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Marion County, Tennessee

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Marion County, Tennessee


Project Purpose

The purpose of this sub-project is to have a foundation for all things genealogy, and more, relating to Marion County, Tennessee.

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Pre-European Era

Native Americans played a critical role in shaping present-day Marion County. They built their towns on the rivers and were well established before European interaction. In 1560 Spanish soliders from Tristan de Luna's expedition entered the Tennessee River valley near Marion County and visited the primary settlement of Napochies. The next known European contact occurred more than a century later. A variety of tribes lived in the region, but the Cherokees dominated in the late 1700s and early 1800s.[1]
In 1789 Chiefs Catetoy and Vann led forty warriors in canoes and intercepted the boat of Colonel James Brown. Colonel Brown was traveling with a party, including his family, to settle lands in Middle Tennessee that had been granted to him for his Revolutionary War service. The Indians killed the men and captured the women and children. One of the Colonel's sons, Joseph Brown, later escaped and guided the Cumberland settlers' expedition to destroy the native towns of Nickajack, Running Water, and Long Island. In response the Indians made a treaty opening the south Valley to white settlement.[1]

European Settlement

When Tennessee first became a state, the Sequatchie Valley was part of Roane County. In 1807 Bledsoe County was created out of the Sequatchie Valley, but treaties with the Cherokees prevented white settlement (in general) in the southern region. Marion County, named for Revolutionary War hero Francis Marion of South Carolina, was established in 1817 out the Cherokee lands. Amos Griffith and William and James Standifer are thought to be the first white settlers, entering in 1805 when it was still part of Roane County.[1]


Marion County is part of EastTennessee, one of Tennesee's Three Grand Divisions. These divisions are not only geographic, but also cultural and defined in state law.

Marion County is also part of the South Central Region of Appalachia.

The county encompasses 500 square miles on the southern part of the Cumberland Plateau and the Sequatchie Valley in Tennessee.[2]

Rivers and Tributaries

  • Little Sequachee River
    • John's Branch
    • Pocket Creek
  • Sequachee River
  • Tennessee River


In 1842 the State Assembly established the dividing line between Marion and Hamilton counties as on the "South side of Tennessee River, as run and marked by the surveyor General of the Hiwassee District." [3]

An 1852 State Constitutional Amendment enabled the future creation of a county that could possibly reduce the size of Marion and Bledsoe counties below 625 square miles[4]

In 1873 the State Assembly reclassified a portion of Marion County's 3rd Civil District into Sequatchie County. The land was described as follows: Beginning at a point in the line between Hamilton and Marion Counties on Walden's Ridge, so as to run a straight line by the Big Point, where the two suck creeks come together, to the headwaters of Looney's Creek, as it meanders to where it strikes the lands of George S. Smith; then with said George S. Smith's line around to where it comes to said Looney's Creek, so as to include the lands of said George S. Smith in Sequatchie County; then down said Looney's Creek to the mouth where it empties into Sequatchie River; then from the mouth of said Looney's Creek a straight line by the residence of James A. Smith, and on to where it will strike the Grundy County line.[5]

Enumeration Districts

Historically, the U.S. Census Bureau denoted primary political divisions within counties as "minor civil divisions." The primary divisions of Tennessee counties were called civil districts (CDs). The unincorporated cities and towns formed secondary subdivisions of the minor civil divisions in which they were located. Typically, each of the secondary divisions, or incorporated places, formed a part of some CD.[2]

In 1890 Marion County was organized into 14 CDs. [6] On April 22nd, 1899 the Tennessee House of Representatives passed a bill aggregating Marion County's civil districts from sixteen to four. House Bill No. 952 read as follows: "Be it further enacted, That district number one shall embrace the territory heretofore embraced in the boundary of the old districts numbers eight, thirteen, six, and three; that district number two shall embrace the territory heretofore embraced in the boundary of the old districts numbers fourteen, sixteen, and eleven; that district number three shall embrace the territory heretofore embraced within the boundary of the old districts numbers nine, twelve, ten, one, and two; that district number four shall embrace the territory heretofore embraced within the boundary of the old districts numbers seven, four, fifteen, and five."[7] The 1900 Census, however, maintained 16 distinct districts for enumeration.

