubles for some years around 1890 at Union Farm, Church Gresley, just over the Derbyshire border.

Derby

Ellen Agile
1891 UK Census - housekeeper, S, age 44, spar manufacturer assistant, b Clay Cross, Derby. living at 5 Cavendish St., St Werburghs, Derby with Thomas R Bullock, spar manufacturer.
Joseph Blore
Glover's Directory (taken in 1827-9) - St. Alkmund's churchyard (under Fluor Spar etc. Manufacturers on p58)
Pigot's 1835 Directory - (and sculptor) 68 Bridge Gate.
Samuel Bolsover
Pigot's 1835 Directory - Osmaston Street.
James Bull
Pigot's 1835 Directory - 20 Eagle Street.
Thomas R Bullock
1891 UK Census - Head, S, age 55, spar manufacturer, b Derby, living at 5 Cavendish St., St Werburghs, Derby with Ellen Agile, housekeeper, S, age 44, spar manufacturer assistant, b Clay Cross, Derby.
Richard Edge
1911 UK Census - Head, age 39, married, spar manufacturer, own account, born Derby living 43 Stanton Street, Derby with wife, Matilda, age 35, b Derby, 4 sons and 2 daughters between age 2 and 17.
Joseph Richard Woodward Edge
1911 UK Census - son, age 17, single, spar manufacturer - learner (under father, above).
Mary Flinders
1851 UK Census - niece, unm, age 14, spar turner, born Belper, living St Peters, Derby with uncle and aunt Luke and Eliz. Henchliffe.
Edward Green
Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9) - Fluor-spar ornament manufacturer, Brook Street.
Pigot's 1835 Directory - Upper Brook Street.
Joseph Hall
Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9) - Hot, cold, shower and vapour baths, sculptor and manufacturer of spar ornaments, museum King Street.
Pigot's 1835 Directory - King Street.
Samuel Hardy
Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9) - Manufacturer of spar ornaments, Nun's Green.
Luke Henchliffe
1851 UK Census - Head, mar., age 69, spar turner, b. Mackworth Derby, living St Peters, Derby.
Elizabeth Henchliffe
1851 UK Census - wife, mar, age 54, spar turner, b Hucklescut (Hugglescote), north west Leicestershire. living St Peters, Derby with husband, above.
James Holmes
Pigot's 1835 Directory - 30 Eagle Street.
Joseph Martin
Pigot's 1835 Directory - Monday Street.
Benjamin Orme
Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9) - Bridge Street (under Fluor Spar etc. Manufacturers on p58)
Pigot's 1835 Directory - 55 Bridge Street.
Joseph Roome
1851 UK Census - age 67, Unm., Pauper petrifactioner, born Derby, in the Osmaston Road, Derby Workhouse.
John Shepherdson
Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9) - Manufacturer of spar ornaments, Friar Gate.
Thomas Spinks
Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9) - Manufacturer of spar ornaments, Queen Street.
Pigot's 1835 Directory - 4 Queen Street.
James Staniforth
Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9) - Mounter of spar ornaments, Exeter Street.
Pigot's 1835 Directory - mounter of spar ornaments, Court 3, Full Street.

Matlock Bath

The following are from Glover's Directory of Derbyshire (taken in 1827-9), page 85

Joseph Boden - Spar manufacturer and lodging house
James Chadwick - Spar manufacturer
Thomas Lazard - Spar manufacturer
George Martin - Spar manufacturer
John Mawe - (Royal) Museum for Derbyshire Spar, black marble ornaments &c.
Joseph Pearson - Spar manufacturer
James Shore - Spar manufacturer
Peter Smedley - Lodging house & spar ornament manufacturer
John Smedley - Spar ornament manufacturer

The following list is from Pigot's Directory 1835: PETRIFACTION MANUFACTURES AND WAREHOUSES.

Bowden Joseph, Matlock Bath
Buxton William, Matlock Bath
Martin George, Matlock Bath
Mawe Mrs (and Royal museum) Matlock Bath
Pearson Joseph, Matlock Bath
Smedley John, Matlock Bath
Smedley Peter, Matlock Bath
Vallance John (Royal centre Museum, repository & manufactory of Derbyshire spar, black & Italian marble, alabaster vases, obelisks, figures, ornaments, &c. Matlock Bath & at 232 Regent-st London
Walker Rd. (& turner) Matlock Bath
1851 Census - John Vallance, Head, widr., age 68, spar and marble manufacturer, b. Aston, Derby. Living on Museum Rd, Matlock.
John W Boden
1861 UK Census - son, unm, age 17, Spar & Marble Manufacturer Apprentice, b Matlock. Living with tailor parents and a brother who is a butcher in Matlock Bath.
Herbert Buxton
1911 UK Census - Head, mar, 73, Spar And Marble Ornament Manufacturers Of, b Matlock Bath. Resident South Parade, Matlock Bath with wife (72), 2 sons and 3 daughters ages between 31-45.
Mordecai Carding
1871 census, lead miner.
1881 UK Census - Head, Mar, age 56, Spar Ornament Manufacturer, b Matlock. Living with wife, Ann, 56, b Carsington, Derbyshire and two sons, one a spar manufacturer, in Common Wood, Matlock
Job H Carding
1881 UK Census - Son, Single, 20, Spar Ornament Manufacturer, b Matlock, Living with parents and brother in Common Wood, Matlock.
1891 UK Census - Head, mar, 30, marble turner. Living with wife, 2 daughters and one servant in dale Road, Matlock.


Dealers in spar ornaments:

Leicestershire

Thomas Burton - Spar Ornament Dealer, Clap-Gun Gate, Castle Donington.

Derbyshire

Benjamin Orme - Spar ornament warehouse, Bridge Street
Mary Howe
1851 Census - Head, wid., age 71, spar dealer , born Bradwell, Derby, living Peaks Hole Rd, Castleton, Derbyshire.
Ellen Smedley
1861 Census - Head, wid., age 76, Shopkeeper Spar & Marble Ornaments, b Matlock, Derbyshire, England


Sources

  1. Credit goes to http://lynneaboutloughborough.blogspot.co.uk/2014/01/baubles.html for much of the above information.




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