The General Assembly of the State of Tennessee passed an Act on April 5th, 1905 that redistricted Marion County, taking effect in August 1906. The changes were as follows: The First and Second CD were attached to the Twelfth, and the group was renamed the First Civil District. The Third CD was attached to the Fifteenth and renamed the Second Civil District. The Sixth CD was attached to the Thirteenth and denoted the Third Civil District. The Ninth and Eleventh CDs were attached to the Tenth and numbered the Fourth Civil District. The former Fourth CD was attached to the Fifth Civil District and maintained the latter's name. The Fourteenth CD joined the Sixth, and the group was renamed the Sixth Civil District. Lastly, the Eighth CD was attached to the Seventh Civil District and maintained the latter's number. [8]

Following this restructure, the State Assembly enacted a law that prohibited the creation or aggregation of any civil districts in Marion County except by Act of the General Assembly.[8]

There were 8 civil districts used for the 1910 Census, 10 in 1920, and 8 again in 1930. Marion County redistricted to five civil districts in 1936, affecting the 1940 Census tabulation.[9]

1910 Civil Districts

DistrictPopulation Center
1None (Mountain District)
2Whitwell and Shirleyton
6South Pittsburg
7Jasper and Sequatchie


  • Jasper Academy
  • Jasper Female Institute


Marion County was located in the Ocoee district, which reserved section 16 of each township as school land.[10] In 1840 the clerks of these common school districts were granted management of the entire section and were permitted to rent the school land for periods up to five years. They were instructed to "bind the lessees to pursue such a course of husbandry as will in his judgment as best calculated to preserve said lands and improve their quality, to keep the fences, buildings and other improvements thereon in good repair, and to abstain from all unnecessary waste, only using so much of the timber growing on said land as may be necessary for the purposes of good husbandry." The collected rent was then apportioned to the commissioners of the common school districts in proportion to the scholastic population who may attend the common school.[3]

In 1905 Marion County had 16 school districts, all of which were notably unchanged during the reorganization of the civil districts.

Protected Areas

Historical Events




Civil Districts

2nd Civil District -

YearPopulationHouseholdsMean AgeMedian AgeFarmers/Farm LaborerCoal MinersBlacksmithsOther




The State appropriated three thousand dollars for the improvement of the rivers and tributaries in Marion County. They appointed Absalom Dickens, John Mitchell, and William Rice a board of commissioners to superintend the disbursement of funds.[11]
The following men were commissioned to raise $60,000 to $100,000 for the creation of a turnpike road from Manchester, Coffee County to Colonel David Oats' land on the Tennessee River in Marion County: Joseph Gentry, Leed (last name illegible), Alexander E. Patton, William S. Mooney, George (last name illegible), John Clipper, William McMurry, Philip Bibles, George W. Rice, David Rankin, David Oats, George W. Rogers, David R. Rollings, John M. Morrow, A. J. Price, (first name illegible) Thompson, and B. T. Holland. Stock was to be issued in fifty dollar shares. The group met for the first time at Pelham on May 7th, and were scheduled to reconvene once $10,000 stock was taken to elect six directors. The directors' were charged to corporate the Pelham and Jasper Turnpike Company, allowing them to own, sell, and buy property, and to sue and be sued under the corporate name. The board collectively decided the degree of gradation of the road through the Cumberland Mountain as well as which segments to pave. The State mandated the establishment of exactly seven toll gates, whose location was at the discretion of the board. The only requirements were that no gate could be within one mile to any town nor nearer than five miles to each other.[11]



Josiah M. Anderson of Marion County and George W. Williams of Hamilton County were authorized to open and cut out a turnpike road described as follows:
"commencing at a point on the public road leading down Sequatchee Valley, on the south side of the creek, at or near John Bennett's, in Marion County, thence crossing Walden's ridge, the nearest and most practicable route, to a point on at George W. Williams' land, opposite, or nearly so to the town of Chattanooga, in Hamilton County; which road; which road, where the situation of the county will admit of it, shall be opened thirty feet wide between the river opposite Chattanooga and the eastern base of Walden's ridge, and shall in the whole extent be opened eighteen feet wide, clear of stumps, rocks and other obstructions, and causewayed where necessary; and where the nature of the ground is such that it cannot be extended to the width herein required, said road may, with the consent of the commissioners, be reduced to any width not less than twelve feet, clear of stumps, roots and other obstructions; and if there should be any creek or creeks that from their nature require it, there shall be good and substantial bridges built across them; and if there should be any swamps over which said road may be taken, it shall be the duty of the proprietors of said road to causeway said road with either stone or wood, to be made over said swamps, at least twelve feet wide, clear of stumps, logs or other obstructions."
Anderson and Williams were required to mile-mark and maintain the road and to allow free passage whenever repairs were being made. James A. Whitesides of Hamilton County and John Bennet and Moses Easterly of Marion County were appointed commissioners of the road and were responsible for examining its suitability after completion. Upon their approval, they had the authority to license the proprietors (Anderson and Williams) to keep a toll gate on the top or at the base of the mountain.[11] The act was revived the following year, which allowed two years for the construction of the road and authorized them to charge the following prices:
"seventy-five cents for a wagon and ix-horse team; sixty-two and half cents for a wagon and five-horse team; fifty cents for a wagon of burthen drawn by three or four horses; twenty-five cents for each two-horse wagon or cart with one horse; one dollar for four-wheeled carriage of pleasure drawn by two or more horses; fifty cents for four-wheeled carriage of pleasure drawn by one horse; fifty cents for carriage or dearbourn wagon if drawn by two horses; thirty=seven and a half cents for carriage or dearbourn wagon drawn by one horse; thirty-seven and a half cents for two-wheeled carriage of pleasure; twelve cents for man and horse or mule; six cents for a loose or led horse or mule, not in a drove; three cents for a horse or mule in a drove; two cents per head of cattle; one cent per head of hog or sheep: provided that no person taking their livestock to range on the mountain or returning with the same therefrom shall be liable to pay toll at said gate. Wagons and carriages drawn by mules or oxen were subject to the same toll as if drawn by horses, provided that all people traveling the river road leading past G. W. Williams' and the suck were not liable to the toll."[3]


The following men were appointed commissioners of the newly incorporated Shelbyville, Winchester, and Jasper Turnpike Company: James Robinson, John Holder, Benjamin Decker, Mark Hutchins, Wm. Estill, Thomas S. Logan, James Sharpe, Peter S. Decherd, Thomas Wilson, and Wallace Estill, Jr., all of Franklin County, and William Rice, Erasmus Ally, and David Rankin of Marion County. The road ran from Shelbyville to Winchester and to the point of intersection with the Pelham and Jasper turnpike on Battle Creek in Marion County[3]


Andrew K. Parker, John Gillentine, and Nicholas M. Gillentine were granted two years to build a turnpike road across the Cumberland mountain from the foot of the mountain, at or near William Denny's in Van Buren County, passing the town of Spencer to the foot of the mountain in Marion County, in the direction to Chattanooga. They were promised twenty years of exclusive right to charge tolls for twenty years if completed.[3]


The Union Turnpike Company was organized to construct and maintain a graded turnpike road from Chattanooga to the residence of the late David Oats of Marion County. The commissioners were Reese B. Brabson, John G. Glass, and Thomas McCallie of Hamilton County, and Daniel R. Rawlings, William S. Griffith, and Green H. Pryor of Marion County. The road was to run under the bluff at the north end of the Lookout mountain, and that portion lying between Chattanooga creek or Ross's Spring branch, should it cross the creek above the mouth of said branch and the entrance into Lookout valley shall for the whole distance be substantially graveled, McAdamized, causewayed, or bridged. The company was directed to notify Benjamin B. Cannon and Milo Smith of Hamilton County and Joseph P. Kelly of Marion County so that they could examine and certify the work. The Act prohibited a tollgate closer than two and a half miles to Chattanooga and required a minimum distance of ten miles between each gate. Furthermore, residents in Hamilton County, of the Lookout Valley, and those within two miles of the road in Marion County who worked four days a year to maintain the road were exempt from the toll.[12]
Henry T. Sprung and Riley Nunley of Grundy County and John Hereford of Marion County were appointed commissioners on Higginbotham and Rankin's turnpike road for its continued maintenance.[12]


The Marion and Hamilton Turnpike Company was incorporated in 1848 to build a turnpike road from the western base of Walden's Ridge in Marion County near the residence of Josiah M. Anderson; thence across said ridge in the direction of Chattanooga to the eastern base thereof, near John Foust's. The appointed commissioners were Burrell L. Burnett, William Barker, Samuel Williams, Benjamin Ford, and John P. Long.[13]


Church Jackson, owner of the Turnpike road that had been granted to James Standifer, was permitted to amend the route, commencing with said road at the eastern part of the Cumberland mountain, near the residence of the late James Sims of Marion County, continuing the present chartered road to the western top of said mountain, in an old field, then diverging to the left, and intersecting the Crow Creek road at or near the Tunnel of the Nashville and Chattanooga rail road in Franklin County.[14]
Phillip Nobards and S. P. Goodman of Grundy County and Terey Ladd of Marion County were appointed commissioners of the Pelham and Jasper turnpike road.[15]



Andrew Stone of Marion County was granted authority to pen a turnpike road of the following description:
Beginning at the south bank of Tennessee river at Gardenhire's ferry, in Marion County; thence from said ferry, keeping mainly the road now used, making such deviation as the commissioners, hereafter to be appointed by the county court of Marion County, shall permit, direct, so as to get the road on better ground, or to shorten the distance, to a creek called Running Water; thence with said road, with such deviation as above, to the Georgia line, in the direction of Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Stone was given two years to complete the project, and residents of the county were not to be charged the toll[15]
Daniel Walling was authorized at the same time to open a turnpike road commencing at the western base of Walling's ridge in Marion County near Josiah M. Anderson's; thence a south direction and best route to the eastern base of said ridge in Hamilton County, near Esquire Faust's. Burrell Bennett of Marion County and John Foust of Hamilton County were appointed commissioners of said road for examination and final licensing.[15]
The county court was empowered to authorize the erection of a free bridge across the Sequatchee River at or near the point at which the road leading to Jasper to Trenton, Georgia crosses said river, provided that the bridge does not impede or obstruct the navigation of the river except when the water is unusually high[15]


Henry Grayson was authorized to open a turnpike road, leading from Altamont to Chattanooga, described as follows:
commencing at the county line between Marion and Grundy counties, commencing at the terminus of a road leading from Altamont to the county line; running thence to the top of the mountain, thence down the same at a place called the Stairs, thence to the valley road of Marion county at the most convenient point. The Marion county court was charged with appointing two commissioners to examine and certify the road. Marion County citizens moving livestock off and on the mountain were not to be charged toll.[4]
Henry Long and Henry M. Long of Marion County were authorized to open a turnpike road, commencing on the Kelley's ferry road leading from Jasper, at or near Henry Long's residence diverging to the left from said Kelley's ferry road on the path way known as the cut off across Walden's ridge, pursuing the pathway on the most acceptable ground, till said proprietors reach Haley's turnpike as was formerly used, thence with said old pike on the most practicable ground on either side of said old pike, if necessary, until the road reaches at or near the north bank of the Tennessee River, thence up said river to Suck creek, on the line of Hamilton County, said road leading in the direction of Chattanooga. The men had two years to complete the project, which adhered to the provisions from 1847/48 that permitted T. P. Kelley to open and cut out a turnpike road.[4]
John Bennett of Marion County and Daniel Sirly of Hamilton County were appointed commissioners of the road authorized to Daniel Wallen during the 1850 session in place of Burrell Bennett and John Foust.[4]
The Sequatchie Plank Road Company incorporated to construct and maintain the Plank road, beginning at some suitable point on the Tennessee River in Marion County and to extend up Sequatchie Valley and to terminate at or near Tollett's mills in Bledsoe County.[4]
The Pikeville and Jasper Rail Road Company was incorporated to connect with the Nashville and Chattanooga rail road on the Tennessee river. The commissioners of Marion County were: William Rankin, Burrel L. Bennett, Allen Kirklin, Isaac Hicks, Amos Griffith, Thomas Smith, Raphael Shelton, Richard W. Stone, Jas. N. Martin, James Hawkins, George Stewart, John Rogers, Henry Grayson, James B. Kelly, Arthur Long, James Klipper, Saml. Bean, R. S. Rawlings, Jackson Pryor, G. H. Pryor, D. Rawlings, W. S. Griffith, D. R. Rawlings, Pleasant A. Mitchell, William Stone, Jeremiah Maxwell, and J. T. Ashburn.[4]


County Seat

Marion County's first court was held in the house of John Shropshire in present-day Whitwell. For the next year court was held in the old Cheek house, a two-story double log house located south of Whitwell in Cheekville (and later named Liberty), where court had been held in the past while the county was still in North Carolina. Shortly after a commission was created to select and establish a new and permanent county seat. The following men were the commissioners who selected Jasper as the county seat: William Stone, David Oats, Burgess Matthews, Alexander Kelly, William King, William Stevens, and Davis Miller.[1]
In 1819 the commission agreed upon Jasper, a town named in honor of the Sergeant Jasper of the Revolutionary War. They purchased forty acres from a Cherokee woman named Betsy Pack and built the courthouse in 1820. John Kelly was the first clerk of the court, and Alan Griffith was the first registrar.[1]

Chancery Court

In 1852 a chancery court, under the fourth chancery division, was established in the Jasper court house to be held on Tuesdays preceding the second Mondays in March and September. All of the pending suits at the time in the chancery courts at Pikeville, Bledsoe County, where any of the parties live in Marion County were, with the consent of the chancellor, transferred to Jasper. The first chancery court held at Jasper occurred on September 8th, 1852.[4]
Marion County citizens were still allowed the privilege to file bills in the chancery court at Pikeville or Winchester.[4]

Circuit Court

Marion County fell under the jurisdiction of the Fifth Circuit Court. In 1860 the Fifth Circuit Judge was E. L. Gardenhire, and the session was held in Jasper on the third Monday of April, August, and December.[16]



In 1852 Marion County was grouped with the counties of Blount, Monroe, Polk, McMinn, Meigs, Rhea, Bledsoe, Bradley, Hamilton, and Roane to compose the 3rd Congressional District of the United States Congress.[4]



Marion County composed a State Senatorial District with Rhea, Bledsoe, Bradley, and Hamilton counties, and the polls were compared at Harrison[4]

House of Representatives

1860 - James S. Havron of Jasper [17]

Post Offices

  • Cheeksville
  • Coop's Creek
  • Looney's Creek
  • Nicojack
  • Pregmore's Station
  • Rankinsville
  • Running Water
  • Walden's Ridge


In 1846 the Attorney General of the third judicial circuit was directed to take bond and good security from Philip Bible, payable in one, two, three, and four years without interest to the State, for the amount of a judgment recovered against him in the circuit court of Marion County as the security of Sheriff William Jones; and on giving such bond and security, and the payment of the costs, the attorney general promised to dismiss all suits against him.[12]

Notaries Public

  • William Rankin (1897)[18]


Pre Civil War

The Sewanee Mining Company was organized in 1852 and reorganized as the Tennessee Coal and Railroad Company in 1860.[19]

Post Civil War

In the mid 1870s, several wealthy men from Stockton-on-Tees, England formed the Southern States Coal, Iron, and Land Company and began investing heavily in Marion County. They quickly purchased about 50,000 acres of land in the Cumberland mountains as well as another 100,000 acres in other sections of the state.[20] Coal mines opened in Whitwell and coke ovens in Victoria. Iron ore was extracted from Inman, and South Pittsburg concentrated on smelting. In the early 1890s J. C. Beene built a steam plant in South Pittsburg to serve the city. This attracted multiple iron and manufacturing companies. Richard Hardy founded Richard City, a company town for the Dixie Portland Cement Company in the early 1900s.[1]

The completion of the Hales Bar Dam in 1912 brought hydroelectric power. In 1933 the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was created to oversee flood control, navigation, and and the expansion of hydroelectric power in the Tennessee Valley. The TVA built several dams on the Tennessee River and its tributaries, changing the original geography and many sites used by early settlers.[1]

20th Century

In 1943 the Whitwell mines were operated by the Tennessee Products Corporation and employed 800 men. The daily output of the operation was 2,100 tons that were shipped to by-products plants in Chattanooga and processed into coke for the manufacture of steel, aluminum, and ferro-manganese. [21]

The combination of the Whitwell mines and those in the town of Palmer made up the largest in the Southern Tennessee Sub-District of the United Mine Workers District 19. The sub-district encompassed Hamilton, Marion, Grundy, and other surrounding counties with an approximate total of 2,000 workers and an estimated output of 30,000 tons per week. [21]

Most of the coal produced in the Chattanooga territory went directly or indirectly into the war effort, excluding the product sold to retail coal yards. [21]

In April 1943 the Whitwell miners started to strike amidst, prior to a national-level dispute over industry wages. The strike prompted a complete halt in production from April 23rd through at least April 29th. The mines had been operating on three seven-hour shifts. W. J. Holloway served as chairman of the Whitwell local of the United Mine Workers. Elvin Griffith, who also served on the committee, stated that the work stoppage was the result of a "misunderstanding between the company and the workers." He also mentioned that no vote had been taken by the local directing a strike or walkout. [21]

The national dispute was resolved when President Roosevelt nationalized the coal industry. [22]



  • Inman
  • Jasper

The town of Jasper sits three miles north of the Tennessee river, one mile northwest from the Sequatchie river, and one mile from the Cumberland mountains. It served as the terminus of a branch of the Nashville and Chattanooga railroad. A post office was established in 1820, and the town incorporated in 1825.[17] In 1852 the town formed a corporation under the name Mayor and Aldermen of the town of Jasper. The body had perpetual succession and protected the town officials from individual damages for administrative business. The county sheriff or constable of Jasper was thereon required to hold an election every first Saturday of January at the court house for the position of five aldermen. All people living within the boundaries of Jasper for at least the previous three months who were otherwise qualified to vote for members of the Tennessee General Assembly, and all people so qualified owning real estate in Jasper, whether resident or not, were entitled to vote in the aldermen elections.[15] The newly elected aldermen would then choose one among themselves as Mayor for the remainder of the year as well as a Recorder, Constable, and Treasurer. The Constable was tasked to collect and pay over to the Treasurer, on the first Mondays in January and July annually, all taxes, fines and forfeitures due and owing said corporation.[15] When electing a town constable, the aldermen could select any person not a member of the board that was at least 21 years of age and living with the town's boundaries.[15] In 1860 the town had, in addition to the county court house and offices, one jail a Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian church, a female institute and an academy, five general stores and one grocery, several flouring and saw mills, two carding machines, two hotels, and a variety of trades and professions. The town's population was 300 versus the 1,500 that made up the Seventh Civil District. Below is a list of some some local businessmen in 1860[23]:

Akin, Zachariahboot and shoe makerAlexander, J. P.physicianAlexander & Griffithgeneral merchants
Alford, WmtailorAllison, R.distillerArmstrongstone mason
Blancet, H. G.grocerByman, B. F.general merchantByrne, W.physician
Carlton, W.distillerChaudoin D.general merchantClark, A. C.carriage and wagon maker
Clark, Wmcarriage and wagon makerConnatson, J. H.attorney at lawDeakins, G. S.attorney at law
Druin, Wmchina and glasswareDunn, Jamesblacksmith and plow makerDunn, Johntanner
Early, Rev. WmPresbyterianGatling, JohntailorGlenn, Rev. T. F.Methodist
Griffith, A. L.attorney at lawGriffith, W. S.planterHavron, Jas. S.tanner
Henson, C. A.brick masonHiggins, Geo. W.boot and shoe makerHill, B.nursery and seedsman
Hopkins, B. S.physicianHoward, E. J.physician and dentistHyde, A. A.attorney at law
Judd, W. H.jewelry, watches, clocks, &e.Judd, WmdaguerreotypistKelley, W. J.surveyor
Kelley A.steam saw and flouring millsKetner, A. K.carding machineLevan, Jos.water saw mill
Lewis, Geo.chair manufacturingLoveday, HenrycooperMcMahon, F. M.general merchant
Maxwell, J. C.blacksmithMay, DavidcarpenterMorris, W. W.physician and dentist
Morris, W. W.hotel proprietorNicholson, Johnboot and shoe makerOlive Branch Lodge No. 53Masonic
O'Neal, J.brick masonPryor, G. H.water saw and flouring millsPryor J.planter
Rankin, D.planterRawlston, R.distillerRead, J. T.physician
Read, John T.carding machineRilley, J. M.surveyorRogers, Rev.Baptist
Rutledge, H. A.planterShelton, H. T.water flouring millSlatton, Thos.fish dealer
Smalleyfish dealerSmith, RawsontailorSorrell, W. A.tanner
Stone, A. M.hotel proprietorThack, J. D.cabinet makerThack, O. P. & J.saddle and harness makers
Turner, W.general merchantsWhite, AlfredcarpenterWhite, Uriah & Wm.carpenters
Wiley, Johncarriage and wagon makerWood, T. S.barberAustin, Jamesfish dealer

  • Richard City
  • South Pittsburg
  • Victoria
  • Whitwell


  • Cheeksville - A post village on the west side of the Sequatchie river, northeast of Jasper.[24]
  • Griffith Creek
  • Looney's Creek - A post village located on the Sequatchie river. The post office was established in 1849. In 1860 the district had a population of 500, and there was one general store, three flouring and two saw mills, three hotels, one carding machine operated by A. K. Ketner, and several mechanical trades. The Postmaster was D. J. Rogers. The District Officers were as follows: P. H. Grayson and Jesse Shirley were Justices of Peace, George Griffith was the Constable, and J. E. Teague, John Hudson, and D. M. Ketchum were the Common School Commissioners. D. C. Brown, P. H. Grayson, and D. Ketner were local blacksmiths, and J. G. Hilliard was a cabinet marker. P. C. Grayson and Thomas N. Teague took care of the carriage and wagon making, while E. A. Teague and Henry Grayson were the distillers/rectifiers. J. H. and D. J. Rogers' general store served the village with dry goods, groceries, hardware, clothing, etc. A. W. Price was the counties' only gunsmith at the time. F. Ashburn, Wm Cowan, and Ransom Smith were local tanners.[24]
  • Nicojack was a post village.[17]
  • Running Water was a post village.[17]
  • Rankinsville was a post village.[17]

County Records

Census Records

Estate/Probate Records

Land Records

Court Records

Voter/Citizenship Records

Tax Lists


Starting in 1838 the State of Tennessee required each county to hold annual drill practice to train the local militia for at least three hours for two days. Roll was called each day by the brigade major, and absentees were fined. Marion County was part of the seventh brigade and was scheduled to meet on the Monday and Tuesday following the second Friday of September. The regiments were also required to muster every October. [11]

Civil War

The county, as with much of the Cumberland Plateau, was extremely divided during the Civil War. Many brothers served on opposite sides of the War. The presence of the railroad and major turnpikes brought significant military movement through the region from both the Union and Confederacy.

County Resources

Related Categories


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Marion County, by Patsy B. Beene on 08 Oct 2017, Tennessee Encyclopedia, Tennessee Historical Society
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 ["https://www2.census.gov/library/publications/decennial/1940/population-volume-1/33973538v1ch09.pdf Sixteenth Census of the United States: 1940, Population, Volume 1: Number of Inhabitants, Chapter 9], United States Department of Commerce, 1942
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the Twenty-Third General Assembly, 1839-40, Nashville, Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, accessed online at HathiTrust.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the Twenty-Ninth General Assembly, 1851-52, Nashville, Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, accessed online at HathiTrust.
  5. The Land Laws of Tennessee, J. M. Deardoff and Sons, printers, 1891, accessed online at GoogleBooks.
  6. "United States Enumeration District Maps for the Twelfth through the Sixteenth US Censuses, 1900-1940," images, FamilySearch, Roll 60, Tennessee, Anderson-Sequatchie 1900-1940 > image 250 of 1013; citing NARA microfilm publication A3378 (Wasington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2003).
  7. Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the Fifty-First General Assembly, 1899, Nashville, Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, accessed online at LLMC.com
  8. 8.0 8.1 Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the Fifty-Fourth General Assembly, 1905, Nashville, Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, accessed online at GoogleBooks.
  9. "United States Enumeration District Maps for the Twelfth through the Sixteenth US Censuses, 1900-1940," images, FamilySearch, Roll 60, Tennessee, Anderson-Sequatchie 1900-1940 > image 250 of 1013; citing NARA microfilm publication A3378 (Wasington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2003).
  10. The Ocoee District Land Grants, David Johnson, Marion and DeKalb County, TN Genweb County Coordinator, and Joyce Gaston, Polk and Cocke County, TN Genweb County Coordinator
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the Twenty-Second General Assembly, 1837-8,, Nashville, Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, accessed online at HathiTrust.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the Twenty-Sixth General Assembly, 1845-6, Nashville, Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, accessed online at HathiTrust.
  13. Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the Twenty-Seventh General Assembly, 1847-48, Nashville, Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, accessed online at HathiTrust.
  14. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the Twenty-Eighth General Assembly, 1849-50, Nashville, Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, accessed online at HathiTrust.
  15. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4
  16. Marion County, TN Deed: T. A. Floyd and wife to David Kilgore, 1897, Book DD, Page 587, transcribed on 20 Jul 2019, original available at FamilySearch.org
  17. The Story of Coal and Iron in Alabama, Ethel Armes, Birmingham, Alabama, 1910, p. 368, accessed online at GoogleBooks.
  18. Nashville Union and American, Nashville, Tennessee, 25 July 1875, p. 1, accessed online at Newspapers.com
  19. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 1,300 Miners of Whitwell, Palmer Idle After Disputes, Chattanooga Daily Times, Chattanooga, Tennessee, 29 April 1943, page 1 and 17, accessed online at https://www.newspapers.com/image/604640895/ on 28 January 2021.
  20. Area Coal Miners Awaiting Orders, Chattanooga Daily Times, Chattanooga, Tennessee, 03 May 1943, page 2, accessed online at https://www.newspapers.com/image/604644661/ on 28 January 2021.
  21. 24.0 24.1 John L. Mitchell's Tennessee State Gazetteer, and Business Directory, For 1860--'61, No. 1, Nashville: John L. Mitchell Publisher. 1860, accessed online at GoogleBooks.

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